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Former Saddam Hussein commanders on trial

  • Story Highlights
  • Fifteen former members of Saddam Hussein's regime go on trial
  • Men are alleged to have played a part in the crushing of a 1991 Shi'ite uprising
  • The accused are charged with crimes against humanity
  • "Chemical Ali," sentenced to death in Anfal case, is appealing the ruling
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BAGHDAD, Iraq (CNN) -- Fifteen former Iraqi officials from the regime of executed dictator Saddam Hussein went on trial Tuesday for their alleged roles in the slaughter of thousands of Shiite Muslims during a 1991 uprising, court officials said.

They are charged with crimes against humanity in the case being heard by the Iraqi High Tribunal. Estimates of the Shiite death toll range from 20,000 to 100,000.

Four of the former regime members now standing trial have already been convicted for their roles in the Anfal campaign -- an Iraqi Army offensive in the 1980s that killed up to 100,000 people in Iraq's Kurdish region.

Mohammed Khaleefa, the chief Judge in the Anfal trial, will also preside over a five-judge panel in this case.

Those on trial, who were also convicted in the Anfal case, are:

  • Hussein's first cousin, Ali Hassan al-Majeed, nicknamed "Chemical Ali," who was sentenced to death for genocide and war crimes. He is appealing the ruling.
  • Sultan Hashem Ahmed, military commander of the Anfal campaign, is also appealing his death sentence.
  • Hussein Rashid Mohammed, deputy general commander of the Iraqi armed force, assistant chief of staff for military operations, and former Republican Guard commander. He is also appealing his death sentence.
  • Saber Abdel Aziz al-Douri -- director of military intelligence during the Anfal campaign -- received a life sentence.
  • The others on trial include:

  • Abdul Ghani Abdul Ghafour
  • Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hasn
  • Ibrahim Abdul Sattar Mohammed
  • Ayad Flayyeh Khaleefa
  • Sa'edi Tou'ma Abbas
  • Ali Hameed Mahmoud
  • Ayad Taha Shehab
  • Lateef Muhal Hammoud
  • Sufyan Mahr Hasan
  • Waleed Hameed Tawfeeq
  • Qais Abdul Razzaq Mohammed
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    CNN's Jomana Karadsheh and Saad Abedine contributed to this report

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