Shahadat Hossain, a bowler with the Bangladeshi national team, had been on the run with his wife since early last month.
With her husband still missing, police arrested Jesmine Jahan Nritto Shahadat on Sunday, Bangladesh Police Inspector General Nazrul Islam told CNN Monday.
Islam said Hossain then surrendered himself to a tribunal court in Dhaka on Monday morning and applied for bail. A judge refused to grant him bail.
Last month, the 11-year-old girl, who has not been named, reported that the couple had physically tortured her and left her on a street.
According to police, the girl had substantial injuries -- several parts of her body were dislocated, she had swollen eyes, and was bruised extensively.
Police said Shahadat and his wife disappeared from their home in Dhaka.
Hossain, 29, made his debut for the national team in 2005, and has gone on to play in 36 Test matches and 51 One Day Internationals for his country.
He has taken more than 100 wickets across both versions of the game.
The Bangladesh Cricket Board has since suspended Shahadat from all forms of cricket until further notice.