Marriages: Wives' names not available publicly, but according to Islamic tradition, he is allowed no more than four at a time.
Children: Exact number is not available publicly. Sons include: Sultan, Mohammed, Abdulaziz, Faisal, Khaled, Turki
Education: Attended the Princes' School
Religion: Wahhabism (a conservative Islamic sect)
He is one of the "Sudairi Seven,"
sons of King Abdulaziz who all share the same mother and who have been the most powerful within the House of Saud.
He was the third prince to be named the heir by King Abdullah, who ascended the throne in 2005.
He memorized the Quran by the time he was 10 years old.
Was known as the family disciplinarian and purportedly maintained a royal family "jail" where unruly or errant royal family members were kept.
1955-1960 and 1963-2011 -
Governor of Riyadh.
November 2011 - Becomes the minister of defense after the death of his brother Crown Prince Sultan.
April 11, 2012 -
During an official visit to the United States, Prince Salman meets with President Barack Obama.
June 18, 2012 - Prince Salman's half-brother, King Abdullah, names him the crown prince and heir to the Saudi throne.
August 28, 2012 - Crown Prince Salman is left in charge of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the first time while the King is on "special leave."
January 22, 2015 - Officially becomes the new king of Saudi Arabia after the death of King Abdullah.
January 23, 2015 - King Salman affirms by royal decree Crown Prince Muqrin to succeed him as king and Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef as second in line to the throne.
January 27, 2015 - President Barack Obama formally meets with the new King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
February 10, 2015 -
Britain's Prince Charles
is received by King Salman while on a six-day tour of the Middle East.
April 29, 2015 - King Salman relieves Crown Prince Murqin of his position and appoints Mohammed bin Nayef as the new crown prince and next in line for the throne.
April 20, 2016 - Meets with President Barack Obama
in Riyadh before the Gulf Cooperation Council summit.