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Bush to sign aviation security bill



By Major Garrett and Kelly Wallace
CNN Washington Bureau

WASHINGTON (CNN) -- President Bush is to head to Reagan National Airport in suburban Washington Monday morning to sign the long-awaited aviation security bill into law.

Also scheduled to be joining the president at the northern Virginia airport are Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta and Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge.

The measure Bush is to sign calls for stronger cockpit doors on planes and an increased presence of armed federal marshals on flights.

Under the compromise measure reached last week between congressional negotiators and the White House, workers screening passengers and baggage would become federal employees.

THE SYSTEM
Airport security: A system driven by the minimum wage
PREVIOUS WARNINGS
Warnings over airport security preceded attacks
COMPARING U.S. TO EUROPE
Outside the U.S., a different approach to air security
SOLUTIONS
Boosting security puts focus on government's role
 GRAPHS & CHARTS
 • Top 25 Airports

 • Airport Security by Year

 • Airline Security by Year

 • Airport Wages


 The negotiated deal
  • Within a year, all screening will be done by federally employed U.S. citizens
  • After three years, airports can request that private contractors handle screening
  • Federal workers allowed to unionize, but not strike
  • Five airports to take part in pilot programs to test security approaches
  • Passengers charged fee of $2.50 for each leg of trip, $5 maximum, to cover costs
  • Full systems to detect explosives operational by 2003
  • New database to allow cross-checking of names on watch lists
  • Number of air marshals increased
  • However, five airports would participate in a pilot program in which security would be provided by private contractors, to test the effectiveness of that option.

    In three years, airports would have the option to decide if they want to continue using federal employees or switch back to private screeners. The airports could use state or local law enforcement to provide security services.

    The House approved the compromise bill Friday, hours after the Senate passed the bill on a voice vote.

    The agreement came just as the peak holiday season gets under way and more than two months after terrorists used U.S. passenger jets to attack the World Trade Center and the Pentagon

    The measure would make airport security the responsibility of the newly created Transportation Security Administration in the Department of Transportation.

    All security screeners would become federal employees in a transition period lasting one year. But they would not be offered the same civil service protections as other federal employees, according to Rep. John Mica, R-Florida.

    Security screeners would undergo criminal background checks and would have to be U.S. citizens.

    Ken Quinn, general counsel for the Aviation Security Association, said that at Washington's Dulles International Airport, 72 percent of the current screeners are non-U.S. citizens.

    The Congressional Budget Office estimates salaries for security personnel would rise to an average of $35,000 for a screener and $52,000 for supervisors.

    The new federal security screening services would be paid for by collecting from airlines what they paid for security services prior to September 11 -- which is estimated to be about $700 million -- and by charging passengers $2.50 per departure or connection.

    Other provisions of the measure include:

    -- A requirement that all checked baggage be screened by explosive detection devices no later than December 31, 2002. Until then, all checked baggage is to be inspected by other means, including X-ray, positive passenger matching or hand checking.

    -- A provision that the Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System be used to screen all passengers, instead of just those who check in at the ticket counter.

    -- A requirement that flight schools conduct background checks on any foreign national who seeks training to operate aircraft over 12,500 pounds. Flight school employees would also be trained to recognize suspicious activities.

    The original Senate bill had called for federal employees to handle security screening at the nation's largest airports. The House bill, supported by Bush, called for federal oversight of security screening with the option of using private contractors to do the work.