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On this day in history

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1854: Abraham Lincoln makes his first political speech at Illinois State Fair.

1883: Orient Express makes its first run linking Istanbul, Turkey, to Paris by rail.

1904: First day of New York City subway, 350,000 people ride the 9.1mile tracks.

1911: The first public elevator begins service at London's Earl's Court Metro Station.

1933: First issue of Esquire magazine is published.

1949: United Nations' permanent New York City headquarters is established.

1957: The Space Age and "space race" begin as the Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the first man-made space satellite.

1965: Pope Paul VI arrives at Kennedy International Airport in New York City on the first visit by a reigning pope to the United States.

1970: Singer Janis Joplin dies from a heroin overdose at the Landmark Hotel in Hollywood.

1978: Funeral services are held at the Vatican for Pope John Paul I.

1983: Briton Richard Noble races to a new one-mile land-speed record in his jet-powered Thrust 2 vehicle.

1992: A cargo plane crashes into an apartment building near an airport in Amsterdam, Holland. Four people aboard the plane and approximately 100 more in the apartment building loose their lives in the disaster.

1994: President Clinton welcomes South African President Nelson Mandela to the White House.

2002: Hans Blix, U.N. weapons inspector, endorses a U.S. demand that Iraq make a full declaration of its weapons program before inspections resume.

2002: In Nepal King Gyanendra stuns the country by announcing he is firing Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba.

2003: In southwest Brazil a small airplane carrying congressman Republican Jose Carlos Martinez and three others go missing. All four are found dead the next day.

2004: Mike Melvill pilots SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan, which climbs to 367,442 feet in a 2nd leg and captures the $10 million Ansari X Prize.

SpaceShipOne captures the Ansari X Prize.




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