ad info




TIME Asia
TIME Asia Home
Current Issue
Magazine Archive
Asia Buzz
Travel Watch
Web Features
  Entertainment
  Photo Essays

Subscribe to TIME
Customer Services
About Us
Write to TIME Asia

TIME.com
TIME Canada
TIME Europe
TIME Pacific
TIME Digital
Asiaweek
Latest CNN News

Young China
Olympics 2000
On The Road

 ASIAWEEK.COM
 CNN.COM
  east asia
  southeast asia
  south asia
  central asia
  australasia
 BUSINESS
 SPORTS
 SHOWBIZ
 ASIA WEATHER
 ASIA TRAVEL


Other News
From TIME Asia

Culture on Demand: Black is Beautiful
The American Express black card is the ultimate status symbol

Asia Buzz: Should the Net Be Free?
Web heads want it all -- for nothing

JAPAN: Failed Revolution
Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori clings to power as dissidents in his party finally decide not to back a no-confidence motion

Cover: Endgame?
After Florida's controversial ballot recount, Bush holds a 537-vote lead in the state, which could give him the election

TIME Digest
FORTUNE.com
FORTUNE China
MONEY.com

TIME Asia Services
Subscribe
Subscribe to TIME! Get up to 3 MONTHS FREE!

Bookmark TIME
TIME Media Kit
Recent awards

TIME Asia Asiaweek Asia Now TIME Asia story
ASIA
JUNE 28, 1999 VOL. 153 NO. 25


Some Cracks In the Facade
China's Three Gorges Dam faces its toughest opposition yet--from officials and the state press
By NISID HAJARI

In this year of major anniversaries--the 10th of Tiananmen Square, the 50th of communist China's founding--authorities in Beijing are struggling to ensure that outsiders see no sign of dissent. Yet farther inland, near the port city of Yichang in Hubei province, Chinese themselves can now watch one of the country's sacred cows being hauled off to slaughter.

The half-built Three Gorges Dam, designed to tame the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is instead facing a torrent of criticism. Last month, Prime Minister Zhu Rongji blasted the $24 billion project at a closed-door meeting of the State Council in Beijing. Pointedly, his criticism of official plans to relocate people and industries from the region was widely reported in the state media--part of a blizzard of negative comments that has been raging since the beginning of the year. Recently, a lengthy article in the newsweekly Southern Weekend complained that of the 20 bridges built as part of the resettlement program--compared by inspectors to "dregs of bean curd"--all but three have quality problems. Five have been destroyed. Officials have had to enlist foreign experts to oversee the pouring of concrete for the dam, in which cracks have reportedly appeared. It's unlikely the dam will be scrapped, but authorities certainly seem eager to lower expectations for China's most high-profile project.

They could hardly have raised hopes higher. The dam--first proposed by Sun Yat-sen in 1919 but pushed through only in 1992 by then-Premier Li Peng, a former hydropower engineer--has stood as an icon of China's modernizing ambition. When finished in 2009, the structure is to stand 185 m high and stretch more than a kilometer from shore to shore. Its power plant, touted to be the largest in the world, will churn out 100 billion kilowatt-hours of energy each year. State-owned newspapers, long barred from expressing doubts about the project, for years printed only a steady stream of progress reports and paeans to the dam's mighty scope.

Now, at last, China is airing publicly questions that have long been posed by Western environmental activists and a few lonely voices in China. "We raised our concerns to the government seven years ago, but they delayed until it was too late," says Liang Congjie, head of Friends of Nature, a Chinese environmental group. Liang, who is also vice chairman of the Cultural Relics Association, says he pushed to preserve at least 10% of the ancient artifacts that will be submerged once the dam is completed. He now estimates that only 1% can be saved.

The project's pitfalls have become increasingly clear in recent months. More than 1 million people whose homes will be flooded by the dam must be resettled in the next decade. Studies show that many of the 150,000 who have already been moved can't find employment in their new towns; thousands complain that corrupt officials are pocketing at least half the meager compensation (equal to about $800) that they are supposed to receive. To prevent soil erosion, Zhu has forbidden land reclamation on slopes near the dam site. To streamline the state industrial sector, has ordered that inefficient factories not be rebuilt elsewhere. That means neighboring provinces may have to absorb hundreds of thousands of unemployed and potentially disgruntled rural laborers. "Farmers without land could become the most disturbing force in society because they have nothing to lose," warned an article in the semi-independent Strategy and Management magazine last January.

Authorities are no less worried about finding the money to finish the project. The dam's budget has already more than doubled at a time when China is hoping to fund dozens of other infrastructure projects. Lu Youmei, president of the China Three Gorges Project Development Corp., insists that the company will have no problem raising more than $1.3 billion in bonds, largely from domestic banks. But so far no Three Gorges bonds have been floated overseas. American banks are especially wary, partly because of political opposition from Western environmental groups. The U.S. Export-Import Bank has refused to help fund construction, while shareholders of Morgan Stanley Dean Witter recently voted not to provide assistance for what might be a "destructive project."

Zhu, insiders say, didn't dare speak out against the project until after he assumed the premiership from Li Peng last year. Although his comments have been read as an attack on Li himself, Zhu may only be distancing himself from the hopes raised by his predecessor. "If there are problems later on," says a Chinese academic, "Zhu doesn't want to have the whole responsibility put on his back."

Of course, the Premier's broadsides also serve a clear political purpose. The collapse of several bridges near the dam site--including one that killed 11 people last year--has spotlighted the perils of shoddy workmanship, and Zhu has built his reputation on scathing critiques of graft and inefficiency. By turning his sharp tongue to Li Peng's pet project, he only reinforces that reputation at the expense of a still-potent rival. Though unfamiliar, that's the kind of talk Beijing's mandarins can well understand.

Reported by Mia Turner/Yichang

THIS WEEK'S TABLE OF CONTENTS



This edition's table of contents | TIME Asia home

AsiaNow


   LATEST HEADLINES:

WASHINGTON
U.S. secretary of state says China should be 'tolerant'

MANILA
Philippine government denies Estrada's claim to presidency

ALLAHABAD
Faith, madness, magic mix at sacred Hindu festival

COLOMBO
Land mine explosion kills 11 Sri Lankan soldiers

TOKYO
Japan claims StarLink found in U.S. corn sample

BANGKOK
Thai party announces first coalition partner



TIME:

COVER: President Joseph Estrada gives in to the chanting crowds on the streets of Manila and agrees to make room for his Vice President

THAILAND: Twin teenage warriors turn themselves in to Bangkok officials

CHINA: Despite official vilification, hip Chinese dig Lamaist culture

PHOTO ESSAY: Estrada Calls Snap Election

WEB-ONLY INTERVIEW: Jimmy Lai on feeling lucky -- and why he's committed to the island state



ASIAWEEK:

COVER: The DoCoMo generation - Japan's leading mobile phone company goes global

Bandwidth Boom: Racing to wire - how underseas cable systems may yet fall short

TAIWAN: Party intrigues add to Chen Shui-bian's woes

JAPAN: Japan's ruling party crushes a rebel at a cost

SINGAPORE: Singaporeans need to have more babies. But success breeds selfishness


Launch CNN's Desktop Ticker and get the latest news, delivered right on your desktop!

Today on CNN
 Search

Back to the top   © 2000 Time Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Terms under which this service is provided to you.
Read our privacy guidelines.