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Underwater Killing Machines: The Changing Role of SubmarinesAired July 3, 2000 - 1:31 p.m. ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
LOU WATERS, CNN ANCHOR: You may not see them, but they're out there. Submarines patrol the seas 24 hours a day, seven days a week. And this year marks the 100th anniversary of the U.S. Navy's first submarine.
Subs have changed over the years, as CNN's Cynthia Tornquist reports.
CYNTHIA TORNQUIST, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): From "Run Silent, Run Deep" to "U-571," Americans' fascination with submarines has grown. Sunday, the USS Jacksonville, one of 60 fast-attack nuclear submarines, tied up in Earle, New Jersey. This stealthy, underwater killing machine packs its destructive power with torpedoes, mines and Tomahawk missiles.
CMDR. FRANK CALDWELL, USS JACKSONVILLE: Our mission is to go hunt and find other submarines and attack surface ships.
TORNQUIST: The USS Jacksonville is one of 10 American warships taking part in the International Naval Review and OpSail festivities in New York Harbor. This undersea arsenal is as long as a football field and costs $2 billion. That's a far cry from the first submarine, built by John Holland in 1900, which he sold to the Navy for $150,000.
Over the past 100 years, the role of the submarine has changed.
CALDWELL: We are still capable of providing a reconnaissance asset, but with the inclusion of Tomahawk missiles on board a submarine, we become a tool for conducting strikes.
TORNQUIST (on camera): This submarine has the ability to be deployed anywhere around the world. It also has the ability to strike targets in the water or on land with pinpoint accuracy.
(voice-over): Submarines can stay submerged up to six months or until the food runs out. The living quarters are tight for the 140 men on board.
CHRIS ANDRES, TORPEDO MAN: Privacy is something you learn that you don't have much of.
TORNQUIST: The average age of a submariner is 23 years old; 21- year-old Derrick Jones of New York drives the boat.
(on camera): Compare driving a submarine to driving a car.
DERRICK JONES, HELMSMAN: It's a lot bigger. It's -- you don't really require a license for it.
TORNQUIST (voice-over): You certainly wouldn't want to get a fender-bender in one of these.
Cynthia Tornquist, CNN, Colts Neck, New Jersey.
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