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Hosni Mubarak Fast Facts

By CNN Library
May 31, 2014 -- Updated 2237 GMT (0637 HKT)
Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, 85, has been held since shortly after he was removed from power in 2011. He was convicted last year on charges of inciting violence against protesters during the popular uprising the led to his ouster and, eventually, the elections that brought Mohammed Morsy to power. He was sentenced to life in prison but appealed, and a retrial was granted early this year. Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, 85, has been held since shortly after he was removed from power in 2011. He was convicted last year on charges of inciting violence against protesters during the popular uprising the led to his ouster and, eventually, the elections that brought Mohammed Morsy to power. He was sentenced to life in prison but appealed, and a retrial was granted early this year.
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Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
Mubarak through the years
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(CNN) -- Here's a look at the life of Hosni Mubarak, former president of Egypt.

Personal:
Birth date: May 4, 1928

Birth place: Kafr-el Meselha, Minufiya, Egypt

Birth name: Mohammed Hosni Mubarak

Marriage: Suzanne (Thabet) Mubarak

Children: Gamal, 1963 (son); Alaa, 1961 (son)

Education: National Military Academy (Egypt), 1949; Air Force Academy (Egypt), 1952; Frunze General Staff Academy (USSR), 1964

Timeline:
1952-1959 - Works as a flight instructor at the Egyptian Air Force Academy.

1965-1967 - Commands several Air Force bases.

1967-1972 - Appointed as the Director of the Air Force Academy and Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Air Force.

1969 - Mubarak is promoted to Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Air Force.

1972 - Mubarak is promoted to Commander in Chief of the Air Force and Deputy Minister of War.

October 1973 - Promoted to the rank of Air Marshal of the Egyptian Air Force.

October 6, 1973 - The Egyptian Air Force launches a daytime surprise attack on Israeli soldiers occupying the east bank of the Suez Canal. Within 20 minutes, the pilots hit 90% of their targets. This begins the Yom Kippur War, which lasts for several weeks, making Mubarak a national hero.

April 15, 1975 - President Anwar Sadat names Mubarak vice president of Egypt.

1976 -1981 - Mubarak travels extensively as Sadat's emissary. He also assumes control of the day-to-day operations of the government, which frees Sadat to concentrate on foreign policy.

1978 - Appointed as the Vice Chairman of the National Democratic Party (NDP).

October 6, 1981 - During a Cairo military parade commemorating Egypt's victories in 1973, Sadat is assassinated by a group of Islamic fundamentalists. Mubarak, standing next to Sadat, suffers an injury to his left hand.

October 13, 1981 - Mubarak is elected president of Egypt. And is sworn-in as the country's sixth president the next day.

October 5, 1987 - Mubarak is reelected president.

1990-1991 - Emerges as a leader in the U.S. led coalition to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation, by committing 40,000 troops to the mission.

1993 - Mubarak is reelected president.

June 26, 1995 - Survives an assassination attempt in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by an al-Qaeda affiliated group.

September 6, 1999 - Survives an assassination attempt in Port Said, Egypt.

September 26, 1999 - Mubarak is reelected president and is sworn in on October 5.

October 16-18, 2000 - Hosts an emergency summit meeting at Sharm el-Sheikh to discuss the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In attendance are: President Clinton, Yasser Arafat, Ehud Barak, King Abdullah, Javier Solana, and Kofi Annan.

November 22, 2000 - Egypt recalls its ambassador from Tel Aviv in protest of West Bank air strikes by Israeli forces.

September 24, 2001 - Two weeks after the September 11th attacks, Mubarak gives an interview with France 3 television in which he details how Egyptian intelligence foiled a plot to assassinate President George W. Bush and other heads of state in Genoa, Italy for the G8 summit on June 13, 2001.

March 13, 2002 - Mubarak meets at Sharm el-Sheikh with Vice President Dick Cheney. Mubarak pledges to pressure Saddam Hussein into allowing the return of United Nations inspectors. He also reiterates the Arab frustration with the perceived bias of the United States towards Israel in the Mideast conflict.

May 1, 2002 - Mubarak delivers a speech critical of the United States and its role in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

June 4, 2002 - In an interview with the New York Times, Mubarak says that Egypt warned the United States about an imminent Al Qaeda attack approximately a week before September 11th.

June 6-8, 2002 - Meets with President George W. Bush in Washington to discuss the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Mubarak's peace plan.

November 19, 2003 - Mubarak is forced to break-off from a televised parliamentary speech when he becomes ill. He returns several minutes later and completes the speech.

February 26, 2005 - Requests the Egyptian parliament amend the constitution to allow for multi-party elections.

September 9, 2005 - Mubarak is officially declared the winner of Egypt's first multiparty presidential election, nabbing a fifth, six-year term. Of the nine candidates for president he wins the election with 88.57 percent of the vote, but turnout is lower than expected. His closest contender is liberal Ayman Nour, with seven percent of the vote.

March 13, 2006 - Meets with Pope Benedict XVI. They discuss Iraq, Iran, and the prospects for Middle East peace.

May 28, 2006 - Hosts a summit with Israeli's Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, in an effort to coordinate security measures along both countries border, also talked about Israeli-Palestinian peace in the Middle East.

June 17, 2006 - Meets with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and asks for renewed peace talks between Israel and Palestine.

June 2007 - Holds a summit meeting at Sharm el-Sheik with King Abdullah II of Jordan, President Mahmoud Abbas of Palestine and Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel.

August 18, 2009 - Meets in Washington, D.C. with President Barack Obama to discuss the process of peace in the Middle East.

March 2010 - Undergoes gall bladder and intestinal surgery in Germany.

May 2010 - Requests Egypt's parliament extend emergency law in the country for two more years until May 31, 2012. The request is granted. The country is under the same martial law that has been in place since October 1981 when Sadat was assassinated.

January 2011 - Rioting in Cairo and other cities over poverty, unemployment and repression in Egypt. Protestors call for Mubarak to step down.

January 29, 2011 - Just after midnight Cairo time, Mubarak addresses the nation and announces that he has asked his government to resign. Later in the day he appoints Omar Suleiman, his intelligence chief, as his vice president. Suleiman is Mubarak's first vice president in 30 years of rule.

January 31, 2011 - Swears in his new cabinet.

February 1, 2011 - Mubarak announces he will step down in September when his term ends.

February 11, 2011 - Egyptian Vice President Omar Suleiman makes a televised announcement telling the world that Hosni Mubarak has stepped down as president of Egypt.

February 11, 2011 - The Swiss cabinet freezes all possible assets in Switzerland belonging to Mubarak or his family.

April 12, 2011 - According to an Egyptian military spokesman, Mubarak is admitted to Sharm el-Sheikh International Hospital. Egyptian State TV is reporting that he suffered a heart attack during questioning over possible corruption charges.

April 13, 2011 - Egypt's Justice Ministry announces that Mubarak and sons Gamal and Alaa have been detained by the authorities. The 15-day detention is part of the investigation of the deaths of protesters in Cairo.

April 26, 2011 - Egypt's prosecutor general announces Mubarak will not be moved to a military hospital in Cairo as ordered because the move would be life-threatening.

April 26, 2011 - The prosecutor general's office extends the detention of Mubarak's sons, Gamal and Alaa, another 15 days.

May 8, 2011 - Mubarak's detention is extended another 15 days. This is the his third 15-day detention.

May 13, 2011 - Mubarak's wife Suzanne is ordered held for 15 days. Shortly afterwards she suffers a heart attack and is hospitalized.

May 17, 2011 - Suzanne Mubarak is released on bail after she gives up bank accounts worth $3.4 million and a villa.

May 24, 2011 - The Egyptian general prosecutor's office announces that Mubarak and sons Gamal and Alaa will face trial on charges of corruption and of killing protesters.

May 28, 2011 - Mubarak and two other officials are found guilty of "causing damage to the national economy," and fined more than $90 million for turning off the internet and cell phone service during the unrest that began in January.

May 30, 2011 - Doctors announce Mubarak's heart condition makes him too ill to be jailed while awaiting trial.

June 20, 2011 - Mubarak's lawyer Farid El Deeb announces that Mubarak has stomach cancer. El Deeb also reveals that Mubarak underwent surgery in Germany in June 2010 to have parts of his pancreas, gall bladder and a growth on his small intestines removed.

July 17, 2011 - Mubarak regains consciousness after falling into a coma earlier in the day, a hospital official says.

August 3, 2011 - Mubarak's trial for corruption and the killing of more than 800 protesters begins. The proceedings are being held in the police academy where Mubarak is wheeled in on a gurney, wearing a white prison uniform. He pleads not guilty.

October 30, 2011 - Mubarak's lawyer tells CNN that his trial has been put on hold for two months pending a decision on whether to replace the judge. Attorneys for victims have objected to the judge presiding over the case.

June 2, 2012 - Hosni Mubarak is found guilty of the killing of protesters and is sentenced to life in prison. He is immediately transferred to Tora prison in southern Cairo to serve his life sentence. Six of Mubarak's aides and his sons, Gamal and Alaa, are acquitted.

June 11, 2012 - A spokesman for Egypt's Interior Ministry announces that Mubarak has fallen into a 'full coma'. The announcement also says that Mubarak's two sons, Gamal and Alaa, have submitted a request to the prison authority to be at his side and that the request has been accepted.

June 19, 2012 - Mubarak's lawyer tells CNN that he has suffered a stroke and has been moved to the Maadi military hospital from the Tora prison hospital. The next day he is removed from life support equipment as his health stabilizes.

December 15, 2012 - Mubarak sustains injuries when he slips inside the prison hospital and is transferred to a military hospital twelve days later.

January 2013 - Egyptian news media report Murbark and former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly have been granted a new trial.

May 11, 2013 - Mubarak's retrial begins. He appears in court on a stretcher, wearing dark sunglasses.

August 22, 2013 - Mubarak is released from prison and placed under house arrest at a military hospital.

May 21, 2014 - Mubarak is sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of embezzlement. His sons Gamal and Alaa are sentenced to four years each on the same charge.

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