Skip to main content

Annan's six-point plan for Syria

By Joe Sterling, CNN
March 27, 2012 -- Updated 1709 GMT (0109 HKT)
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • The plan calls for a Syrian-led political process
  • It calls for Syrians to "commit to ... a sustained cessation of armed violence"
  • The government must allow "the right to demonstrate peacefully"
  • The plan urges authorities to provide "a list of all places" where people are detained

(CNN) -- U.N.-Arab League special envoy Kofi Annan is promoting a six-point initiative to end the violence, bring in relief, and forge a political process to address grievances in Syria.

The U.N. Security Council endorsed a presidential statement last week welcoming Annan's recent appointment as a special envoy on the crisis. It also backed the six-point plan submitted to Syria, which Annan's office said was accepted by President Bashar al-Assad's regime.

"The Security Council calls upon the Syrian government and opposition to work in good faith with the envoy towards a peaceful settlement of the Syrian crisis and to implement fully and immediately his initial six-point proposal," the presidential statement said.

The six-point initiative is laid out in the statement.

Syrians fleeing violence head to Turkey
Top defector says Syrian rebels united

A couple of points directly address the aggressive year-long government crackdown against protesters. The United Nations says it now estimates that more than 9,000 people have died in the Syrian conflict. Activists estimate more than 10,000 deaths.

One point urges the government to "respect freedom of association and the right to demonstrate peacefully as legally guaranteed."

Read the U.N. statement (PDF)

Another calls for Syrians to "commit to stop the fighting and achieve urgently an effective United Nations supervised cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties to protect civilians and stabilize the country."

The government, the plan says, should immediately stop "troop movements towards, and end the use of heavy weapons (in)," population centers. It also should pull back the concentrated military deployments in and around population centers, it says.

"As these actions are being taken on the ground, the Syrian government should work with the envoy to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism," according to the plan. "Similar commitments would be sought by the envoy from the opposition and all relevant elements to stop the fighting and work with him to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism."

Throughout the year, many people have been arrested by the government and activists say those actions have been unfair. The plan urges the Syrian government to "intensify the pace and scale of release of arbitrarily detained persons, including especially vulnerable categories of persons, and persons involved in peaceful political activities."

The plan urges authorities to urgently provide "a list of all places" where people are detained. It says the government should organize "access" to those places. It should "respond promptly to all written requests for information, access or release" of those detainees.

The fate of civilians caught in the crossfire of fighting and in the middle of military offensives has been a major concern.

Another point in the plan calls for the government to "ensure timely provision of humanitarian assistance to all areas affected by the fighting." It calls on the government "to accept and implement a daily two-hour humanitarian pause" to allow delivery of relief supplies.

Despite the appearance of an armed resistance and some talk of arming them, world powers have emphasized the necessity of a peaceful settlement.

Another point in the plan reflects this stance. It urges Syrian authorities to work with Annan "in an inclusive Syrian-led political process to address the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the Syrian people." They should "commit to appoint an empowered interlocutor when invited to do so by the envoy."

The government has restricted the movement of journalists during the yearlong conflict and events reported by activists and the government cannot be independently confirmed. One of the points in the plan demands ensuring "freedom of movement throughout the country for journalists and a non-discriminatory visa policy for them."

Annan viewed Syria's acceptance of the plan Tuesday as an "important initial step." Over the past year, the Assad regime has said it is committed to end the violence but it has continued the crackdown just the same.

Annan has stressed that "implementation of the plan is the key" and the Assad regime needs "to put its commitments into immediate effect."

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
Syrian crisis
March 4, 2014 -- Updated 1328 GMT (2128 HKT)
Syria has submitted a revised proposal "that aims to complete the removal of all chemicals" from the country before the end of April.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 1032 GMT (1832 HKT)
CNN's Arwa Damon reports on ISIS defector who says destroying ISIS as critical as defeating regime.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 0353 GMT (1153 HKT)
The U.S. wants a United Nations resolution that will, among other things, bring humanitarian aid for refugees in Syria.
February 17, 2014 -- Updated 1259 GMT (2059 HKT)
When the radical Islamist militia ISIS arrived in the Syrian town of Addana a year ago, many welcomed them. What followed changed their minds.
February 17, 2014 -- Updated 1449 GMT (2249 HKT)
CNN obtained video clips from Syrian activists documenting the atrocities committed by members of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, known as ISIS.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 2017 GMT (0417 HKT)
On Crossfire, Danielle Pletka discusses what the U.S. needs to do to resolve the Syria crisis.
February 6, 2014 -- Updated 0101 GMT (0901 HKT)
Her almond-shaped brown eyes shine through her sunken face as a doctor lifts her sweater to reveal a tiny rib cage pushing against her skin.
February 4, 2014 -- Updated 1746 GMT (0146 HKT)
The Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan is home to around 100,000 Syrian refugees. CNN spent several days meeting the residents of the camp.
January 22, 2014 -- Updated 1959 GMT (0359 HKT)
Renowned war crimes prosecutors and forensic experts have found "direct evidence" of "torture and killing" by the Assad regime.
Traumatized children who have witnessed the horrors of war are being helped to read -- and rebuild a normal life. CNN's Becky Anderson reports.
January 23, 2014 -- Updated 1207 GMT (2007 HKT)
A battle zone tour organized by the Syrian government for CNN and several other media outlets Wednesday was more than bizarre.
January 22, 2014 -- Updated 1735 GMT (0135 HKT)
CNN's Atika Shubert meets with the family of a little girl who was wounded in Syria, now living in a refugee camp.
January 27, 2014 -- Updated 1456 GMT (2256 HKT)
110 year old, Jabari Alawali walked for over 10 hours to reach Jordan from Syria.
ADVERTISEMENT