WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Hillary Clinton said Monday she is the only candidate who would exercise the leadership needed to end the war in Iraq.
Sen. Hillary Clinton delivered a speech on Iraq at George Washington University on Monday.
"Sen. [Barack] Obama holds up his original opposition to the war on the campaign trail, but he didn't start working aggressively to end the war until he started running for president. So when he had a chance to act on his speech, he chose silence instead," Clinton told an audience at George Washington University.
"President Bush is determined to continue his failed policy in Iraq until he leaves office. And Sen. [John] McCain will gladly accept the torch and stay the course, keeping troops in Iraq for up to 100 years if necessary."
Obama gave a speech in 2002 opposing the war, an address he references often in his campaign stump speech. Clinton cited Obama's repeated promise to start bringing "combat troops out in 16 months."
She pointed to a recent BBC interview by now-former Obama policy adviser Samantha Powers in which Powers said Obama "will, of course, not rely on some plan that he's crafted as a presidential candidate or a U.S. senator." Watch Clinton describe what she calls mistakes in Iraq »
The Clinton campaign has highlighted those comments because of what they say is a contradiction between Obama's rhetoric and action on Iraq.
"Sen. Obama has said often that words matter. I strongly agree," Clinton said. "But giving speeches alone won't end the war, and making campaign promises you might not keep certainly won't end it. In the end, the true test is not the speeches a president delivers, it's whether the president delivers on the speeches."
At a campaign rally in Monaca, Pennsylvania, Obama disagreed with Clinton's assessment.
"I opposed this war in 2002, I opposed it in 2003, 4, 5, 6 and 7. I have been consistent in saying that we have to be as careful getting out as we were careless getting in. I have been clear this has been a strategic error -- unlike Sen. Clinton, who voted for this war and has never taken responsibility for that vote," Obama said.
Clinton also said both Bush and McCain want to keep the United States tied to Iraq's "civil war, a war we cannot win. That, in a nutshell, is the Bush/McCain Iraq policy. Don't learn from our mistakes, repeat them. ... We can have hundreds of thousands of troops on the ground for 100 years, but that will not change the fact that there is no military solution to the situation in Iraq."
A McCain campaign spokeswoman said Clinton is trying to "score political points by mischaracterizing" McCain's statement about keeping troops in Iraq for 100 years, and said the Arizona senator was talking about a post-war "military presence in Iraq should the Iraqi and U.S. governments determine it to be in their mutual interest."
McCain, who was in Iraq on Monday on a congressional trip, told CNN's John King that Clinton "obviously does not understand nor appreciate the progress that has been made on the ground. She told Gen. [David] Petraeus last year when he testified that she would have to suspend disbelief in order to believe that the surge is working. Well, the surge is working.
"So I just think what that means is al Qaeda wins. They tell the world that. And we fight here again and around the Middle East. And their dedication is to follow us home. All I can say is that this will be a big issue in the election as we approach November because at least a growing number of Americans, though still frustrated and understandably so, believe that this strategy has succeeded," he added. Watch McCain talk about progress in Iraq »
Clinton said she "applauded" the recent decrease in violence in Iraq, but said the surge was intended to give the Iraqis breathing room to reach "political reconciliation," something that has not happened, in her assessment.
In her speech, Clinton outlined a multistep plan for ending the war, some of which she talks about frequently on the campaign trail. In addition to starting troop withdrawal within 60 days of taking office, Clinton said that as president, she would urge the United Nations to act as a "neutral, honest broker" in reaching political agreements and also in helping resettle millions of Iraqi refugees.
She said she would work to remove armed private military contractors from Iraq and end the black market sale of oil that helps the insurgency.
Clinton said that troop withdrawal would "not mean retreating from fighting terrorism in Iraq" and that she would "order small, elite strike forces to engage in targeted operations against al Qaeda in Iraq." E-mail to a friend