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Genocide in Cambodia: Who were the Khmer Rouge?

By Miranda Leitsinger, CNN

Phnom Penh, Cambodia (CNN) -- The first former Khmer Rouge cadre has been sentenced to prison in a verdict that has angered some over the period of prison time -- 35 years that could be reduced to 19 -- and been welcomed by others as a first step.

The U.N.-backed court will soon announce whether it will try four of the regime's top cadre.

Who were the Khmer Rouge, and how did their actions lead to the deaths of nearly two million Cambodians in the 1970s?