The 10 worst countries for child labor
October 15, 2013 -- Updated 0709 GMT (1509 HKT)
- Eritrea, Somalia top the latest list for countries where child labor is most prevalent
- High poverty rates a similar theme across countries where child labor is most commonly used
- China fares poorly on the latest index, slipping from 53rd to 20th place
- Globally, the report says there's been an improvement in the risks of child labor
(CNN) -- Where in the world are children toiling dangerous and dirty conditions, missing out on education and other basic rights?
A new report by risk analysis firm Maplecroft, which ranks 197 countries, identifies Eritrea, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar, Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Zimbabwe and Yemen as the 10 places where child labor is most prevalent.
Countries with high poverty rates fare badly in the index due to the need for children to supplement their family income, the report said, but economically important countries like China, India, Russia and Brazil were also found to have extreme risks because child labor laws are often poorly enforced.
READ: Fewer child laborers still too many
Trafficking of children into forced labor or sexual exploitation remains a big problem, the report added.
Alarming rate of child labor in Uruguay
Warren Jeffs ordering child labor?
Gordon Brown on plight of child workers
Alarming rate of child labor in Uruguay
Despite its fast-growing economy, China has witnessed a substantial increase in child labor risks over the past year, ranking 20th compared with 53rd a year earlier.
The report said that unofficial estimates suggested that 100,000 children are employed in the country's manufacturing sector.
CNN Freedom Project
"The use of vocational work and study schemes, along with the continued use of children in factories, present significant supply chain risks to companies even in the more economically developed provinces," the report said.
Last year, electronics supplier Foxconn admitted that interns as young as 14 worked at one of its Chinese plants.
However, the report pointed to minor improvements in the risk of child labor, with South America now ranked as "high risk" rather than "extreme risk."
In September, the International Labor Organization estimated that the rate of five to 17 year olds engaged in child labor had decreased to 10.6% in 2012 from 13.6% in 2008. The number of children involved in the worst forms of child labor has decreased to 85 million from 115 million during this time.
The company compiles the ranking by evaluating the frequency and severity of reported child labor incidents, as well as tracking how governments prevent child labor and ensure perpetrators are held accountable.
The index has been developed to help companies understand the risks of children being employed in their supply chains.
Part of complete coverage on
Syrian refugees fleeing into Lebanon tell CNN's Nick Paton Walsh how they stepped over dead bodies in their flight -- and now face the a biting winter.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1629 GMT (0029 HKT)
It looked plausible to most, but to deaf people watching the Mandela memorial -- it was all nonsense. The interpreter has been dubbed "a fake."
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1524 GMT (2324 HKT)
Pope Francis is Time's person of the year. His papacy has drawn adulation from people around the world for his man-of-the-people ways.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 0541 GMT (1341 HKT)
They hoped for playful weekend outing in the snow. The moments of adventure dissolved into a fight for survival for the family of six.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1714 GMT (0114 HKT)
Yahoo's teen star Nick D'Aloisio sells the new digital future -- with vanishing content.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1328 GMT (2128 HKT)
Denmark's PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt made headlines when she snapped a selfie with PM David Cameron and President Barack Obama.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1311 GMT (2111 HKT)
Mars kits, a triple nipple baby bottle and extinct animal DNA are just some of things you'd find inside the "99¢ Store of the Future."
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 0958 GMT (1758 HKT)
They say necessity is the mother of invention. Here are 11 of the most mind-boggling inventions ever submitted to the U.S. patent office.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 0242 GMT (1042 HKT)
Uruguay is set to become the first country in the world to have a system regulating legal production, sale and consumption of the drug.
December 9, 2013 -- Updated 2311 GMT (0711 HKT)
Until he returned home this weekend, Merrill Newman -- an American held in North Korea -- had no idea what a story he'd become.
December 11, 2013 -- Updated 1756 GMT (0156 HKT)
Browse through images you don't always see in news reports, taken by CNN teams all around the world.
He was imprisoned for life but that did not quiet him. Nelson Mandela became South Africa's first black president, and an icon and inspiration.
Today's five most popular stories