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OCTOBER 4, 1999 VOL. 154 NO. 13

An Indonesian's Plea
Yes, our army has been brutal, but Australians should tread lightly

In recent weeks, as I watched CNN and Australian TV report on the killing of innocent people in East Timor, I kept praying aloud: "Can't someone do something to stop this?" Australian Prime Minister John Howard finally came forward and pushed the United States and the United Nations to help form an international peacekeeping force. Suddenly Australia became my hero.

I realize that Howard is doing this to enhance his own political stature and that Australia has long-term economic interests in East Timor. So what? Indonesian politicians are similarly attempting to manipulate events according to their self-interest. President B.J. Habibie is using East Timor to try to win international credit. General Wiranto is sending a message that Indonesia's military will remain a force to be reckoned with. Opposition politician Megawati Sukarno-putri is opportunistically attacking Habibie for making a mess of East Timor and for embarrassing Indonesia in the eyes of the world.

East Timor: A Shaky Start
International peacekeeping forces meet less resistance than had been feared, but continuing reports of violence make it clear that the militias won't just fade away

Pulling Out
On the road with Jakarta's military

Insecurity drives Indonesia's xenophobia

Marching into Trouble
The multinational peacekeeping force that lands this week is entering a minefield--just the first on what promises to be a long road to independence (Sept. 27, 1999)

In a terror-struck village outside Dili, the Indonesian army makes a show of taking food aid to hungry refugees (Sept. 27, 1999)

Descent Into Chaos
The brutal rampage that has paralyzed the half-island has also severely damaged Indonesia's reputation in the world (Sept. 20, 1999)

Breaking news from Southeast Asia

Interactive map: The fragile archipelago

Keeping the Peace
A measure of calm returns to East Timor with the arrival of international troops. But the real challenge is not bringing peace but keeping it

Indonesia and East Timor

But while Canberra deserves praise for its move to stop the killings, anti-Australian sentiment in Indonesia is only growing. It's clear that the outbursts have been orchestrated by elements in the government and the military. As Indonesian political analyst Wimar Witular has pointed out, the daily demonstrations in front of the Australian Embassy and the U.N. mission in Jakarta have been organized primarily by paid thugs. Jakarta seems desperate to find an issue to unify the country as its attempts to restore political and economic stability flounder.

But there is more to it than that. Many ordinary Indonesians feel genuine hostility toward Australia. For the most part, these people are more concerned with just getting by than with events in a distant province. Many were clearly offended, however, when televised reports showed Australians in Melbourne and other cities burning the Indonesian flag. I understand their feelings: Indonesians learn from a young age to respect the flag as a sacred symbol of nationhood. Having lived in Australia for more than two years, I realize that the act isn't as dire there. I've seen protests, for example, in which Australians burned their own flag. Nonetheless, I told my Australian friends that they were making unnecessary enemies by burning the Indonesian flag. Better, I advised them, to ignite photos of some of Indonesia's generals.

As for Indonesia's intellectuals, a few have joined the anti-Australian assault, arguing that Indonesia--right or wrong--is their country, and an insult to the flag is an insult to them. The majority, however, appear to take a different view: when the country is wrong, it's everyone's duty to point it out. Moreover, this view holds, it's wrong to make Australia the scapegoat for a mess Indonesia created. That said, even these people chafe at the endless reports in the international media--especially the Australian press--of atrocities in East Timor. They are ashamed of what Indonesia's military has done in Timor, but they feel helpless to change the situation. Moreover, they get mad when foreigners talk as if all Indonesians are responsible for the atrocities, as they, too, have been victims of military oppression for years.

Indonesians are living in a very frustrating time. They succeeded in toppling President Suharto, but the powerful instruments of state are still in the hands of his political cronies: Habibie, the military, the parliament. Moreover, the future leaders of the country are not very promising. The three most prominent--Megawati, Gus Dur and Amien Rais--have yet to prove that they are capable of changing things for the better. They seem more interested in their narrow political ambitions and have been insensitive to the human suffering in East Timor.

For many Indonesians, the past was bitter, the present is dark, the future is uncertain.

In this suffocating situation, it's perhaps understandable that many Indonesians vent their anger by lashing out at somebody, anybody. Alienating the Americans would be unwise, as it might stop the flow of badly needed economic aid. Australia, on the other hand, is a convenient target. Australians burned our flag, they are playing the lead role in the peacekeeping force, their media have continuously exposed the horrible things occurring in East Timor. For many Indonesians, including some intellectuals, it is all too much to bear.

I have been told that the road of the intellectual is a lonely one. These days I feel very lonely.

Arief Budiman is head of Melbourne University's Indonesian studies department and an editor of Reformasi, Crisis and Change in Indonesia

This edition's table of contents
TIME Asia home



U.S. secretary of state says China should be 'tolerant'

Philippine government denies Estrada's claim to presidency

Faith, madness, magic mix at sacred Hindu festival

Land mine explosion kills 11 Sri Lankan soldiers

Japan claims StarLink found in U.S. corn sample

Thai party announces first coalition partner


COVER: President Joseph Estrada gives in to the chanting crowds on the streets of Manila and agrees to make room for his Vice President

THAILAND: Twin teenage warriors turn themselves in to Bangkok officials

CHINA: Despite official vilification, hip Chinese dig Lamaist culture

PHOTO ESSAY: Estrada Calls Snap Election

WEB-ONLY INTERVIEW: Jimmy Lai on feeling lucky -- and why he's committed to the island state


COVER: The DoCoMo generation - Japan's leading mobile phone company goes global

Bandwidth Boom: Racing to wire - how underseas cable systems may yet fall short

TAIWAN: Party intrigues add to Chen Shui-bian's woes

JAPAN: Japan's ruling party crushes a rebel at a cost

SINGAPORE: Singaporeans need to have more babies. But success breeds selfishness

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