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Bush Sworn in as 43rd President of the United States

Aired January 20, 2001 - 11:28 a.m. ET


JUDY WOODRUFF, CNN ANCHOR: This is the scene as you face the Capitol, and there former President George Herbert Walker Bush, his wife Barbara Bush, the second president in history to have a son become president. The last, of course, being John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams became president, but that was a -- more than eight year -- this is a president who eight years later is watching his son take the high office.

JEFF GREENFIELD, CNN SENIOR ANALYST: Let me just mention that one of the things we're -- a lot of us are curious about is whether this inaugural address will point to the circumstances of the election, the last son to succeed his father, the minority of the popular vote, contested election, actually said that the peculiar circumstances of the recent elections means that he was less possessed of more confidence in advance than any of my predecessors.

I don't think we're going to be hearing that kind of language from George Walker Bush. As somebody said about him, he may not have won 51 percent of the popular vote, but he's won a hundred percent of the presidency.

WOODRUFF: Some of these people we're looking at -- we need a little help with names. I know, obviously, that's Barbara Bush, affectionately nicknamed the Silver Fox. That's Jimmy Carter and Rosalyn Carter, I believe. We don't know whether Gerald Ford is there. Of course, we do not expect Ronald Reagan would be there, ailing, as he is, with Alzheimer's and also having had hip surgery just in the last few days.

GREENFIELD: We know his daughters, the new president's daughters...

WOODRUFF: Jenna and...

GREENFIELD: ... Jenna and Barbara.

WOODRUFF: ... Barbara.

GREENFIELD: Both 19 years old.

WOODRUFF: Fraternal twins. There's a resemblance. Let's see. Is it Barbara who goes to Yale, and Jenna's at the University of Texas? GREENFIELD: Just -- they just went off this fall. Remember in his acceptance speech, the new president asked his daughters, "E-mail your old man once in a while." It's another measure of the change.

BERNARD SHAW, CNN ANCHOR: Watching all this history unfold with us, Professor Robert Dallek, an historian of world renown.


SHAW: What's going through your mind as you watch these pictures, you walk these streets?

DALLEK: Yes, it echoes a lot of what all of you have been saying, Bernie. It's such a striking moment in ceremonial terms, and what it reminds me of is that our presidents are both our kings and our prime ministers, and they carry the symbols of office. They really are people who represent our greatest traditions of democracy, freedom, individualism.

And it was interesting that you were all talking before about the transitions. Yeah, there's been a lot of tension between incoming and outgoing presidents. Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt, as Jeff was saying -- if there was ice in silence between Truman and Ike, it was even worse before Hoover and FDR. But regard for the office --

And it reminds me when you have a state of the union address, Democrats, Republicans come to their feet, and they cheer the president, not the man, but the institution, and that's what we're seeing today.

GREENFIELD: You make -- you make a fascinating point that there are countries that separate -- most countries separated the head of government, the head of state. The prime minister of England -- Britain has to go to the queen technically to ask for power, and here we embody them both, and it's pretty curious that a country that began by throwing off the chains of monarchy put that much ceremonial power in its head of government.

DALLEK: Well, it was, I think, because -- Washington in part put this in place. Adams wanted him to be called Your Highness, you know, take on the trappings of the king, and Washington was very sensible. He said, "No, I should be called Mr. President," because it had dignity to it, but it also had a degree of a common touch, and I think that's what we've combined. So, yes, it's a king, a sovereign, but a democratic king.

WOODRUFF: It's still a remarkable thing, you know, as a journalist who's been covering these inaugurals for -- well, since the late '70s, 1977, but we do have this peaceful transfer. We had a bitterly fought election, bitterly fought recount, post-election period that went all the way --

Let's listen to some of these announcements of dignitaries.

It's still -- as I was saying, it's -- it's just -- it's hard to put into words what it is when you see this transfer that has been so bitterly fought, and yet not a drop of blood was shed, not a gun...

DALLEK: Jefferson was the first to pass through this, and he understood -- his famous comment in his first inaugural in which he said, "Differences of opinion are not differences necessarily of principle. We're all Republicans. We're all Federalists." He was very mindful of the fact, for the first time in the country's history, you had a transfer of political power from one party to another.

So, as Judy was saying before, yeah, when you go from the same party, a vice president to a president, but when you change parties, when you shift to another party, the tensions are considerable, but they honor the tradition of peaceful passage of power.

SHAW: In terms of the number of times the presidential oath of office has been taken, there's a disparity. This will be the 68th time the presidential oath of office will be taken, although George W. Bush will be the 43rd president.

And our researchers tell us that this number exceeds the actual number of presidents for two reasons. Presidents are sworn in at the beginning of every term they serve, and several inauguration days have fallen on Sunday, and...


SHAW: ... in which case the presidents usually takes the oath of office in a private ceremony and then again in a public ceremony at a later date.

GREENFIELD: Yes. And, of course, we've had a number of presidents sworn in under tragic or controversial circumstances when vice presidents succeed a president who has died or been killed, and the one case where we had a president, Gerald Ford, sworn in after President Nixon resigned.

I was trying to do the same arithmetic and, finally, managed to figure out with some help what that was all about.

DALLEK: And Ford, of course, never had an inaugural. He was sworn in at the White House. But his speech was a very telling one. That was when he said, our national nightmare...

WOODRUFF: Long national nightmare.

DALLEK: ... "long national nightmare is over," and it was a very moving speech, but it wasn't an inaugural. So you do get...

SHAW: And January 20. What's so magical about that? Well, in 1937, FDR was the first president to be inaugurated on January 20. The 20th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in January, 1933, changed the inaugural date. George Washington was sworn in on April 30, and all the other presidents up to FDR took the oath on March 4.

DALLEK: Yes. March 4. And that's -- in significant part, they shifted it to January 20 because the long wait between Hoover and Roosevelt in the midst of that awful depression decided then that they must speed up the transition.

GREENFIELD: We're watching the new first -- and do we call Lynne Cheney the second lady? I've never figured that out.

WOODRUFF: That term has never really caught on.

GREENFIELD: I can see why. But they're now coming on to the platform, and I think -- I seem to remember -- I do remember that 20 years ago there were very strict instructions issued by the new team that Nancy Reagan was to be the only woman on the platform dressed in, I believe, red, if I'm not mistaken, and you see now Barbara Bush is dressed in blue. Laura Bush is dressed in light blue.

WOODRUFF: Striking robin's egg blue. I'm not -- I'm not a big color expert here, but it's a striking color. It stands out. Yeah. Even though it's not red.

GREENFIELD: But it stands out a little more subtly than a -- than a -- what a statement of fashion trend...

DALLEK: It speaks volumes, doesn't it, Jeff and Judy, about the way in which television has changed our perception of the presidency in these ceremonials?

SHAW: Well, the first time an inauguration was televised was Harry Truman's second swearing-in January 20, 1949. John F. Kennedy's swearing-in saw the first use of color television.


SHAW: And President Clinton's 1997 inauguration saw the first time the ceremony was broadcast live on the Internet.

WOODRUFF: What must be going through the mind of George Bush, the former president, standing there. His heart must be bursting.

DALLEK: And he's the only father to have ever attended a son's inauguration because John Adams could not be at...

WOODRUFF: Couldn't...

DALLEK: ... John Quincy Adams' because he was very ill.

WOODRUFF: Because it was, what, 30-some years after he had left...

DALLEK: He was -- but he was very ill, and he died two years later in 1826.

WOODRUFF: Candy Crowley is there at the Rotunda -- Candy.

CROWLEY: Judy, just thinking about the father. I, in fact, saw him and had a chance to hear him last night. He is pure father here. Very much less a politician. In fact, last night, talked about both of his sons. Jeb -- mentioned that he thought that Jeb got a bum rap during the Florida recounts and the debate over Florida. But, for both the Bushes, throughout this campaign -- the elder Bushes throughout this campaign -- this has been a time for them to be parents, and they have -- as former President Bush has said, "I'm here if he wants advice, but mostly I'm just a proud dad."

They are worried in the Bush family today that there may be some crying. They say, "We're sort of a sentimental family. We are prone to tears." Father Bush joked that he wanted a seat in the back because he had called a doctor at the Mayo Clinic and said, "Have you got a pill or something to keep me from crying?"

So they expect this to be very emotional for them, understandable, as parents.

This is an incredible sight up here. I have to tell you that everyone from Newt Gingrich to Russ Feingold are here and all the power leaders here in Capitol Hill and elsewhere.

Back to you.

WOODRUFF: Candy, we've been talking about the tensions between the parties. We've also heard -- we've been watching President Clinton -- Vice President Gore make their way through the Capitol to the West Front.

We've also been hearing about a little frostiness between the two of them. Clinton feeling privately, never said publicly, that Al Gore should have run a slightly different campaign, perhaps should have used Bill Clinton more out on the campaign trail. Al Gore resentful, no doubt privately, but resentful about what -- the actions taken by the president that -- Monica Lewinsky, Whitewater, you name it, which made it...


WOODRUFF: ... harder for Al Gore to get his message out there.

GREENFIELD: Bernie was asking a few minutes ago what people are thinking. There are -- there seems to be a -- there seem to be a number -- many more personalities on this platform of presidential memories and possibilities. You were talking about George Herbert Walker Bush, Al Gore who, Lord knows, used to...

WOODRUFF: Dick Gephardt.

GREENFIELD: Dick Gephardt, who might have run, who did run, and a woman named Hillary Rodham Clinton, senator from New York, who, as she left the White House today, could conceivably have been thinking that there might come a time when she'd be coming in that same door.

WOODRUFF: John King.

JOHN KING, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Judy, we see the president shaking hands here. Twenty minutes. He and the vice president will cede power after eight years in the White House. Obviously, as you're mentioning, the discussion of President Clinton's legacy beginning this past week in earnest, and -- it's as if at times there's two of him.

In his farewell address, he talked about the 22 million jobs, welfare rolls cut in half. Obviously, he would like to close his presidency with the American people focused on the remarkable economic turnaround, perhaps a debate over how much credit he deserves, but at least by the numbers quite a remarkable record.

Instead, of course, the deal he cut yesterday with the independent counsel. Our last reminder of this president in office will be of his legal difficulties. And we see the vice president on stage as well. What might have been. Obviously, he won the popular vote.

Now for Al Gore, a big decision. Twenty-four years in public service come to a close here in just a few minutes. Eight years in the House, eight in the Senate, then eight as vice president. The question is will he retire from public life, at least seeking elective office, or will he try to seek the presidency again in four years. Aides say he'll take several months, if not a little more, to make that decision.

And here you see the beginning of the new team coming down the stairs. Vice President-elect Dick Cheney. The Senate majority leader over his shoulder. The House majority leader over his other shoulder. A reminder as well that, once this ceremony takes place, the Republicans will rule both the White House and the Congress.

SHAW: John King, I wish I would read lips. About a moment ago, former Secretary of State James Baker said something with a smile on his face to President Clinton. Clinton turned around and said something back, also smiling. James Baker, of course, overseeing the legal operation for the Bush-Cheney team in Florida.

WOODRUFF: Maybe he said, "We won."

SHAW: I wish I could read lips.

WOODRUFF: "We won, and your guy lost."

DALLEK: But, you know, Jeff, what I found interesting about what you said before is personalities -- again, it speaks to the power of television. In the 19th century, we thought about our political leaders as having good character. It was character. That was all we spoke about. Now we talk about personality, and -- because they're so familiar to us. We see them every day on television. Fifty, a hundred years ago, who would have known Newt Gingrich? But he's a familiar figure to us. And so many of these other folks we see.

GREENFIELD: In fact, Robert, the inaugural address may be the last communication left where you're not supposed to be personal, except to say, "I thank you," and acceptance speeches have become life stories now, not this.


WOODRUFF: We'll listen.

GREENFIELD: Speaker of the House Denny Hastert is behind him. So is Mitch McConnell, the co-chair of the inaugural gala, the senator from Kentucky. He's coming down the hall as the former governor of Texas. When he leaves the platform, he'll be the president of the United States.

WOODRUFF: And we are just now about 15 minutes or so away from this man -- the man in the blue tie taking the oath of office.

SHAW: Thirty-five words in that oath. "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of the President of the United States and will to the best of my ability preserve and defend the Constitution of the United States." That's it. George Washington added the phrase, "So help me God," and every succeeding president has done that.

DALLEK: Yes, exactly.

WOODRUFF: There's nothing -- that's right. There's nothing in the Constitution to that effect.

SHAW: One of this nation's grandest ceremonies.

WOODRUFF: We can -- I think the weather is holding up, you might say. There may be a little bit of a mist, but at least it's not raining hard, and at one point, they were saying sleet.

SHAW: And possibly as much as four inches of snow overnight.

WOODRUFF: They're still saying that may come but not now.

DALLEK: Oh, there have been worse days on inauguration.

WOODRUFF: Well, one of them had to go indoors.

CHARLIE BROTMAN, INAUGURAL ANNOUNCER: ... George Walker Bush, accompanied by Senator Mitch McConnell, Senator Christopher Dodd, Speaker J. Dennis Hastert, Senator Trent Lott, Representative Richard Armey, Representative Richard Gephardt, Jim Ziglar, Senate Sergeant at Arms, Bill Livingood (ph), House Sergeant at Arms, and Tamara Somerby (ph), chief of staff, Joint Congressional Committee for Inaugural Ceremonies.

SHAW: Judy, you were commenting on the weather. Ronald Reagan's second swearing-in marked the coldest inauguration in history. It was seven degrees at noon with the wind chill between minus 10 and 20. Also, he had the warmest on January 20, 1981; 55 degrees here in Washington.

GREENFIELD: One of the things -- Robert Dallek, you were talking about the impact of television -- is that the presidents themselves relatively recently in history didn't have to worry about their facial expressions as they take the inaugural platform. There are millions of Americans seeing -- looking at Bush. Is he tense? Is he smiling? Is he smirking? Is he worried? I don't think -- I don't think Lincoln ever had to worry about that. He had a Civil War to worry about but not that.

DALLEK: Right. How does he read that speech off the teleprompter, but -- talk about congenial passage of power, Grover Cleveland held the umbrella over Harrison in the 19 -- in 1889.

WOODRUFF: Senator Mitchell McConnell, co-chair of the inaugural committee.

SEN. MITCH MCCONNELL (R), KENTUCKY: Welcome to the 54th inauguration of the president and vice president of the United States of America.

Today, we honor the past in commemorating two centuries of inaugurations in Washington, D.C. As well, we embrace the future, this day marking the first inauguration of the 21st century and the new millennium.

America has now spanned four centuries, her promise still shining bright, the beginning and present linked by timeless ideals and faith.

The enduring strength of our Constitution, which brings us to the West Front of the Capitol today, attests to the wisdom of America's Founders and the heroism of generations of Americans who fought wars and toiled in peace to preserve this legacy of liberty.

In becoming the 43rd president of the United States, George W. Bush will assume the sacred trust as guardian of our Constitution.

Dick Cheney will be sworn in as our new vice president.

Witnessed by the Congress, Supreme Court, governors and presidents past, the current president will stand by as the new president peacefully takes office. This is a triumph of our democratic republic, a ceremony befitting a great nation.

In his father's stead, the Reverend Franklin Graham is with us today to lead the nation in prayer. Please stand for the invocation.

Reverend Graham.


Blessed are you, oh Lord, our God. Yours, oh God, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, oh Lord, is the kingdom. You're exalted as head over all. Wealth and honor come from you. You are the ruler of all things. In your hands are strength and power to exalt and to give strength to all.

As President Lincoln once said, "We have been the recipients of the choicest bounties of heaven. We have been preserved these many years in peace and prosperity. We have grown in numbers, wealth and power as no other nation has ever grown. But we have forgotten God. It behooves us then to humble ourselves before the offended powers, to confess our national sins and to pray for clemency and forgiveness."

Oh Lord, as we come together on this historic and solemn occasion to inaugurate once again a president and vice president, teach us afresh that power, wisdom and salvation come only from your hand.

We pray, oh Lord, for President-elect George W. Bush and Vice President-elect Richard B. Cheney to whom you have entrusted leadership of this nation at this moment in history. We pray that you'll help them bring our country together so that we may rise above partisan politics and seek the larger vision of your will for our nation.

Use them to bring reconciliation between the races, healing to political wounds, that we may truly become one nation under God.

Give our new president, and all who advise him, calmness in the face of storms, encouragement in the face of frustration, and humility in the face of success. Give them the wisdom to know and to do what is right and the courage to say no to all that is contrary to your statutes of holy law.

Lord, we pray for their families, and especially their wives, Laura Bush and Lynne Cheney, that they may sense your presence and know your love.

Today, we entrust to you President and Senator Clinton, and Vice President and Mrs. Gore. Lead them as they journey through new doors of opportunity to serve others.

Now, oh Lord, we dedicate this presidential inaugural ceremony to you. May this be the beginning of a new dawn for America as we humble ourselves before you and acknowledge you alone as our Lord, our Savior and our Redeemer.

We pray this in the name of the Father, and of the Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, amen.


MCCONNELL: Thank you, Reverend Graham.

It is my distinct pleasure to introduce the DuPont Manual Choir of Louisville, Kentucky.


MCCONNELL: I now call on Senator Christopher J. Dodd of Connecticut to introduce the chief justice of the United States.

SEN. CHRISTOPHER DODD (D), CONNECTICUT: Thank you, Senator McConnell.

President and Senator Clinton, Vice President and Mrs. Gore, President-elect and Mrs. Bush and fellow citizens. The vice president-elect will now take the oath of office. His wife Lynne and their daughters, Elizabeth Cheney-Perry and Mary Cheney, will hold the family bible.

I have the honor and privilege to now present the chief justice of the United States Supreme Court, the Honorable William Hobbs Rehnquist, to administer the oath of office to the vice president- elect, Richard Bruce Cheney.




REHNQUIST: Please raise your right hand and repeat after me.


CHENEY: I, Richard Bruce Cheney, do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, so help me God.

REHNQUIST: Congratulations, Mr. Vice President.

MCCONNELL: Staff Sergeant Alec Maly of the United States Army Band will now perform an American medley.



MCCONNELL: It is now my high honor to again present the chief justice of the United States, who will administer the presidential oath of office.

Everyone please stand.


REHNQUIST: Governor, are you ready to take the oath?


REHNQUIST: Please raise your right hand and repeat after me.


BUSH: I, George Walker Bush, do solemnly swear that I will safely execute the office of the president of the United States and will, to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States, so help me God. REHNQUIST: Congratulations.


GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Chief Justice Rehnquist, President Carter, President Bush...


BUSH: ... President Clinton, distinguished guests and my fellow citizens, the peaceful transfer of authority is rare in history, yet common in our country. With a simple oath, we affirm old traditions and make new beginnings.

As I begin, I thank President Clinton for his service to our nation.


BUSH: And I thank Vice President Gore for a contest conducted with spirit and ended with grace.


BUSH: I am honored and humbled to stand here, where so many of America's leaders have come before me, and so many will follow.

We have a place, all of us, in a long story -- a story we continue, but whose end we will not see. It is the story of a new world that became a friend and liberator of the old, a story of a slave-holding society that became a servant of freedom, the story of a power that went into the world to protect but not possess, to defend but not to conquer.

It is the American story -- a story of flawed and fallible people, united across the generations by grand and enduring ideals.

The grandest of these ideals is an unfolding American promise that everyone belongs, that everyone deserves a chance, that no insignificant person was ever born.

Americans are called to enact this promise in our lives and in our laws. And though our nation has sometimes halted, and sometimes delayed, we must follow no other course.

Through much of the last century, America's faith in freedom and democracy was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.

Our democratic faith is more than the creed of our country, it is the inborn hope of our humanity, an ideal we carry but do not own, a trust we bear and pass along. And even after nearly 225 years, we have a long way yet to travel.

While many of our citizens prosper, others doubt the promise, even the justice, of our own country. The ambitions of some Americans are limited by failing schools and hidden prejudice and the circumstances of their birth. And sometimes our differences run so deep, it seems we share a continent, but not a country.

We do not accept this, and we will not allow it. Our unity, our union, is the serious work of leaders and citizens in every generation. And this is my solemn pledge: I will work to build a single nation of justice and opportunity.


BUSH: I know this is in our reach because we are guided by a power larger than ourselves who creates us equal in His image.

And we are confident in principles that unite and lead us onward.

America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests and teach us what it means to be citizens. Every child must be taught these principles. Every citizen must uphold them. And every immigrant, by embracing these ideals, makes our country more, not less, American.


BUSH: Today, we affirm a new commitment to live out our nation's promise through civility, courage, compassion and character.

America, at its best, matches a commitment to principle with a concern for civility. A civil society demands from each of us good will and respect, fair dealing and forgiveness.

Some seem to believe that our politics can afford to be petty because, in a time of peace, the stakes of our debates appear small.

But the stakes for America are never small. If our country does not lead the cause of freedom, it will not be led. If we do not turn the hearts of children toward knowledge and character, we will lose their gifts and undermine their idealism. If we permit our economy to drift and decline, the vulnerable will suffer most.

We must live up to the calling we share. Civility is not a tactic or a sentiment. It is the determined choice of trust over cynicism, of community over chaos. And this commitment, if we keep it, is a way to shared accomplishment.

America, at its best, is also courageous.

Our national courage has been clear in times of depression and war, when defending common dangers defined our common good. Now we must choose if the example of our fathers and mothers will inspire us or condemn us. We must show courage in a time of blessing by confronting problems instead of passing them on to future generations.


BUSH: Together, we will reclaim America's schools, before ignorance and apathy claim more young lives.

We will reform Social Security and Medicare, sparing our children from struggles we have the power to prevent. And we will reduce taxes, to recover the momentum of our economy and reward the effort and enterprise of working Americans.


BUSH: We will build our defenses beyond challenge, lest weakness invite challenge.


BUSH: We will confront weapons of mass destruction, so that a new century is spared new horrors.

The enemies of liberty and our country should make no mistake: America remains engaged in the world by history and by choice, shaping a balance of power that favors freedom. We will defend our allies and our interests. We will show purpose without arrogance. We will meet aggression and bad faith with resolve and strength. And to all nations, we will speak for the values that gave our nation birth.


BUSH: America, at its best, is compassionate. In the quiet of American conscience, we know that deep, persistent poverty is unworthy of our nation's promise.

And whatever our views of its cause, we can agree that children at risk are not at fault. Abandonment and abuse are not acts of God, they are failures of love.


And the proliferation of prisons, however necessary, is no substitute for hope and order in our souls.

Where there is suffering, there is duty. Americans in need are not strangers, they are citizens, not problems, but priorities. And all of us are diminished when any are hopeless.


BUSH: Government has great responsibilities for public safety and public health, for civil rights and common schools. Yet compassion is the work of a nation, not just a government.

And some needs and hurts are so deep they will only respond to a mentor's touch or a pastor's prayer. Church and charity, synagogue and mosque lend our communities their humanity, and they will have an honored place in our plans and in our laws.


BUSH: Many in our country do not know the pain of poverty, but we can listen to those who do.

And I can pledge our nation to a goal: When we see that wounded traveler on the road to Jericho, we will not pass to the other side.


BUSH: America, at its best, is a place where personal responsibility is valued and expected.

Encouraging responsibility is not a search for scapegoats, it is a call to conscience. And though it requires sacrifice, it brings a deeper fulfillment. We find the fullness of life not only in options, but in commitments. And we find that children and community are the commitments that set us free.

Our public interest depends on private character, on civic duty and family bonds and basic fairness, on uncounted, unhonored acts of decency which give direction to our freedom.

Sometimes in life we are called to do great things. But as a saint of our times has said, every day we are called to do small things with great love. The most important tasks of a democracy are done by everyone.

I will live and lead by these principles: to advance my convictions with civility, to pursue the public interest with courage, to speak for greater justice and compassion, to call for responsibility and try to live it as well.

In all these ways, I will bring the values of our history to the care of our times.

What you do is as important as anything government does. I ask you to seek a common good beyond your comfort; to defend needed reforms against easy attacks; to serve your nation, beginning with your neighbor. I ask you to be citizens: citizens, not spectators; citizens, not subjects; responsible citizens, building communities of service and a nation of character.


BUSH: Americans are generous and strong and decent, not because we believe in ourselves, but because we hold beliefs beyond ourselves. When this spirit of citizenship is missing, no government program can replace it. When this spirit is present, no wrong can stand against it.


BUSH: After the Declaration of Independence was signed, Virginia statesman John Page wrote to Thomas Jefferson: "We know the race is not to the swift nor the battle to the strong. Do you not think an angel rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm?"

Much time has passed since Jefferson arrived for his inauguration. The years and changes accumulate. But the themes of this day he would know: our nation's grand story of courage and its simple dream of dignity.

We are not this story's author, who fills time and eternity with his purpose. Yet his purpose is achieved in our duty, and our duty is fulfilled in service to one another.

Never tiring, never yielding, never finishing, we renew that purpose today, to make our country more just and generous, to affirm the dignity of our lives and every life.

This work continues. This story goes on. And an angel still rides in the whirlwind and directs this storm.

God bless you all, and God bless America.

MCCONNELL: Please stand now as Pastor Kirbyjon H. Caldwell will now deliver the benediction. And afterward, please remain standing for the singing of our national anthem, after which the ceremony will be concluded.

I call upon Senator Dodd to organize the presidential party after the ceremony has ended to depart the platform.

Pastor Caldwell.

KIRBYJON CALDWELL, PASTOR: Thank you, Senator McConnell.

Let us pray, please.

Almighty God, the supply and supplier of peace, prudent policy and nonpartisanship, we bless Your holy and righteous name. Thank you, oh God, for blessing us with forgiveness, with faith and with favor. Forgive us for choosing pride over purpose.

Forgive us for choosing popularity over principles. And forgive us for choosing materialism over morals.

Deliver us from these and all other evils, and cast our sins into your sea of forgetfulness to be remembered no more.

And, Lord, not only do we thank you for our forgiveness, we thank you for faith, faith to believe that every child can learn, and no child will be left behind, and no youth will be left out.

Thank you for blessing us with the faith to believe that all of your leaders can sit down and reason with one another so that each American is blessed.

Thank you for blessing us with the faith to believe that walls of inequity can be torn down, and the gaps between the rich and the poor, the haves and the have-nots, the uneducated and the educated can and will be closed.

And Lord, lastly, we thank you for favor. We thank you for your divine favor. Let your favor be upon President Clinton and the outgoing administration. May they go forth in spiritual grace and civic greatness. And of course, oh Lord, let your divine favor be upon President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Welch Bush and their family. We decree and declare that no weapon formed against them shall prosper. Let your divine favor be upon the Bush team and all Americans.

With the rising of the sun and the going down of the same, may we grow in our willingness and ability to bless you and bless one another.

We respectfully submit this humble prayer in the name that's above all other names, Jesus the Christ.

Let all who agree say amen.




WOODRUFF: We have a new president. There he is, George Walker Bush. He's there with his dad, President Bush; his mother, Senator Clinton and others.

As Jeff Greenfield said, the speech lasted 14 minutes; not quite as short as they said it was going to be. I think we might agree it was not a stirring speech. It wasn't a speech full of applause lines, but it was a carefully-crafted speech. I think, a well-delivered speech with some language that I think we can spend some time talking about.

GREENFIELD: Michael Gerson, a 36-year-old former aide to Dan Coats has been President Bush's speechwriter from the beginning. I think what he did that was really quite striking was it's a big challenge to take the themes that a new president is supposed to hit and render them in a fresh way.

So, for instance, where President Kennedy talked about civility is not a sign of weakness; he tells us that civility is one of the cornerstones of his new administration. There's an echo of Lincoln when he says that with the spirit of citizenship missing, no government can replace it; when the spirit is present, no wrong can stand it.

And instead of ask not what your country can do for you, he calls upon people to -- what you do, he said, was as important as anything government does to seek a common good. And the other thing he did, which surprised me, frankly, was he encapsulated his entire campaign in one paragraph. We're going to reform Social Security and Medicare; reclaim schools; cut taxes; build our defenses.

So, I though in a lot of ways, this speech was a speech that was more elegant, is the word I keep coming back to; more well-crafted with fresher language than we've seen in a very long time.

SHAW: I thought he succinctly said when what he stands for when he said I will live and lead by these principles to advance my convictions with civility; to pursue the public interests with courage; to speak for greater justice and compassion, to call for responsibility, and try to live it as well.

WILLIAM SCHNEIDER, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL ANALYST: That's right. If I had to summarize the speech, Bernie, in a single word, the word would be character. He used that word about five times in the speech. Character: It's the issue that got him elected. Americans wanted better character in their leaders. It's a Republican theme.

Bush said just a few moments ago, our public interest depends on private character, not just government. It's also a word associated with the grand name of Bush; acts of decency he talked about. Character is an old-fashioned word. It's not supposed to be part of the language of baby boomers and yuppies, and it's also a religious word. Preachers use it; not politicians.

WOODRUFF: Candy Crowley is there on the West Wing of the Capitol where all this has been taking place.

CANDY CROWLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Judy, I think if I had to sum this up, I'd use two words and use compassionate conservative. It's something -- as you know, it was the original George Bush slogan as he started out this campaign 18 months ago. I think that is the theme to which he returned in this speech.

It was very important to him in this speech to reach out. As you know, there were some racial divisions that came to the forefront, especially during the counting part of this election season in late November and early December. It has troubled George Bush personally, and it was something that he wanted to address in some fashion during this speech.

So, this was a part of a reaching out; a part of the healing process that they believe they tried to start, at least, on the night back in Austin when George Bush did indeed say when he gave his victory speech at the House legislature. So, I think that what they believe is the most important part of this speech is the reaching out to those in this country that perhaps did not vote for George Bush -- Judy.

SHAW: At the White House, John King, you have a new president to cover. Guess he's across the street in Lafayette Park.

Frank Sesno, on the West side of the Capitol.

FRANK SESNO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Bernie, a couple of thoughts come to mind. It was very interesting and very moving, really, watching the elder Bush as he watched his son take the oath of office, and I -- the tears after that brief embrace.

But a couple of other things as we reflect upon it. Twelve years ago when George Herbert Walker Bush stood and delivered his inaugural, he talked, and he said in these words, there has grown a certain divisiveness; an understatement of that time and certainly a framing principle of this time. Here, referring, of course, to the political back drop. Every man and woman who's up on that grand dais with the new president who serves in the United States Congress knows what the backdrop is for the politics that are to come. A 50-50 Senate; a House that is nearly evenly divided as well, The Republicans have a near five-seat edge there; and an election itself that took 36 days to settle.

I was talking with one prominent Republican yesterday, Bernie, who said that for it all, there is a certain hopefulness here that they can actually accomplish something. Nothing so focused as the mind, he said, is self-preservation. He says that Democrats and Republicans alike are going to want to find some things amidst the debate that they can settle and accomplish -- Bernie.

SHAW: Thank you, Frank Sesno.

WOODRUFF: In order for people to come and listen to this speech, ordinary people, that is, they had to get through one of 16 different checkpoints; unprecedented to have so much security today.

Leon Harris is down there talking with some of the people who made it through?

LEON HARRIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Judy. These folks down here have run through that gauntlet of security and have stood here for at least a good three, four hours in what looks like about six inches of mud, and they did not budge an inch.

Moments ago, you were observing that there weren't very many applause lines in the speech we just heard, but this lady I've been speaking with off and on all morning has been -- has said to me just a moment ago, you thought this was the best one you've heard, and you've heard other inauguration speeches.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, I have, and I think that this is the best inaugural speech that I have heard. He was very concise; short, sweet but concise, and he had his plan out without demagoguing anything. And that's very good.

HARRIS: Was there anything in particular, any particular theme that you heard that struck you?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, I liked the whole idea of unity. I think that under the circumstances, we really needed that in this country, unity, that's what America's about, one nation under God, unity for one nation.

HARRIS: And that's about the same, observation I heard you making earlier.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, God and country. You know, I have three -- two sons in the military. My daughter married into the military. So I'm a military mother, Navy mother. And I'm so happy. I want him to do something for the boys and the next generation and the poor, for God and country. He's got to. HARRIS: All right, well, there you have it. And again, as I said, as these people here depart, you might get a chance to see (OFF- MIKE). I'm serious. It's been like this ever since the whole event got under way this morning, lots of spirits are high here. And there's been no letup whatsoever, Judy.

WOODRUFF: All right.

From Leon, let's go to the White House.

John King, are you with us?

KING: I believe so this time, Judy.

I guess my observation would be, now comes the hard part. As Jeff Greenfield was saying a bit earlier, he touched briefly, President Bush, he has now touched briefly on his major themes, reforming education, reforming Social Security and Medicare, cutting taxes won some applause there. Those, of course, the priorities he ran on in the campaign.

But as Frank mentioned, a 50-50 Congress, a very difficult environment. President Clinton promised in both inaugural addresses he would deal with the structural problems of Social Security and Medicare, the aging baby boom generation. Despite the booming economy, the now-record federal surpluses, that was not done because of the sharp partisan divides on those issues in Congress.

President-elect -- now President Bush, excuse me, President Bush's education agenda also faces opposition among the Democrats. So some celebration today, and then it will be quickly down to business.

And one thing we know, this new president studied very closely the early days of the Clinton administration, when there was chaos, a flurry of policy initiatives, a debate over gays in the military. They plan on going very deliberately, education and taxes first. They want to get something done, and they're already trying to reframe the debate, saying, Don't judge us in 100 days, we should be judged in 180 days. It will take that much time to get going.

One of the big challenges now as well, filling out the second and third tier jobs of an administration. He filled the cabinet in record time, but they are not moving as quickly filling the key policy jobs in all of those very important departments.

SHAW: Music from the United States Marine Corps Band on the west side of the Capitol, as we await the departure of President -- former president and Mrs. Clinton.

GREENFIELD: Before this -- the time for the speech passes and we get on to what John King was talking about, the serious business, let's just pick up on a couple of things that Candy was pointing to, the feeling on the part of the Bush team that they wanted to talk about and to the people who hadn't voted for him.

One of the most striking lines in this whole speech, it's biblical in its formulation, "When we see that wounded traveler on the road to Jericho, we will not pass to the other side," which is a way of saying, Leave no child behind, but in a much more elevated way. And he keeps talking about the fact in this speech that it's not acceptable to have this kind of poverty.

He talks about people who feel cynical, that they are not part of this country. And I thought once again, you know, those are striking themes for a self-described conservative. But the compassion and the compassionate conservatism was very much here, as we see the departure...

SHAW: And another line, Jeff, "All of us are diminished when any are hopeless."

GREENFIELD: There's Al and Tipper Gore.


GREENFIELD: Saying goodbye to Vice President and Mrs. Cheney.

WOODRUFF: That's right, this has to be poignant for the two of them, because, what was it, just how many days ago, a month and a week ago, the Supreme Court ruled that the recount would not go on, that the vote count was final.

GREENFIELD: And across...

WOODRUFF: And that was it.

GREENFIELD: And across the street from where that limousine is leaving is the Supreme Court of the United States.

SCHNEIDER: That's right, the Supreme Court played a political role in this election that it has never played in the past and became a matter of intense controversy, which means that any Supreme Court appointment that Bush is able to make as president is going to be unusually sensitive.

WOODRUFF: This is a man, Dick Cheney, who knows a great deal about the White House. As we know, he was chief of staff to President Gerald Ford, when he was just 30 years old...

SHAW: Thirty-four.

WOODRUFF: ... 34 years old.

SHAW: Yes, 34.

WOODRUFF: Remarkably young to hold a job at the center of power...

SCHNEIDER: He is regarded...

WOODRUFF: ... at that age.

SCHNEIDER: He is regarded now as -- by many people as the person who really is...

WOODRUFF: Prime minister.

SCHNEIDER: ... prime minister in this government. Bush himself has never worked in Washington, except by association with his father, but he's surrounded by people who know Washington, not just Dick Cheney but Andrew Card, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul O'Neill, they've all worked in Washington.

WOODRUFF: I was talking with some Republicans. Here we see the new president and the old president, leaving the Capitol. I was saying -- I was talking to some Republicans last evening, and we were talking about it's clearly Mr. Bush, President Bush has put together a strong foreign policy team, and I said, "Who do you think is going to be the leader when it comes to domestic policy?" And without skipping a beat, the fellow I was talking to said, "Cheney, look to Cheney. He's going to be calling the shots."

GREENFIELD: You mentioned the old (UNINTELLIGIBLE). You should mention that except for Theodore Roosevelt, this is the -- this -- President Clinton at 54 will be the youngest ex-president we have ever had. At this point in his life, Ronald Reagan had not yet been elected governor of California.

And here is Bill Clinton, leaving after eight years as president, with an -- I think as much as people wonder what George W. Bush is going to do, this is such a compelling personality, whatever you think of him, there are a lot of people now saying, So now what?

SCHNEIDER: Well, he's going to be in Washington at least part of the time. For one thing, he and his wife have a home in Washington. He's going to have an office in Washington across the street from the White House. He's entitled to have one. He is not known for being reluctant to speak out on important public issues. He defended his legacy the other night.

In a way, he may play the role eventually of, I would say, kibitzer-in-chief to the new administration.

GREENFIELD: And I believe he is heading to Andrews, Judy, not in a helicopter.

WOODRUFF: It looks like it...

SHAW: Because of the weather.

WOODRUFF: ... at one point the plan was to take the helicopter to Andrews Air Force Base, and somebody was joking, well, they could circle Washington and come right back here. Because as Bill said, they have a house here. But instead, they are going to go to -- I think it's the Westchester County airport, which is near Chappaqua.

GREENFIELD: White Clinton -- White Plains, where the Chappaqua -- I mean, given the weather, he might just drive a couple of blocks to Eden Station and jump a train. Harry Truman took a train all the way back to Independence, Missouri. WOODRUFF: It is the weather that is causing President Clinton and Senator Clinton to head out to Andrews in a car, and not in the waiting helicopter, we're told.

SHAW: And the Bushes are getting back inside, smartly, because it's cold outside, it's damp, it's misty.

SCHNEIDER: We all remember...

WOODRUFF: Where lunch is waiting.

SCHNEIDER: We remember the end of Reagan's administration, that wonderful wave he gave when he got on the helicopter and went off to California.

WOODRUFF: This has to be -- I don't know, you know, we can all come up with our own words for it, he came into office having beaten George Bush, and eight years later, successful first two term successful Democratic president since...


WOODRUFF: ... Franklin Roosevelt, four terms. And he leaves to another George Bush.

SCHNEIDER: That's right, and there's enormous irony. You know, all of the indicators suggested with the booming economy, peace in the world, that Al Gore should have won this election easily. But clearly, Clinton's personal problems spoiled it for his successor, and Americans were voting for a different style, a better character of leadership. And that's one of the reasons why the election was so very, very close.

Americans didn't want a dramatic change of policy, the way they did when Reagan got elected, or when Clinton got elected. They did want a better character of leaders.

GREENFIELD: One quick observation about the new president. In Philadelphia in July, when -- or August, I guess, when he gave his acceptance speech, a lot of people commented that he seemed a little bit nervous, he was trying so hard not to smile or to use the stereotyped smirk, he seemed almost tense. I thought today he looked much more relaxed. He was wearing the mantle of power, at least in terms of his own projection, pretty comfortably.

This is a guy whose friends tell me never takes himself or the moment all that seriously. Just before he was -- he went to the (inaudible) and he turned and said something like, to one of the people behind him, and you wonder whether or not it's sinking in that, OK, I've got it now.

SHAW: Well, he's a big teaser. He likes to joke, and he likes to give people he likes pet names.

WOODRUFF: I think he took his father's loss very hard, though. I mean, he does -- you're right, there is a light demeanor there, and he does like to joke. But there are parts of his life that have been very, very serious and very tough for him. We all -- it's -- the story's been told about the weekend when he and his wife went to Colorado with some friends, and he decided after that weekend to give up drinking.

There are other moments in his life that have been well chronicled by now. But at this stage of his life, the focus has to be on the agenda that he's laid out in the campaign.

SHAW: And I just want to say, if by chance you're just turning on CNN, wherever you're watching in the world, the United States has a new president and a new vice president.

SCHNEIDER: George Bush, one of the main features that people like about George Bush, is that he has a quality of niceness, openness, expansiveness, tolerance. You know, too many conservatives have a problem that they come across as harsh, judgmental, mean, that was the problem with the 1992 Houston convention.

Bush has a very different face, in some ways like that of Ronald Reagan. And I -- when I was listening to the speech before, it occurred to me, even though he laid out his agenda and talked about tax cuts, a Democrat would not have been uncomfortable giving that speech.

GREENFIELD: No, and that's the...

SCHNEIDER: There was very little in there that a Democrat would have seriously objected to.

GREENFIELD: That's the key.

WOODRUFF: It was not a Ronald Reagan speech. I kept thinking that over and over.

GREENFIELD: No, in 1981, Ronald Reagan came in with a clear mandate, and he attacked excessive taxation, the excessive federal government, promised to rein it in. That was a speech in which Ronald Reagan was saying, You gave me the mandate, we are changing direction for the country.

This was like, in this sense, like most inaugurals, and as Candy Crowley reminded us, trying to strike conciliatory themes to those who didn't vote for him. It did not mention the circumstances of the election, unlike John Quincy Adams' inaugural address of 1825, probably...

WOODRUFF: In fact...

GREENFIELD: ... a good, wise choice.

WOODRUFF: ... he complimented Al Gore.


WOODRUFF: He said, you ran a spirited campaign, and you ended gracefully.

GREENFIELD: Well, that's right. He not only thanked the former president, which every president has done since Carter, he actually thanked his opponent at the same -- you know, in the same breath.

So -- but as John King reminded us, you know, (UNINTELLIGIBLE) the last line of that great picture, "The Candidate," where the guy's just won -- Robert Redford's just won a Senate seat, and he turns to his aide and he says, "What do I do now?"

Now, I'm not -- George W. Bush knows what he wants to do now. I think the question...

WOODRUFF: They've already...

GREENFIELD: ... for the new president is, How do I do it now?

SHAW: We just saw the honor guard going back into the Capitol after the Clintons left, and also inside the Capitol, in the Rotunda, is Jean Meserve.

JEAN MESERVE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's right, Bernie. All of the principals filed past us here on their way back in from the Capitol grounds.

We asked each of them how they felt, and here's what they had to say. President Bush said he felt humbled and honored. President Clinton said he felt great. Vice President Gore said, "I feel fine." When asked what he thought of the speech, he said, "I thought it was good." And George Herbert Walker Bush, the former president, came by too. He said, "It's a great day for our family," and he graded his son as giving an A on that speech, very pleased.

With me now is Governor John Engler, who worked very hard for the candidate, George W. Bush. You're the incoming head of the National Governors Association. What's this administration going to mean to the governors of this country?

GOV. JOHN ENGLER (R), MICHIGAN: Well, I think this is going to be an administration that's going to be very state and local government-friendly. And I think one of the great challenges that President Bush now faces is to work with the Congress and the state and local officials to return power and authority back to the states and those communities. And we showed with welfare reform what a positive difference it can make.

And I think whether it's education, which is going to come right out of the box, there's a lot of work that we can do, and today it was interesting, in talking about citizenship, and really challenging all of America to accept personal responsibility for their own actions. He did point out that a child in a failing school has got a serious problem, and we can't sit idly by.

MESERVE: And what do you think about the likelihood of bipartisanship here in the state capital -- here in the -- excuse me, the nation's capital, especially given the hearings that we've heard this week over, for instance, John Ashcroft, Gale Norton?

ENGLER: Well, I think the president made it very clear in his speech today, he's made it clear throughout the campaign, really, but he affirmed it so beautifully today. His hand is going to be reaching out. And I think the American people are going to understand that, and they're going to be watching to see if other hands are going to reach out to him.

And he can't both extend his hand, then reach out to take his own hand. Somebody else has got to do that. And I think there are men and women of good will in both parties here in the Congress who want to work with this new administration.

MESERVE: And the speech, what did you think?

ENGLER: I thought it was a terrific speech. And I thought it was...

MESERVE: Sounded like a Democrat, though.

ENGLER: No, no. I think it sounded like an American. I thought it was a great primer on American democracy and the responsibility of a citizen, the common good he made reference to. And I do thought that -- think that a civil society, very important.

MESERVE: Governor, I have to cut you off.

Back to the studio.

WOODRUFF: We are watching President George Bush, and we're told Dick Cheney is there nearby, signing documents nominating the officers of the Cabinet.

GREENFIELD: We see Dennis Hastert over his left shoulder behind him, Strom Thurmond, 98 years old, president pro tem of Senate, we see majority leader Lott and Chris Dodd, to Hastert's left, the co-chair of the inaugural ceremonies.

WOODRUFF: You could say this is the first official act for the new president.

GREENFIELD: Yes, indeed.

GREENFIELD: Should also remind people that when Strom Thurmond came to the United States Senate, Dwight Eisenhower was president. The school segregation -- the schools were still segregated in the South, and television was the new kid on the block.

SCHNEIDER: Strom Thurmond...

WOODRUFF: It was black and white, it was black and white.

SCHNEIDER: ... ran -- he ran for president in 1948. That was over half a century ago. He was running for president as a states' rights candidate. He has outlasted them all. WOODRUFF: He is nominating now, officially signing the nominations for his cabinet officers, and some of them will actually be voted on, and, we have every reason to believe, will be confirmed by the Senate this afternoon.

SCHNEIDER: That's right...

WOODRUFF: Colin Powell, I think Paul O'Neill, if I'm not mistaken...


WOODRUFF: ... Don Rumsfeld.


GREENFIELD: This is the first right-handed president, by the way, in a while. I know that both George Bush and Bill Clinton were left-handed. I don't know if there's a significance politically in that, but it's inauguration day, and everything counts.

SHAW: Frank Sesno. Frank Sesno has some word for us on Senate nominations. Frank -- you're still outside on the West Front?

SESNO: I'm still outside on the West Front, Bernie, and it's still 31 degrees and still drizzling.

They don't linger long here in Washington, as you can see here, as George W. Bush signs and, as you say, engages his first official acts. What we're told is shortly, as Judy mentioned, we will have some confirmations. We will have a new secretary of defense and a new secretary of state and other members of the cabinet as the first confirmations take place this afternoon.

I'm told by a leading Republican that Senator Pat Leahy, who's been chairing the Judiciary Committee, overseeing the hearings of John Ashcroft, has indicated his confidence that John Ashcroft, that confirmation vote will take place next week. That clearly the most controversial to date.

We know that the new president will bring his education package or the first elements of it before the Congress next week. We know that he'll be sitting down with John McCain, and negotiations are going on behind the scenes, Bernie, between John McCain and Trent Lott and others to bring McCain's campaign finance reform bill to the Congress very quickly, maybe not as quickly as McCain would like. April date is what we're now hearing. He'd wanted it sooner than that.

But campaign finance reform, trying to do something to stem the flood of money into politics, is something near and dear to McCain, something many Republicans have resisted in the past because they felt it's too sweeping. There is a certain sense here that some basic core is going to be the subject of a very intensive search.

And, of course, as John King mentioned earlier, President Bush's tax cut plan. He plans to put the whole thing, $1.6 trillion over 10 years, before the United States Congress. Many, many Republicans included, say that's more than the Congress is going to digest. Elements of it will be easy to pass, marriage penalty, ending that, some of the elements to liberalize deductions for your 401(K), your IRA, that sort of thing.

But they're going to start with the whole thing. Earlier Bush said he had unabashedly and unashamedly making tax cut, a big one, a cornerstone both of his campaign and the first months of his presidency.

SHAW: Also, Frank, Jonathan Karl a couple days ago on "INSIDE POLITICS" reported that Monday night John McCain will be at the White House to meet with President Bush...

WOODRUFF: Wednesday. Is it Wednesday night?


WOODRUFF: Wednesday night. Next week.

SCHNEIDER: Next week.

SHAW: Well...


SHAW: Well, Karl said Monday night.


SHAW: And Wednesday would be brought up on the floor of the Senate.


SCHNEIDER: And that's -- what's interesting there is, McCain, as much -- almost as much as Bush, believes he comes out of this election campaign with a mandate as well, having won New Hampshire and acquired a constituency. He's determined to press his own agenda, almost as if he had won a mandate.

WOODRUFF: I'm struck by how specific the schedule already is. There was an article in one of the papers this morning laying out what he's doing every day next week, in the day, in the evening. I mean, he really wants to get the sense of momentum...

GREENFIELD: That's right.

WOODRUFF: ... the first few days in office.

SCHNEIDER: I believe he's a big believer in efficiency, the business model, and his transition was surprisingly, amazingly, really, efficient, considering the circumstances.

SHAW: Jean Meserve has a guest in the Rotunda. MESERVE: I do, I am here with Karl Rove, who is senior adviser to the president now. Congratulations.


MESERVE: Education, the first order of business, big piece of business to take up right off the bat. Why that approach rather than taking some smaller, simple stuff.

ROVE: Well, he said it was his number one priority during the campaign, and what he said there in the campaign, he meant. And we'll send the president's education package up to the Hill this week.

MESERVE: Talk to me a little bit about the spirit here in -- on the Hill. We've seen some very contentious hearings in this past week, particularly over the John Ashcroft nomination. What impact is all that going to have?

ROVE: Well, I don't think it will have much. I mean, I think John Ashcroft answered the questions that have been raised. He'll be -- I believe all cabinet nominees will be confirmed.

But I will tell you what the public hasn't seen, is behind the scenes, our education package, we've been talking to a lot of Republicans and Democrats about it. The bipartisan group of 19 members came to Texas just shortly before Christmas to talk about the president's education package, and I think you're going to see a lot of that, where Democrats and Republicans are coming together to work for the president's agenda.

MESERVE: And the Democrats are coming to the White House, I believe, on Wednesday to meet with President Bush. What's the agenda...

ROVE: Well, it'll be some Democrats...

MESERVE: ... is -- it's...

ROVE: ... probably some Democrats there tomorrow too.

MESERVE: And what's the agenda? Is he listening to them, or is he talking to them?

ROVE: Well, the president hopes to have regular meetings with the leadership of the House and Senate, Republicans and Democrats together, and this will be a good opportunity to establish relationships and open dialogues and listen, yes.

MESERVE: Talk to me about this speech. What was the object? What was the intent? What was he trying to get across to the American people?

ROVE: Well, he was trying to show with the American people the principles by which he will lead as president, that he will be committed to this vision that no child should be left behind, that everybody in America is worthy of dignity and respect and opportunity, and that he will be informed by the principles that he laid out in the speech.

MESERVE: Karl Rove, thanks so much for joining us.

ROVE: Right, thank you.

MESERVE: Bernie, Judy, back to you.

SHAW: Thanks very much.

Candy Crowley, why is next week symbolically so important to this new administration?

CROWLEY: Very important to them, because they believe that President Bush needs to be seen as moving ahead, as dynamic, and as beginning to get things done. Back to what you were talking about earlier, and that is the split in the Senate, there was a lot of talk, as you recall, during December and late November about, Boy, it's going to be so tough no matter who wins this. I mean, in -- the Congress is divided.

They believe they can get things done, and they believe it's important to come out of the box very early. It's why they have such a busy schedule.

I was talking to some of the cabinet members and a staffer, or soon-to-be cabinet members and staffers, saying, so, you know, tomorrow do you get to celebrate? No, we've got a meeting in the afternoon. So they think it's extremely important that next week he be seen going about the act of governance, and beginning to get things done.

SCHNEIDER: There is something interesting about this as a first day of the new administration. Today is the first time since 1954 that Republicans control the Senate by one vote, the vice president, the House of Representatives by a slim margin, and the White House. The Republicans control all three of the political branches of government. That hasn't happened in over 45 years.

So some Republicans, like members of the House, are saying, This is a real mandate to implement a conservative agenda. But others know that those margins are very slim.

WOODRUFF: And the last time that was the case, it wasn't so close in the Senate, in the House.

SCHNEIDER: That's right, that's right. That's when Eisenhower came in in 1952. He brought in the Republican House and the Republican Senate, and that hasn't happened since then until today. The question is, how much of a mandate does that amount to?

GREENFIELD: We should point out, I guess, that as of about 52 minutes ago, with Dick Cheney sworn in, the...

SCHNEIDER: That's right.

GREENFIELD: ... all the Democrats who chaired the committees in the Senate for the last 18 days now become ranking minority members, and those Republicans take back the chairs that they knew they were going to have because of the outcome of this election. It is the -- it's an -- everything about November was unusual, and that's just one of them.

WOODRUFF: We're going to show you some pictures now of some things that have been going on. This is at Third and C Streets Northwest, is that right, in Washington?

SHAW: That's right down where we are.

WOODRUFF: These are live pictures, very close.

SHAW: Right below us. We're on the roof of the Labor Department. These pictures are right down in the street. And we can tell you, thousands of people are in the streets right now, and this is videotape of a confrontation earlier today. This is at 15th and L Streets, about a couple blocks away from here. And the police chief of the District of Columbia, Charles Ramsey, actually, made an arrest. Several people have been arrested so far.

The city is very peaceful, generally speaking. This is videotape.

GREENFIELD: And I don't think, maybe because of the weather, the expectations of 50,000 to 75,000 demonstrators, if they are here, they're sure keeping a low profile, because we've seen a relative -- relatively smaller number than that.

SHAW: What's happening in the streets right now, the -- by the thousands, people are streaming away from the West Front of the Capitol, and many of them are going to the positions along the parade route.

We're now back to live pictures. Some 40,000 bleacher seats, ranging in price from $15 to $100 in the -- if you paid $100 for a seat, you'd be inclined to go take it.

WOODRUFF: During those protests a little bit earlier, we're reading this report -- that's right.

GREENFIELD: Excellent point, Bernie.

SHAW: Yes.

SCHNEIDER: But you can stand for free.

SHAW: Oh, this -- just to -- if you remember the Watergate scandal, and you remember the famous federal court, the camera just passed it. We're in the Labor Department, and right across the street west from us is the famous federal court, where Judge John Zirica (ph) and others presided during the Watergate scandal.

WOODRUFF: And there've even been some members of the just- departing administration who spent some time in that courthouse.

SCHNEIDER: More than a couple.

SHAW: Yes, they know the marble floors very well.

WOODRUFF: Senator Clinton herself was there at one point to testify before a grand jury.

SCHNEIDER: It seems to me that one thing that the Bush administration is determined to do is avoid some of the mistakes that President Clinton made when he first took office, which was to overinterpret his mandate, to come in with a lot of people who did not know how Washington worked. This administration, the Bush administration, is being very careful in the next week. A lot of meetings planned with key members of Congress.

Now, of course, the Republicans are in control of Congress. The Democrats controlled Congress when Clinton came in. Nevertheless, they appeared -- they had a certain distance from the Congress...

SHAW: Standoffish.

SCHNEIDER: ... yes, it was a standoffish quality. The Bush administration, when you look at their schedule for the next week, they are being very open, they are -- the president is meeting with the speaker of the House, he's meeting with the Senate majority leader as of today, Trent Lott. They are being very conciliatory, because they know that the Congress holds equal power to the president when it comes to legislation.

WOODRUFF: And it is getting started right now as we speak with a luncheon in the Capitol with the key participants today. We're -- they're waiting, we're told, for the new president to join them, but you can see his father standing there talking with the chief justice. And...

SHAW: Very interesting picture. Five to four.


WOODRUFF: Yes, five to four, and this man was one of the five.

SCHNEIDER: That's right. And, of course, this could be a lot of controversy over Bush's Supreme Court nominations. If Justice Rehnquist retires while Bush is president, a lot of people expect Bush might want to name another sitting justice, associate justice Scalia, to that seat. But that could prove to be intensely controversial, because Scalia is one of the most conservative members of the court, who's an architect of the decision that made Bush president.

And a lot of people would say, Wait a minute, that looks too much like a political payoff. Scalia made Bush president, Bush makes him chief justice. That would be tough to bring off.

GREENFIELD: On a less combative note, I do want to point out that this is a relatively recent tradition, this post-inaugural luncheon, Statuary Hall, was inaugurated, you should pardon the pun, in -- 20 years ago when Ronald Reagan did it. It was from this lunch that Ronald Reagan got up and announced that the American hostages were flying home to the United -- eventually to the United States, which, as I mentioned earlier, had to have been the best stroke of luck or timing any newly inaugurated president has ever had.

SHAW: I'm wondering, is Spiro Agnew's statue still there? Well, I don't know.

Jean Meserve, you're in the Rotunda.

MESERVE: And I've never aspired to be Martha Stewart. But here's my opportunity to do it. Let me tell you a little bit about this luncheon they're going to attend. There are 22 tables there, 10 people at each table, a head table that seats 12. At that head table, they will be using the china that was used by Thomas Jefferson at his inauguration in 1801, that is 200 years ago. The guests will be eating off replicas of that china.

I am told that they will be eating lobster pie, Grenadine of beef, and a sticky nutmeat pudding with vanilla bean ice cream to top it all off.

And we're told that there will be gifts presented inside. There are etched bowls with pictures of the Capitol. One will be given to President Bush, one to Vice President Cheney, and a third bowl, a smaller one, will be given to the former president, George Herbert Walker Bush.

Also, they will be given flags by Dennis Hastert. These were flags that were hoisted at dawn over the House and over the Senate. One will go to President Bush, one to Vice President Cheney.

The guest list is long, put together by the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. And at the head table will not only be Mitch McConnell, who is now the chairman of that committee, but also Christopher Dodd, a very ardent Democrat, who's the ranking Democrat on that committee.

Back to you.

WOODRUFF: Jean, I think it's fair to say those dishes will not go in the dishwasher.

MESERVE: I think that's safe to say, yes. I'm sure they're treated with great care.

SHAW: Well, I like the sticky nutmeat pudding.

WOODRUFF: We are going to take a break. When we come back, much more live coverage of today's inaugural events.



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