Like Rwanda, the modern history of Burundi is marked by constant strife between Hutus and Tutsis. Hutus make up 85 percent and Tutsis 14 percent, but Tutsis had ruled until the country's first democratic election in 1993, won by a Hutu.
The election did not stop the civil war, and since then more than 150,000 people have been killed. On July 20, 300 people, mostly Tutsi women and children, were massacred, allegedly by Hutu gunmen.
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Massacre aftermath - 1.4 MB QuickTime movie
On July 25, the Tutsi-dominated military seized power, naming a new president -- former military ruler Maj. Pierre Buyoya - - dissolving parliament, outlawing opposition parties, and closing the borders and airport.
Much of the world denounced the coup, and Burundi's African neighbors imposed an embargo.
The United Nations reported more than 1,100 civilians were killed by the Burundian army in November and December. In most cases, Hutu refugees were the victims.
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