- U.S. warns that China's policies in Xinjiang may have led to "increased violent extremism"
- Beijing has ramped up state control in the region, following new counter-terror laws
- Chinese officials claim Xinjiang separatists have links to ISIS
Michael Clarke is Associate Professor at the National Security College, Australian National University. He is the author of "Xinjiang and China's Rise in Central Asia -- A History" and co-editor of "Inside Xinjiang: Analyzing Space, Place and Power in China's Muslim Far North-West." The views expressed here are his own.
(CNN)China's long-simmering problems with Uyghur separatism and terrorism in the western region of Xinjiang has been thrust again into the international spotlight.