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TIME 100: AUGUST 23-30, 1999 VOL. 154 NO. 7/8

Widows and Daughters

By MICHAEL FATHERS

Mothers, goddesses, virgins--the symbols have always been there. Yet in 20th century Asia, women have also gained positions of political leadership, usually after some catastrophe befell a politician husband or father. And though the rise of a long downtrodden sex is to be applauded, Asia's women have not all been good rulers. Nor has the persistence of family dynasties been good for democracy. A gallery of Asia's leading women:

m o r e
Corazon Aquino: Lady Liberty
A martyr's widow brought democracy to the Philippines

Ending Silence
Asian women are finding their voices, speaking out against repression and adversity--and celebrating hard-won triumphs

Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan:
Nine years after a military regime executed her father, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, she was elected to his former post. Her rule was blighted by bickering and corruption, and she was twice ousted by presidential decree and then trounced at the polls, most recently in a 1997 election.

Sheik Hasina Wazed, Prime Minister of Bangladesh:
Her father President Sheik Mujibur Rahman, her mother and three brothers were murdered during a 1975 military coup. Away from the country at the time, Sheik Hasina returned in 1981 to take over her father's party and won a 1996 election.

Khaleda Zia, former Prime Minister of Bangladesh:
Widow of assassinated President Ziaur Rahman, she took over her husband's party in 1982 and won office in 1991.

Indira Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India:
Chosen by Congress party bosses in 1966 as a prime minister they could manipulate, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru built a mass following, split the party and established herself as supreme leader. She was assassinated in 1984 by bodyguards.

Sonia Gandhi, Congress party leader:
Italian-born wife of Rajiv Gandhi, who succeeded his mother as Prime Minister and was himself assassinated in 1991, she stayed out of politics until last year, when she was called in to rescue the dynasty's sinking party.

Sirimavo Bandaranaike, former Prime Minister of Sri Lanka:
She succeeded her husband as Premier in 1960 after he was assassinated by a Buddhist monk. Ruthless and determined, she dominated the island's politics for nearly three decades.

Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka:
The victor in a fight with her brother and her overbearing mother, Sirimavo, to take over the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, she came to power in a 1994 election offering a more transparent democracy. But her government is bogged down in a war with Tamil separatists.

Megawati Sukarnoputri, presidential candidate:
Daughter of Sukarno, Indonesia's first President, she saw her party come out on top this year in the country's first free elections since her father was ousted in a 1965 coup.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize winner:
The only child of murdered independence hero Aung San, she returned to Burma from abroad in 1988 and became a symbol of opposition. Now under house arrest, she won a 1990 election that the military has refused to recognize.





The Most Influential Asians of the Century

Asians of the Century
A cavalcade of towering individuals and a newly awakened populace

Why Adam Smith Would Love Asia
Asia has been the proving ground for global capitalism

Ending Silence
Asian women are celebrating hard-won triumphs

Viewpoint
Embrace the wisdom of democracy and capitalism

t h e  l i s t

Hirohito
Ho Chi Minh
Pol Pot
Issey Miyake
Daisuke Inoue
Rabindranath Tagore
Sun Yat-sen
Mohandas Gandhi
Sukarno
Mao Zedong
Lee Kuan Yew
Deng Xiaoping
Corazon Aquino
Park Chung Hee
Eiji Toyoda
King Rama
Swaminathan
Akira Kurosawa
Dalai Lama
Akio Morita



This edition's table of contents

AsiaNow


   LATEST HEADLINES:

WASHINGTON
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MANILA
Philippine government denies Estrada's claim to presidency

ALLAHABAD
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COLOMBO
Land mine explosion kills 11 Sri Lankan soldiers

TOKYO
Japan claims StarLink found in U.S. corn sample

BANGKOK
Thai party announces first coalition partner



TIME:

COVER: President Joseph Estrada gives in to the chanting crowds on the streets of Manila and agrees to make room for his Vice President

THAILAND: Twin teenage warriors turn themselves in to Bangkok officials

CHINA: Despite official vilification, hip Chinese dig Lamaist culture

PHOTO ESSAY: Estrada Calls Snap Election

WEB-ONLY INTERVIEW: Jimmy Lai on feeling lucky -- and why he's committed to the island state



ASIAWEEK:

COVER: The DoCoMo generation - Japan's leading mobile phone company goes global

Bandwidth Boom: Racing to wire - how underseas cable systems may yet fall short

TAIWAN: Party intrigues add to Chen Shui-bian's woes

JAPAN: Japan's ruling party crushes a rebel at a cost

SINGAPORE: Singaporeans need to have more babies. But success breeds selfishness


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