CNN  — 

The US and North Korea began the new month staring off over the Korean Peninsula, with both sides giving few clues as to what their next move might be.

Tensions have rapidly escalated in highly volatile region since US President Donald Trump declared he would be prepared to act “unilaterally” against Pyongyang in early April.

When asked at the weekend how he would respond to fresh North Korean provocations, such as another nuclear test, Trump told CBS Saturday, “I don’t know. I mean, we’ll see.”

Meanwhile, as the strike group headed by the US aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson arrived in the region, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un fired what South Korea now believes could be a new type of missile.

Mixed messages from the Trump administration regarding its policy on North Korea have further obscured what the next phase of the standoff on the Korean Peninsula could be.

“The Trump administration is in this strange lull, where a sort of false crisis has abated but without any progress. I think they were ready for a (nuclear) test and building up pressure for a tough response but then (it didn’t happen),” John Delury, associate professor at the Yonsei University Graduate School of International Studies in Seoul, told CNN.

“It’s kind of a dilemma and I think Kim Jong Un is playing with them like a cat right now.”

Next week’s South Korean elections could add to the uncertainty, with the leading candidate promising a new era of relations with Pyongyang.

Mixed messages

At a time of high tensions, conflicting signals from the Trump White House on whether their next move is military action, strict sanctions or diplomacy have put US allies in the region on edge.

“They need message discipline, they can’t have the Secretary of Defense saying one thing and the Secretary of State saying something else,” said Robert Kelly, associate professor of political science at Pusan National University.

“They’ve had like four or five different North Korea policies in the last few weeks.”

On Sunday, speaking to Fox News, US National Security Adviser H. R. McMaster said the issue would be resolved “one way or the other.”

“What we prefer to do is work with others, China included, to resolve this situation short of military action,” he said.

One day earlier, when asked by CBS’s John Dickerson if he’d consider a military response to another nuclear test, President Trump said, “I don’t know, we’ll see,” before praising North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as a “smart cookie.”

Speaking to NPR on Friday, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said he wanted direct talks with Pyongyang, which were dismissed as a possibility by US Vice President Mike Pence in April until North Korea denuclearized.

“Trump’s getting a reputation pretty quickly out here that people can’t believe what he says,” Kelly said. “China’s not going to believe anything the US says in six months if Trump doesn’t (stop it).”

US, North Korean shows of force

Amid the tumult in Washington, the USS Vinson aircraft carrier finally arrived at the Korean Peninsula on Saturday and began drills with its South Korean navy counterparts.

The Vinson’s arrival in South Korea has long been anticipated after a messaging mix-up between the Pentagon and the White House made it appear the carrier would arrive two weeks earlier.

It was the second advanced US military vessel to arrive in South Korea in a week – earlier in the week, one of the US Navy’s most advanced submarines, the USS Michigan, docked in Busan.

The sub has since departed but neither the US nor the South Korean military would confirm its movements.

The arrival of both vessels in the region was described as a show of force in advance of a long-anticipated sixth nuclear test from the North Korean government.

In a defiant message of its own, North Korea launched a new type of ballistic missile early on Saturday, its second attempted launch in April.

USS Carl Vinson moves through the Philippine Sea on April 23, on its way to the Korean Peninsula.

“It appears to be a new type of missile that has yet to be known. It will take some more time to get the results,” South Korea’s Ministry of Unification spokesman Lee Duk-haeng said at a press briefing on Monday, noting that the government was analyzing what type of missile it was.

The missile blew up harmlessly over land in North Korean territory, US Navy Cmdr. Dave Benham, a spokesman for the US Pacific Command, said.

South Korean election imminent

The standoff on the Korean Peninsula will be dealt another shock in a week when South Korea elects a new president.

Currently leading in every poll is the Democratic Party candidate Moon Jae-in, a left-wing candidate who has called for talks with North Korea and questioned the deployment of the US THAAD missile defense system.

The controversial THAAD unit officially became operational on Monday, according to US officials.

If he wins, Moon’s policies would put him in stark contrast to his predecessor Park Geun-hye, whose administration enacted a hardline approach to North Korea.

01:38 - Source: CNN
THAAD system in South Korea almost operational

It isn’t just Trump and Moon’s potential ideological differences that could damage the previously-close US-South Korea alliance, though.

Delury said attitudes towards the US leader are already souring in South Korea.

“There’s a callousness towards America’s own friends and allies in the region when he bluffs about military strikes and war that’s already taking a toll (on) America’s reputation,” he said.

“In South Korea, the latest quotes when President Trump talks about (a war) would be ‘turmoil and death.’ I mean, who’s dying in that scenario? It’s not Americans, it’s South Koreans.”