Skip to main content

Bike share boom: 7 cities doing it right

By Karla Cripps, CNN
December 6, 2013 -- Updated 0523 GMT (1323 HKT)
Barcelona's bike share program, Bicing, was introduced in 2007 and averages 10.8 trips per bike per day and 67.9 trips per 1,000 residents. Unfortunately, Bicing is by membership only and not available for tourists. Barcelona's bike share program, Bicing, was introduced in 2007 and averages 10.8 trips per bike per day and 67.9 trips per 1,000 residents. Unfortunately, Bicing is by membership only and not available for tourists.
HIDE CAPTION
Barcelona
Lyon, France
Mexico City
Montreal
New York City
Paris
Rio de Janeiro
<<
<
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
>
>>
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • More than 600 cities on five continents now offer bike share programs
  • Seven cities hit the mark with both high market penetration and high infrastructure usage
  • Report says bike share programs address urban issues, such as traffic, air pollution and transit finance

(CNN) -- Back in the 1960s, Amsterdam city councilman Luud Schimmelpennink launched a plan to bring in 20,000 shared white bicycles to help combat the city's traffic snarls and reduce air pollution.

The idea was for people to use the bikes once, then leave them for another person when they were done.

In theory it was a great program.

But things didn't turn out as planned.

The council rejected the proposal. His supporters put 50 white bikes out on the streets anyways. Those that weren't stolen or found abandoned in canals were reportedly impounded by police.

Seems Luud Schimmelpennink was ahead of his time. In the last 10 years, the number of cities offering bike share programs has skyrocketed.

Today, more than 600 cities deploy more than 700,000 bicycles to be shared by locals, according to the New York City-based Institute for Transportation and Development (ITDP). Of these, the largest systems are in China, in cities such as Hangzhou and Shanghai.

In most cases, users simply check out a bike with a pre-purchased membership card.

Their cards are billed according to how long they use the bikes, calculated when they check it in at the next bike share station.

Sounds like a great system for tourists to take advantage of, right?

Unfortunately for travelers, some cities have membership programs in place that require subscribers to have a locally issued credit card or proof of a local address.

In most cities, though, all you need is a credit card to sign up.

Of the some 600 cities now operating bike share programs, ITDP has singled out seven for having world class systems, "hitting the mark with both high market penetration and high infrastructure usage."

Each day, Rio de Janeiro\'s Samba bike share program averages 6.9 trips per bike and 44.2 trips per 1,000 residents.\n
Each day, Rio de Janeiro's Samba bike share program averages 6.9 trips per bike and 44.2 trips per 1,000 residents.

Rates are based on average number of daily uses for each public bicycle and average daily trips per resident within the coverage area.

More: 15 of the world's most bike friendly cities

In alphabetical order, they are:

Barcelona: Averages 10.8 trips per bike per day and 67.9 trips per 1,000 residents. Barcelona's bike share program, Bicing, was introduced to the city in 2007.

Unfortunately, Bicing is available by local membership only and not available for tourists.

Lyon, France: Averages 8.3 trips per bike and 55.1 trips per 1,000 residents.

Tourists can sign up for this one. There's more info on the local Lyon tourism website.

Mexico City: The Mexican capital's Ecobici bike share system averages 5.5 trips per bike each day and 158.2 trips per 1,000 residents.

This one's off limits to those without a Mexico-issued credit card or proof of local address.

Montreal: The Bixi program averages 6.8 trips per bike and 113.8 trips per 1,000 residents.

Tourists are welcome to sign up while visiting.

New York City: NYC's CitiBike system averages 8.3 trips per bike and 42.7 trips per 1,000 residents.

Tourists are free to use it.

Paris: The French capital's bike sharing program averages 6.7 trips per bike and 38.4 trips per 1,000 residents.

Tourists are welcome to borrow bikes and can sign up online at En.velib.paris.fr

Rio de Janeiro: The city's Samba bike sharing program has 60 stations and 600 bicycles that average 6.9 trips per bike a day and 44.2 trips per 1,000 residents.

It's open to anyone, though you'll need someone who speaks Portuguese to help you sign up.

Five critical elements for success

The findings are part of ITDP's just-released "Bike Share Planning Guide," which presents best practices and case studies of successful systems.

ITDP says shared bikes are a remedy for urban mobility issues such as traffic, air pollution, transit finance and the "last mile" problem of getting commuters to and from rail and bus stops.

"Very few transport innovations have spread as quickly as bike share," says Walter Hook, ITDP's chief executive officer.

"The vast majority of bike-share systems have all been implemented in the last 10 years."

So what makes a bike share system a hit? ITDP says there are five critical elements:

Station density: A quality system needs 10-16 stations for every square kilometer, providing an average spacing of approximately 300 meters between stations and a convenient walking distance from each station to any point in between.

Bikes per residents: 10-30 bikes should be available for every 1,000 residents within the coverage area.

Larger, denser cities and metropolitan regions with an influx of commuters served by the system should have more bikes available to meet the needs of both commuters and residents.

Coverage area: The minimum area covered by a system should be 10 square kilometers, large enough to contain a significant number of user origins and destinations.

Smaller areas may drive down system usage.

Quality bikes: Bikes should be durable, attractive and practical, with a front basket to carry bags, packages or groceries.

They should also have specially designed parts and sizes, which discourages theft and resale.

Easy-to-use stations: The process of checking out a bicycle should be simple.

The payment and authorization technology utilized should have an easy-to-use interface, a fully automated locking system and real-time monitoring of occupancy rates (to track whether more or fewer bikes are needed for each station).

Pedaling into the future

"The arrangements of bike-share operations span the gamut, from publicly run programs (e.g., Buenos Aires, Montreal, Shanghai and Taipei) to programs run by nonprofit organizations (e.g., Boulder, Denver, Minneapolis and San Antonio) or private enterprises (e.g., Barcelona, Mexico City, New York City, Paris and Rio de Janeiro)," says the ITDP report.

All successful systems share a pricing structure that gives locals an incentive to take them on short trips -- usually a half hour or less -- which helps maximize the turnover of the bicycles.

"Bike sharing is a post-ownership transport system that is environmentally sustainable, healthy and business-oriented," says Hook. "It's the transport of the future."

More: Forget room service -- order a bike

Do you use the local bike share programs when you visit a city? Share your experiences below.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
December 19, 2014 -- Updated 0256 GMT (1056 HKT)
Journals, luggage tags, Panama hats? Yawn. We've got a selection of gifts travelers will actually use.
December 18, 2014 -- Updated 1226 GMT (2026 HKT)
Global events, new attractions and anniversary celebrations will put these destinations on travel radars next year. Question is, which one(s) to visit?
December 19, 2014 -- Updated 1248 GMT (2048 HKT)
Of all Christmas traditions out there, one has an All-American pedigree: electric Christmas tree lights.
December 22, 2014 -- Updated 0251 GMT (1051 HKT)
The gateway to Japan's capital, Tokyo Station, is celebrating its centennial this month -- and it's never looked better.
December 17, 2014 -- Updated 1004 GMT (1804 HKT)
.
Looking for snow porn? This helicopter ski adventure will fly you into the Coast Mountains for the freshest runs.
December 19, 2014 -- Updated 1519 GMT (2319 HKT)
From Singapore to Norway, there are plenty of reasons to plan your next trip around a fabulous hotel opening its doors next year.
December 17, 2014 -- Updated 0925 GMT (1725 HKT)
Step aside Mount Everest, this mountain country is home to cool cafes, crazy drinks and ancient Buddhist tradition.
December 16, 2014 -- Updated 1056 GMT (1856 HKT)
Nonprofit Ethical Traveler has released its annual list of the developing countries doing the most to promote human rights and preserve their environments.
December 11, 2014 -- Updated 1036 GMT (1836 HKT)
These waterfront watering holes have killer ocean views, creative drinks and the mahalo vibe we demand.
December 10, 2014 -- Updated 2038 GMT (0438 HKT)
Can't wait to book your ticket to Indianapolis and Oakland? The venerable guidebook is right there with you
December 10, 2014 -- Updated 0625 GMT (1425 HKT)
By helicopter, snowmobile and big-wheel truck across some of the world's most volatile landscapes.
December 9, 2014 -- Updated 2142 GMT (0542 HKT)
Construction begins on a new Singapore airport complex that could make delays and layovers a pleasure.
December 9, 2014 -- Updated 1441 GMT (2241 HKT)
Inflight chatterboxes are annoying but they're not the worst violators of onboard etiquette, according to an Expedia study.
ADVERTISEMENT