DAVOS, Switzerland (CNN) -- Thousands of people turned out to greet Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on his return home from Davos Friday, a day after he stormed off stage following a heated exchange with Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres over Israel's military campaign in Gaza.
People wave national and Palestinian flags as Turkey's prime minister arrives at the airport in Istanbul on Friday.
The pair exchanged angry words during the debate but Peres told CNN on Friday the two leaders had spoken on the phone to clear the air.
In a press conference earlier, Erdogan said his words were directed at the Israeli government, not the Israeli people.
"I heard his press conference and he said it was nothing against me, nothing against Israel. So I called him up and said yes it's nothing against you, nothing against Turkey, we consider you as a friend," Peres said.
But Peres said it had been his duty to "answer unfounded accusations" and denied either side had apologized to the other.
"I didn't take it personally, I didn't go for a personal fight. I answered unfounded accusations, it was my duty, and they didn't change my mind. I have relations with Turkey, relations with the prime minister, relations with the president and that's it."
Erdogan returned home to a hero's welcome following his scene-grabbing moment in Davos. Thousands of people lined up at Ataturk Airport in Istanbul, cheering and waving signs. A large banner read, "You Will Never Walk Alone" and other, smaller signs bore phrases including "Davos Conqueror."
People were also seen waving Turkish and Palestinian flags and throwing flowers on the road leading to Erdogan's home. Despite the glowing response at the airport, there has been some criticism in Turkish media of Erdogan's exchange with the Israeli president.
CNN Turk's Deniz Bayramoglu said the issue was still "hot" with Erdogan's secularist political opponents speaking out against the prime minister.
"They also say that Israel's behavior in Gaza is unacceptable but they are very critical of Prime Minister Erdogan's behavior," Bayramoglu said.
"Some are saying they are really proud of Prime Minister Erdogan and some are saying it is a diplomatic scandal."
Erdogan had been angered after Peres said that Israel is committed to peace and blamed Hamas for the fighting in Gaza, where Israel staged a three-week military operation that ended earlier this month.
When Erdogan began responding, a moderator cut him off, saying the debate had run over its allotted time. Erdogan patted the moderator on the arm until he was granted one more minute to respond. Watch commentary on Erdogan's angry exchange »
"I know the reason behind raising your voice is because of the guilty psychology," he said to Peres. "My voice will not be that loud, you must know that."
"When it comes to killing -- you know killing very well. I know how you hit, kill children on the beaches."
He then left the stage, complaining that Peres was receiving preferential treatment.
"From now on, Davos is finished for me," Erdogan said. "I will not come back. You won't let people talk. You gave him 25 minutes, but you gave me 12 minutes. This is not right."
Erdogan had described the military campaign against Hamas fighters in Gaza as "barbaric" and accused Israel of using excessive force.
Peres had said Hamas was responsible for the "tragedy," accusing the Islamist militants of creating a "dangerous dictatorship."
"Israel left Gaza completely -- no occupation," Peres said. "I want to understand why they throw rockets at us.
CNN's Simon Hooper and Talia Kayali contributed to this report.