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ANDERSON COOPER 360 DEGREES
Over 25 Tornadoes May Have Hit at Least Four States; Crunch Time for Clinton and Obama; Up Close with Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama; Race and the Brain
Aired May 2, 2008 - 23:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: That is northwestern Alabama now. We haven't had any tornadoes in Alabama, yet tonight this is the first one on the ground south of Riverton about five minutes ago moving to the northeast at 25 miles per hour. There's so much going on tonight and it's nothing compared to what we had earlier today.
I want to show you some pictures from Arkansas. Actually they're hard to believe at times. The tornadoes on the ground early from Benton County, then one life lost in Hensley, Damascus three lives lost there. And in Birdtown, Arkansas, two lives lost there. Damage all over the state.
Little Rock really was surrounded by tornadoes today But did not get hit at all. Great news there. One storm did hit Earle, Arkansas, and Jim Bells from the National Weather Service, and I quote, said "It is a miracle there were not fatalities in this storm. An EF-3 with winds of 160 miles per hour destroyed many homes in this town. I can't believe everyone walked away with their life."
There were four serious casualties, four serious people seriously injured but right now no fatalities from a storm that literally wiped homes off the foundation.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: That is unbelievable. The storm we're looking at right there -- where did that touch down, do we know?
MYERS: That right there looks like the storm that was from Damascus and it ran up -- this is the storm that actually killed three people when it was on the ground; that storm right there, obviously. That's just a funnel.
But you can't tell sometimes, Anderson, when it gets behind the trees, there could be a part that is actually touching the ground. A way to know is if actually things are falling from the sky.
A tornado will actually pick up insulation, pick up bits of the homes and then throw them miles and miles away. And there you can see that tornado just touch down there as it moved away from that tree.
COOPER: Unbelievable. So do we expect more tonight or is this -- the one that's on the ground right now, that's it?
MYERS: Well, it's winding down, that's the good news. There's probably three tornado warnings going on right now but only one on the ground for a while, Anderson. We had five on the ground at a time. COOPER: All right, Chad Myers, there's the picture right there. There's the storm watch for folks in that area. Chad, we'll check in with you throughout this hour, tracking these storms.
Now on to politics. It is crunch time. The final push for Indiana, North Carolina, and the growing possibility of a campaign surprise. The candidates on the trail, battling for the hearts and minds of undecided voters who still number the double digit percentages in a lot of polls.
Barack Obama today, there you see him trying to shake off a week of political hell, campaigning in Munster, Indiana; Charlotte, North Carolina and finishing the day at a dinner in Raleigh.
SEN. BARACK OBAMA, (D) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: We may be from different regions, from different parties, from different races, different religions, but one thing that we all are is Americans.
COOPER: Earlier he slammed Hillary Clinton and John McCain's proposed federal gas tax holiday calling it an election gimmick that would benefit big oil and eliminate thousands of high construction jobs in a slumping economy.
Senate Clinton meantime -- there she is barnstorming across North Carolina -- pushing harder. She's now calling for a vote in Congress on the gas tax saying lawmakers should go on record. And she put it they're either for the people or for the oil companies -- for us or against us, she said -- borrowing a phrase best known to have been used by President Bush post-9/11. She too finished her day at that dinner in Raleigh.
SEN. HILLARY CLINTON, (D) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: If you listen closely, you can almost hear it in the distance, the sound of the moving van pulling away from the back of the White House.
COOPER: Bill Clinton is hitting nine towns in North Carolina on Monday. And instead of lowering expectations, her campaign is actually raising them in that state. Calling North Carolina a game changer as if they expect a surprise victory.
No sign of it in our new poll of polls but clear signs of a tightening race; 50-40 Obama. That's down from blowout margins before Pennsylvania and before Reverend Wright.
Ten percent still unsure now. As we said, targeting that 10 percent, that audience in both North Carolina and Indiana, that's what these last three days are all about, crunch time. As you'll see, the candidates are doing it zip code by zip code, block by block, issue by issue, starting with jobs.
The "Raw Politics" from Candy Crowley.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
CANDY CROWLEY, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT: A John Deere Service Center in North Carolina, an aging steel plant in Indiana; heading toward a primary day that will be watched for both who wins and who votes. Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton move from one working class backdrop to another.
H. CLINTON: You know, I'm here in the middle of this street in front of the courthouse and just feeling so much at home because small towns, whether they're in North Carolina, New York or Arkansas, are really the base of this country. Small towns gave us our values.
CROWLEY: Clinton wants a big showing from working class and rural voters to bolster her superdelegate argument that he can't win that key Democratic voting bloc. Obama wants to cut in to her strength to show he can.
OBAMA: I do think that one of the ironies of the last two or three weeks was this idea that somehow Michelle and I were elitist, pointy- headed, intellectual types.
CROWLEY: they will go down to the wire arguing over a bottom line working class issue, the price of gas -- specifically lifting the federal gas tax for three months. Yes, even a little break is better than no break.
H. CLINTON: I want the oil companies to pay the federal gas tax for the summer.
CROWLEY: No, it would save consumers a grand total of $30 and would likely drive prices up.
OBAMA: This is not a real solution, it's a political stunt.
CROWLEY: Economists largely agree with him. Political types think she's on to something with voter appeal. Clinton and Obama go into this final weekend before the Indiana and North Carolina primaries from two different places.
He's coming off a loss in Pennsylvania and Wright week, the worst seven days of his presidential bid. Losing both states will send a massive shutter through his campaign, not to mention the Democratic Party. He's up ten in North Carolina, dead even in Indiana.
I think we have a terrific chance, he says. But what of the Wright effect? He doesn't know but there is a perceptible hedging of bets.
OBAMA: What I don't spend a lot of time doing is obsessing about what ifs and should have beens. You know, what I'll do is we'll see what happens on Tuesday and then we're going to keep on going to the next contest. CROWLEY: She's coming off a nice win in Pennsylvania, but two losses for her is a doomsday scenario. Two wins and she still can't catch him in pledged delegates but oh, what a superdelegate argument she'd have.
H. CLINTON: You know, this primary election on Tuesday is a game changer. This is going to make a huge difference in what happens going forward. The entire country, probably even a lot of the world, is looking to see what North Carolina decides.
CROWLEY: For all the policy, all the polls, all the pundits, politics is still the art of the unknown.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: There are a lot of unknowns, Candy, but do the Clintons think they can win North Carolina?
CROWLEY: Well, they certainly are hoping they can. Listen, they know they've made strides as you know, Anderson, on the day after an election. There are many ways to look at the numbers.
Clearly they're feeling hopeful and I can tell you why, because she's spending a little more time down there than we had expected she would. So they are seeing at least the right trajectory and they are hoping they can close that ten-point gap.
Not much time, but remember, Hillary Clinton has been the one that really is -- she's a crunch player. She really has been the closer. When we have seen a large number of undecideds, we saw it in New Hampshire, we saw it in Pennsylvania, we saw it in Ohio, she's the one that tends to pick up the most of them.
COOPER: All right, Candy stick around. We're going to talk with you and David Gergen in a moment.
Politics may be the art of the unknown as Candy was talking about, but the people who practice it do know a little something, namely their base and where to find it.
Tom Foreman takes us up close.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: If you are an Obama supporter, if you like the senator from Chicago, keep a close eye on the northwest part of Indiana. This area is heavily influenced by Chicago TV, particularly Gary which is only about 25 miles from downtown Chicago. These folks have known about Obama for years and he's built a lot of support here.
But if you are a fan of Senator Clinton, you'll find much of the rest of Indiana tilted demographically in her favor. Indiana is 89 percent white. That's above the national average. Just a bit more than half the state is female, 52 percent. That's another tiny edge she that might be able to exploit.
And this could hurt him, 42 percent of the voters consider themselves conservative Democrats. So they may not buy his message of change. They may prefer Clinton's message of experience.
When we fly over to North Carolina, the other primary state on Tuesday, however, the tables and the demographics turn. The African- American population rises to 26 percent, more than twice the national average.
North Carolina voters overall are slightly younger. That matters because the age gap has been profound in this race. Simply put, people under 45 more often vote for him. Above 45, they go for her. And North Carolina is a little bit better educated than average; in large part because of the presence of some top universities. And more educated voters tend to back Obama.
But even if Clinton does not win there, she needs to do pretty well because North Carolina is by population one of the ten biggest states in the country. And her sales pitch for weeks has been I can win the big states and he can't -- Anderson.
COOPER: And that's the pitch to the superdelegates, of course, which Candy was talking about. So will Obama close the deal on Tuesday or will Clinton keep it going?
We're going to dig deeper with the best political team on television and talk about that. And you can join the conversation on line. I'm blogging when I can at cnn.com/360.
Also ahead, a smear campaign against Hillary Clinton shakes up the political landscape today; the video that's going around -- all around the Internet. Maybe you've seen it. The problem is, it's not true. What it says and who's behind it, coming up.
Later tonight, this --
REVEREND JEREMIAH WRIGHT, BARACK OBAMA'S FORMER PASTOR: African and African-American children have a different way of learning. They are right-brained, subject-oriented in their learning styles.
COOPER: That's Reverend Wright's theory, but is it true? We're "Keeping Them Honest."
H. CLINTON: This primary election on Tuesday is a game changer. This is going to make a huge difference in what happens going forward. The entire country, probably even a lot of the world, is looking to see what North Carolina decides.
COOPER: Hillary Clinton playing the expectations game, crunch time for both candidates; 218 delegates up for grabs on Tuesday. Digging deeper is CNN's Candy Crowley and CNN political analyst David Gergen.
David, North Carolina -- Clinton called Tuesday's primary there a game changer, we just saw that. If she loses but only by single digits, can she call that a victory?
DAVID GERGEN, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL ANALYST: No, if he wins he wins. Just like in Pennsylvania, you know, the Clinton people were saying a win is a win is a win. The same is true in North Carolina.
I think she is right, that it could be the game changer. It has become the epicenter and I'll tell you why, Anderson. Both these contests are important, but she has been moving steadily into a bigger and bigger lead in Indiana. Indiana has moved from toss-up to Clinton heavy favorite.
Whereas North Carolina was heavy favorite Obama and that lead was cut in half down to around six or seven. So she has a shot at winning North Carolina and that would be a game changer.
I must tell you in the last 24 hours of polling, he has been doing a little better. He's actually lifted his average lead up to around 8, 8 1/2 points. And the bottom seems to have stopped dropping for him. And that would be a huge change for him and a very important one if he can pull out a victory seven, eight, nine, ten points.
COOPER: Candy, how much of that is due to media coverage on the Reverend Wright issue? I mean, it has tapered off the last day or two, I think.
CROWLEY: It has tapered off. Look, he knows that it hurt him. He has said so. He said I don't know how much it's hurt me but obviously the whole controversy has hurt him, particularly in these last seven days. Remember, this has been going on literally for a week. Last Friday was when we first saw Reverend Wright on PBS.
So it has been going on for a long time. You know -- but add all those other things, he has literally been pounded since Ohio. We've had Wright, we've had the "bitter" comments. We've got the loss in Pennsylvania. I mean, there's so many things and he's been unable to get up off the mat.
It's not just a game changer if she should win; I think it's a game stabilizer if he should win. If they split it, we just go on.
GERGEN: I agree with that, Anderson. I think if he wins North Carolina, it's going to be even more difficult for her to take it away from him.
But I -- to add to what Candy said and by the way, when you look at everything that's happened to Obama, the part of the story is the fact that he's still surviving. He's more durable than one would have expected given this barrage of assaults he's experienced.
But I also think that this gas tax question is one which is playing a role both in North Carolina and in Indiana. When I was in North Carolina earlier this week, it was interesting that the papers were full of the gas tax proposal. I think as much as I think it is a pander, as much as I think it's --
COOPER: You have no doubt it's just political pandering?
GERGEN: Absolutely. Listen, if you are Hillary Clinton and believe as she does in reducing our reliance on fossil fuels and having less carbon in the air as she does, then the last thing you want is people buying more gasoline and making it easier for them to buy it. It's completely hypocritical.
But even so, it may work politically. And I think it works. People less than $50,000 in this country say their biggest concern is the rising cost of living, and right square in the middle of that is gasoline.
COOPER: So on the ground, Candy, I mean they're battling for these undecided voters, but how important at this point is the popular vote compared to the battle for the superdelegates?
CROWLEY: Well, it's another of the links that Hillary Clinton is trying to make with the superdelegates. If she can come to the end of this primary process, here's what we know. It is very unlikely she's going to catch him in pledged delegates, which after all is what this whole process is about. It is very unlikely she's going to be able to catch him in number of states. One, in fact, I think it's impossible.
So what's left there is popular vote. They're also arguing that she would have more electoral votes if you count the states she's won. I think that's going to be a little farfetched for the superdelegates.
But I do think that they want very much to be able to argue the popular vote. The thing is North Carolina is her last best chance to kind of rack up some votes there because it's the last biggest state.
COOPER: Three days left to go; definitely crunch time. David Gergen, Candy Crowley -- have a great weekend. Thank you.
GERGEN: Thank you.
COOPER: Up next, we're "Keeping Them Honest." An explosive campaign video with ugly language about a certain group of voters -- just one other thing it's actually a phony; campaign smear tactics. Who's behind them? We're "Keeping Them Honest."
Also Chad Myers updating a breaking news -- killer tornados, at least seven dead and more deadly weather. Where to expect it when "360" continues.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Connecticut's fine. Delaware is fine.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Wait, wait, Georgia is fine.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Iowa's done. Illinois is done. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Indiana, we're it.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Familiar faces, James Carville, George Stephanopoulos. That's a scene from the War Room, the documentary of Bill Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign.
This week, the clip is making news. You may have heard about it or probably seen it on the Internet popping up just days before Indiana's Tuesday primary.
The video in question shows then Clinton campaign manager and current Hillary adviser, Mickey Kanter, that's him there in the suspenders, uttering what sounds like a derogatory term for the people of Indiana.
Now we don't know who released this tape. We do know that it's not true; the audio was actually doctored. We're going to show you the proof in a moment.
Like we said, we have no idea where the fabricated version came from and frankly we debated airing this story tonight, but we think it's important that you to know the facts.
This thing is all over the Internet. And the facts really about not just this video but how dirty tricks, those smear campaigns -- ugly and slanderous -- are part of the political season and how truths are twisted into lies.
CNN's Gary Tuchman tonight is "Keeping Then Honest."
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is the documentary on the 1992 campaign known as "The War Room." This scene on the Internet features Bill Clinton aides George Stephanopoulos, James Carville and Mickey Kanter. Much of what Kanter then says is hard to hear.
On the original documentary, it sounds like he's saying something about being in the White House right now. But on the doctored sound clip, a voice describes residents of Indiana as worthless white and then add the "n" word.
The clip rocketed around the Internet after it was posted on some leading political websites. It has now been taken down. But coming this close to the Indiana primary, it smells like a political hit job.
STEPHEN MARKS, AUTHOR, "CONFESSIONS OF A POLITICAL HITMAN": Any wacko has the same access as a legitimate person or reporter or a legitimate politician to just put anything out there.
TUCHMAN: Stephen Marks is the author of "Confessions of a Political Hitman." He does opposition research against Democratic candidates. But claims he doesn't make things up.
MARKS: If you lie and make up things that aren't true like saying Barack Obama is really a Muslim in secret, that's totally off base. And we do not do that.
Campaigns sometimes do that, and of course, because the Internet is so unsupervised, there's no laws against this stuff. Anybody can put out anything on the Internet.
TUCHMAN: Mickey Kanter who is a current adviser to Hillary Clinton is outraged and shocked. He and the filmmaker say it's a lie. And he'll explore legal steps against the person or persons responsible.
But the Internet is so anonymous he may never found out who did it. Marks says campaigns wouldn't be so stupid to do this, but individuals and interest groups sometimes are.
MARKS: It's both. We have -- there's a lot of people sitting out there sitting at the Internet that have nothing better to do, they do this stuff.
TUCHMAN: This is certainly not a first. Barack Obama has been the subject of untrue Internet gossip that he is a Muslim.
OBAMA: I want to make sure that your viewers understand that I am a Christian who has belonged to the same church for almost 20 years now.
TUCHMAN: In 2000, phone calls were made to South Carolina voters stating John McCain fathered a black child. Something McCain talked about just before the recent South Carolina primary.
SEN. JOHN MCCAIN, (R) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: What happened eight years ago is over, and I know that the people of South Carolina are not going to have such a thing happen again that's happened then.
TUCHMAN: And then there were the false and doctored photos of John Kerry at an anti-Vietnam war rally with Jane Fonda.
The man who was an expert at digging up what he calls legitimate dirt, says that with the Internet cranking away, don't expect to see any decrease of this sort of illegitimate dirt.
MARKS: It's just -- because it's a free country and because the Internet has no laws regulating it, this stuff just flies out there. And some of it sticks, some of it doesn't.
TUCHMAN: So the age-old advice still holds, don't believe everything you read, hear or see.
Gary Tuchman, CNN, Atlanta.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Especially it's just amazing with the Internet how this stuff just immediately spreads overnight.
Up next, we're going to update our breaking news; at least 25 twisters across four states, at least seven dead today. We'll check in with CNN Meteorologist, Chad Myers. And later, race and the brain. This week, Reverend Jeremiah Wright said, among many other things, that white and black children learn differently. Those comments kind of got lost in a lot of the coverage of his other remarks, but is what he said true? We're "Keeping Them Honest" tonight.
COOPER: Gary Tuchman joins us for the 360 Bulletin -- Gary.
TUCHMAN: Anderson, a possible new showdown over Iraq. Today President Bush outlines his latest request for $70 billion to fund the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Congressional Democrats are considering tying the cash to withdrawal timeline and adding domestic spending to the bill. President Bush says he'll veto those moves.
Minnesota lawmakers say they've reached a deal to compensate the victims of last year's Minneapolis bridge collapse. Under the $38 million plan, victims would get up to $400,000 each. 13 people were killed and 145 others were injured in the collapse.
And a Texas man has been arrested for trying to cash this $360 billion check. Yes, look at all those zeros. Cops say he stole the check from his girlfriend's mother and wrote out the cash amount to start a record business. And Anderson that had a great chance to succeed.
COOPER: Yes, he's very ambitious but maybe he should have scaled it down a little bit -- not that I want to give advice to guys making fake checks but $360 billion?
TUCHMAN: Maybe $360 million would have worked but definitely not 360 billion --
COOPER: Maybe he was watching "360" and got inspired.
TUCHMAN: Maybe that's it.
COOPER: All right, Garry. Here's tonight's "Beat 360" photo. Hillary Clinton meets with some fourth graders during a campaign stop in Graham, North Carolina. And congrats, actually Gary Tuchman has the winning entry from our staff: A child inexplicably bites a stunned Hillary Clinton on the right leg.
That's not funny. If you look at the photo, it looks like this poor girl is biting -- any way, if you think you can do better, go to cnn.com/360, send us your entry and we'll announce the winner at the end of the program.
Up next, with just days -- I was just about to blog again -- just days before the Indiana and North Carolina primaries, we want to look beyond the sound bites and give you an up-close look at the candidates. Their roots, what made them the people they are.
Tonight we take you up close with both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton. And later, blacks and whites in the classroom. Do they really learn differently? This week, Reverend Wright claimed they did. We're "Keeping Them Honest" when 360 continues.
And join the conversation on line at cnn.com/360.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
BILL O'REILLY, FOX NEWS HOST, "THE O'REILLY FACTOR": Television ratings for Reverend Wright, through the roof.
H. CLINTON: Really?
O'REILLY: Folks are engaged.
H. CLINTON: Well, I think though they're making up their minds, they're weighing it, they're trying to figure it out. But I think for the presidential campaign, they want to know more about what I'm going to do about gas prices, to be blunt.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Talking gas prices and the Wright controversy. That was Hillary Clinton's interview this week with Fox News' Bill O'Reilly. Her answers were forceful, her tone tough, they were not, however, exactly surprising. We've heard them before in sound bites from the campaign trail.
But tonight, just days away from the Indiana and North Carolina primaries, we wanted to look beyond the sound bites and beyond the headlines. We wanted to give you a sense of what led both Senator Clinton and Senator Obama to run for president.
Our profile on the Illinois senator in a moment. But first, up close with Hillary Clinton.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Hillary Rodham Clinton is the oldest child of Dorothy Rodham, a homemaker and Hugh Rodham, a fabric store owner. Constantly challenged, she was taught to work hard, stick up for herself and to always compete.
BETSY EBELING, HILLARY CLINTON'S FRIEND: Her mom really did tell her she could do anything she put her mind to. And her dad said, prove it to me. Maybe that's the difference between Dorothy and you. And she constantly did, she constantly proved it.
COOPER: Do you think she still hears her dad's voice?
EBELING: Oh, yeah.
COOPER: Hillary Rodham grew up in the '50s, in the all-white Chicago suburb of Park Ridge where almost everyone, her father included, was a staunch Republican.
EBELING: It was just pretty much expected you would be a Republican. That was the stronger party.
COOPER: Hillary was an active young Republican and in her teens became a Goldwater girl, volunteering in support of conservative Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election. But along the way, she had met Methodist Youth Minister Don Jones, who urged young adults to look beyond the conventional wisdom of Park Ridge.
DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: No man is free if he fears death.
COOPER: Even taking them to hear Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. speak in downtown Chicago during Hillary's junior year in high school.
EBELING: That was huge. And you know that -- they're this incubator, I guess, in a way, you would call it that allowed us to see first hand so many things that really did change us.
COOPER: In the fall of 1965, Hillary left Republican Park Ridge and headed east to Massachusetts and the all-girls school Wellesley College.
ALAN SCHECTER, FORMER PROFESSOR & THESIS ADVISER, WELLESLEY COLLEGE: Hillary was a very serious student. When I say serious student, I mean serious about her work. I don't mean serious about her personality because she was very likable and outgoing.
COOPER: True to her Park Ridge roots, Hillary was president of Wellesley's young Republicans during her freshman year. But by the late 1960s, Hillary, like so many in her generation, began to question the conventional wisdom of her parent's generation.
SCHECTER: Intellectually, she was quite interested in what I would describe as progressive change within our society, towards a more egalitarian society.
COOPER: In the summer of '68, she snagged an internship with a House Republican conference under then Minority Leader Gerald Ford and attended the Republican National Convention in Miami.
UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER: The voting on the convention floor went according to the Nixon plan.
COOPER: Where the party adopted the infamous southern strategy, exploiting racial tensions to win white voters.
SCHECTER: The experience there pushed her away from the Republican Party. One would have to guess if the Republican Party hadn't moved to the right at that time, whether she might have stayed as a Republican.
COOPER: In the spring of '69, Hillary Rodham became the first student in Wellesley College history to speak at commencement. Her fiery speech on the struggles facing the country branded her a trailblazer.
SCHECTER: It seemed to me it was much more of an example of what one might call the new woman that was emerging in the 1960s.
COOPER: In the fall of 1969, she headed to Yale Law School where she was one of just 27 women in a class of 235 students.
EBELING: She always wanted to be a doctor but discovered she couldn't stand the sight of blood. So I guess being a lawyer was the next best thing.
COOPER: At Yale, she focused on issues concerning children's rights and in 1971 found another interest, fellow Yale law student Bill Clinton.
EBELING: He was great. He fit right in, he was lots of fun. My mother said to Hillary, "Don't let this one get away. He makes you laugh."
COOPER: After graduating in 1973, Bill asked for Hillary's hand in marriage, but she declined.
EBELING: I don't think she figured she'd get married that young. And I'm sure she thought she would stay out east.
COOPER: Bill left for Arkansas, while Hillary stayed in Massachusetts to be an attorney for the Children's Defense Fund.
At just 26 years old, she joined 44 other attorneys in Nixon's impeachment inquiry. But after Nixon resigned, she left D.C. for Arkansas to be with Bill.
Did it surprise you when she decided, rather than to become a trial lawyer in Washington, to go to Arkansas?
EBELING: Oh, yes. But when she called me to say she was going to go to Arkansas to see if this was really going to work, I remember thinking, "Arkansas, exactly where is it? It's one of those 'A' states" somewhere out there.
COOPER: Not sure where it was?
COOPER: On October 11, 1975, the couple exchanged vows in a small ceremony in their living room.
EBELING: I think she was kind of amazed that it was actually happening.
COOPER: When Bill was elected governor of Arkansas in 1978, Hillary became the first First Lady of the state to continue working, as a lawyer at Rose Law Firm, and in 1979 she was named partner.
A year later, Hillary reached a personal milestone when she gave birth to their daughter, Chelsea Victoria.
EBELING: I think what she decided was the best identity she had was Chelsea's mom. COOPER: Even with motherhood, Hillary's career continued to rise. And in 1991, she was named one of the 100 most influential U.S. lawyers by the "National Law Journal."
But her husband's career would eventually take precedent. Thrusting Hillary into what would become a long, yet turbulent journey in the world of politics.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: A fascinating road she has taken.
Up next, up close with Clinton challenger, Barack Obama, and the making of a presidential candidate.
And later, race and education. Is there a difference in learning between blacks and whites? That's what Reverend Wright suggested earlier this week. We're "Keeping Them Honest."
OBAMA: If you will vote for me, then I promise you I will not let you down. I will fight for you every single day. I will win Indiana. I will win this primary. I will win this general election, and you and I together we're going to change this country and change the world.
COOPER: A confident Barack Obama speaking today at a town hall meeting in Munster, Indiana. Obama is trying to move on, of course. from the Reverend Wright affair and hoping to put the comments his former pastor made behind him.
It has taken a toll on his campaign, no doubt about it. How much of a toll? Well, perhaps we'll find out Tuesday night. Still Obama appears certain he will be the next president.
Tonight, just days before the critical primaries, we continue to look beyond the sound bites to try to give you a look at what drives the candidates.
Now Barack Obama up close, beginning with the moment that made him famous.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: It was Boston four years ago at the Democratic National Convention when Barack Obama burst onto the national scene. His speech electrified the crowd.
OBAMA: That in no other country on the Earth is my story even possible.
COOPER: That story begins an ocean away from Boston, in Hawaii, with a boy named Barry.
REP. NEIL ABERCROMBIE (D), HAWAII: We all remember when he was born. And, at that time, we knew him as little Barry.
COOPER: Barack Obama was born August 4, 1961. He was named after his father. Barack means "one who is blessed by God" in Swahili.
Barack Obama Sr. grew up herding goats in a remote village in Kenya but won a scholarship to study at the University of Hawaii. The woman who would be his mother moved with her parents from Kansas to Hawaii, where she met Obama's father in a Russian language class.
DAVID MENDELL, AUTHOR, "OBAMA: FROM PROMISE TO POWER": By all accounts, it was love at first sight; they -- much to the chagrin of her parents, I think.
COOPER: When Obama was 2, his father won a scholarship to study at Harvard. He left his young family behind and returned only once, when Barack was 10. It was Obama's mother's influence, as much as his father's absence, that would shape his life.
MAYA SOETERO-NG, SISTER OF BARACK OBAMA: She really did a marvelous job of looking past superficial differences and understanding people at their core. And I think that that's an important part of who he is.
COOPER: When Obama was 5, his mother remarried an Indonesian man, and, a year later, moved the family to Jakarta.
MENDELL: I think what he saw in Indonesia was the other kids who didn't have the privileges that he had. And he played with these other kids, but there was always an out for him.
COOPER: At 10 years old, Obama returned to Hawaii to attend one of the state's most elite prep schools, Punahou School. He lived with his grandparents in a cramped two-bedroom apartment while his mother stayed in Indonesia.
KEITH KAKUGAWA, HIGH SCHOOL FRIEND OF BARACK OBAMA: He struggled more with himself than anything, because he felt abandoned. He felt left out.
COOPER: He got mostly B's, sang in the choir, and wrote poetry. But his true passion was basketball.
KAKUGAWA: You could tell that. He wanted to be accepted. And, at the time, basketball was a place where it could be done.
COOPER: It was off the court that he struggled with his identity.
MENDELL: He channeled his rebellion into his racial identity in trying to figure out how to cope with being a black American and having been raised in a primarily white household.
COOPER: Obama says he tried drugs to numb his confusion, but he kept his grades high enough to get into college and in 1979, he left Hawaii.
JERRY KELLMAN, FORMER BOSS, DEVELOPING COMMUNITIES PROJECT: Anybody in their early 20s is trying to work with a lot of identity issues, and Barack was no stranger to that. Barack wanted to live in two worlds in a society that up until that point was telling you, "No, you choose. You know, you're going to live in a black world or white world."
COOPER: He graduated from Columbia and then took a job as a community organizer for a church-based group serving Chicago's public housing projects. But after a few years, he'd grown frustrated.
KELLMAN: I think Barack made a decision that if he wanted to do some good he'd have to have some power.
COOPER: Obama applied to Harvard Law School and was accepted.
KENNETH MACK, HARVARD LAW CLASSMATE: There was a certain quality of maturity that he projected that really impressed people in a place where everyone was quite impressive.
COOPER: After his first year of law school, he became a summer associate at this Chicago law firm. Michelle Robinson, a Harvard grad and a lawyer, was assigned to be his mentor. Obama asked her out. She finally agreed.
MICHELLE OBAMA, WIFE OF BARACK OBAMA: One of the reasons why I respect Barack is that he understands to whom much is given, much is expected.
COOPER: Obama would go on to become the first African-American president of the prestigious "Harvard Law Review."
OBAMA: I think people can say that my election symbolizes some progress, at least within the small confines of the legal community.
COOPER: Obama graduated magna cum laude from Harvard in 1991. He went to work for this civil rights law firm in Chicago and finally started to put down roots. He married Michelle Robinson and they had two daughters, Malia Ann and Natasha.
MENDELL: There certainly is a sense of he wants to fit into a community, but there isn't any community that he neatly fits into. So he eventually chose the African-American community on the south side of Chicago by marrying a black woman and moving into that world, settling into an African-American church.
COOPER: It's now well known, Reverend Jeremiah Wright became his pastor. The sometimes angry gospel of Black Liberation Theology was at times controversial, but for Obama it was a place to belong.
In Reverend Wright's church, he -- he found a community of African- Americans that he felt a part of?
COOPER: And it helped him understand what it meant to be African- American in America?
MENDELL: I think so. I think both of those things. But he's also an extraordinarily intelligent and charismatic guy, and Obama was drawn to that. So this guy had an extraordinary influence on Obama and probably in a positive way.
COOPER: But that relationship would come back to haunt him. When just a decade after Obama began his political career as an Illinois State senator, he announced --
OBAMA: My candidacy for president of the United States of America.
COOPER: That young man who was searching so hard to find his identity would find himself on a journey toward the White House.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Up close with Barack Obama. Among his other controversial statements this week, Reverend Jeremiah Wright also said that black and white kids learn differently. He said it's a fact.
Coming up, we'll check those facts and come up with some surprising answers. We're "Keeping Them Honest."
Also Tom Cruise back on "Oprah;" the first time since the now famous couch-bouncing incident, there it is. Talking about scientology and psychiatric drugs. Details after this on 360.
REV. WRIGHT: Two different worlds have two different ways of learning. European and European-American children have a left-brain cognitive object-oriented learning style. African and African- American children have a different way of learning.
COOPER: That was Reverend Jeremiah Wright, Sunday, in a speech at the NAACP in Detroit. Tonight, in "Uncovering America," we focus on the issue he raised. Do kids have inherently different learning styles because of their race?
If the issues of poverty, class and environmental racism were not part of the mix, can a case be made that African-American kids should be taught differently solely because they are African-Americans?
CNN's Soledad O'Brien is "Keeping Them Honest."
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
SOLEDAD O'BRIEN, CNN SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT: The James Baldwin School in Lower Manhattan boasts an incredible graduation rate, 94 percent. It's a new public school and very small, just 17 seniors last year. But what's most amazing, before transferring here, many of the students were failing out. Some, like Mark Garriques, were on the verge of dropping out.
How bad were your grades?
MARK GARRIQUES, HIGH SCHOOL SENIOR: I failed every class.
O'BRIEN: So you came here as a failing student?
O'BRIEN: What are your grades now?
GARRIQUES: It's like B minus.
O'BRIEN: Your graduation rate is significantly higher than the average graduation rate in New York City public school.
ELIJAH HAWKES, PRINCIPAL, JAMES BALDWIN SCHOOL: Having your voice heard can equate to passing a class.
O'BRIEN: Almost half the students are African-Americans. They are success stories but research shows black children start falling behind academically by age three. In urban areas, black children in ninth grade read at a fourth or fifth grade level. So why the gap?
Reverend Jeremiah Wright raised the issue in his speech to the NAACP.
WRIGHT: African and African-American children have a different way of learning. They are right-brained, subject-oriented in their learning styles.
O'BRIEN: He cited author and professor of early childhood education Janice Hale in his speech. She agrees that black children and white children have different learning styles.
JANICE HALE, WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY: There are different cultural differences in the way African-American children develop the way they approach academic tasks.
O'BRIEN: Those cultural differences she says can be seen in the classroom.
HALE: Black children cling to the teacher too much, engage in too much attention-seeking behavior, will not stay in their seats until the teacher tells him to get out.
O'BRIEN: So is there really a difference between the brains of black and white children? Do they learn differently? Researchers we talked to say no. Freeman Hrabowski has been studying this achievement gap for more than 30 years. FREEMAN HRABOWSKI, UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, BALTIMORE COUNTY: I don't know of any evidence that would suggest that children of one race learn according to one side of their brain or using only one side of their brain. Children learn using both sides of their brain as much of their brains that they can use quite frankly.
O'BRIEN: Teachers at James Baldwin, on the front lines, focus on the individual, not genetic or cultural differences.
SHELLY OCTOBER, TEACHER, JAMES BALDWIN SCHOOL: I don't really understand what race means anymore. I don't know if there's anybody who is pure black, pure white, pure anything. Clearly, almost all of our students have multiple backgrounds. So where do they lie? Middle brain.
O'BRIEN: They focus on personal attention and experience, like the mandatory week-long camping trip where students overcome challenges, then apply that to academic success.
HAWKES: There's a lot of pushing and cajoling that leads up to students taking that trip and taking that leap of faith. And it's transformative for so many of them.
O'BRIEN: So transformative that even once failing students start planning for college.
GARRIQUES: I grew up a screw up. So I'm not going to like -- I'm going to change the pattern. I'm going to do something with myself and go to school and make something out of my life.
O'BRIEN: From failure to success, by focusing on individuals, not race.
Soledad O'Brien, CNN, New York.
(END VIDEO TAPE)
COOPER: Looks like a great school.
Gary Tuchman joins us again with a "360 News and Business Bulletin -- Gary."
TUCHMAN: Anderson, in Las Vegas today, a man charged with possession of a deadly toxin Ricin pleaded not guilty. Back in February, police have found four grams of Ricin in Roger Bergendorff's hotel room. The unemployed graphics designer will go on trial June 17th. If convicted, he faces up to 30 years in prison.
A welcome bit of economic news tonight. The unemployment rate dropped to five percent in April, which was better than anticipated. While the economy still lost jobs last month, the decline was not as severe as the job losses in February and March.
That D.C. judge who lost a $54 million lawsuit against a drycleaner that lost his pants is back in court. This time he's suing to get his government job back which he says he lost because of the negative publicity he got during the trouser trial. He likes to sue.
And Tom Cruise revisited that infamous sofa jumping moment with Oprah today, while giving her a tour of his Colorado home. Cruise said he had no regrets about that. But he goes regret that his views on treating post-partum depression with medication and his words came out wrong.
And for the record, Anderson, he did not jump off on the sofa again today.
COOPER: All right. Thanks, Gary.
COOPER: All right, time now for you to take on our staff. "Beat 360," the daily contest pits you against our talented staff to see who can come up with the best caption for a picture that we post on our website everyday, so you've got to check out the website.
Today's picture is from the campaign trail. Senator Hillary Clinton encountering some fourth graders at an event in Graham, North Carolina. A little hard to see in that image. But tonight, our staff winner is none other than Gary Tuchman. Congratulations, Gary
And the caption you came up with was: "A child inexplicably bites a stunned Hillary Clinton on the right leg." And our viewer winner is Katherine who wrote, "Wait, don't get up, I'm just getting to the part where they open fire on me."
TUCHMAN: Much more provocative than mine.
COOPER: They are both very good actually. I thought tonight was a very good night. As always, you can check out the -- all the competition at cnn.com/360. Just follow the link to the blog.
For our international viewers, "CNN Today" is next. Here in America, Larry King is coming up.
Thanks for watching. Have a great weekend. And I'll see you Monday.
LARRY KING, CNN HOST: Tonight Sydney Poitier, actor, author, humanitarian, icon. A very rare one-on-one.
Intimate stories and inspirational advice from a trailblazing movie star. Sydney Poitier opens his heart and shares the unique experiences of a remarkable life.
Next on "LARRY KING LIVE."