Nepal earthquake: Chances of finding survivors 'extremely slim'

Story highlights

  • Magnitude 5.0 earthquake occurred Saturday near Pokhara, west of Kathmandu
  • Official death toll increases to 7,040 people
  • The United Nations issues urgent appeals for international aid

(CNN)A week after a magnitude-7.8 earthquake killed thousands in Nepal, the government said Saturday that chances of finding survivors buried in rubble are "extremely slim."

"It will be a miracle if anyone is found alive," Home Ministry spokesman Laxmi Dhakal said. "But we have not completely given up yet and are continuing to look."
    As of about 8:30 p.m. (10:30 a.m. ET) Saturday, the casualty toll stood at 7,040 with 14,398 injured, according to Nepal's National Emergency Operation Center.
    On Saturday, a magnitude-5.0 earthquake was reported near Pokhara, about 180 kilometers (122 miles) west of Kathmandu, increasing fears of more casualties, said the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCH).
    The United Nations estimates that more than 3 million people are in need of food assistance -- nearly half of those need it immediately. Emergency funding of $415 million is needed, the United Nations said.
    Supplemental feeding is necessary for 200,000 children and pregnant or lactating women in the country. And therapeutic feeding in needed for some 15,000 children with severe acute malnutrition, and 70,000 more with moderate acute malnutrition.
    Access remains a key obstacle, particularly outside the Kathmandu Valley -- some villages can only be reached by helicopter, which are a limited. Debris management will be required for humanitarian supplies to reach remote areas.
    Shelter is the most critical need, along with food and water. The United Nations estimates that a half million homes have been destroyed across the country including 90% of the houses in Gorkha and Sindupalchowk districts. There is a desperate need for tents, tarpaulins and blankets. In some areas, there are reports of as many as 100 people sharing a single communal tent.
    A total of $61 million in humanitarian pledges, commitments and contributions has been provided for earthquake response so far, according the UN's most recent situation report.
    But much more is required.
    The pace of assistance needs to be sped up in order to reach affected populations before the monsoon season starts, the report says.
    On Friday, the U.N. humanitarian affairs chief, Valerie Amos, joined with the European Union's Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, to ask for $415 million for immediate humanitarian relief from the international community. Amos and Stylianides traveled to Nepal to help coordinate the humanitarian response.
    "I am heartened and encouraged by the generosity and solidarity shown to date," Amos said in a statement. "But I am also conscious of the urgent need to provide emergency shelter and basic goods and services to people affected as the monsoon season approaches. So many people have lost everything."
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    UNICEF has also launched an appeal for $50 million to support its humanitarian response.
    "The earthquake has caused unimaginable destruction," said Rownak Khan, the UNICEF deputy representative in Nepal. "Hospitals are overflowing, water is scarce, bodies are still buried under the rubble and people are still sleeping in the open. This is a perfect breeding ground for disease."