Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

More 'likes' than the Louvre: Tiny museum shows rise of Saudi art

By Daisy Carrington, for CNN
May 9, 2013 -- Updated 0300 GMT (1100 HKT)
The Greenbox Museum is the first museum dedicated solely to Saudi Art. That it is located in Amsterdam demonstrates the art's scene is finding more love overseas than at home. The Greenbox Museum is the first museum dedicated solely to Saudi Art. That it is located in Amsterdam demonstrates the art's scene is finding more love overseas than at home.
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
Saudi Arabia's rising artists
  • Small gallery in Amsterdam has huge online support
  • Facing a lack of interest in their country, many Saudi artists have found recognition abroad
  • Abdulnasser Gharem broke the record for highest grossing work by a Saudi artists when a piece of his sold for $842,500
  • The landscape is changing as more galleries are opening up inside Saudi Arabia

(CNN) -- If Facebook is the ultimate popularity test, then the most famous art institute on the planet is not in Paris, New York or London.

It's a tiny gallery hidden on the fifth floor of a nondescript building in Amsterdam.

Measuring a meager 750 square feet, The Greenbox Museum is the only museum in the world dedicated solely to Saudi contemporary art, and with over a million Facebook "likes", it is more loved than the Tate, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, or the Louvre.

"When I started, people thought, it can't be true, it's a joke, its April Fools," recalls Aarnout Helb, the museum's founder. Helb started collecting Saudi art in 2008, after accidently stumbling upon a work by leading Saudi artist Ahmed Mater online. A year later, he opened Greenbox. Helb doesn't find the museum's online popularity unusual.

Artist blurs cultural borders
Qatar's cultural ambitions
Artist: Sculpting is my life

"A lot of the fans are basically young Muslims that perceive Saudi as a country relevant to their culture, because of the historical and ritual position of Mecca," he says.

Saudi art has also become trendy in Western art circles. Last year, Tate Modern director Chris Dercon made a special visit to Saudi for Jeddah Art Week. Michael Jeha, the managing director of Christie's Middle East, who last year sold a piece by Abdulnasser Gharem for $842,500 (the highest grossing work by a Saudi artist ever), says that much of the demand is coming from Europe and America.

For Saudi artists themselves, foreign influence can be a mixed blessing. On the one hand, art shown outside the country is less censored.

Read more: Saudi artists push the limits

Soraya Darwish, a young artist who also blogs about her country's art scene, notes that often, artists will feel more comfortable showcasing sensitive materials abroad.

A lot of young people want to get into anything creative, because they want to express. Expression and creativity are becoming trends now
Soraya Darwish, Saudi Art Guide

In Saudi, all exhibits have to pass review by the Ministry of Culture and Information before they are opened to the public. Overseas, there are no such measures.

"If an artwork is too culturally sensitive, it could get banned from being shown in Saudi," she says. "It hasn't happened to me, but I've known artists it has happened to. Usually, they'll just be asked not to show a work. I guess in the worst-case scenario, a show could be shut down."

Manal Al Dowayan, the country's highest grossing female artist, disagrees that censorship is problematic within Saudi.

Al Dowayan has exhibited at both the V&A and British Museum, and at solo and group shows within Saudi. At Alaan Artspace, a newly opened gallery in Riyadh, she showed a sculpture entitled "esmi" or "my name", which depicting giant prayer beads bearing female names (it was made in response to a conservative trend forbidding men to use a woman's name in public).

"My art is very critical of social attitudes toward women, and I have never been censored in Saudi," she says. "The obvious untouchables are insulting religion and the royal family; everything else is open."

Saudi hasn't traditionally championed its artists. The majority of Greenbox's online love, for instance, doesn't come from Saudi, which ranks ninth on the list, but from Indonesia, Pakistan and Egypt.

Yet as art becomes more accepted (and lucrative) outside the Saudi Arabia, those inside the country are starting to take note.

They turn artists into race horses.
Aarnout Helb, Greenbox Museum

One of the first institutions inside the country to champion Saudi art was Athr, which launched in Jeddah in 2009. Only recently have other institutions started to join the fray. Last October, Alaan Artspace opened, with the added mission of establishing an art curriculum in the country.

"Art and design have always been a part of Saudi culture. It is art education that has been overlooked," says Neama Al Sudairy, Alaan's founding director.

The art scene has picked up to such an extent that last March also witnessed the launch of the country's first art guide (appropriately titled "Saudi Art Guide"), available online and in app form.

"In Jeddah and Riyadh, there are more galleries opening -- maybe one or two a year. It's kind of a trend, where someone sees the market potential and opens up a gallery," says Darwish, the guide's co-founder.

For some artists, the development of art within the country is a reaction against the adverse effect foreign influence has had on the scene.

Recently, Ahmed Mater sent out a brief stating his longing to return to his roots, partly because the growing Middle Eastern art market "treats our practices as a means to a resulting commodity, our visual languages and aesthetics being transformed into identifiable and inflexible brands."

Helb also worries about the effects of commercialization.

"You have censorship (of Saudi art) in London. Not a little, but a lot," notes Helb.

"Galleries want to make things glossier for the art market, so it sells and fits in your house and is interesting, and Saudi artists lose the spontaneity of their voices. They turn artists into race horses."

Part of complete coverage on
November 5, 2014 -- Updated 0346 GMT (1146 HKT)
Robot dinosaurs, Lego men and Spider-Man all could become Dubai's newest residents.
October 28, 2014 -- Updated 1418 GMT (2218 HKT)
Not long ago camel milk was an unfancied staple, the preserve of Bedouin herders. Now its becoming a luxury.
October 9, 2014 -- Updated 0212 GMT (1012 HKT)
Managing over 2 million people during the Hajj takes some serious technology.
October 7, 2014 -- Updated 0611 GMT (1411 HKT)
More needs to be done so women from Saudi Arabia can become world champions in sports.
October 30, 2014 -- Updated 1729 GMT (0129 HKT)
Is nothing sacred? How tech allows narcissism to run riot.
From the waters of the Persian Gulf a new mega museum is emerging.
September 26, 2014 -- Updated 1103 GMT (1903 HKT)
Where better to start a record-breaking solar powered flight than the desert?
September 24, 2014 -- Updated 1427 GMT (2227 HKT)
Ahmed Eldin is the 18-year-old behind the prog-rock band's new album cover. Shine on you crazy diamond.
September 17, 2014 -- Updated 1153 GMT (1953 HKT)
The Humans of New York photo project exposes the hopes and fears of ordinary people in Iraq and Jordan.
September 10, 2014 -- Updated 0206 GMT (1006 HKT)
Dubai's appetite for construction continues with multi-billion dollar boost to build the world's largest airport.
September 9, 2014 -- Updated 0302 GMT (1102 HKT)
The UAE is becoming a hub for plastic surgery with more Emiratis going under the knife each year.
August 21, 2014 -- Updated 1120 GMT (1920 HKT)
Meet Erdal Inci, a digital artist from Turkey who is transforming the medium.
August 14, 2014 -- Updated 1339 GMT (2139 HKT)
Iran is pumping billions of dollars into a scheme to save a lake. What's so important about it?