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The Social Security Dilemma; When Foreclosure is a Good Thing; The Emerging Economies of the BRIC; Steven Slater: Hero or Hype?
Aired August 14, 2010 - 13:15 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
(INTERRUPTED BY LIVE EVENT)
ALI VELSHI, CNN HOST: How you have been working in Social Security for a long time, it is 75 years old and you end by saying that, you know, productivity there is up, backlogs are down, infrastructure is being replaced. You're excited about the next 75 years of Social Security and others should be too. Have you met anybody who's excited about the future of Social Security?
MICHAEL ASTRUE, SOCIAL SECURITY COMMISSIONER: Actually I am when they have the facts. Unfortunately there's a lot of misreporting going on and I think it is discouraging younger Americans.
VELSHI: What's the misreporting?
ASTRUE: Well the misreporting is this and this is what I stress in my remarks after the trustees' report. The actualities used the term exhaustion for when we cannot pay full benefits. That does not mean that there is nothing there and that is the perception among younger Americans. The truth is if you see the report that we have, even if nothing happens, enough to pay about 78 percent of the full level of benefits.
Now, that's not as good a deal as what older Americans have had in recent years but that's still not nothing and that's not a reason to assume that there'll be nothing there. This is a very fixable problem. It will mean some choices that will be difficult, but we still have a long time frame to do it. It will be easier if these things are phased in over time. And what's important once the Simpson Bowles Commission reports in December is that we have a civil fact- driven --
VELSHI: Let's take it from what I got. I got a letter -- I'm sure everybody got it. The Social Security statement and you have written something on the front there. I want to put it up on the screen, the message that was in there about what you just said. It said by 2037 the Social Security Trust Fund will be exhausted and there will be enough money to pay only about 76 cents for each dollar of scheduled benefits. So the word exhausted isn't something you sent out but it's --
ASTRUE: Last year's version was 76, it's up to about 78 cents.
VELSHI: I got this a week ago in the mail. ASTRUE: We try to make sure -- the reason we put the actual percentage in there is so that people will be clear about what exhaustion means. The problem is there are people who are trying to sell doom and gloom and translate the term exhaustion into there's no money left, there is no money for younger Americans. That's really unfortunate because people like Mr. Cremans (ph) daughter are assuming that there's going to be nothing there for them and I think that is really misleading.
VELSHI: OK. Well lets, I think you are right about how people feel about it but a new CNN poll about this shows that 60 percent of Americans who are not currently retired don't think they'll be able to rely on Social Security when they reach retirement age. Let's address that, the way that question was phrased is will you be able to rely on Social Security? Should people who are not retired be thinking that they should be able to rely on Social Security or should Social Security be supplementary? Because you are arguing that 76, 78 percent I might get that, which means I might have to supplement it somehow.
ASTRUE: Well it was never designed to -- Social Security was never designed to pay full retirement needs for every American. It was meant to be part of an overall plan for retirement that included private savings and it included pensions. It has been a very successful program. Before it started over half of all older Americans who lived in poverty, now fewer than 10 percent of all American senior citizens live in poverty. It's been very successful. But no American should make the assumption that it will provide for all of their retirement needs.
VELSHI: Obviously it's a real privilege to have you here so I asked some of our viewers to post some questions for you on my Facebook page which they did. Let's take a quick break. You'll come back and talk about some of the options for fixing Social Security, whether it's increasing the retirement age and some of the questions that my viewers have. Stay with us.
VELSHI: Michael Astrue joins me again. He's the commissioner of Social Security; he has been with that program for a long time. He's here to set the record straight because he feels some people misconstrue the dire straits in which we all think Social Security might be. So I have asked our viewers Michael to submit a couple of questions.
Ann says, "I'm a hard-working 41-year-old. Why can't they guarantee -- I guess they means you - why can't they guarantee that I'll get 100 percent of my payback when I retire? It's distressing to read that I may only get 75 percent of my money back. That is un- American. Your response, Michael.
ASTRUE: Well I think that's fairly characteristic of most Americans. Most of American like Social Security, believes in Social Security, would like the program to have a fair amount of continuity. Unfortunately most of the attention seems to be focused radical reforms on the right and left and I just don't think those are going to happen. And so I think the important thing after Simpson Bowles is for the Congress to get serious as they did after the Greenspan commission in the early '80s, sitting down and really getting trying to figure out exactly how we're going to adjust the system to make sure this viewer's happy. And I think that's what ought to happen. I think it will happen. It will take some time. It will be painful but we need to get --
VELSHI: When you're talking about Simpson and Bowles, you are talking about Allan Simpson former Wyoming Senator and Erskine Bowles who was appointed by the president to form a commission to look into this and get answers by December as to what the government should be doing about Social Security. Let's take a question from Adam on Facebook.
"He says, I want to know where did the money go and what plans do you have to ensure the growth and stability of the program?" You sort of addressed that a moment ago. Steven Moore said are there serious considerations being given to raising the retirement age. What do you think? You're sort of saying we'll wait for Bowles and Simpson, but what do you think should be done?
ASTRUE: Right now I think the important thing is to wait for the report and then engage in the debate. There's a relatively limited amount of choices. Theoretically there are three things. You raise revenue, you cut benefits or you change your investment strategy. I don't think the third is on the table, I think Americans like the stability of having Treasury bills and the security of that as the means of investment. So then the question is exactly how do you raise revenue, how do you reduce benefits?
There are lots of different ways to slice and dice that but they fit into a fairly small number of groups and Congress needs to get serious about sitting down and trying to figure out what the trade- offs are and come up with something going forward that will give people the same level of benefits or approximately the same level of benefits that they have in the past. And again, one thing we should realize in some ways we're dealing with the good problem because most of what has happened here is because we're living a lot longer. All the advances in medicine we are much more likely to live into our 80s and 90s or even 100 then we were when Social Security Act started in 1935. So we're dealing with the good problem. We're healthier, we're living longer, and now we have to figure out how to adjust the system --
VELSHI: The most optimistic man in America about Social Security, Michael Astrue, thank you for being with us. We'll have you back, probably around when this report is coming out so we can flush through it a little bit, and we can talk about it with our viewers again.
ASTRUE: Sure. I'll be glad to come back. You know where to find me.
VELSHI: Very good, thank you sir. Let's go back to our panel. Stephen Moore, Diane Lim Rogers, Joe Queen and David listening to this conversation. Stephen, your first thoughts on what you first heard?
STEPHEN MOORE, EDITORIAL WRITER, "WALL STREET JOURNAL:" I'm not as optimistic Ali in the future of this program as Michael is. One of the problems is that he didn't address is that about a trillion dollars has been basically stolen from the trust fund by politicians over the past 20 years, Republicans and Democrats to use it for military weapon systems, education programs and so on and that is unrecoverable. I still like the idea of looking at some kind of an alternative to Social Security for young workers. Why not create like an IRA for young people. If they could put 7 or 8 percent from now until they retire into a personal IRA. My god, we'd have a nation of pension millionaires.
VELSHI: Diane, what do you think?
DIANE LIM ROGERS, CHIEF ECONOMIST, CONCORD COALITION: I happen to be more optimistic about Social Security and I think we should preserve the public assurance aspect of the program as Michael mentioned. The program isn't broken, you know. The program is just going to start costing us money on that and it is a choice, it is a choice of our society whether we are willing to put more resources towards Social Security. The fact that the trust fund will run out and only be able to pay 75 percent of benefits, that doesn't mean we can only pay 75 percent of benefits. We could choose to pay 100 percent of the benefits.
VELSHI: But you have to get that money from some point.
VELSHI: You make an interesting point. It's not broken. It's underfunded; I guess you can use that to describe --
ROGERS: Like everything else in government.
VELSHI: Or even some of our own lives. It doesn't mean it is broken, it just means that you have to -- Michael Astrue may have oversimplified it but he said it very clearly. You either increase your revenue or cut your expenditures.
MOORE: But there's an important point here Ali, which is for young people, any one under the age of 30, Social Security is going to the worst investment you make in a lifetime and if you increase the tax and reduce the benefits for young people which are doing this, you're saying I'm going to take this bad deal for you and I am going to make it even worse.
VELSHI: Quick answer from you, Joe?
JOE QUEEN: Well, you're saying to young people, your dad may get 100 percent of the benefits and you're going to get 78. How is that fair? How does that play out when you explain that to people? You can make all the arguments that you want about well it's underfunded but it is not in trouble but they're looking at it and just saying, no. I'm going to be 86 when the funds run out but my kids are going to be here for a long time and they're the ones that are going to get left holding the bag.
VELSHI: There it's not fair, Joe. What's fair? Good to have you all there. Stephen a pleasure to see you as always. Diane thanks for joining us today on the show.
ROGERS: Thanks for having me.
VELSHI: OK, great discussion. Thank you. More and more Americans are losing their homes to foreclosure. Why some people are saying that is actually a good thing.
VELSHI: More foreclosures in July to the tune of 325,000 properties and more than 20 percent of the nation's mortgage borrowers are under water. That means the owe more than their homes are worth. Realty Track estimates that more than a million Americans will lose their homes this year.
Most people wouldn't think that is a good thing but some people think it is. Some people think the market should be allowed to correct itself. Others think the government should continue to help out, to put band aides on some of these bad loans and help to keep people in their homes so that those homes don't end up on the market.
Stephen Leeb is the author of "Game Over." Stephen you have said you don't see how it would help the economy to let homeowners lose their homes.
So what is the best strategy here considering that we continue to see more of these foreclosures and one way or the other it cost us?
STEPHEN LEEB, AUTHOR, "GAME OVER": Well I think, Ali, what we have to face up to in this economy today is that we're very close to deflation. The Fed this week basically said they're going to continue with quantitative easing. Letting and allowing people to leave their homes and basically not allowing them to stay in their homes those bolstering home prices I think brings us even closer to deflation and brings us very close to a phenomenon where lower prices feed on themselves.
We right now face a crisis of spending in this country, believe it or not. Our savings rate is already up to 6.5 percent. And my guess is it would go dramatically higher and that we would really be facing the possibility and I hate to say this of a depression if we don't fight these deflationary forces. I think instead this country, government and business alike, should be focused on building additional industry. I think we're facing a war in this country, not a fighting war but a war on energy. And we've got to start building alternative energies. That's what I think.
VELSHI: I hear you but I want to stick with foreclosures and what action we should be taking specifically in terms of the government. Peter Schiff is the president of Euro Pacific Capital, he is the author of the "Little Book of Bull moves in Bear Markets" and there's a thinking out there that the housing market needs to be cleansed of bad loans. Peter in a way that our viewers will understand that don't follow this as closely as you do, give me 60 seconds on your view on this.
PETER SCHIFF, PRESIDENT, EURO PACIFIC CAPITAL: First of all, savings is in a crisis. We need savings if we're ever going to have new industry.
But as far as foreclosures, look people shouldn't be in homes that they can't afford. Foreclosure doesn't mean that people are homeless. It just means they move out of houses they can't afford and they rent something that they can afford and taxing one taxpayer to put money in another taxpayers hands so he can live in a house that he can't afford is not only unconstitutional and immoral it is bad economics. You don't want people in homes where they have no equity. They don't take care of them, they don't maintain them, and they lose even more value.
Now Obama has an even worse plan. He wants to give unemployed homeowners, who are under water access to another $50,000 in non recourse gifts basically so they can make their mortgage payments, their taxes, and their insurance for the next two years. This is a gift, not only is this going to hurt the housing market but it creates another powerful incentive for the people unemployed not to look for work.
VELSHI: Hang on a second.
Going to go back to Peter, Stephen Leeb for a second. Stephen, give me a prescriptive, 30 seconds. What action should be taken now to try and help this housing market? I should tell our viewers the median price of a single family home right now that is sort of the homes we all live in, the median price is up a little bit from last year and of course mortgage rates are the lowest they have been on record. What should change if anything?
LEEB: I think that Obama's plan is not a bad plan. I think that we have to protect the prices of homes right now.
SCHIFF: Prices didn't go down. They're too high.
LEEB: I think that anything we do that's deflationary risks a depression. Anything that we do that doesn't recognize the fact that this country is really on the verge of self-destruction is very, very dangerous.
SCHIFF: Steve you can't try to reflate the housing bubble. The problem is housing prices are too high. People can't afford them.
LEEB: Peter, the problem is -- as you said, not allowing people to look for work like people that are unemployed in this country don't want jobs --
SCHIFF: They don't want jobs, no -- LEEB: That is the craziest thing I've ever heard.
SCHIFF: Please, it's not crazy. Steve, if you're going to get $2,000 a month from the government for your mortgage payment, another 2,000 of unemployment, hold up. Be quiet for a second.
LEEB: Peter, you be quiet for a second.
VELSHI: I can't be here if we don't have people who pay for us. We have to go to a commercial break. Stephen Leeb and Peter Schiff with very different views about the economy. Take a look at these four letters that I'm about to show you while these guys are talking. The four letters, B-R-I-C. if you don't want to stick around and learn about them, you are making a mistake, because these could be the key to the future of your money.
VELSHI: BRIC, these four letters could be crucial to your money. BRIC stands for Brazil, Russia, India, and China. What do these countries have in common? They're all emerging economies. Why does it matter to you? Because you can easily invest in them. Should you? How do you do it? And how much should you invest in those countries?
Let's ask the expert. Stephen Leeb is back with us; also joining us from London is Richard Quest, host of CNNI, "QUEST MEANS BUSINESS."
He spends a lot of time dealing with developments in these countries. Richard let's start with you. It is an overused word people talking about growth in the BRIC economies given that we don't have growth in western economies, developed economies as much. Is this in your mind the place where smart money invests?
RICHARD QUEST, CNNI HOST, "QUEST MEANS BUSINESS:" Not only should the smart money invest in a balanced portfolio, it must invest in pension funds, any form of retirement account is hoping to get some form of gain. Look, this is the latest report that I got a few weeks ago from HSBC. These show the numbers, Ali. You talk about growth rates in Brazil of 7 percent, Russia of 4 percent, India of 8.5 percent, China of 9 or 10 percent, those sorts of growth rates are essential if a portfolio is going to make developments.
VELSHI: Stephen, you're really one of the people we talked who has such a great international perspective on this sort of thing. Where do you think people should be standing on having investments in BRIC countries in their own portfolio and we'll tell our viewers in a second how you would do that if you're going to?
LEEB: OK, Ali, I totally agree with Mr. Quest. I think that it's essential to invest in BRIC and for reasons that you said at the beginning. Developed countries, their markets have been terrible. If you look out over the past ten years for instance and you look at the performance of the BRIC stock markets they are up on average about five or six-fold. If you look at our performance we are down, now I'm not counting dividends. If you count dividends, you know the numbers are a little bit different.
This is not accidental, this is as I think Richard said because they have fabulous growth rates but this is a zero sum gain. These countries are developing and because they're developing they're using tremendous amounts of resources. Oil prices, they've come down a little bit, but at $75 they're up about three or four-fold since the beginning of the decade. That's because oil is needed by the BRIC countries. Those oil prices, those copper prices, also the same story across the board with commodities, represent taxes on the developed countries and that's one of the reasons we've done so poorly. Our stock market has done poorly and I think we'll --
VELSHI: Richard's making noises. What are you going on about Richard?
QUEST: I'm not working on that one I'm afraid.
LEEB: Then you're not paying attention to the data.
QUEST: It's too simplistic to suggest that it's a zero or not a zero sum gain and that because commodity prices are higher it's a transference of wealth. The truth is that they are emerging markets, the higher cost reduction markets in the west.
LEEB: I have no idea really what that means but what I do know is if you went back ten years and you asked every economists around and said give him this scenario, how things starts in the U.S. half million, no increase in energy demand or oil demand, where are oil prices going be, the answer would have been 10 to $15. The answer for copper would have been under $1. Now those increased oil prices, the fact that you're pay $3 dollars at the tank right now means that oil prices, energy prices have gone from 4 to 10 percent of the typical consumer's pocketbook. That is a deduction in median income and that's one reason we got into a lot of trouble in 2008.
QUEST: You cannot -- you cannot lay the price of oil at its current $75 to $80 a barrel clearly at the door of the emerging markets --
VELSHI: Of the three of us you travel to most of them. You've been in China, you have been in Russia, India, and you've seen people in India going from rickshaws into small cars or in China, people getting their first cars from bicycles to cars. That's got to be a big part of the demand for oil that we've seen in the last few years.
QUEST: Yes, but the argument that you're other guest is putting forward is that because they are growing at such a speed its detriment of the develop --
LEEB: It totally is.
Richard, what energy prices in this country go from 4 percent of a person's pocket book to 10 percent and that person is not using any more energy, that's a massive tax. The median income in this country is something around $50 grand. That doesn't allow you to pay for your kid's education. Take another 6 percent out of that and that's probably the biggest tax over the decade that we've experienced in this country.
VELSHI: So this is the best of all worlds. This is the best of all worlds. We have disagreement on why but we have agreement on the fact that yes, in fact, you the viewer actually do have to diversify your portfolio to ensure that you've got some exposure to these BRIC countries, Brazil, Russia, India and China.
What we'll do in coming weeks is we'll discuss the specifics of these countries. What's good or bad about them and how to take that and carry it forward to help you make some money? Thanks to both of you, Richard Quest and Stephen Leeb.
Well, there's been a big change in the friendly skies and on the ground as well. Why getting from point a to point b might be taking a little less time for you these days when we come back.
VELSHI: Time now for the ticker where we break down some of the big headlines from the week. Back with us now, Joe Queenan and Richard Quest, and joining us now CNN correspondent Mary Snow. This first story is made for all three of you.
We've heard about Steven Slater, the JetBlue flight attendant who dramatically exited a flight and quit his job after a confrontation with a passenger earlier this week. Slater has been hailed as a working-class hero, he has been called the next Joe the plumber, rumors of a reality show, multiply Facebook fan pages, tens of thousands of supporters.
Steven Slater is a hero or is it all hype? Why this is a perfect conversation? Joe Queen you can't make this stuff up and you specialize it stuff you can't make up. Richard, you were the only guy I know who travels more than I do. And Mary, you're from Brooklyn where being rude doesn't really set you apart from anyone.
MARY SNOW, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's true. Brash is part of our middle name. This story is unbelievable. In less than 24 hours he's been declared a folk hero. And you know a few days later now, I had to shake my head when I heard that he actually wanted his job back at JetBlue. All these stories are coming out about whether or not he really was, you know, rude to passengers on the plane. So I think this is more all hype.
VELSHI: As you know, I use a plane like some people use a bus. I commute every week and frankly I get tired of people trying to put bigger stuff in the overhead compartments then they should, people who stand up and break all the rules. My instinct Richard, while I wouldn't want a flight attendant being rude to me, was that you know what maybe somebody needs to put their foot down.
QUEST: Hey, look. How many times do people know that you don't get up until the plane has come to a standstill? I mean how many times do people have to -- why do people want to take steamer trunks on to aircrafts and shove them in the overhead commandment. Look. There's a limited amount of space. We all have to get on. As for the Steven Slater, the fact is this was a man who was on obviously in emotional distress. This was not a premeditated. This was not some great desire to rush forward and carry the torch for the working man and woman.
This was a cry of help and disaster. And I'll tell you one other thing. You wouldn't have wanted your mother, your brother, your uncle or your aunt to have been standing outside that aircraft when that slide deployed on top of somebody's head.
VELSHI: Joe, here's the problem. They have rules that I don't understand like why I have to turn off my blackberry because it somehow interferes with their billion dollar navigation system. So I guess what happens you start saying you don't have to listen to anything they say because they don't know what they're talking about.
QUEENAN: I think this is a total con job of this guy and I can't stand him. I can't stand the whole thing of every time we look for a working-class hero we find a clown; we find a phony like Joe the plumber. There are 320 million smart intelligent sophisticated, great people in this country and every time we look for a folk hero, we find a jerk like this.
First of all, I'm not flying that airline ever until they get their human resources. How did this guy get a job flying in the air? Every time you are on a plane I look at that thing and I figure, who's watching that? Can somebody just open that? Here's a guy that made flying even more terrifying, not just for passengers, but for every single person who works as a flight attendant. All those people who do a great job all around the world, he's made the job; I hope they send this guy to jail for 700 years. VELSHI: We have a split decision on this. Let me tell you about this, we all know being on a plane is a stressful experience. Some people is it is stressful start to finish and for me you know that stress comes when you sit and you are waiting and waiting and waiting. So these new federal rules were put into effect at the end of April to cut down on the lengthy tarmac delays and they seem to be working.
In the U.S., Richard, listen to this, airlines reported just three flights in June with tarmac delays of three hours or more, that is the cutoff, after that you pay $27,500 per passenger as a fine. June, last year, 268 flights sat on the ground for more than three hours before takeoff. The airlines all warn that if they impose this rule, there are going to be cancellations across the board. It didn't happen. It actually sounds like the skies are getting a whole lot friendlier, a lot more efficient. Richard.
QUEST: Nah, nah, nah. You're taking a couple of numbers. You're taking one swallow and you're making a summer. What you're not looking at is exactly over the long term. What is going to happen to schedules? What is going to happen to frequencies? Yes, I agree with you, Ali, it is a miserable existence to be stuck on an airline. You're not getting LaGuardia being multiply scheduled so planes will be taking off on top of each other. I think there is a long way to go before you can claim victory on this one. VELSHI: I don't know Mary; $27,500 per passenger if you keep them there for more than three hours seemed to work swimmingly. No more cancellations than last year. Frankly, I think you're one of these people; you fly a lot you have to be sitting there in an airport, looks like improvement to me.
SNOW: Yes, but look at where we start from. This says that there are improvements, that there are fewer planes sitting on a tarmac for three hours. Three hours. So how many planes are sitting there just sly of three hours? I think there is still such a long way to go. You know, consumer complaints or customer complaints up overall, though, despite the backdrop of this.
VELSHI: Let me move on to another story. This one I was following last week and getting a lot of coverage. Supermodel Naomi Campbell looking not as sparkly as usual. The war crimes trial, I couldn't even get my head around this. The war crimes trial of the former Liberian President Charles Taylor. She testified that she received a package of very small, dirty, greasy-looking stones after a dinner at Nelson Mandela's mansion back in 1997.
She figured they were diamonds. So what does she do? She turns them over to somebody who apparently represents a children's charity. The super model now taking criticism for remarking on the stand that her appearance at the trial was a big inconvenience. This is a trial for Taylor who is on trial for receiving these blood diamonds, allegedly, in return for army rebels in Sierra Leone. Make sense of this for me, Richard.
QUEST: The sense about this, it's a nasty business relating to blood diamonds, genocide, torture. But the crucial thing, that's the trial that has been going for three years but, Ali, this week we got an insight into the celebrity world of fashion when Naomi Campbell misspeaks and says it's a big inconvenience to go to a war crimes trial. Her agent, her former agent basically is accused of attending a blood diamond party and, frankly, the entire thing becomes so besmirched in unpleasantness of what celebrity life must be that you really wonder what everyone was thinking. As for the blood diamonds, those diamonds, the guy who got them kept them!
VELSHI: Didn't hand them over to the charity.
QUEST: No. They've only now just turned up and been handed to the authorities.
QUEENAN: Let me get this straight. OK, because I can't follow this trial. I don't understand what is involved, but the whole idea that now we have discovered that an aging super model is venal and crass and selfish and stupid, stop the presses. Stop the presses on that one. I had no idea that this was the way supermodels acted. That this was the way supermodels behaved.
VELSHI: Good point. I guess that makes sense. Listen, Joe, good it see you, as always. Mary Snow thanks for being with us. What a crazy story that JetBlue story is. Richard, don't go anywhere. Richard and I have something to tell you, something big, and something you do not want to miss on CNN. We want to talk to you about it and we want you to tweet about it and, most importantly, we hope it's a segment you'll get involved in.
VELSHI: All right. Before we go today I want to bring Richard Quest back on and I want to tell you about something that we're going to do every week in my daily show which airs between 1:00 and 3:00 pm Eastern and Richard's daily show which is on CNN International, what time is it, Richard, for our international audience?
QUEST: It is 7:00 London, 8:00, 21:00 Central European Time.
VELSHI: All right. So we are going to do this in both of our shows once every Thursday, it's called "Q&A" -- stands for "Quest & Ali" or "Question & Answer."
Richard, tell our viewers what it is about.
QUEST: It is really simple. You, the viewers, choose the subject that Ali and I have to talk about informatively and educationally. We have to give you the details on a subject that you want to know about for one minute each and then things get really interesting, Ali.
VELSHI: Then we go head-to-head. Somebody, our voice asks us questions to see how smart we are and we go head-to-head against each other. We want you to check us out every Thursday. Go to our website, CNN.com/qmb is Richard and CNN.com/ali is mine. Enter your question and we'll answer those for you. Richard, great to see you, as always.
QUEST: And to you, Ali. You can also tweet questions at my twitter name is Richard Quest.
VELSHI: Or @Alivelshi. You can get to us any way you want. We want to answer your questions. Richard, have a good one.
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