Skip to main content

Notorious Mexican cartel leader Nazario Moreno dead -- again

By Catherine E. Shoichet, CNN
March 11, 2014 -- Updated 1338 GMT (2138 HKT)
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Mexican authorities say they killed cartel leader Nazario Moreno Gonzalez
  • Officials had already trumpeted his death in 2010 after a shootout
  • This time, authorities say they have the body and fingerprints confirm it
  • Moreno was known for his "dangerousness," authorities say

Read this story in Spanish at CNNMexico.com

(CNN) -- It's deja vu, drug lord style.

Mexican authorities say they gunned down notorious cartel leader Nazario Moreno Gonzalez on Sunday.

By most measures, it sounds like a major victory in the government's fight against organized crime. But there's a catch.

He was supposed to be dead already.

Top Mexican drug lord arrested
'El Chapo' arrest 13 years in the works

In 2010, then-Mexican President Felipe Calderon's government trumpeted Moreno's death, announcing that he'd been killed after two days of shootouts between armed forces and criminals.

Officials revealed a surprising twist on Sunday, announcing the 2010 report of his death was inaccurate.

Monte Alejandro Rubido Garcia, executive secretary of Mexico's National Public Security System, said Moreno was very much alive when federal troops cornered him on Sunday. They planned to arrest him, Rubido said, but Moreno was fatally shot after he opened fire.

For years, rumors have swirled about Moreno. Critics said the Mexican government had never proven that Moreno had been slain after the 2010 announcement.

Federal authorities initially said they couldn't provide physical evidence because Moreno's body had been collected by fellow cartel members after clashes.

In 2011, state prosecutors acknowledged they'd never recovered Moreno's body and couldn't confirm he was dead.

"We've never found a body, fingerprints, photographs," George W. Grayson, a Mexico expert at the College of William and Mary, told CNN that year. "We know his burial site, but no one has exhumed the body. There are a lot of questions."

Authorities received numerous reports that Moreno remained alive, Rubido said Sunday,

On Sunday, Mexican authorities said fingerprint tests had confirmed that Moreno was really the one they killed this time, but they were still awaiting DNA test results.

More on the Mexican Drug War

Cartel founder 'known for his dangerousness'

Moreno -- nicknamed "The Craziest One," "El Chayo" and "The Doctor" -- was "known for his dangerousness," Rubido said Sunday.

He was a founder of La Familia Michoacana, a cartel that started in the western Mexican state of Michoacan and grabbed national attention in 2006 after reportedly hurling five decapitated heads of rival gang members onto a dance floor.

On Sunday, Mexican authorities said fingerprint tests had confirmed that Moreno was really the one they killed this time.
On Sunday, Mexican authorities said fingerprint tests had confirmed that Moreno was really the one they killed this time.

The group began splintering soon after authorities announced Moreno's death in 2010, and a similar spinoff organization known as the Knights Templar effectively took La Familia's place as the dominant group in the region.

The Knights Templar has increasingly found itself in the Mexican government's cross-hairs in recent months as citizen self-defense militias in Michoacan pressured authorities to crack down on the cartel and capture Moreno, who they claimed was still alive and leading the group.

On Sunday, Mexican officials described his death as "the most important blow to the criminal group that he headed" and said he was "the undisputed leader of the criminal group that dominates the state," but didn't mention the group's name.

Toning down the rhetoric about drug cartels has been part of Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto's security strategy since he took office in December 2012.

Authorities have largely stopped parading suspects before cameras after high-profile arrests and seem to be making an effort to avoid actions that could be seen as glorifying cartels.

'Spiritual leader'

A Mexican government dossier released in 2010 described Moreno as the brains behind many killings. Authorities said he was a self-fashioned "spiritual leader" who used religion to recruit criminals and strengthen his stronghold.

But he started small. As a teenager, he was a migrant worker in the United States and worked in several locations in California, the profile said. He was arrested for the first time on drug trafficking charges in McAllen, Texas, in 1994.

"Moreno started as a migrant in California, continued trafficking marijuana on the border and became the leader of one of the most violent criminal organizations in the history of Mexico," the report said.

In Mexico, Moreno dubbed himself the "savior of the people" and crafted La Familia's philosophy, outlined in a "bible" provided to new recruits.

La Familia's approach showed a "strong religious background," the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration said in 2009.

"It purportedly originated to protect locals from the violence of drug cartels. Now, La Familia Michoacana uses drug proceeds to fuel their agenda that encompasses a Robin Hood-type mentality -- steal from the rich and give to the poor," the DEA said. "They believe they are doing God's work, and pass out Bibles and money to the poor. La Familia Michoacana also gives money to schools and local officials."

In 2011, the Knights Templar announced its presence and took a similar approach, with banners hanging in prominent locations vowing to protect residents of Michoacan.

"Our commitment to society will be to preserve order and prevent robbery, kidnapping and extortion, and protect the state from interventions by rival organizations," the signs said.

In a raid aimed at cracking down on the new cartel that year, Mexican police seized white robes emblazoned with bright red crosses and handbooks outlining a code for the Knights Templar.

Analysts have long pointed to such finds as a sign that the Knights Templar also used religion to recruit and retain members.

The legend of 'El Chapo': Cartel chief cultivated Robin Hood image

CNN's Elwyn Lopez contributed to this report.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
October 21, 2014 -- Updated 0102 GMT (0902 HKT)
A 15-year-old pregnant girl is rescued from slavery, only to be charged with having sex outside of marriage, shocked rights activists say -- a charge potentially punishable by death.
October 22, 2014 -- Updated 0333 GMT (1133 HKT)
After sushi and ramen, beef is on the list of must-eats for many visitors to Japan.
October 20, 2014 -- Updated 1607 GMT (0007 HKT)
Airports judged on comfort, conveniences, cleanliness and customer service.
October 22, 2014 -- Updated 1748 GMT (0148 HKT)
Scientists use CT scans to recreate a life-size image of the ancient king.
October 22, 2014 -- Updated 0959 GMT (1759 HKT)
Despite billions spent on eradicating poppy production, Afghan farmers are growing bumper crops, a U.S. government report says.
October 20, 2014 -- Updated 1319 GMT (2119 HKT)
With so many new attractions on the way, the next few years are going to be a roller coaster ride.
October 16, 2014 -- Updated 0429 GMT (1229 HKT)
Thomas Malthus famously predicted that rising populations would create a food crunch: Could this be true?
October 21, 2014 -- Updated 0945 GMT (1745 HKT)
The lives of everyone close to Oscar Pistorius and the girl he killed are changed forever, his siblings say.
October 22, 2014 -- Updated 1402 GMT (2202 HKT)
Gene Simmons reflects on 40 years of KISS, and how even rock royalty needs sound business principles.
October 18, 2014 -- Updated 1033 GMT (1833 HKT)
From "Sick Man of Europe" to the world's fourth largest economy.
October 22, 2014 -- Updated 0915 GMT (1715 HKT)
Each day, CNN brings you an image capturing a moment to remember, defining the present in our changing world.
Browse through images from CNN teams around the world that you don't always see on news reports.
ADVERTISEMENT