Henry Kissinger Fast Facts

Nobel Peace Prize winner Henry Kissinger's On China is on a list of books recommended by EPL players.

Here's a look at the life of former National Security Adviser and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

Birth date:
May 27, 1923

Birth place: Furth, Germany

Birth name: Heinz Alfred Kissinger

Father: Louis Kissinger, a teacher

Mother: Paula (Stern) Kissinger

    Marriages: Nancy (Maginnes) Kissinger (March 30, 1974-present); Ann Fleischer (1949-1964, divorced)

    Children: with Ann Fleischer: Elizabeth, David

    Education: Harvard University, B.A., 1950; M.A., 1952; Ph.D., 1954

    Military: U.S. Army, 1943-1949, Captain

    Religion: Jewish

    Other Facts:
    Kissinger's name was changed to Henry when his family immigrated to the United States to escape the Nazis.

    Attended high school at night while working at a factory during the day.

    First person to serve as both national security adviser and secretary of state.

    - The Kissinger family immigrates to the United States, settling in New York.

    June 19, 1943 - Becomes a U.S. citizen.

    1954-1971 - Harvard University faculty member.

    1957-1960 - Associate Director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs.

    1956-1960 - Consultant, Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

    1961-1962 - Consultant, National Security Council.

    1961-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

    1965-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Department of State.

    1969-1974 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Nixon.

    1969 - Helps initiate the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) with the Soviet Union.

    1972 - Kissinger and President Nixon are named Time Magazine's Men of the Year.

    September 23, 1973-January 20, 1977 - Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

    1973 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize, with Le Duc Tho, for negotiating the end of the Vietnam War. Le Duc Tho declines the award.

    1974-1975 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Ford.

    1982 - Opens international consulting firm Kissinger Associates, Inc.

    1982 - Has triple coronary bypass surgery.

    November 2002 - Is appointed by President George W. Bush to lead the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission).

    December 13, 2002 - Resigns as chairman of the 9-11 Commission, citing controversy over possible conflicts of interest with clients of his consulting firm.

    March 2005 - Undergoes an angioplasty procedure.

    May 18, 2006 - Is awarded the Dwight D. Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service.

    July 15, 2014 - Undergoes heart surgery to replace an aortic valve.