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1789: The U.S. War Department establish a regular U.S. army with a strength of several hundred men.
1829: London's reorganized police force, known as Scotland Yard, goes on duty.
1932: A five-day working week is established for General Motor's workers.
1939: Germany and the Soviet Union reach an agreement on the division of Poland.
1979: John Paul II becomes the first pope to visit Ireland as he arrives for a three-day tour.
1987: Henry Ford II, long time chairman of Ford Motor Company, dies in Detroit at age 70.
1988: Florence Griffith Joyner and Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the U.S. win their second gold medals of the Seoul Olympics, in the 200-meter and the long jump, respectively.
1992: After announcing the previous year that he is HIV-positive Magic Johnson, announces he is returning to basketball.
1997: A 10,000 gallon oil spill occurs off the coast of Santa Barbara from an undersea pipeline to an offshore oil platform.
1999: President Clinton offers to write off all official debts owed to the U.S. by as many as 36 of the world's poorest nations.
1999: In Serbia some 25,000 protestors are dispersed by riot police in Belgrade as the crowd heads toward the home of President Slobodan Milosevic.
2004: Burt Rutan's SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight, thereby going halfway towards collecting the $10 million Ansari X Prize offered to the first team to send a private spacecraft beyond the earth's atmosphere twice in two weeks.
Florence Griffith Joyner won 200-meter Olympic gold in Seoul 18 years ago.