(CNN)Here's a look at Nepal, a mountainous country on the southern side of the Himalayas of Southern Asia. It shares Mt. Everest, the world's tallest mountain, with China. Many believe the Buddha was born in what is now Nepal.
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Nepal is one of the world's least-developed and poorest nations. About one-fourth of its population lives below the poverty line. (From CIA Factbook)
Pre-18th century - Nepal is divided into small kingdoms.