Ethnic Groups: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%
GDP (purchasing power parity): $283.5 billion (2015 est.)
GDP per capita: $5,500 (2015 est.)
Unemployment: 5% (2015 est.)
Myanmar shares borders with China, India, Laos, Bangladesh and Thailand.
The United States officially still calls the country Burma.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that there are an estimated 1.5 million stateless and internally displaced people in Myanmar.
1824-1886 - Burma becomes part of British India after fighting three wars with Great Britain over 62 years.
January 1947 - After negotiating with the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL), Great Britain agrees to give Burma its independence.
July 1947 - AFPFL leader Aung San is assassinated.
January 4, 1948 - Burma gains independence from the United Kingdom.
March 1962 - The military government is established under Ne Win after a bloodless coup.
August-October 1988 - Mass anti-government demonstrations take place throughout Burma. The official Radio Rangoon figure is 450 dead; the actual number is believed to be much higher.
September 1988 - Gen. Saw Maung takes over in another military coup.
1989 - Burma changes its name in English to Myanmar and the name of the capital from Rangoon to Yangon.
May 1990 -
General elections are called by the junta. Aung San Suu Kyi's
party wins easily, but the military refuses to hand over power.
April 23, 1992 - Gen. Than Shwe replaces Saw Maung as head of the junta.
July 23, 1997 - Myanmar joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
March 2006 - Naypyidaw becomes the new administrative capital.
August 19, 2007 - Protests break out in Yangon after the government raises petroleum and diesel prices by 100%.
September 5, 2007 - Soldiers' gunfire breaks up a monk protest in Pakokku.
September 22, 2007 - In her first public appearance in over four years, Aung San Suu Kyi greets monks as they march past her house in Yangon.
September 24, 2007 - Buddhist monks lead about 100,000 in the largest anti-government demonstrations since 1988.
September 26, 2007 - As protests continue, Myanmar security forces crack down - clubbing and gassing protestors and arresting as many as 200 monks.
September 30, 2007 - Special UN envoy Ibrahim Gambari meets with Suu Kyi and with military officials (separately) to attempt to resolve the situation.
October 20, 2007 -
General Assembly approves a resolution condemning a government crackdown and asking for the release of political protesters.
May 4, 2008 - A cyclone causes utter destruction, killing more than 22,000. It is later reported by the government that 41,000 people are missing and up to one million are homeless.
May 20, 2008 -
It is announced that UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
will be allowed to tour the devastated area hit by the cyclone. Also shipments of aid barred from coming into the country will be allowed in.
November 11-13, 2008 - Forty-four people are sentenced to prison for their role in peaceful protests of 2007.
June 5-10, 2010 - More than 4,000 ethnic Karen leave Myanmar for Thailand after clashes between the Karen National Union rebel group and Myanmar army.
June-July 2010 - Floods and landslides kill 68 people and displace thousands.
October 22, 2010 - Cyclone Giri hits Myanmar leaving at least 27 people dead and close to 75,000 homeless.
November 7, 2010 - Myanmar holds its first elections in 20 years. The Union Solidarity and Development Party backed by the military, claims victory with 80% of the votes.
November 13, 2010 - Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest.
January 31, 2011 - Myanmar convenes its first parliament in more than two decades in the capital, Naypyidaw.
February 4, 2011 - The parliament elects Prime Minister Thein Sein as president. Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy party boycotts the elections, calling it a sham.
March 30, 2011 - A civilian government is sworn in to replace the military junta.
October 12, 2011 - Dozens of political prisoners are released as part of a mass amnesty.
November 30, 2011 -
Hillary Clinton arrives in Myanmar, the first visit by a US secretary of state in more than 50 years.
December 13, 2011 - The National League for Democracy, the political party of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, is granted permission to register for future elections in Myanmar.
April 1, 2012 - Suu Kyi wins a seat in parliament in the first multi-party elections since 1990.
April 13, 2012 -
British Prime Minister David Cameron arrives in Myanmar. He is the first British prime minister to visit the country.
April 28, 2012 - European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton meets with Suu Kyi. The EU has suspended most of the sanctions it had imposed on Myanmar, citing the "transparent and credible" election that brought Suu Kyi to office and other reforms.
April 29, 2012 -
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon arrives in Myanmar to meet with President Thein Sein and Suu Kyi.
May 2, 2012 - Suu Kyi takes the oath of office for Myanmar's parliament, resolving an impasse that had been preventing her from taking her seat in the legislature. She and 33 other newly elected members of her party, the National League for Democracy, had been delaying their swearings-in due to objections to the wording of the oath they would have to take.
November 19, 2012 - President Barack Obama
becomes the first sitting US president to visit Myanmar. He meets with President Thein Sein and activist Aung San Suu Kyi.
March 10, 2013 - Suu Kyi wins re-election as Myanmar's leader of the National League for Democracy.
March 22, 2013 - A state of emergency is declared as ethnic clashes between Muslims and Buddhists lead to killings.
May 2, 2013 -
President Obama extends sanctions against Myanmar
for one year while lifting the 1996 visa ban.
April 7, 2014 -
The UN's Special Rapporteur on Myanmar, Tomas Ojea Quintana, reports that the recent persecution of the Rohingya group "could amount to crimes against humanity."
May 15, 2014 -
President Obama extends sanctions
against Myanmar for another year.
May 15, 2015 -
President Obama extends sanctions
against Myanmar for another year.
August 3, 2015 -
Authorities say that heavy monsoon rains in the past month
have left at least 47 people dead and displaced more than 200,000.
August 7, 2015 -
Government officials say that the death toll from the flooding
has risen to 88 and 330,000 others have been affected.
March 15, 2016 -
Myanmar's parliament elects Htin Kyaw as the country's new president
. Htin Kyaw was elected to the position by 360 votes, more than a third of the parliament's available 652 votes.