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Fact Sheet

Afghan peacekeeping pact reached

SUMMARY:

More British troops moved into Kabul on Monday after Afghan and British officials reached agreement on the role of an international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan. Meanwhile, U.S. forces prepared to transfer control of the Kandahar International Airport from Marine to Army units.

UPDATE:

The peacekeeping agreement reached Monday is expected to be handed over to other countries contributing to the international force for their approval. More than 200 British soldiers are already in Kabul, conducting joint security patrols with Afghan police. (Full story)

Marines based at the Kandahar airport planned to detonate recovered Taliban ammunition stocks after midnight local time to mark the New Year's holiday. Meanwhile, the Pentagon said Sunday that troops from the Army's 101st Airborne Division will replace the Marines who have occupied the Kandahar airport since mid-December. (Full story)

The effects of more than 22 years of conflict have taken a mental toll on the people of Afghanistan. While no research exists on the effects of stress on the Afghan people under the current circumstances, doctors in the country say that depression is widespread. (Full story)

President Bush said Friday he is pleased with the progress of the war in Afghanistan but said he expects U.S. troops will remain there for "quite a long period of time" until their mission is complete. (Full story)


  •  Summary

  •  Update

  •  Key questions

  •  Who's who

  •  Impact


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KEY QUESTIONS:

Who are the key members of the newly installed Afghan interim government? (Click here for more)

Now that the last Taliban stronghold has fallen, will its fleeing members still pose a threat?

Where is Mullah Mohammed Omar, the spiritual leader of the Taliban?

What kind of permanent government will next rule Afghanistan?

How will a multinational peacekeeping force be received in war-weary Afghanistan?

How long will the U.S.-led military campaign in Afghanistan last?

What is the goal of the U.S. airstrikes over Afghanistan? What is the key to the mission's success?

WHO'S WHO:

George W. Bush: U.S. president

Hamid Karzai: A Pashtun tribal leader and the chairman of Afghanistan's interim government.

Osama bin Laden: A wealthy Saudi expatriate living in Afghanistan who U.S. authorities cite as one of the primary suspects in masterminding the attacks.

Condoleezza Rice: U.S. national security adviser.

Colin Powell: U.S. secretary of state. A former Army general, Powell also served as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

Gen. Richard B. Myers: Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Gen. Tommy Franks: Head of U.S. Central Command.

Donald Rumsfeld: U.S. secretary of defense.

The Taliban: A group of Islamic fundamentalists, mainly from Afghanistan's Pashtun ethnic group, which is the country's largest ethnic group. The Taliban that gained control of most of the country by 1997 and instituted an extreme form of Islamic law.

Northern Alliance: A group of former mujahedeen fighters, mainly from minority ethnic groups that oppose the Taliban.

George Robertson: NATO secretary-general and former British defense minister.

George Tenet: CIA director

IMPACT:

The military attacks that began October 7 mark the start of what the Bush administration says will be a lengthy struggle against terrorist organizations worldwide -- one that could take years.



 
 
 
 



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