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General Pervez Musharraf, President and Chief Executive of Pakistan

In October 1999, Musharraf seized power in a bloodless military coup. He took the role of 'Chief Executive' of Pakistan on October 12th. He appointed himself the nation's president on June 20, 2001. Musharraf continues to hold office of Chief of Army Staff and Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

Married to Sehba Musharraf with one son and one daughter, both of who are married. His son and a brother live in the U.S.

Educated at St. Patrick's High School, Karachi and Forman Christian College, Lahore.

A graduate of Command & Staff College and National Defense College. Musharraf also distinguished himself at the Royal College of Defense Studies, UK.

After a long and distinguished career in Pakistan's military forces, Musharraf achieved the rank of General on October 7th, and was appointed Chief of Army Staff.

Born August 11, 1943 in New Delhi before India gained independence from Great Britain.

1949 - 1956: Musharraf spent his early childhood in Turkey owing to his father's deputation in Ankara.

1957: Migrated to Karachi in the same year Pakistan became a nation.

1964: Joined Pakistani army. Trained as a commando at the military academy of Kakul

1965: Awarded Imtiazi Sanad (medal) for gallantry during the 1965 Indo Pakistan war

1971: Served as a Company Commando in the commando battalion (war with India)

1971-1995: Held different positions in the military, including commanding armored divisions and infantry brigades.

1993-1995: Served as Director General Military Operations at the General Headquarters

1998: Achieved rank of General on October 7th, and appointed Chief of Army Staff.

1999: Seized power in October 1999 in a bloodless coup. Took the role of 'Chief Executive' of Pakistan on 12th Oct. Continues to hold office of Chief of Army Staff and Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

June 20, 2001: Appoints himself President of Pakistan, but says he remains committed to returning democracy to the nation.

Political ambitions

Musharraf has promised to restore civilian rule when a mandate given to him by the Supreme Court expires in October 2002.

Analysts see the general as a political moderate who supports economic reforms. His sudden rise to power at the head of Tuesday's coup came about after Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif tried to fire him over disagreements about Sharif's policies.

Of particular concern was Sharif's decision to end this summer's Islamic incursion into India, widely believed to have been orchestrated by Musharraf. He has kept a distance from the Islamic rebels, however, except to encourage their fight in Kashmir.

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