Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

7 things every first-time Africa traveler should know

By Karen Bowerman, for CNN
October 3, 2013 -- Updated 1349 GMT (2149 HKT)
No, it's not the Alps. It's Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania.
No, it's not the Alps. It's Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • What should every new Africa traveler ditch first? Their preconceptions
  • It's not scorching everywhere -- there are glaciers
  • Crocs and lions aren't the most lethal animals
  • And you needn't have every virus shot in the book

(CNN) -- At the risk of propagating a dodgy cliché, Africa remains one of the last frontiers of travel.

Non-air-conditioned travel, that is, i.e. the kind where you risk stubbing your toe occasionally or getting genuinely lost.

From gorilla sighting in the Ugandan highlands to skiing -- yes, skiing -- in Morocco, it promises untold travel wonders.

But new Africa hands should worry less about stocking up on viral jabs and safari suits than ditching their preconceptions.

For a start ...

Africa can be very cold indeed

It might straddle the equator but not everywhere in Africa is scorching.

Mt Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and Mt Kenya both have glaciers and nights can be dangerously chilly in the desert, with temperatures dropping to as low as -10C.

It snows in places, too.

You can go skiing in the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, the Maloti Mountains, Lesotho and in the Eastern Cape Highlands, South Africa.

A gorilla in its Ugandan rainforest home ... Who you telling Africa\'s all desert?
A gorilla in its Ugandan rainforest home ... Who you telling Africa's all desert?

Alongside desert, there are mountains and rainforests

Africa does have vast swathes of desert and flat savanna but also mountainous and exceptionally green parts.

There are the sprawling rainforests of Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) and the soft green hill country of Senegal, Guinea and Tanzania.

For more cultivated greenness, South Africa's garden route, on the south-east coast, is so-named because of its lush vegetation and lakes.

And not every desert is a stretch of barren wilderness.

The Kalahari is known for its spring flowers, while the Namib, the oldest desert in the world, is home to desert-adapted elephant, rhino, giraffe and lion.

More on CNN: Touring Nelson Mandela's South Africa

This colonial artist had it (more or less) right ... Hippos are big killers in Africa.
This colonial artist had it (more or less) right ... Hippos are big killers in Africa.

Hippos are the big killers

You should worry less about lions and Nile crocodiles and instead keep an eye out for hippos.

They're the biggest people-killers on the continent.

Found in sub-Saharan Africa, the animal is aggressive, unpredictable and can charge at 28kph.

If you're in a boat (where many people will encounter them) hit the sides to signal your position.

If on foot, keep your distance and never get between a mother and her calf.

Hippos are most aggressive in the dry season when water levels are low and food supplies limited.

Listen out for oxpeckers since the birds issue warning calls if hippo are around.

You won't need every shot in the book

Your childhood vaccines should be up to date for an Africa trip but you don't need prevention against every disease going.

A rabies shot is advisable -- but plan it in advance as it's a series of jabs -- along with injections against hepatitis A, meningococcal meningitis and typhoid.

You may need yellow fever vaccination, too. For some countries, such as South Africa, it's an entry requirement.

Consult with your doctor about your specific travel plans and medical history. Find out more about virus protection while traveling at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention website.

Parlez-vous Français? The African variety helps.
Parlez-vous Français? The African variety helps.

French is useful -- African French even better

Africa's countless ethnic groups mean there are several hundred languages, many with distinct dialects, you could come across.

Former colonial languages -- English, French and Portuguese -- are common, but English may not be as widely spoken as you think.

French is almost essential in West or Central Africa and will probably come in useful in Algeria, Burundi, Djibouti, Rwanda and Tunisia.

African French, however, is very different from what you were probably taught at school -- while you should be able to make yourself understood, you might find it harder understanding others.

The informal "tu" is used much more frequently in Africa than it would be in France, but if you're dealing with officials it's perhaps safer to stick with "vous."

More on CNN: 10 of the best golf courses in Africa

Africa cross-border travel\'s not quite as easy as in the EU but you can cut corners.
Africa cross-border travel's not quite as easy as in the EU but you can cut corners.

You don't need countless visas ...

If you're traveling in West Africa, consider getting a Visa Touristique Entente (VTE) which covers Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo and Cote d'Ivoire all in the one document.

It costs around $50, is valid for up to two consecutive months and should save you time and money.

Embassies of Benin seem to issue these with the least amount of hassle, although theoretically they're available from any of the countries' embassies.

... But your car will need papers

If you plan to drive a hire car through Africa you may well need a carnet de passage or a triptyque (the former is for entry to multiple countries, the latter to one), although neither is required for Morocca, Algeria and Tunisia.

Carnets are issued by national motoring organizations and act as a guarantee that import duties will be paid if a vehicle is taken into a country and remains there.

Hire companies won't issue you with a carnet unless they have proof you can afford any duties, so you'll need insurance to cover this.

Some southern African countries don't demand a carnet, although they'll insist you buy a Temporary Import Permit at the border.

Find out more about vehicle documentation at the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile website (page in English).

Karen Bowerman is a travel writer and former BBC broadcaster who specializes in conservation issues and adventure travel.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
October 13, 2014 -- Updated 0925 GMT (1725 HKT)
Based on the votes of over 330 industry experts, the 2014 winners include bars from 27 cities in 14 countries.
October 12, 2014 -- Updated 2231 GMT (0631 HKT)
Careening down an active volcano at 95 kph on a thin board? It happens only at Cerro Negro in Nicaragua.
October 10, 2014 -- Updated 1337 GMT (2137 HKT)
Tips and techniques for those who want to turn their vacation into a rewarding family history lesson.
October 9, 2014 -- Updated 1953 GMT (0353 HKT)
From savory power snacks to beloved Indian ice cream, here's how to do Delhi street food right.
October 8, 2014 -- Updated 2208 GMT (0608 HKT)
La Chaux de Fonds, Avenue Léopold Robert. Neuchâtel: Phototypie Co., Postmark 16.6.1919
Long before our traveling friends had Facebook and Instagram to taunt us, they had postcards.
October 8, 2014 -- Updated 0625 GMT (1425 HKT)
After slurping down noodles in 1,000 stores, the "ramen guy" untangles the complex flavors of Japan's diverse dish
October 13, 2014 -- Updated 1655 GMT (0055 HKT)
A visitor lies down to take a selfie on the new glass floor at the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
Mayor of Paris says 125-year-old landmark's new attraction will prove to critics the city still has some magic.
October 10, 2014 -- Updated 0244 GMT (1044 HKT)
These days, some of the best running trails can be found in the world's busiest places.
October 7, 2014 -- Updated 0625 GMT (1425 HKT)
A 1939 Bugatti 57C in the Cite de l'Automobile in Mulhouse France.
Midlife crisis males have nothing on Bugatti-obsessed brothers behind vast sports car collection.
October 7, 2014 -- Updated 1311 GMT (2111 HKT)
When it comes to air travel, courtesy and common sense are often the first two things to fly out the departure gates.
ADVERTISEMENT