Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

Are hovercrafts and giant wheels the future of North Korean architecture?

By Eoghan Macguire, for CNN
July 4, 2014 -- Updated 0241 GMT (1041 HKT)
Architects from North Korea were asked to design buildings with no constraints on cost or possibilities. Here, a designer envisions a cluster of villas overlooking a waterfall in the Mount Kumgang region. Architects from North Korea were asked to design buildings with no constraints on cost or possibilities. Here, a designer envisions a cluster of villas overlooking a waterfall in the Mount Kumgang region.
A North Korean vision of the future
A North Korean vision of the future
A North Korean vision of the future
A North Korean vision of the future
A North Korean vision of the future
  • A tour group asked North Korean designers to come up with their visions of the future
  • The results depict a mixture of Soviet style and futuristic technology
  • Images are currently on display at the Venice Architecture Biennale

Editor's note: Click here for more One Square Meter

If you are viewing this article on mobile you may not be able to see all images embedded in the story. Click here to access a gallery containing all pictures.

(CNN) -- What happens when a North Korean architect is given free rein to design what he or she likes?

Over the course of the last four years, one Beijing based tour company has sought to answer that question by asking a practicing architect from North Korea to create futuristic designs for sustainable tourism developments in the country.

Koryo Tours -- which offers organized trips around North Korea -- provided the anonymous participant who works at the Paektusan Architectural Institute in Pyongyang with an open brief and no limits on costs, scale or physical possibilities.

The fascinating results depict something akin to Soviet-era iconography and the Jetsons and are now on display at the Venice Architecture Biennale in Italy.

A collection of futuristic cone shaped buildings designed to appear like a steel and glass mountain range. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

According to Nick Bonner, the man who arranged the project, "there is very little exposure to contemporary architecture in North Korea."

"The architect who led this project for us drew upon his own thoughts and experiences," he added.

A hotel designed in the shape of a tree at Mount Kumgang. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

Unsurprisingly, the career path of an architect in North Korea is very structured.

"All architects (in North Korea) are trained at the University of Architecture and all work for the government. There are no private projects," Bonner continued.

"In a way, it's not much different than working for a council -- limited projects, but the better you are the more chance you have of working on more interesting projects, and the more chance of influencing design."

A hotel designed for the West Sea Barrage, Nampo. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

Some designs appear more rooted in reality than others which take big leaps into what the architect believes may be possible in the future.

The image above shows a hotel and gondola on the West Sea Barrage in the port city of Nampo, an area currently without major accommodation facilities.

A one room holiday home that is also a flying hovercraft. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

Exhibiting slightly more blue-sky thinking, this image depicts a flying house that can double up as a hovercraft.

An architect's vision for a tourist bridge at Mount Myohang. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

Combining the old and the new, meanwhile, this nifty-looking bridge is designed to connect the famous mountains of Myohyangsan.

People walking across it in the morning will be high above the early mist providing the sensation of floating above the clouds, the architect said.

The interior of the Mount Kumgang Bird's Nest villa. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

"Apart from blocks of architecture that reflect Soviet influence, there is a certain futuristic style (and) modernism in many of the buildings" in North Korea, Bonner said.

In the image above, visitors to a mountain villa retreat interact with each other in an atrium designed to encourage social interaction between holidaymakers.

A woodland retreat designed by a North Korean architect. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

Reaction to the exhibition has been mixed so far.

"Some people see it as retro and kitsch, while others see it as inventive, fun and with some valid ideas," Bonner said.

"It was never intended as anything more than a visual brainstorm -- a way to stimulate engagement, ideas and discussion."

The interior of a train designed to enable holidaymakers to view the North Korean countryside. (Courtesy Koryo Tours)

The designs will be on display at the Korean Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale until November while Koryo Tours will be running a seven day architecture trip to North Korea in late October.

Read: China's architectural mimicry

Read: The world's first 3D printed house

Read: London's insane five-level basements

Part of complete coverage on
December 15, 2014 -- Updated 0404 GMT (1204 HKT)
An artists impression of a Shinzu Corp structure on surface level.
What would happen if the legend of the Lost City of Atlantis was crossed with the screenplay of Kevin Costner's 1995 hit movie "Waterworld"?
December 4, 2014 -- Updated 0439 GMT (1239 HKT)
An development off the coast of Singapore is set to be the world's largest eco-resort.
December 1, 2014 -- Updated 0954 GMT (1754 HKT)
2014 has been a big year for towering new skyscrapers, but next year will be bigger.
November 21, 2014 -- Updated 0218 GMT (1018 HKT)
Viticulture meets real estate development in the Dominican Republic.
November 14, 2014 -- Updated 0202 GMT (1002 HKT)
It's the latest landmark on Singapore's already busy skyline.
October 24, 2014 -- Updated 1638 GMT (0038 HKT)
The city has found a novel way to revive depressed neighborhoods.
October 21, 2014 -- Updated 1433 GMT (2233 HKT)
CNN's John Defterios explores how Japan is transforming abandoned factories into soil-less hydroponic vegetable farms.
October 2, 2014 -- Updated 0308 GMT (1108 HKT)
Brazil might be viewed as booming emerging market, but with growth has come problems.
September 30, 2014 -- Updated 1352 GMT (2152 HKT)
CNN's John Defterios explores how the company is re-designing its headquarters in Munich, Germany.
September 19, 2014 -- Updated 0321 GMT (1121 HKT)
A new kind of location service could change the way we look at the world.
September 5, 2014 -- Updated 0258 GMT (1058 HKT)
It's the townhouse that twists like a Rubik's cube, to bask in the summer sun and shield itself when winter bites.
August 20, 2014 -- Updated 1438 GMT (2238 HKT)
Could you fit your life into 300 square feet? Developers are betting on it, with new, tiny living spaces for urban millennials.