Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

'Do svidaniya, Sochi': Olympic torch makes its way to South Korea's Pyeongchang

Paul Armstrong, CNN
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1010 GMT (1810 HKT)
  • Third time lucky for Pyeongchang, which lost out to Vancouver in 2010 and Sochi in 2014
  • Located southeast of Seoul in an area known as "Korea's Alps"
  • Many of the required venues already in place as Pyeongchang is an established destination
  • Government plans to invest heavily in region, including high-speed rail link with capital

(CNN) -- "The International Olympic Committee has the honor of announcing that the 23rd Winter Olympic Games in 2018 are awarded to the city of Pyeongchang."

The date was July 6, 2011. The speaker was International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Jacques Rogge.

It might have been third time lucky for the South Korean city, having lost narrowly to Vancouver in 2010 and Sochi in 2014, but the name of Pyeongchang probably had many of us reaching for an atlas.

Important point: it should not be confused with Pyongyang, the North Korean capital.

South Koreans celebrate winning the 2018 Winter Olympics at Alpensia Resort on July 7, 2011 in Pyeongchang.
South Koreans celebrate winning the 2018 Winter Olympics at Alpensia Resort on July 7, 2011 in Pyeongchang.

'Korea's Alps'

Located approximately 113 miles (182 kilometers) southeast of Seoul, in the spectacular southern part of Gangwon Province, Pyeongchang sits at 700 meters above sea level in one of the most rugged, mountainous regions of the country, an area often referred to as "Korea's Alps."

It seems like a reasonable choice. South Korea also has previous Olympic form -- though admittedly of the summer variety (Seoul 1988).

It's also arguably a less puzzling choice than Sochi, a crumbling Soviet-era beach resort on the Black Sea coast -- ironically one of the few places in Russia where snow is actually scarce. The looming Caucasus Mountains nearby were not exactly known for snow sports either, so virtually everything -- from competition venues to road and rail links -- had to be built from scratch.

15 top Sochi moments

Yet the Sochi games went reasonably well -- from a sporting perspective at least. The action was at times exhilarating, visitors overcame hotel horror stories, and the security threat from extremists never materialized.

Pyeongchang already boasts a decent competition infrastructure, such as this ski jump stadium.
Pyeongchang already boasts a decent competition infrastructure, such as this ski jump stadium.

Yet critics will point to the $50 billion price tag -- the largest ever for a summer or winter Olympic Games -- and protests against Russia's human rights record and its stance on gay rights. The sight of the Pussy Riot punk group being attacked with whips and teargas by Cossack militia making headlines across the world would have made President Vladimir Putin wince.

'Flat-pack' games

The 24th Winter Olympic Games promises to be much less controversial.

It also won't have Sochi's "flat-pack" construction feel as Pyeongchang already boasts established infrastructure, with six major ski resorts, including Alpensia, Pheonix Park and High1, making it one of the country's top skiing and snowboarding destinations. Pyeongchang was also the site of South Korea's first official ski resort in 1975.

Russia's Sochi gold rush - paradise lost, or found?

Seven of the 13 competition venues required by the IOC, including those for cross-country skiing, ski jumping and biathlon, are already in place, while snow is less likely to be concern as the region typically experiences heavy winter snowfall -- something that organizers in Sochi and Vancouver could not be as confident about.

Unseasonably mild temperatures bedeviled the Canadian host city in 2010, disrupting many of the ski events. Fearing similar problems, organizers at Sochi stockpiled huge amounts of snow from the previous season.

Olympic legacy

Yet the South Korean government won't be sitting on their hands either, as it seeks to turn this area into a world-class winter sports destination well beyond 2018.

General view shows the biathlon arena in South Korea's mountain resort of Pyeongchang.
General view shows the biathlon arena in South Korea's mountain resort of Pyeongchang.

It currently takes more than three hours by road from Seoul to reach Pyeongchang -- a journey that will shorten to just 50 minutes when a new high-speed rail network opens in 2017.

Last month, the South Korean government unveiled a comprehensive plan to develop the city and the surrounding areas in Gangwon Province.

Designating the region of some 27.4 square kilometers as a special district, the government announced plans to invest 3.3 trillion won (US$3.1 billion) by 2032 to turn it into "a mecca of winter sports and a major tourist destination," according to the prime minister's office. Most of this investment will be made by 2018 to host a successful Winter Games, it added.

Stressing the importance of preventing any waste of resources after hosting international events, Prime Minister Chung Hong-won told the Yonhap news agency: "(The plan) should be aimed at a continued regional development after a successful hosting of the Pyeongchang Olympics."

Pyeonchang's 2018 destiny was never really in doubt, as it won the right to become the first Asian city outside Japan to host the Winter Olympics. It comfortably beat off the challenge of two other bid cities: Munich in Germany, and Annecy in France.

Had it won, Munich would have been the first city to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics. The city attracted the Summer Games in 1972. Annecy, meanwhile, met with many difficulties in its bid for the 2018 nomination, including a small budget and change in leadership on the bid committee.

Part of complete coverage on
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1705 GMT (0105 HKT)
With the Olympic cauldron now extinguished, CNN takes a look at whether Russia's $50 billion Sochi budget was money well spent.
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1440 GMT (2240 HKT)
The athletes on show in Sochi provided moments of drama and destiny that captured the imagination and settled in the collective memory.
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1615 GMT (0015 HKT)
Russia may have topped the medals table at the first Winter Olympics it staged, but which country was most successful per capita?
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1648 GMT (0048 HKT)
From eye-popping helmet designs to F1-influenced bobsleigh, the Sochi offered a bewildering array of technological innovation.
February 24, 2014 -- Updated 1146 GMT (1946 HKT)
Sochi's closing ceremony took an artistic look at Russian culture before the Olympic flag was handed over to South Korea for the 2018 Games.
February 23, 2014 -- Updated 1857 GMT (0257 HKT)
Critics say it would have been cheaper to coat this Russian road with caviar but will the route made for Sochi reap long-term rewards?
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 1206 GMT (2006 HKT)
Navigate your way around this spectacular 360-degree picture from Sochi's ski-jumping venue at the Winter Olympics -- and find out how it was created.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 1045 GMT (1845 HKT)
Sochi's transformation has left even the local cab drivers a bit lost and confused -- but don't let that put you off visiting this rejuvenated Black Sea resort.
February 14, 2014 -- Updated 1759 GMT (0159 HKT)
Australia's silver medalist Torah Bright celebrates during the Women's Snowboard Halfpipe Medal Ceremony at the Sochi medals plaza during the Sochi Winter Olympics on February 13, 2014.
What do you get if you mix Valentine's Day, thousands of good-looking young Olympians and a popular online dating app?
February 14, 2014 -- Updated 1211 GMT (2011 HKT)
For a Winter Olympics, there are some very colorful characters from some very tropical climates taking part -- including this "Mariachi" skier.
February 14, 2014 -- Updated 1103 GMT (1903 HKT)
If snowboarders were an introduction to a younger, hipper, "slacker" generation of Olympians, the next wave has taken it to another level.
June 3, 2014 -- Updated 1052 GMT (1852 HKT)
He didn't like carpets, he banned portraits and he walked in water rather than swim. Welcome to Joseph Stalin's dacha.
February 13, 2014 -- Updated 2319 GMT (0719 HKT)
ebanon's Jackie Chamoun skis during the Women's Giant slalom first run at the 2013 Ski World Championships in Schladming, Austria on February 14, 2013.
Like most skiers in Sochi, Jacky Chamoun had hoped to cause a stir on the slopes rather than off them.
February 12, 2014 -- Updated 1014 GMT (1814 HKT)
A prop from the Winter Olympics opening ceremony.
It has been dubbed Russia's Las Vegas. But has Sochi's massive renovation come at a cost to the region's stunning natural environment?
February 23, 2014 -- Updated 1733 GMT (0133 HKT)
Take a different look at Sochi 2014 as CNN showcases the most compelling images from the world's best photographers.