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Located off the southeast coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean, Madagascar is noted for its endemic species. About 90 percent of its wildlife and plants can only be found on this island.

Conservation International lists Madagascar as one of the world's 34 biodiversity hot spots.

Madagascar has nearly 550 threatened species, including its most well-known primate, the lemur. The lemurs are in danger not only because of habitat destruction, but also because hunters sell their meat. Some lemurs, like the Indri, get as large as 20 pounds.

But many scientists and the government of Madagascar say the pattern of destruction can be turned around and there is a very real possibility that the habitat that's been compromised can be restored.

U.S. Department of State: Madagascar
Biodiversity Hotspots: Madagascar
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