Retaliation: Second night of attacks
U.S. forces targeted Taliban air defenses and command-and-control facilities and al Qaeda sites on the second night of military action in Afghanistan.
Explosions and anti-aircraft fire were reported near three Afghan cities -- Kandahar, Jalalabad, and the capital, Kabul.
Monday's operations included the firing of cruise missiles from American ships in the Arabian Sea and bombing runs by 10 B-1 and B-2 heavy bombers. The B-2s flew from the United States, said Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Unlike Sunday's strikes, Monday's raids consisted of only U.S. aircraft, he said.
While announcing a second wave of attacks, Rumsfeld and Myers also told reporters that more ready-to-eat meals would be dropped into the Afghanistan countryside to aid refugees. Rumsfeld also said President Bush had announced a $320 million aid program for Afghanistan and wanted it to start immediately. (Full story)
Defense officials in Washington and London said Monday their initial assessments of Sunday's heavy air raids on multiple targets -- 31 by Myers' count -- showed a broad level of success.
"We are still in the early stages of evaluating intelligence data that is available, and we will continue to do that throughout the day," Rumsfeld announced. (Full story)
The United States told the U.N. Security Council on Monday why it attacked Afghanistan and hinted that attacks against other countries might be necessary as its campaign against international terrorism develops. Bush previously has stated that the hunt for those responsible for the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks of September 11 may lead to parties outside of Afghanistan. (Full story)
White House spokesman Ari Fleischer said President Bush watched Osama bin Ladens televised statements on Sunday, and Bush concluded the terrorist organizer "virtually took responsibility" for last month's attacks on New York, Virginia and Pennsylvania.
Fleischer also admitted that the war on terrorism would not end at bin Laden.
"If Osama bin Laden was gone today, the war would continue tomorrow," Fleischer said. (Full story)
Aid agencies in northern Iran met Monday to discuss how to deal with a potentially huge influx of refugees from neighboring Afghanistan, despite the fact that the countrys border remains closed. (Full story)
Will the resources in place to deal with the humanitarian crisis of the Afghan refugees be enough? Click here for more
What countries have joined the U.S. anti-terror coalition? Click here for more
How will retaliation affect Americans at home and abroad? Click here for more
Is NATO playing a role? Click here for more
Will this crisis lead to a new role in U.S.-Russia relations? Click here for more
George W. Bush: U.S. president
Osama bin Laden: A wealthy Saudi expatriate living in Afghanistan who U.S. authorities cite as one of the primary suspects in masterminding the attacks. Click here for more.
Colin Powell: U.S. secretary of state. A former Army general, Powell also served as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Click here for more. Click here for more.
Condoleezza Rice: U.S. national security adviser. Click here for more.
Gen. Richard B. Myers: Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Click here for more.
Donald Rumsfeld: U.S. secretary of defense. Click here for more.
George Tenet: CIA director. Click here for more.
Lt. Gen. Michael V. Hayden: Director of the U.S. National Security Agency, responsible for gathering intelligence on terrorist cells.
Gen. Pervez Musharraf: The military ruler of Pakistan. Click here for more.
Mullah Mohammed Omar: The Muslim cleric who leads Afghanistan's ruling Taliban. Taliban officials say they have played host to bin Laden but do not allow him to engage in terrorist activities. Click here for more.
Northern Alliance: A group of former mujahedeen fighters, mainly from minority ethnic groups, that oppose the Taliban. The group controls about five percent of northern Afghanistan.
The attacks that began October 7 mark the start of what the Bush administration says will be a lengthy struggle against terrorist organizations worldwide -- one that could take years.
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