Cookie consent

We use cookies to improve your experience on this website. By continuing to browse our site you agree to our use of cookies. Tell me more | Cookie preferences

James Bond at risk of early death from alcohol, study says

James Bond may want to reconsider his drinking habits, a new study says.

Story highlights

  • Study looked at 14 James Bond novels
  • About 2.5 million deaths worldwide are attributable to alcohol use
  • Researchers project Bond could die at age 56 because of alcohol use

Alcohol. Bond's alcohol.

The British spy James Bond may routinely get himself out of dangerous situations with skill and charm, but his body may be suffering all the while because of his drinking habits. British researchers predict he could die from alcohol-related causes, such as liver damage, by age 56.

Scientists wanted to examine just how much alcohol the famous fictional secret agent consumes, and what effect that could have on his health. They published a study, led by Graham Johnson of the emergency department of Royal Derby Hospital, in the British Medical Journal's Christmas edition, which features a variety of offbeat research papers.

Researchers found Bond's weekly alcohol consumption totaled 92 units a week, which is more than four times what doctors recommend. A real person would not be able to carry out such complicated tasks and function as well as Bond does while maintaining such habits, they conclude.

A unit of alcohol is defined as 10 milliliters or 8 grams of pure ethanol in the United Kingdom. For some perspective on that, a bottle of wine is nine units, and a pint of beer is three, according to this study.

The finding of 92 units a week could actually be the low end of the truth, as studies have shown that "people generally underestimate their alcohol consumption by about 30%," the study said, noting other research has demonstrated that health surveys don't account for about half of all alcohol sold.

In other words, Bond may be drinking much more than the large quantities portrayed in the books.

"We advise an immediate referral for further assessment and treatment," the study authors wrote, as well as "a reduction in alcohol to safe levels."

10 hotels featured in James Bond movies

Two study authors analyzed all 14 original James Bond books by Ian Fleming, focusing on the number of days on which alcohol-related events were described. But each of them only read half the books, representing a shortcoming of the study, which was conducted in "the study authors' homes, in a comfy chair."

They found that in "From Russia with Love," on the third day of the story, Bond drank about 50 units of alcohol -- the highest daily consumption in the collection of stories.

It also appears that the spy's alcohol intake dropped around the middle of his career, but then picked back up gradually toward the end.

"This consistent but variable lifetime drinking pattern has been reported in patients with alcoholic liver disease," study authors wrote.

Note that researchers did not analyze the Bond films, only the books, so the precise level of alcoholism that Bond portrays on the big screen is an open question.

James Bond 50th anniversary coverage

About 2.5 million deaths worldwide are attributable to alcohol use, the study said. The cause of alcohol-related death is most often injury, liver cirrhosis, poisoning and malignancy.

A real person who drank as much as Bond, more than 60 grams of alcohol per day, would be in the highest risk group for malignancies, depression, hypertension and cirrhosis and could also suffer sexual dysfunction.

Early death would be likely for the spy as a result of such rampant alcohol consumption, researchers said.

Fleming, the author who created the Bond character, and frequently drank and smoked tobacco, died at age 56 of heart disease. "We suspect that Bond's life expectancy would be similar," the researchers wrote.

Alcoholism may even be responsible for Bond's famous catchphrase "vodka martini -- shaken, not stirred." This may have health-related implications, too.

Study authors posit that if Bond's alcohol consumption in the books is so chronic and excessive, he may be suffering from an alcohol-induced tremor. Chronic exposure to alcohol can damage a part of the brain called the cerebellum, which can lead to a tremor.

This suggests -- and of course, this is only speculation -- that perhaps Bond can't actually stir his drinks.

James Bond submarine car sells for $920,000

Is Bond the man with the golden liver?

"In Casino Royale he drinks over 39 units before engaging in a high-speed car chase, losing control, and spending 14 days in hospital," study authors wrote. "We hope that this was a salutatory lesson."

And yet, Bond kept drinking in subsequent novels.

There's plenty of opportunity for another installment: "From Rehab With Love."

      James Bond turns 50

    • Writer William Boyd wrote the new James Bond novel, "Solo," which debuted in October 2013.

      A new James Bond novel, "Solo," debuted in October. It was written by novelist William Boyd, who was handpicked by Ian Fleming's estate to write it.
    • BEAULIEU, ENGLAND - JANUARY 17: A BMW750iL that was used in the 1997 James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies and is currently being displayed at the Bond In Motion exhibition at National Motor Museum, is seen on January 17, 2012 in Beaulieu, England. The display, which marks the 50th anniversary of the James Bond film series, is the largest exhibition of James Bond vehicles ever staged and runs until the end of the year. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)

      We all love James Bond car chases. But how do they stack up when you look at them with the cold eye of reality?
    • The Furka Pass, the setting for the cat-and-mouse duel between Connery's DB5 and Tania Mallet's Ford Mustang in "Goldfinger."

      Live like 007 with this epic itinerary across Europe that traces Bond's greatest hits. Futuristic gadgets, villains and evil temptresses not included.
    • pkg life imitating bond_00010302

      Be it the Cuban missile crisis or the Apollo disaster, the "James Bond" films have been eerily accurate in predicting world events for fifty years.
    • For filming "Skyfall," the latest Bond film, "the colors and vibrancy of Istanbul provided us with a great backdrop," producers said.

      We love Bond films for many reasons: the handsome men and beautiful women, the cool gadgets, the amazing chases. And, of course, the travel tips.
    • Friday's double anniversary of Bond premiere and release of Beatles' debut single offers a chance to wallow in nostalgia. But is it time to let them be?
    • Sharp Tea Tray, Revolving Sofa, Moonraker Laser Gun, Radio Transceiver Broom... How much do you know about 007's essential gadgets?
    • natpkg james bond guide_00021203

      Sit back, relax and fix yourself a martini - shaken, not stirred - as we present to you the "Connoisseurs Guide to James Bond's best moments."