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U.N. Security Council splits Taliban-al Qaeda sanctions list

By Mick B. Krever, CNN
  • U.N. Security Council splits key al Qaeda and Taliban sanctions list
  • Resolution is an effort to facilitate Afghan reconciliation
  • It gives Afghan government larger role in determining who is on the lists

United Nations (CNN) -- The U.N. Security Council split a key sanctions list on al Qaeda and the Taliban on Friday with an eye toward reconciliation in Afghanistan.

The move makes it easier to add and remove people and entities from the sanctions lists. The council also established specific criteria for having an individual delisted. The vote was unanimous.

"It sends a clear signal that now is the time for the Taliban to come forward and join the political process," Mark Lyall Grant, the UK ambassador to the U.N., told the council.

The creation of two separate lists seemed to be an admission that, especially in the wake of Osama bin Laden's death, the relationship between the two organizations has changed since the sanctions regime was created in 1999.

"The link between al Qaeda and the Taliban has not disappeared, but it's not the same as in 1999," French Ambassador Gérard Araud told the council.

The two resolutions passed by the council give the Afghan government a greater role in determining who is on the Taliban sanctions list.

"From now on, the Afghan government has a visible and distinct role in the process of listing and delisting," German Ambassador Peter Wittig said.

Responding to pressure from the Afghan government, among others, the council last year created an ombudsman to review appeals from individuals who wanted to be delisted. This new resolution strengthens that position by, for the first time, allowing the ombudsman to make recommendations to the council on delistings, which the council can overturn only by consensus vote.

The United States is set to begin withdrawing troops from Afghanistan next month. In a statement, U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice said that the resolution "sends a clear message to the Taliban that there is a future for those who separate from al Qaeda, renounce violence and abide by the Afghan constitution."