As investigators analyze new debris
from an Indian Ocean island to determine whether it's wreckage from the missing MH370, here are nine cases of plane disappearances and disasters, some of which remain unsolved decades later.
International search teams combed the Indian Ocean for months, but found no clues. This week, plane debris washed up on Reunion Island, and it's undergoing tests to determine whether it's linked to the missing jetliner. Aviation experts and government officials remain baffled over the mystery of the jet and the fate of the 239 people aboard.
2009: AIR FRANCE FLIGHT 447
The passenger jet, an Airbus A330, took off from Rio de Janeiro headed to Paris on May 31 of that year. A few hours later, as it crossed the Atlantic, it told control center its position.
That was the last contact with the plane. Its last known position -- two to four days by ship from the nearest ports -- made the search more complex.
It took almost two years before the bulk of the wreckage, the majority of bodies, and the voice and data recorders were recovered. All 228 people aboard died.
French authorities said ice crystals disrupted the system used to determine the plane's airspeed, causing the autopilot to disconnect. The plane plunged into the ocean.
2003: BOEING 727
The company jet vanished in the Angolan capital of Luanda.
It took off from the main international airport in the city on May 25
of that year, headed for Burkina Faso. It departed with its lights off and a dysfunctional transponder
There are conflicting reports on the number of people in the jet, but flight engineer Ben Charles Padilla is believed to be one of them
. Some reports say he was alone, while others say three people were aboard.
The plane has not been heard from since. Its whereabouts are unknown to this day.
1999: EGYPTAIR FLIGHT 990
The Boeing 767, en route to Cairo from New York City, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the Massachusetts coast
in October of that year.
Though its debris was later found, speculation remains on the cause of the crash that killed all 217 people on board.
Theories included a possible suicide
by the pilot or co-pilot, complete with tales of a chaotic struggle for controls in the cockpit. Egyptian authorities have said a mechanical failure was the cause.
1996: TWA FLIGHT 800
The Paris-bound plane exploded in midair shortly after takeoff from New York City, killing all 230 people aboard.
Witnesses said they saw a streak of light and a fireball, leading to suspicions that terrorists struck the plane with a rocket. Others blamed a meteor or a missile.
The National Transportation Safety Board ruled that the explosion was caused by an electrical short circuit, which detonated the fuel tank and caused the Boeing 747 to break into pieces in the waters off Long Island.
1947: BRITISH STARDUST
The British aircraft vanished after takeoff from Buenos Aires, headed to Chile.
After searches for the plane named Stardust turned up nothing for more than 50 years, conspiracy theorists jumped into action. But theories of aliens, among others, were invalidated in 2000, when the wreckage of the plane was found buried deep in a glacier
in the Argentine Andes.
Stardust's final Morse code transmission was the word "STENDEC."
The meaning of the word remains a mystery.
1945: FLIGHT 19 NAVY BOMBERS
Flight 19 refers to five Navy bombers that disappeared off the Florida coast on December 5 of that year.
A flight instructor flew one plane, and qualified pilots with 350 to 400 hours of flight time were in the others, according to the Naval History and Heritage Command
Radio transmissions indicated that the instructor got lost when compasses malfunctioned. Radio contact was lost before the exact problem was determined, and no traces of the planes were ever found.
Adding to the mystery, a search aircraft sent to look for Flight 19 also disappeared. The patrol plane, which took off later that day, has not been seen or heard from since.
Flight 19 was reported in the area informally known as the Bermuda Triangle.
1942: BRITISH FIGHTER
A stray Royal Air Force fighter crashed in the blistering sands of the Egyptian Sahara on June 28, 1942.
Its pilot was never heard from again, and the damaged P-40 Kittyhawk was presumed lost forever.
But in 2012, an oil company worker discovered it seven decades after the accident. Surprisingly, it was extraordinarily well-preserved, and most of its fuselage, wings, tail and cockpit instruments were intact.
Back then, experts say, planes flew with basic supplies, so its pilot's chances of survival were not good.
1937: AMELIA EARHART
The groundbreaking aviator was on her most ambitious flight, vying to become the first woman to fly around the world.
In 1937, she attempted the voyage in her twin-engine Lockheed Electra. With about 7,000 miles left to go, she made a challenging landing at Howland Island in the mid-Pacific.
Her radio transmissions became unclear, and the last thing she reported over her radio was, "We are running north and south," according to an online biography.
After spending $4 million and searching 250,000 square miles of ocean, the United States called off its search.
Many theories exist today,
but her fate and that of navigator Fred Noonan remain unknown. This year, new footage emerged of her preparing for the doomed flight.