The White House called the meeting "historic," taking place as the two countries celebrate the 20th anniversary of normalized relations
Obama spoke about the "remarkable progress" that has taken place between the two countries over the past two decades
President Barack Obama on Tuesday hailed the progress made in American-Vietnamese relations after a meeting with General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, the head of Vietnam’s communist party.
The White House called the meeting “historic,” taking place as the two countries celebrate the 20th anniversary of normalized relations. The pair discussed trade, climate change and plans to cooperate on defense issues. Trong invited Obama to visit Vietnam and the President said he would make the trip at some point.
Obama spoke about the “remarkable progress” that has taken place between the two countries over the past two decades, while also acknowledging the “difficult history” between the two countries.
“There continue to be significant differences in political philosophy and political systems between our two countries,” the President said. “But because, I think, of the efforts of leaders in both parties here in the United States as well as the leadership in Vietnam over successive years, what we’ve seen is the emergence of a constructive relationship that is based on mutual respect and that has benefited the peoples of both countries.”
Trong said through a translator that such a meeting would have seemed unimaginable 20 years ago.
“What is important is former enemies transformed to partners,” he said, adding that the “relationship will continue to grow.”
Obama cited the work the two countries have done in issues ranging from education to public health to security issues, as well as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, also known as TPP, trade agreement.
Vietnam is one of a dozen countries in the TPP, a trade agreement the White House sees as a key legacy issue for the President because it will open more markets to U.S. products and help increase the administration’s influence in the region as a counterweight to a rising China. China and Vietnam have been at odds over maritime claims in the South China Sea, with China building islands in waters also claimed by Vietnam.
Arizona Republican Sen. John McCain, a Vietnam veteran, said in a statement that Congress is working to authorize $425 million for the Department of Defense to help train and equip armed forces in southeast Asian countries to build their maritime capacity to counter China’s rise.
“Additionally, I believe the United States must further ease the prohibition on the sale of lethal military equipment to Vietnam at this time, including all platforms that facilitate the Vietnamese armed forces’ ability to operate more effectively on, above, and within its territorial waters,” McCain said.
Criticism over human rights
The meeting also came amid complaints by human rights activists and members of Congress who say Vietnam has not made enough progress in releasing political prisoners and improving labor rights, an issue the two leaders also discussed.
Obama said he and Trong “discussed candidly some of our differences around issues of human rights,” adding that he was confident that the tensions could be resolved diplomatically.
In his statement, McCain said that efforts to lift the prohibition on the sale of lethal military equipment to Vietnam would have to coincide with an improved human rights record in the country and the release of political prisoners. On Monday, nine members of Congress sent the President a letter saying that while they “welcome warmer ties with the people of Vietnam and recognize the economic and security potential of that country,” they believe human rights should be at the forefront of the relationship between the two countries.
The bipartisan group pointed to a finding by the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention that Vietnam continues to systematically arrest and detain social and political activists in violation of international law.
“As the list of detained Vietnamese bloggers and prisoners of conscience gets longer and longer, it is more important than ever that the United States sends a clear message to the Hanoi authorities that respect for human rights is essential for a closer economic and security relationship,” the letter said.
The letter called on Obama to bring attention to the mistreatment of political and religious prisoners and to urge Trong to immediately release several prominent activists.
And on Tuesday, Rep. Jeff Fortenberry, R-Nebraska, joined the calls for the U.S. to take a tougher stance on Vietnam’s human rights record, saying the nation’s record “must be addressed as a priority in our bilateral relationship.”
A small group of protesters gathered outside the White House during the meeting, some wearing T-shirts that read “Human Rights for Vietnam” and holding signs that included “Coalition of Vietnamese Americans against Communism.”
Congressional leaders plan to hold a ceremony Wednesday to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War, in which nearly 60,000 Americans were killed. House Speaker John Boehner, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi will take part in the event.
CNN’s Angie Yack and Kristen Holmes contributed to this report.