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Tourist finds 'paradise' in space


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NASA misgivings

'Menial tasks'

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ASTANA, Kazakhstan -- Safely back on Earth, Dennis Tito, world's first paying space tourist, summed up his adventure with the words: "It was perfect. It was paradise."

The 60-year-old American was relaxing in a chair on the steppes of Kazakhstan near the Soyuz craft that brought home he and his cosmonaut companions on Sunday after six days in space.

"It was a great flight, a great landing, a soft landing," Tito said.

CNN correspondent Steven Harrigan reported that Tito emerged looking pale and sweaty but tremendously happy, "like someone who has just experience some tremendous challenge."

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Tito First Space Tourist
  •  Profile: Dennis Tito
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  •  Tito Q&A
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  •  Russia's plans
  •  Hilton's 1967 dream
 
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Fresh out of the capsule, Tito exclaims over his journey. CNN's Steve Harrigan met the space tourist in Kazakhstan (May 6)

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CNN's Anne McDermott reports that Dennis Tito probably won't be the last space tourist (May 3)

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"He has an enormous grin on his face," Harrigan said.

The 60-year-old multimillionaire, who apparently paid the Russian space agency $20 million for the ride of a lifetime, returns to a growing row over whether tourists should be allowed to venture into space.

NASA and former astronaut John Glenn are among the critics.

As Tito and companions Talgat Musabayev and Yuri Baturin fell to Earth, recovery helicopters spotted the capsule and its parachutes and saw the retro rockets fire above the steppe for a soft landing, Russian Mission Control said.

Just over three hours earlier, the Russian Soyuz capsule had undocked from the international space station and embarked on its lightning voyage home.

As they left the space station, Musabayev and American astronaut Jim Voss hugged, and Voss shook Tito's hand.

Tito and the cosmonauts then floated head-first into the Soyuz, their stockinged feet disappearing from view before the hatch connecting the capsule with the station was closed.

Inside the capsule, they switched on the power supply -- the capsule had been drawing power from the space station -- and powered up the capsule's navigation computer.

They donned bulky spacesuits for the flight back to Earth and ensured the Soyuz was airtight before it undocking from the station.

A video attached to the capsule showed the space station quickly receding in the distance and the Earth coming into view.

The capsule orbited Earth once, then scuttled most of its weight including the habitation module, with toilet and kitchen, and the instrument module, with its batteries and solar wings.

That left only the 3.3-ton landing capsule.

In the last communications session with the crew, Mission Control in Korolyov, outside Moscow, asked Musabayev to give Tito two medicines and salt water to help him endure the stress of gravitational forces. He did not specify what the medicines were.

The capsule touched down near Arkalyk, about 250 miles southwest of the Kazak capital, Astana. It lay on its side, blackened by the fiery re-entry through the atmosphere.

A smell of burning metal hung in the air as crowds of officials, reporters and a few curious onlookers crowded around the returning space travelers, still strapped in their seats.

The two cosmonauts walked to a nearby medical tent for a checkup, but Tito had trouble walking so two men carried him in his chair.

Someone in the crowd handed him an apple, which he tossed into the air as if testing gravity on Earth.

Tito exulted that his space experience was "10 times better" than what he had expected, but said he did not want to make the trip again.

"I want other people to make it instead," he said.

The crew flew to the airport in Astana for a welcome by Kazak President Nursultan Nazarbayev. Women in folk costume presented the three with bouquets of red roses.

"In the past, it was only in science fiction novels that you could read about ordinary people being able to go to space," Nazarbayev told Tito. "But you laid the foundation for space tourism."

Before departing for Star City, the cosmonaut training facility outside Moscow where he underwent months of preparation, Tito said: "The personal experience went well beyond my dreams."

Meanwhile, former U.S. senator and ex-astronaut John Glenn took issue on Saturday with Tito's ride on a Russian spacecraft, calling it a misuse of the basic research mission of space exploration.

"I don't blame him wanting to go up," Glenn told CNN's "The Capital Gang." "And he's right. It's an incredible experience . . . But I just think it's a misuse of the spacecraft, and it was supposed to be for research."

NASA misgivings

Despite misgivings from NASA that Tito should have waited to take his joyride until more construction was completed on the multi-billion dollar complex, the trip ignited speculation that others among the jet-set would set their sights higher than the atmosphere.

Names that have surfaced include filmmaker James Cameron, an Oscar-winner looking for the perfect camera angle to capture planet Earth.

While praising Cameron for waiting for NASA's blessing to ride to the station, NASA chief Dan Goldin constantly took swipes at Tito before reporters and congress, referring to the gigantic ego and space unworthiness of the Wall Street investor.

"The current situation has put an incredible stress on the men and women of NASA," Goldin told a House subcommittee on Wednesday.

"Mr. Tito does not realize the effort of thousands of people, United States and Russia, who are working to protect his safety and the safety of everyone else."

Such protests hardly penetrated the thick hull of the floating complex, where Tito, a former NASA rocket scientist, enjoyed the congenial support of his Soyuz comrades, the courteous hospitality of two NASA astronauts living on Alpha and a warm embrace when he met the station's Russian commander.

Filled with the sounds of arias and overtures and the sights of passing continents and oceans, the serene world of citizen explorer Tito was interrupted only by an early bout of space nausea.

And the occasional press conference, when he dismissed Goldin's assertion that his presence threatened the safety of the space pros.

'Menial tasks'

"I've been shelling out food and doing rather menial tasks to assist the crew and give them more time for their other work," Tito said.

Safety was the reason Tito could make the trip in the first place. He tagged along with the Russians, who delivered a fresh Soyuz escape capsule to Alpha last Monday.

A new Soyuz is needed every six months because toxic fuels aboard the Russian ships degrade and possibly corrode engine parts over time. The old vessel had about two weeks left on its 200-day warranty.

Perennial cash shortages, which prompted the Russians to start their space tourism business, have dogged Moscow's space program since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Washington is footing the lion's share of the cost of the project, but Moscow, which has unrivalled experience of long-term space flight, has designed and built many key parts.



RELATED STORIES:
First space tourist arrives back on Earth
May 5, 2001
Space tourist earns his keep
May 4, 2001
Many long for Tito's excellent adventure
May 3, 2001
Space tourist visits U.S. turf on orbiting outpost
May 2, 2001

RELATED SITES:
International Space Station
Space Adventures
NASA Homepage
Space Transportation Association
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