Mahathir bin Mohamad Fast Facts

Former Malaysian prime minister Mahathir bin Mohamad arrives to hold a dialogue session in the 20th International Conference on the Future of Asia in Tokyo on May 22, 2014. The two-day conference was held with the theme of "Rising Asia - Messages for the Next 20 Years."            AFP PHOTO/Toshifumi KITAMURA        (Photo credit should read TOSHIFUMI KITAMURA/AFP/Getty Images)

(CNN)Here is a look at former Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Bin Mohamad.

Birth date:
December 20, 1925
Birth place: Alur Setar, Kedah
Father: an Indian Muslim, was a teacher in Northern Malaysia
    Marriage: Siti Hasmah Ali (1956)
    Children: Marina, Mirzan, Melinda, Mokhzani, Mukhriz, Maizura, Mazhar
    Education: Entered the King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore in 1947
    Other Facts:
    Prime minister of Malaysia from July 1981 to October 2003.
    Is a physician, and one of his nicknames is Dr. M.
    After losing his first seat in parliament, wrote a book called "The Malay Dilemma." The book contained racist stereotypes, but helped establish Mahathir as an advocate for Malay rights.
    Credited with turning Malaysia into a major trading and economic force in southeast Asia.
    - Joins the United Malays National Organization (UMNO).
    1964 - Is elected to Parliament for the first time.
    1969 - Loses his seat in Parliament and is expelled from the UMNO.
    1972 - Returns back to UMNO.
    1973 - Is appointed a Senator in the Malaysian parliament.
    1974 - Is elected as minister of education.
    1976 - Becomes deputy prime minister.
    July 1981 - Becomes Malaysia's fourth prime minister, minister of home affairs, and minister of justice.
    January 1989 - Has heart bypass surgery.
    1998 - Dismisses his deputy Anwar Ibrahim and accuses him of sodomy and corruption.
    June 2002 - Announces his resignation.
    October 16, 2003 - At a 57-nation Islamic summit in Malaysia, Mahathir claims in a speech that Jews "rule the world by proxy. They get others to fight and die for them."
    October 31, 2003 - Mahathir retires and passes the prime ministership to his deputy, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.
    September 2007 - Has heart bypass surgery following two heart attacks within 10 months.
    May 16, 2008 - The Malaysian government announces it has begun an investigation into corruption by the Mahathir administration in the 1980s and 1990s.
    May 19, 2008 - Mahathir resigns from the United Malays National Organization, the ruling party of Malaysia.
    December 1, 2013 - Steps down as an adviser to oil and gas company Petronas, due to ill health.