President Clinton Outlines 'a Balanced Budget With a Balanced Approach to our National Priorities'Aired February 7, 2000 - 10:21 a.m. ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
BILL HEMMER, CNN ANCHOR: We told you about 15 minutes ago the president sending his final budget proposal up to Congress today. We'll listen to the president with his outline now.
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BILL CLINTON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: ... the comment about the first draft of the State of the Union.
If you look at how thick that is, you'll have some idea of how many people, believe it or not, are still mad that I didn't mention their program in the speech.
I want to thank Secretary Summers, Secretary Slater, Jack Lew, Gene Sperling, Sylvia Mathews, Martin Bailey (ph), Bruce Reed, Sally Katzen -- all the people from OMB who are here who have worked so hard to put together this budget.
I really do appreciate what you've done. You know, people are -- I still get made fun of from time to time as a policy wonk, and that's supposed to be a pejorative term. But I think if you look at the last seven years, there's a fairly serious argument for the fact that really does matter what you and what the specifics are, that government and public life are more than rhetoric. The reality eventually makes a difference. The specific decisions do count, and that's what this budget is all about.
It is a balanced budget with a balanced approach to our national priorities.
It maintains our fiscal discipline, pays down the debt, extends the life of Social Security and Medicare and invests in our families and our future.
Seven years ago when I took office, we'd had 12 years of big deficits, a quadrupling of the national debt that had led to high interest rates and low growth. We changed the course with a new economic policy for the new economy -- one focused on fiscal discipline, expanded trade and investments in people and potential.
The new economic policy, as now we all know, has helped to create a new economy. Almost 21 million new jobs now; a 4.0 percent unemployment rate last month, the lowest in 30 years; the fast growth in 30 years; the lowest crime and welfare rates in 30 years; the lowest poverty rates in 20 years; the highest homeownership ever and the longest economic expansion in our history this month. The growth has been driven by private sector investment, not public sector spending as was the case in the previous 12 years.
As a share of the economy, it is worth pointing out that federal spending is now the smallest it has been since 1966, with the first back-to-back surpluses in 42 years. Federal deficits are last century's news. This year, according to our projections, we'll have three in a row for our surpluses, coming in at about $167 billion dollars.
We're on the way to an achievement that only a few years ago would have been inconceivable: making America debt-free for the first time since Andrew Jackson was president in 1835.
If you look at the chart behind me, you will see the mountain of debt that built up during the 12 years before I took office, and what has already been done to reverse the trend. By the end of this year, we will have paid down the debt by nearly $300 billion. But you can also see that the debt is still high -- far too high.
Now, this is the point where we have the photo op.
And I attempt to show you what our budget does to the debt eliminating it by 2013. I have practiced this in the back.
When I did it in the back, the ink -- the paint spilled everywhere. And I commented that in every good effort, there are still fits and starts. So let me see if I can do it.
There is no break here.
There is nothing academic about that chart. Fiscal discipline matters to every single American.
When the deficits disappear, interest rates fall, more Americans can then buy homes, retire student loans, start new businesses, create jobs and wealth. Indeed, our economists have estimated that lower interest rates in the last seven years have already saved the average American about $2,000 a year in home mortgage payments and $200 a year in college loan and carry payments.
Our budget ensures that the benefits of that reduction will continue, and that among other things they will go to strengthen two of the most important guarantees we make to every American: Social Security and Medicare. It makes a critical down payment on Social Security reform by crediting the interest savings from debt reduction attributable to the Social Security taxes to the Social Security trust fund. That will keep it strong, solvent and sound for the next 50 years, which will keep it alive beyond the life expectancy of virtually all the baby boom generation.
Today we also take in this budget significant steps to strengthen and modernize the Medicare. Our budget dedicates about half of non- Social Security surplus to guarantee the soundness of Medicare and to add a long overdue voluntary prescription drug benefit.
When I became president, Medicare was projected to go broke last year, 1999. Today it's secure until 2015 thanks to the changes that have already been made.
This budget contains further reforms. But all of the experts say with all conceivable reforms, more money will still be needed, because the number of people over 65 will double in the next 30 years; their life expectancy will increase; we'll have miraculous new developments in medicine, which will increase the quality of life.
But all these things will add to the cost of health care. Therefore, I think it is very important that we act now and say we're going to set aside a portion of this surplus for Medicare, so that when the time comes, we will have already provided for the costs that we know are coming.
We can extend the life of the Medicare trust fund until at least 2025, and add the voluntary prescription drug benefit with this amount of dedicated funds.
The budget also provides funds, as I said, to give not only a prescription drug benefit, which more than three in five American seniors on Medicare now lack, it also creates a reserve fund of $35 billion to protect those who carry the heavy burden of catastrophic drug costs. Now, this is something that I did not talk about in the State of the Union, because I did not know for sure that we would have this money.
But I do believe that everybody who's really analyzed this is concerned about two problems. One is that there are a whole lot of seniors, more than half, who don't have access to affordable prescription drug coverage, which at normal costs will lengthen their lives and improve its quality. And, the second big problem is some seniors have absolutely enormous bills that they have no way of paying.
And we believe there ought to be some catastrophic provision, so we have set aside some funds to cover that, too, and will attempt to convince the Congress that we ought to do that as well.
The budget also helps to meet our other pressing priorities. It makes historic investments in education from Head Start to after school, from school construction to more and better trained teachers.
It provides health care coverage for the parents of children in the Children's Health Insurance Program, and allows uninsured Americans between the ages of 55 and 65 -- the fastest growing group of uninsured -- to buy into Medicare with a tax credit to help them afford it.
It makes unprecedented investments to speed discoveries in science and technology; funds more police and tougher gun enforcement to keep the crime rate dropping, moving toward our goal of making America the safest big country in the world.
It makes critical investments to keep our military the best trained and best equipped in the world. It gives many more investments to what we call America's new markets, from the inner cities to poor rural areas to the Native American reservations.
This budget also offers tax cuts to America's working families to help pay for college or save for retirement, to help care for aging or disabled loved ones, to reduce the marriage penalty, to reward work and family with an expanded earned income tax credit, and with an expanded and refundable child-care tax credit.
This budget, in short, makes really strong and significant steps toward achieving the great goals that I believe America should pursue in this new century.
It helps us move toward an America where every child starts school ready to learn and graduates ready to succeed; where parents are able to succeed at home and work and no child is raised in poverty; where we meet the challenge of the aging of America; where we provide health care to all; where we make America the safest big country on Earth; bring prosperity to the communities and people who've been left behind; pay off our national debt; reverse the course of climate change; keep America leading the world in science and technology and toward peace and prosperity; and bring our country together at least as one-America.
This budget takes the right steps toward those goals. I hope it will be well-received in Congress and by the American people. And I thank all of you who worked on it, down to the last detail. The details make the difference, and if we can enact them, they will make all the difference for America.
Thank you very much.
HEMMER: Live in Washington, President Clinton using an illustration to show how he believes America could be debt-free, if this budget is passed by Congress, by the year 2013. The president said at the end there, it shows strong and significant steps toward where he believes America should be, mentioning things like education, safety in our country, eliminating the debt and protecting the environment, among other things.
In short, the numbers on this budget proposal are huge, 1.84 trillion. That's up 2.5 percent from a year ago with an expected surplus of $184 billion. A whole lot there, and indeed there are critics.
Let's go up to the White House and check in with Major Garrett for more on this -- Major.
MAJOR GARRETT, CNN WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: Good morning, Bill.
A couple of observations from the top: I would say it's fair to say that nothing makes a president more relaxed or more jocular than presiding over surpluses which allow for some tax cuts and increased spending. The president obviously very relaxed, very happy introducing the photo op he was going to do there on reducing the debt.
Also, just so the viewers understand, the applause the president was receiving not from the press corps but from the assembled members of the staff of the Office of Management and Budget of course their handy work proud of it. President wanted to thank them. This budget, of course, is their handiwork. They're proud of it. The president wanted to thank them for their help.
A couple of things to keep an eye on as this budget moves to Congress: First of all, the president has proposed a middle income tax cut targeted at two-income married couples of $45 billion. This Thursday, the House will vote a bill that cuts taxes by $182 billion for those same two-income married couples. A big division there, one of many that will crop up this year over taxes and spending.
One other number that's important to look at is the defense spending number. The president's budget increases defense spending by $11.3 billion. Republican sources have told CNN that whatever that number is, it's 11.3 billion increase, they will go higher this year. That will also be an area of contention between Congress and the president.
And lastly, the dispute over prescription drug benefits will divide Republicans and President Clinton on a kind of unusual basis. The Republicans will say the prescription drug benefits should be provided to poor Americans on Medicare. The president has said they should be applied universally. That will also be a dispute that will play itself out this year -- Bill.
HEMMER: All right, Major Garrett live from the front lawn of the White House. Major, thanks to you.
We know there'll be a fight in Congress. How big that fight will be remains to be seen.
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