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Special Event

Millennium 2000: Am I Fit

Aired January 1, 2000 - 10:14 a.m. ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

JIM CLANCY, CNN ANCHOR: Are we entering the new millennium fit as a fiddle or lumpy as a bag of Christmas cookies? Now we're going to look at the fitness needs and practices of various age groups all around the world.

DARYN KAGAN, CNN ANCHOR: And to do that, we're going from babies on through older adults.

Right now, we're going to start with the cutest of the groups. Let's begin right here in Atlanta with the fitness needs of babies. Joining us from Turner Gym -- it's just a few floors beneath where we are here in the CNN studios is Lisa Stone. She's founder of Fit For Two, a before and after fitness program for new mothers and their babies. And, Lisa, why don't you introduce your partner there.

LISA STONE, PRE/POST-NATAL FITNESS INSTRUCTOR: This is Sarey Burkel (ph). She's five months old.

KAGAN: And when we talk about fitness for babies, I know Americans at least, they keep in mind, well, they're being watched by people all around the world. Americans can kind of get obsessed with this whole fitness thing. When is it too soon to start worrying whether your baby fit or not?

STONE: Well, I think fitness has to be lifestyle choice, and the nice thing about Fit for Two Program is that the babies get exposed to fitness from day one -- they're working out with their moms, they're feeling the effects of exercise in mom's body, and also, they get to experience fitness themselves, in terms of infant massages and exercises.

KAGAN: So it's not like, if you're not throwing your kid on a treadmill, that you're somehow depriving them of something.

STONE: Absolutely not. It should be, again, a lifestyle situation.

KAGAN: And I think you have Sarey strapped on to you there, so can you show us some things you can you do with your baby so they can feel the effects of exercise as you do most of the sweating.

STONE: Right. And one of best ways to do that, is when you're doing any kind of aerobic exercise, whether it's housework or walking around your neighborhood, or in an aerobics class where you're doing step, if you have your baby actually on your body in a sling or some other type of front carrier, your baby can feel your heart rate increase as you start to work out, feels your body heat up, and they learn firsthand the affects of exercise all the way through.

KAGAN: And can you actually show us some things you can do with your baby?

STONE: Sure. When we're doing cardio-exercises, we can do things on the step, like going up and down a step, and again, wearing the baby in a sling is an extra benefit for mom, because it adds resistance, and the baby close to mom, which is where baby to wants be, and we can move around our step, doing knee lifts. We just want to be really careful to always keep a hand on the baby so that baby is safe.

KAGAN: Want to make sure the baby is strapped on there.

STONE: Very securely, absolutely. One, I keep a hand on them. We can also do strengthening exercises with the babies, and I am going to just sit down and show you a couple of things we can do. We can use the baby instead of using weights, and if Sarey will let me do this with her.

KAGAN: Sarey is not as happy about happy about that as she was about the other exercise.

(CRYING)

STONE: We can use her as a weight and work other her upper body by doing biceps curls.

Yes, there you go.

And we can even do some things that would be fun for her, where we just press her up and work our chest muscles and use the baby instead of a barbel or a weight.

KAGAN: I think Sarey is enjoying that one a little bit more.

STONE: Yes, she seems to like this one.

KAGAN: Any hardworking athlete, of course, deserves a post- workout massage. I think you were talking about a little baby massage. That would be nice, too.

STONE: Yes, and let me show you some things we can do with baby that's really nice to help them learn about how their body fits into the world. We always want to warm up our hands, because nobody likes to be touched with cold hands.

KAGAN: I am all for that.

STONE: And we always want to stroke with a gentle pressure. Obviously, not as firmly as would you stroke an adult.

Are you not liking this right now? But some nice things about infant massage.

KAGAN: Well, Lisa, I don't think that Sarey is much into massage as she was into that step workout. I think we're looking at a future aerobics instructor.

STONE: Let's get her back up.

KAGAN: We'll let you get her back happy. We'll have you stand by, and we're going to go ahead and talk about more fitness through the ages with Gary, with Lisa and with people from all around the world. We're going to go ahead and take a quick break.

CLANCY: There's a lot more to come, a lot of age groups to cover. Our fitness schedule continues.

And coming up we have...

KAGAN: ... exercise tips for teenagers.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANNOUNCER: On March 25, 1896, the streets of Athens, Greece were blanketed with enthusiastic crowds anxious to watch the first modern- day international Olympic games in Panathenian stadium. The ten-day event was attended by 280 participants, all male, representing 13 countries.

Forty-three events enthralled spectators, from swimming and gymnastics to shot put and track. The games featured the first marathon. The events were open to anyone willing to attend. Several participants were just tourist who had unexpectedly stumbled upon the games.

CLANCY: Well, it is probably too late to start training trying for Sydney in the year 2000, but continuing our look at fitness for this new millennium we focus on fitness for teens and young adults.

KAGAN: And now joining us from a very beautiful place, Laguna Beach, California, is Geo Takoma. He is the fitness director and author of "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Power Yoga," which we would probably be very qualified to read as our information that we would have on yoga -- not much.

CLANCY: Not -- I want to really know, what is Yoga? We think of it, we think of breathing techniques, we think of exercises where you hold -- isometrics, if you will.

KAGAN: We are over here, Geo, that's right.

GEO TAKOMA, FITNESS DIRECTOR AND AUTHOR: Yes. Yoga is just a series of movements and exercises to help create balance in our living, and balance in our bodies and balance in your minds.

KAGAN: Geo, I think you brought some friends with you today. Why don't you tell us who you have, and how they... TAKOMA: I do.

KAGAN: OK, who do you have?

TAKOMA: Yes, we have -- I have Nikki over here on my right, and I have Emma here on my left, and behind me here I have Sara. And they are all from the Laguna Beach High School, and they are part of the volleyball teams at Laguna Beach High School.

KAGAN: So these are young women who know a lot about exercise and staying fit -- a lot of our young people don't. How do we get them to want to exercise?

TAKOMA: Well, I think we as -- I think people in our generation have to start helping people to understand young kids, to understand how important it is for them to exercise. I think we start with starting them off in little programs, where they begin to -- little soccer programs and little things like that, where they start to get on teams and do athletic things and start working out.

CLANCY: You work with a lot of stars and other people in training them. Certainly, you know, that's one area of fitness, training. But for teenagers, there is sports, there is basketball, swimming, football, all kinds of things...

TAKOMA: Right.

CLANCY: ... that they can be doing. Is that enough? Or should they be looking at yoga as an alternative?

TAKOMA: Well, I think a lot of young people are looking at yoga, actually a lot of people are doing yoga...

KAGAN: Can you...

TAKOMA: Yoga is really booming. It works so well, so...

KAGAN: Can you demonstrate for us, Geo?

TAKOMA: We are going to do -- yes, we are going to do a little routine called "Salute to the Sun," and it is a series of movements that just about works out everything to the body. We are just going to do a little, quick routine.

KAGAN: OK.

TAKOMA: OK? Ready to go? OK, girls? OK, Here we go.

Bring your hands together in prayer fashion on your chest. Now this is a salute to the light in your heart, and to the light of this new millennium. Inhale. Big stretch, reach up. Exhale all the way down. Inhale, just raise your head. Exhale, drop your head down.

Step back with your right food, head up, head up. Left foot back, strong board. Drop down now knees, chest and chin. Point your toes. Inhale into cobra. Tuck your toes now. Exhale. Hips up, head down, heels down. Right foot out between your hands. Left foot up and hang down. Just raise your head. Exhale, drop your head down. Inhale all the way up, big stretch.

Let's do that one more time on the left. Exhale all the way down. Inhale, just raise your head. Exhale, drop it down. Left foot back, big lunge. Right foot back, strong board. Drop down knees, chest and chin, Point your toes. Inhale into cobra. Tuck your toes. Exhale, hips up, head down. Heels down. Left foot up between your hands. Right foot up and hang down. Again, just raise your head. Exhale, drop it down. Inhale all the way up. Big stretch, reach out. And back to start.

Good. That was great, guys, great.

KAGAN: Geo, I think you can still hear me -- I noticed your ear piece fell out while you were doing the exercise. Are you with us? Can you hear us?

TAKOMA: I am with you. Yes, I do hear you. The ear piece did fall out.

KAGAN: OK.

TAKOMA: But I put it back.

KAGAN: I am glad you are back.

That was certainly beautiful watch and graceful, but how does doing something like that compare to really sweating out in aerobics, or doing like a six-mile run?

TAKOMA: Well, actually, these days, what I do is I teach power yoga, and my book is called "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Power Yoga." And I think if you did power yoga you would see that if you did that exercise with some different combinations that we do -- we do it for about an hour to hour and half -- and you would find that most people within about ten minutes are sweating profusely, and they get quite a workout, just as much workout, maybe more workout, than you would get with aerobics.

KAGAN: And what about the folks, especially young people, whose days are so backed activities these days they don't have a full hour, hour and a half, to dedicate to exercise every day?

TAKOMA: You know, really if you do 15 to 20 minutes a day, you can get a good workout every day.

KAGAN: Just get something in, at least. Better than sitting on the couch.

TAKOMA: Just get -- get off your butt and get in, do 15, 20 minutes a day. You will find that you get a real good workout and your body just -- your body is designed to move, and by moving it we really do affect everything in the body -- all the glands, all the organs, all the muscles, all the nerves, everything in the body. KAGAN: Did you have one more exercise to share with us, since we are sitting here on our, well, respective you-know-whats this morning here at CNN?

TAKOMA: Yes, we will share some more exercise with you. We are going to do a little exercise called the triangle pose.

OK, girls, we are going to do a little different thing here. Let's all turn to this side and step back about four feet, OK?

Now just roll your right foot open. Roll your right foot open. That's good. OK. Inhale, big stretch up with this right arm, just like that. Now this is a nice stretch over the right leg. Exhale. Stretch out, keep that leg straight. Just touch. Now look up and reach up. And breathe. Reach up. That's it, good, good, good, good.

Now let's take that hand and reach way over your head, reach towards me. Good. And breathe. Reach out, reach out, reach out. Good. Great. OK. And gently come up. Good. All right. OK.

KAGAN: Very nice.

Well, Geo, we are going to ask you and the girls here to stand by on the beach of Laguna Beach, which is I know not the hardest thing to ask someone to do on such a lovely morning, to...

TAKOMA: We'll suffer through it.

KAGAN: OK, you hang out, and we are going to continue on looking as we move through the life span.

CLANCY: First day of the new millennium, I know a lot of our viewers out there watching those exercises -- that's exactly the kind of thing that I watch at home with a double-decker sandwich.

KAGAN: We are going to improve you.

CLANCY: All right. If you're watching at home with those middle-aged love handles, as they call them, don't worry, there is hope for you too.

KAGAN: Coming up, we are going to bounce to Britain for fitness advice for you baby-boomers.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: This hour we're looking at the fitness needs and the practices of various age groups all around the world, from infants through the teen years, to middle age and then older adults.

KAGAN: Well, we've just covered the babies and the teenagers, and adults, it is your turn now.

Joining us now is Joanna Hall, she is a lifestyle expert. Joanna is at the Millennium Dome at Greenwich, England. She's at an exhibit called "The body." It is a larger-than-life model that you can actually walk through.

Joanna, thanks for joining us. Happy new year.

JOANNA HALL, LIFESTYLE EXPERT: Happy new year to you. How are you?

KAGAN: Doing just fine, feeling fit as we watch this segment here. We are moving on into middle age, to adults who are in that 40 to 60 year range. To describe fit at that point is different than the really good looking young people we just saw on the beach in California.

HALL: Well, it is a little different. I think when we start to move into sort of our later life, there are various considerations that we have on our minds. And predominantly for women, we get concerns about moving into that change of our lives, such as menopause. And obviously there are a lot of associated challenges that we face with that, predominately weight gain, which is an issue that's very sort of common, especially this time of year when we are making our new year's resolutions.

KAGAN: Sure it is. And it is not just weight, but it is fat that you have to be concerned about.

HALL: That's right. Correct. It is actually body fat that we need to be more concerned about for health implications, rather than weight. And we do tend to be very hung up about what our actual weight is in kilograms, or stones and pounds, rather than really what our percentage body fat is. That has a direct impact on our own personal health.

KAGAN: And how do you find what your body fat is?

HALL: Well, there are various ways of doing it. You can do it through it skin-fold calipers, which can be taken manually. But the much more simpler way is actually to monitor it by a body-fat monitor, which actually sends a very low, safe electrical current through your body, and it will tell you how much body fat you have compared to muscle.

KAGAN: So let me get this right. Not only are you going to tell me I'm fat, you are going to shock me in the meantime?

HALL: Well...

KAGAN: Sounds fine, Joanna.

HALL: No, no, no. This is where I make friends, where I make enemies. No, this is -- it is actually very positive, because rather than just standing on scales -- and sometimes we frighten ourselves by how much our weight is -- when you actually find out how much your percentage body fat is, is much stronger health message.

So that we actually need to have body fat, everybody needs to have body fat, whether we like it or not. We actually have 23 billion fat cells. But it's when those fat cells each start to get bigger, and bigger and bigger, that's when it becomes a health risks, such as increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, high-cholesterol levels.

So we really want to make sure that our body fat actually stays within a good, safe range, and generally, that should be between 20 percent to 27 percent for females, and for males, Jim, you might be interested in this, between 18 percent to 23 percent.

KAGAN: Now as I understand, earlier, you did a demonstration to show how we could actually find out what someone's body fat is, is that right?

HALL: Yes we did.

KAGAN: OK, let's go ahead and take a look at that.

HALL: OK, so he has just the actual body fat monitor, and you can actually program it in, so it accurately tells you what your body fat is. As you step onto the monitor, you need to make sure that your heals and the ball of the foot come on to the actual safe electronic panels, and it will first read your weight once you've actually said how old you are and whether you're male or female, and then it will actually count down to zero, as you can see now, to tell you what your percentage body fat is.

So the lady that you're seeing there, her percentage body fat is actually 34.5 percent, which is slightly higher than what we would like to see for a safe health parameter.

KAGAN: What is safe for women versus safe for men?

HALL: For women, really we're wanting the range to be no higher than 27 percent. And for men, because they naturally have lower body fat percent than women, really we're looking at a range no more than 23 percent.

CLANCY: OK, Joanna. I look at it, and I don't even have to take a measuring on the body fat indicator, but so what do you about it? How do attack the fat, rather than attacking, you know, bone mass, muscle mass?

HALL: Right. That's a really good question, Jim, because if you went on a very low calorie diet, where you just purely address it through what you're eating, you would find that you wouldn't actually lose body fat; you would actually loss muscle mass.

So the best way to actually address a safe, slow, fat loss, is by actually engaging in regular physical activity. And that doesn't necessarily mean that you have to, you know, be going to gym, you know, four or five times a week; it actually means by doing more moderate exercise, just walking, taking the escalators, all of those things on a regular basis, you can actually create quite a significant energy expenditure, which means, long term, you're going to reducing your body fat to that health range that you want.

CLANCY: A lot of people are getting older. What is the best exercise? Some people say swimming. Others would say jogging, walking. What is the best?

HALL: Well, yes. by limitation I would say -- my (UNINTELLIGIBLE) about swimming, is that it's actually a non-weight bearing. The reason though that's good is because it has no jarring effects on the joints. As we get older, our bones naturally become more brittle through the diseases such as osteoporosis. So we do need to have sort of some weight-bearing activity to make our bones more strong.

So I would actually recommend brisk walking, because it's less jarring than jogging, and to do some sort of toning or light- resistance exercises using your own body weight or small, light hand weight is very, very advantageous.

KAGAN: Some very, very good tips. Joanna Hall, thank you, in England. So we've been to Atlanta, Laguna Beach, California, Greenwich, England. And our fitness tour around the world continues.

CLANCY: That's right. We're going to be going to Hong Kong next. We'll get some advice for the elderly, then bring it all back together again.

KAGAN: Stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

KAGAN: We're hearing more and more these days about starting fitness programs no matter how old you are.

CLANCY: Well, joining us now from Hong Kong is 70-year-old Maria Lee. She is a well-known Chinese cookbook author and businesswoman, who has recently set up two new fitness sites on the Internet. Ms. Lee is a recent runner-up in Hong Kong's fittest elder contest.

Thank you so much for being with us.

KAGAN: Ms. Lee, for those people who say you're too old to be exercising, what do you say to them?

Can you hear us, Ms. Lee? Are you there?

MARIA LEE, BUSINESSWOMAN: Yes, yes, yes.

CLANCY: All right, we have a bit of a delay.

KAGAN: Our question for you, what do you say for people who think they're too old to be exercising?

LEE: No, no, I didn't say that. I'm not too old, never too old.

May I...

CLANCY: Can -- go ahead.

LEE: May I say Happy New Year to all of you first.

KAGAN: Absolutely. Happy New Year to you, too.

CLANCY: Tell us, can exercise and a good diet extend not only the length of one's life, but really the happiness of that life?

LEE: Yes. The most important thing is happiness. You always have to keep yourself very, very happy. Don't think of the -- you think of the positive things; don't think of the negative. And so you would be happy all of the time. Happy makes you more healthy.

KAGAN: Ms. Lee, what kinds of exercise do you enjoy?

LEE: Oh, just very light exercise. Just a very light and easy exercise. I can't do very heavy ones, for my age; I am not allowed to. Because I am -- I have some heart problem, so I have to be very careful. I have this heart problem ever since I was a child, then -- I can keep myself until these days, I think it's miracle.

KAGAN: What do you actually do for exercise?

LEE: Oh, just very light maybe just walking, and stretch your arms and then get some exercise of your two foot, and then the leg and then your head exercise, something like that, but nothing very, very heavy.

KAGAN: How important is eating well?

LEE: Eating?

KAGAN: Eating and cooking good food?

LEE: Oh, I cook good food, but I am not eating that good food too much. Because all of the good food are very rich, and so I eat very light food. I mostly eat -- I like vegetables, and fruits and fish. I don't like meat very much. It's not very good for me, and easy to get high cholesterol; that's why I don't eat too much meat, just fish and vegetables. I eat lots vegetables and fruits.

KAGAN: Well, whatever you're doing...

LEE: And I think that's -- yes, yes?

KAGAN: Whatever you're doing, you're certainly doing the right thing, because you're in great shape and you're an example for all us to look toward.

CLANCY: And don't go away, to our viewers, because if missed some of our fitness advice, we're going to have recap for you coming up.

KAGAN: And we'll go all around the world again, visiting with our fitness expert, so stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

KAGAN: And as we wrap up our fitness segment on fitness through the ages, we're going to leave you with some words of encouragement. We know there's a lot of us out there who have made that resolution about getting fit in the New Year, and yet we're sitting on the couch, thinking, I can't believe we really need to get going.

So as we do a roundtable around the world, Lisa Stone here in Atlanta, with baby Sarey, a few words of encouragement for those of us who need to get going.

STONE: Don't use your baby as excuse not to exercise, use your baby as an excuse to exercise, because your teaching them a really valuable lesson, to make fitness part of every single day.

KAGAN: Geo Takoma, on the beach in Laguna.

TAKOMA: I think that we -- it's a new millennium; it's a new time; it's a time for us to get off our buns and get away from the TVs for a while and start moving, start exercising, start taking care of ourself, so we can extend our life positively into this next millennium.

KAGAN: Beautifully said from a beautiful beach.

To Britain, to England, to Joanna Hall.

HALL: OK. I would say, try to embrace physical activity as a really long-term physical investment that only can you do for yourself to really address your healthy body fat ranges. Don't just do it now; do it for life.

KAGAN: And finally, Maria Lee, in Hong Kong.

Ms. Lee, do have you some words of encouragement for us?

LEE: Oh, I think exercise is most important for us. I think exercise is the -- everybody should do it. No matter how busy you are, you still have to do your exercise in morning or in the afternoon, and at least for 30 minutes -- half an hour is the best. I'm a very busy woman, and I still do my exercise every morning, at least 30 minutes. And my exercise is a very easy and a very, very casual one, and very soft exercise and very light exercise. But when I was young, I do a lot -- I've done a lot of exercise, like tennis and swimming and I was champion for swimming when I was young. And I play tennis almost every day, but now of course, I don't do as heavy things anymore, but I still think that exercise is most important for our health. So I hope everyone will do their exercise every morning.

KAGAN: Well said.

Maria Lee, in Hong Kong, Joanna Hall, in England, Geo Takoma, on the beach in California, and, Lisa Stone, just a few floors down here in CNN Center. Thank you to all of you.

CLANCY: Happy New Year to all of you.

KAGAN: And a happy, healthy and a very fit New Year. And I think, Ms. Lee, if you just heard, kind of tied it all up. CLANCY: A little discipline -- she said a little bit discipline. Stick with it. What can you do as a young person, you can't do when you're old, but sensible advice there.

KAGAN: Just do it.

CLANCY: Coming up: a century of sensation. Few things inspire us like contests involving great athletes.

KAGAN: After the break, Jim Huber will harvest from his field of dreams.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

CLANCY: As midnight moved along the equator, one of its stops was in Africa's most populous nation, Nigeria.

Richard Blystone was there for a celebration that undoubtedly had some political overtones.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

RICHARD BLYSTONE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Hey, don't forget about us, says Nigeria. Africa is here, too. Maybe this could be Africa's millennium. While this concert was strictly today, on the other side of Lagos, the more traditional songs of thanks for the past and hopes for the future.

Seven months in office, with his work cut out for him, President Olusegun Obasanjo urged his people forward. The switch from military to civilian rule this year has brought Nigeria back to international respectability. The new president vows to end the corruption that's drained the country for generations. To do that means restoring the civil institutions, religious, fraternal, professional, that toughen a Democracy.

PAT UTOMI, LAGOS BUSINESS SCHOOL: Corruption is not so much about the morality of the people, but about weakness of institutions. People all over the world are disposed to (UNINTELLIGIBLE). If you have weak institutions, you're going to have a lot of corruption.

BLYSTONE: And to raise people out of poverty, the government must find some way to get back several million educated Nigerians who saw no future in their country and are staffing hospitals and professional offices from the Americas to the Persian Gulf.

UTOMI: What is required is really something to excite them.

BLYSTONE: Under fair and stable government, Nigeria's rich resources and unquenchable spirit should be exciting enough.

But the toughest challenge may be here. Forty-five percent of Nigerians are younger than 15. If the population goes on growing at today's rate, there will be twice as many Nigerians before the year 2020. (on camera): Statistics here are hard to gather. But if today's estimated growth rate continued until the end of this new century, Nigeria's estimated 115 million people would have become something like two billion.

Richard Blystone, CNN, Lagos, Nigeria.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

(WEATHER UPDATE)

KAGAN: And now to sports. The 20th century saw organized sports go from a game, to a business, to an industry.

MANN: But even in the era of multimillion-dollar contracts, we are drawn to the stories of the century's legendary athletes, and the grounds where they competed.

KAGAN: Jim Huber of CNN/SPORTSILLUSTRATED now gives us a tour.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JIM HUBER, CNN/SI CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It whispers and it screams. It beckons, and it sends us scurrying away. It asks for a moment our time and gives us a century. It is the fabric, the foundation of our land, the God-given chess board on which we have entertained ourselves all these years.

And, oh, the stories it would tell if it so chose. Imagine -- turn your ear downward, inward, and listen. Men stomping on it, rolling in it, tossing it angrily upon other men. Driving over, and sometimes through it. Curse its roles and loving its challenge.

What tales the Fenway grounds must have for us, there for much of the century, beginning so prominently with one World Series after another. Then anointed with tears for the last nine decades or so: Where did the lumbering young Babe go? It must wonder. Nothing has been the same since they sent him away. Oh, the skinny kid kept them screaming for a while, but now he is gone, too. And now they talk of tearing the whole place down finally. Enshrining part of the good Earth in memory, but paving the rest.

They would never dare such a sacrilege to these patches of grass across the great Atlantic. For what they would call it after all? The All-England Asphalt and Tennis Club? No, it been a bit of a lawn now all these years, and oh, the glory for that one midsummer's fortnight, wearing ugly brown holes in its knees. Either baked by the furious sun or drowned instead, it still has played host to nearby royalty and crowned new kings and queens. Their skirts are much shorter these days, their shorts shorter, too. Their wooden weapons hung in a museum somewhere, replaced by the skin of spaceships. Still, through it all, it has survived.

The grass of Fenway, the lawn of Wimbledon, but nowhere is there tundra than Lambeau field. Somehow it forces the voice deep, and surely the turf echoes that, the frozen tundra. From the very beginnings of professional football, they came here to test their internal anti-freeze. In the early fall, when the air would simply ache with coming of winter, they would tear great chunks of this turf loose in their Sunday pursuits. But the ice soon provided a hard blanket, and they could do little but tiptoe about, seeking purchase. In the years since then, they lifted it and installed heaters underneath. But it is still no picnic when they gather on this tundra.

South a 1,0000 miles both in distance and in decades, the white sands hear the roar of the great engines not far away, and wonder why they left. For once upon a time, in machines made more for outrunning revenuers, they hurtled along the beaches in the beginnings of an industry that has long forgotten. Down the beach they would go, through the tiny town and back again, sometimes sliding dangerously near the crashing ocean before taking a checkered flag. Them with their Carolina twangs, gone suddenly, with a speed limit worthy of a sea turtle in their place.

Off a dreary fast-food factory, behind subtle fences, the bermuda and bent roll across the mysterious acres of Augusta, awaiting the first days of spring again. What a shock it must be to be so quiet and peaceful 51 weeks of the year, only to be suddenly roped, and staked, and painted and trampled in the days leading to Easter, most years. What a bit of bad fortune it was to be put there on the hill behind the clubhouse. Destiny could have put you instead in the shade of Avent (ph) corner, where only the elite can slip your way. If Fenway wonders where the young Babe went, Augusta must surely miss the loving touch of the man they called Bobby, who first designed it and then walked it, before wheeling is his chair one last time into a far- too-early sunset.

When Augusta was still a plantation and Lambeau field a frozen farmyard, when Fenway was a bog, the thunderous hooves had been carving great niches in the Kentucky dirt for decades. Flying, barely touching, it seemed, before leaping forward again. And oh, the magnificence of the animals, with names like Whirlaway and Count Fleet, Affirmed, the unbeatable Secretariat. Turning simple brown earth into an artist's canvass, painting brilliance in great, broad strokes.

(on camera): Oh, if this land could talk -- and perhaps it can, we simply don't know its language -- the wonderful stories it would tell of great achievement, grand despair. Of being the very foundation for an unparalled century of sporting growth.

(voice-over): Growth and destruction, as Fenway and Tiger stadium, the last remaining remnants of baseball's teenage years, are being demolished. So goes the giant Wembley, the seat of every young soccer player's dreams for nearly a century. The Twin Towers, one of the great sporting images of our time, about to be torn down and rebuilt in hopes of attracting greater wealth and presence on the world stage.

And so it whispers. And so it screams. The tale of a century's playtime from the very ground up.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

MANN: I always like his stories.

KAGAN: Some pretty words form Jim Huber.

MANN: Well, as CNN 2000 coverage continues, our focus is going to shift a bit to the high frontier.

KAGAN: Remember when the adventure of space sounded like Greek mythology, Mercury, Apollo? Well, that's ahead on CNN.

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