Skip to main content

Who's in charge here? In one eastern Ukrainian city, answer isn't clear

By Richard Allen Greene, CNN
May 19, 2014 -- Updated 1544 GMT (2344 HKT)
  • An easy calm has settled over Mariupol, a city in the eastern part of Ukraine
  • Separatists battled government supporters last month for control
  • The strife has mostly come to an end, but no one seems to know who's running the city
  • Key players in the drama are the city steelworkers

Mariupol, Ukraine (CNN) -- It's a hot, sunny Sunday morning, and birds are chirping in the trees over the heads of children playing on swings and in a pile of sand in a small park in front of City Hall. Or what used to be City Hall, anyway.

Today, it's a burned-out husk of a building, the ground around it thick with ash and crunchy with broken glass, official documents strewn around and covered with footprints. Windows are shattered. Walls are stained black by smoke and fire.

A dozen or so young men lounge around on the front steps of the building, asserting that they are part of the militia of the Donetsk People's Republic. But they look more like drunks with nowhere else to go after a night out.

But they're not the only ones hanging around the remains of City Hall in Mariupol, recently the scene of clashes between supporters of the central government and backers of either independence or union with Russia for this part of eastern Ukraine.

Little remains of the separatist barricades which used to stand in front of the city hall of Mariupol, in Ukraine's Donetsk region. Little remains of the separatist barricades which used to stand in front of the city hall of Mariupol, in Ukraine's Donetsk region.
Calm in Donetsk, Ukraine
Calm in Donetsk, Ukraine Calm in Donetsk, Ukraine
A man looks at a bullet shell next to a destroyed car after a gunfight between pro-Russian militiamen and Ukrainian forces in Karlivka, Ukraine, on Friday, May 23. Much of Ukraine's unrest has been centered in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, where separatists have claimed independence from the government in Kiev. A man looks at a bullet shell next to a destroyed car after a gunfight between pro-Russian militiamen and Ukrainian forces in Karlivka, Ukraine, on Friday, May 23. Much of Ukraine's unrest has been centered in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, where separatists have claimed independence from the government in Kiev.
Crisis in Ukraine
Photos: Crisis in Ukraine Photos: Crisis in Ukraine
Living in the president's compound
Ukraine ballots can they get to voters?

Yevgeny Bulgakov, a steelworker, is here too, wearing his thick Ilyich factory work jacket despite the heat of the day. He's here to help re-establish order in the city, he said.

And indeed, despite the destruction of City Hall, the scene is much calmer than it was a month ago, when the building stood behind a makeshift barricades of tires, bricks and paving stones.

That's gone today. The only remnants are a coil of barbed wire discarded among spring flowers and a small pile of tires by the street corner.

Did the steelworkers bring calm?

Some are giving credit for the restoration of order here to the steelworkers. There are tens of thousands of them in this industrial city where factories spew brown and gray smoke along the road into town.

About 11,000 of them signed up to help patrol Mariupol along with local police, according to the company MetInvest, which employs them.

The patrols come alongside an agreement signed by a wide range of leaders in Mariupol to try to de-escalate the situation. The deal came five days after violence in the city left at least seven people dead and 40 wounded, according to Human Rights Watch.

The steelworkers are backed by their boss, Donetsk-based billionaire Rinat Akhmetov, who came out against both independence and union with Russia last week. Many of them are paid for the time they patrol, MetInvest said.

But steelworkers are not the only ones on patrol. They only make up about a third of the total volunteer force, locals say.

And hard-core supporters of independence for the region don't give them credit for restoring order. A group of about a dozen steelworkers was jeered as several hundred supporters of independence gathered for a march Sunday to mark the killings on May 9 that seem to have been a turning point in the city.

Hard questions for separatist leader

Russia threatens U.S. space program
Voters in eastern Ukraine cast ballots
Ukraine's faithful pray for peace
CNN poll: 56% of Ukrainians are pro-EU

But the separatist crowd also has hard questions for the local separatist military commander, Andrey Borisov, an angular man with a shaggy beard and close-cropped hair under a beret.

They surrounded him and peppered him with questions as he smoked and sweated in the hot sun.

He didn't seem to be able to say who's in control.

"Who will govern? You will be the first one to come up to me when you don't have your pension paid. The transition of power is a complicated process," he said.

And he admitted that the separatists need more men.

"We need guys who are able to take arms and fight," he said to the crowd, composed mostly of people middle-aged and older, none of whom volunteered for the job.

That could be a problem for the self-declared local political leader, Denis Kuzmenko.

Kuzmenko vowed firmly Sunday that the people of Mariupol would not participate in Ukraine's presidential election scheduled to take place in a week.

The friendly, slightly chubby man wore a pistol in a holster on his hip as he spoke to journalists outside his headquarters, a tightly secured brick police station taken over by the separatists.

His words were firm.

"We consider trying to open up a polling station and trying to establish an opportunity to vote as a provocation. We will treat it as such," he said.

But can he carry out the threat? He all but admitted he doesn't have enough men to control the city when asked whether he needed the steelworkers to help maintain order.

"Of course we need everyone," he said, saying there are 50,000 steelworkers in the area, and that the majority support independence.

He denied there was a divide between "the steelworkers" and the people.

"They are patrolling because they support the Donetsk People's Republic and they want order," he said.

As Kuzmenko spoke, his security guard, a clean-cut man with shiny gray trousers, violet shirt and AK-47, came over to a journalist, tugged his arm and spoke English.

"Our citizens are the steelworkers," he said. "It is the same."

READ: Russian President Putin orders troops from the border with Ukraine

READ: Ukraine favors Europe over Russia, new CNN poll finds

READ: Opinion: Putin's empire building is not a new Cold War

Erin McLaughlin and journalist Lena Kashkarova contributed to this report

Part of complete coverage on
July 31, 2014 -- Updated 1108 GMT (1908 HKT)
The road isn't easy -- past shelling and eerie separatist checkpoints. But where it leads is harder still.
July 31, 2014 -- Updated 1631 GMT (0031 HKT)
Future imports and exports between the EU and Russia are now banned -- but existing contracts, including France's $1.6 billion Mistral-class warships deal, are allowed to go ahead.
July 30, 2014 -- Updated 1510 GMT (2310 HKT)
More Russian aggression in Ukraine. More U.S. and European sanctions imposed on Moscow.
July 31, 2014 -- Updated 0001 GMT (0801 HKT)
Deadly violence, ongoing tensions and the deliberate downing of a passenger airplane. Though that turbulence is happening far away from American streets -- in Eastern Ukraine -- why should Americans worry?
July 18, 2014 -- Updated 1642 GMT (0042 HKT)
The shooting down of MH17 may finally alert Washington and Europe to the danger of the conflict in Ukraine.
July 24, 2014 -- Updated 2304 GMT (0704 HKT)
The United States and its allies are angrier at Russia now over Ukraine, but will they do anything more about it -- especially Europe?
The U.S. State Department released satellite images of what it says is photographic evidence that the Russian military has fired across its border with Ukraine to strike Ukrainian military targets.
July 20, 2014 -- Updated 1540 GMT (2340 HKT)
Some contend that larger weapons have come into Ukraine from Russia.
July 28, 2014 -- Updated 1437 GMT (2237 HKT)
Background information about Ukraine, the second-largest European country in area after Russia.
July 27, 2014 -- Updated 1725 GMT (0125 HKT)
Ukraine's Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin on securing the MH17 crash site and negotiating with the separatists.
Learn more about the victims, ongoing investigation and the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
July 24, 2014 -- Updated 0700 GMT (1500 HKT)
When passengers boarded Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 last week, they couldn't have known they were about to fly over a battlefield.
July 23, 2014 -- Updated 0925 GMT (1725 HKT)
The downing Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 put the pro-Russia rebels operating in Ukraine's eastern region center stage.
July 28, 2014 -- Updated 0121 GMT (0921 HKT)
Increased fighting around the MH17 crash scene blocks international investigators. CNN's Kyung Lah reports.
July 22, 2014 -- Updated 1600 GMT (0000 HKT)
In the tangled aftermath of the disaster, two narratives have emerged -- one that most of the world subscribes to, and another that Russia and the rebels are pushing.
July 22, 2014 -- Updated 1229 GMT (2029 HKT)
"Every country, including Russia," must determine whether it is "together with the terrorists or together with the civilized world," Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said.
July 27, 2014 -- Updated 1811 GMT (0211 HKT)
Russian President Vladimir Putin bears at least some responsibility for the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.
June 28, 2014 -- Updated 1708 GMT (0108 HKT)
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko says peace is possible if Vladimir Putin is in the right mood.