Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage from

'I'm on the front lines of this crisis'

By John D. Sutter, CNN
updated 9:00 AM EDT, Mon September 22, 2014
  • Hundreds of thousands are expected at the People's Climate March on Sunday
  • The event is billed as the biggest climate change demonstration to date
  • Among them will be Bren Smith, an "ocean farmer" in Connecticut
  • CNN's John Sutter rides with Smith by boat from his farm to New York

Editor's note: John D. Sutter is a columnist for CNN Opinion and creator of CNN's Change the List project. Follow him on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram. E-mail him at The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the author.

On Long Island Sound (CNN) -- On Friday morning, I boarded a leaky oyster boat in Connecticut with a captain who can't swim. Our destination: Manhattan, 84 miles down the coast. Mission: don't drown get world leaders to act on climate change.

If anyone can accomplish that herculean task it should be Bren Smith, a 42-year-old oysterman off the coast of Branford, Connecticut, who has become a sort of reluctant poster boy for doing something about the crisis instead of just talking about it.

Bren's oyster beds were wiped out twice by hurricanes, once by Irene and then, a year later, by Sandy. Warming waters and ocean acidification aren't helping his business model, either. But instead of giving up, he's currently helping to pioneer new techniques for "ocean farming," growing, among other things, kelp seaweed for use in pasta, martinis and biofuel.

That he can't swim hasn't stopped him from spending his life on the ocean, which he loves. ("The world disappears; it doesn't exist when you're out here," he said, bouncing over 3- and 4-foot waves). And that he, single-handedly, can't stop climate change didn't stop him from driving his boat down the coast to attend the People's Climate March in New York on Sunday, which is being billed as the largest public demonstration for climate action to date.

John D. Sutter
John D. Sutter

"This isn't a shtick. I actually believe in this," he said of the reason he's boating from Connecticut to New York for the rally. "I love the ocean. I want to protect it."

Bren -- who described himself as being "on the front lines of the this crisis" -- will be one of the most important people to attend Sunday's People's Climate March, which is expected to draw more than 100,000 protestors ahead of United Nations climate summit on Tuesday. He's essential to the international climate conversation for two reasons. One, he's a witness to the reality of climate change today -- here and now and in America. Too often we think of this as an Arctic-only problem, or a 100-years-in-the-future problem. It's actually both urgent and local, as Bren and so many others can attest. And two: Instead of just griping about the changes, he's actually doing something to help.

"This isn't a story of giving up," he said. "This is a story of hope."

People gather near Columbus Circle before the People's Climate March in New York on Sunday, September 21. People from around the world are participating in what's billed as the largest march ever calling for action on global warming. People gather near Columbus Circle before the People's Climate March in New York on Sunday, September 21. People from around the world are participating in what's billed as the largest march ever calling for action on global warming.
Rallying to stop climate change
Photos: Rallying to stop climate change Photos: Rallying to stop climate change

Preach, brother.

We all have a lot to learn from Bren.

Opinion: Why climate change is an 'everybody issue' now

I was lucky enough to get to join him and his co-conspirator, Ron Gautreau, 52, on the 7½-hour journey from the Thimble Island Oyster Co., near Branford, Connecticut, to Pier 59 in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. We took Bren's 1983 workboat, which he calls "Mookie II," named for the Mets' legendary Mookie Wilson. It chugged along, past the mansions of Greenwich, Connecticut, and the industrial decay of Bridgeport, at a steady and slightly sea-sickening pace of about 17 mph.

He told me he took the boat instead of a car because traffic on Interstate 95 headed into New York is "f---ing hell" and because it's a fun bit of "political theater," inspired in part by 1970s protests in which farmers drove their tractors across the country to Washington to demand better farm policy.

Between bouts of losing our footing and hollering over the wind, I got to learn some of Bren's inspirational story. He grew up in in Petty Harbour, Newfoundland, a fishing village with 14 houses, as he tells it, at "the edge of the world." His parents were from New York and Connecticut, but moved there during the Vietnam War to dodge the draft. Their son took to the tiny village well, and started fishing at a young age. Because it was so remote, he said, it was a place where people were "fascinated with everything new."

It was a place of doers and makers, not complainers.

Bren's parents later moved him to the Boston area. People sat around too much, and he missed being out on the ocean -- subject to its moods, humbled by its strength. So, at 14, he dropped out and went to work as a commercial fishermen -- first in Massachusetts, then on the Bering Sea, where he saw 60-foot waves. He dreamed about the work even when he wasn't doing it -- fell in love with a life lived out on the water. It was so cold, he said, he never bothered to learn to swim. That's not uncommon among fishermen, he told me. The prevailing view: Swimming prolongs drowning.

He's no stranger to ecological catastrophe. He witnessed the collapse of cod populations in the Atlantic, which he said put many of his friends out of work. And then, when he'd established himself as an oysterman on Long Island Sound, the hurricanes came. While scientists say it's impossible to attribute any single storm to human-induced climate change, the warming atmosphere is expected to make hurricanes larger and more dangerous. And just as Bren rebuilt from one storm, the second hit. He lost 80% of his oysters and about half of his equipment, he told me.

"That just blanketed the farm and killed everything," he said.

Three days after Sandy hit, he told me, he got online and started researching alternative methods of oyster cultivation -- and new crops to "farm" in the ocean. He came upon the work of Charles Yarish, a professor at the University of Connecticut who studies seaweed cultivation. Yarish helped Bren devise a system, Bren told me, to grow kelp underwater in vertical columns, attached to buoys on the surface.

He calls the result a "3-D ocean farm" -- almost invisible from the surface, but capable of producing 10 tons of seaweed per acre per year, along with oysters, clams and mussels, some of which attach themselves to the towers of kelp. This vertical farming method might help prevent his entire operation from being wiped out if another storm swept through, pushing mud across the floor of Long Island Sound.

As part of a nonprofit called GreenWave, he's trying to help spread this idea to other "ocean farmers" by open-sourcing the model and teaching what he knows.

It's a success story, at least for now. Bren now says the hurricanes were among the best things to happen to him -- because they forced him to innovate, to come up with a new, better way of doing things. The kelp helps sink carbon from the atmosphere, and it processes nitrogen pollution from land-based farms. It doesn't require fresh water, which gives it an environmental leg up on traditional crops. Plus, he expects it to be more resilient in storms and warmer waters.

But the future is still uncertain.

"Unless the fossil fuels industry reduces their emissions, my farm won't last," he said.

He sees oysters and other ocean creatures as the canaries in the coal mine for climate change. Most of us are so distant from the oceans we don't see the change.

When we were pulling into New York, I asked Bren what he would do if the United Nations and world leaders continued to fail to act on curbing global carbon emissions. The meetings next week are largely seen as gathering political will ahead of more-formal talks in 2015.

But what if no one cares?

"I don't know," he said, calmly. "I'll just keep doing my part."

It's just the kind of guy he is.

It would help if elected officials operated with similar resolve.

Read CNNOpinion's new Flipboard magazine.

Follow us on Twitter @CNNOpinion.

Join us on

Part of complete coverage on
Climate change
updated 10:02 AM EST, Tue November 25, 2014
The consequences of climate change go far beyond warming temperatures. Here's a look at 10 other key effects of climate change.
updated 10:56 PM EST, Fri November 14, 2014
The U.S. will commit $3 billion to a fund that helps poor nations cope with climate change.
updated 10:05 AM EST, Fri November 14, 2014
Thanks to climate change, you'll be more likely to get struck by lightning as the years pass, scientists say.
updated 5:15 PM EST, Wed November 12, 2014
In a historic climate change deal, the U.S. and China announced they will curb their greenhouse gas emissions over the next two decades.
updated 8:59 AM EDT, Mon September 22, 2014
Tens of thousands of people marched through Manhattan sounding an urgent call for action to reverse global climate change.
updated 9:00 AM EDT, Mon September 22, 2014
John Sutter boarded a leaky oyster boat in Connecticut with a captain who can't swim as he set off to get world leaders to act on climate change.
John Sutter spent three weeks trying to kayak (and walk) down the "most endangered" river in America, California's San Joaquin.
updated 3:14 PM EDT, Thu September 4, 2014
It's a river that all of us depend on -- 40% of U.S. fruits are grown in the Central Valley, where the river is located -- but that very few people care about.
updated 11:13 AM EDT, Mon May 12, 2014
President Obama announced a series of steps to boost energy efficiency and advance solar priorities in an effort to combat carbon pollution.
updated 5:09 PM EDT, Tue May 6, 2014
Climate change isn't something in the far-off future: It's a potentially disastrous reality that's already starting to have effects that are expected to worsen, experts say.
updated 8:42 AM EDT, Wed May 7, 2014
A number of themes emerge from the National Climate Assessment -- benefits and harm to agricultural production and new realities for cooling and heating costs.
updated 9:13 PM EDT, Fri April 11, 2014
Tom Friedman says preparation for climate change is urgently needed and even the "nightmare" of preparation will help.
updated 2:36 PM EDT, Sun April 13, 2014
Keeping global warming down to a level people can live with means cutting carbon emissions to "near zero" by the end of the century.
updated 10:05 PM EDT, Fri April 11, 2014
Filmmaker James Cameron's new series paints a dire picture of what's to come if climate change is ignored.
updated 11:30 AM EDT, Sun March 23, 2014
It's a new record, but one scientists aren't thrilled about hitting.
updated 11:27 AM EDT, Mon March 31, 2014
Your forecast for the next century: Hotter, drier and hungrier, and the chance to turn down the thermostat is slipping away.
updated 4:29 PM EDT, Mon March 31, 2014
CNN's Max Foster speaks to Professor Richard Alley about the implications of the recent UN report on climate change.
updated 9:24 AM EDT, Thu May 1, 2014
A view of downtown Los Angeles is seen on a smoggy afternoon on 2 November 2006.
Take a look outside your window. Chances are the air you'll see is far cleaner than it was decades ago.
updated 6:54 AM EDT, Thu April 3, 2014
A picture shows the Rwenzori mountain range on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo on March 8, 2014. At 5,109 metres (16,763 feet), Mount Stanley's jagged peak is the third highest mountain in Africa, topped only by Mount Kenya and Tanzania's iconic Kilimanjaro.
The glaciers that have for centuries captured imaginations will soon be history.