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Uprising in Libya; Tens of Thousands Flee Libya Seeking Refuge in Tunisia; Christchurch Remembers

Aired February 28, 2011 - 08:00:00   ET


KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.

I'm Kristie Lu Stout, in Hong Kong.

A town close to the Libyan capital falls under the influence of the opposition.

"The King's Speech" wins the big prizes at the Academy Awards, including the Oscar for best picture.

And why this man ran the Tokyo Marathon with four phones strapped to him.

The heat is on in Tripoli. The international community says Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi must go, but he is holding on to the capital 14 days into the uprising.

Now, security forces have reportedly switched sides in a major gateway to Tripoli. Zawiya is about 55 kilometers west of the capital and under opposition control.

Now, the victory has been paid for with blood. The United Nations chief says the death toll from recent unrest has topped 1,000. Further sanctions are being considered against the regime by foreign ministers gathering in Geneva, Switzerland.

But Gadhafi's son, Saif, says the situation is under control. He denies military attacks have been ordered on the people, and he tells ABC News that most Libyans support his father.


CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, "THIS WEEK WITH CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR": If a person can only keep control by using force, then legitimacy is gone.

SAIF AL-ISLAM GADHAFI, SON OF LIBYAN LEADER: Right. But what happened? We didn't use force. Second, we still have people around us.

So we are in Tripoli, and Tripoli we have here half of the population of Libya. Half. There's more than 2.5 million people living in the city.

Do you think because of 10,000 or 5,000 people, even if they have legitimate demands against my father, or whatever, it means that the whole Libyan population is against Mr. Gadhafi?


STOUT: Let's find out what it's like on the ground right now. Our senior international correspondent, Nic Robertson, joins us live from Tripoli.

And Nic, what are you seeing there?

NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SR. INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Kristie, the streets coming back to life. The traffic that we weren't seeing a few days ago now back out on the streets. Indeed, there's some traffic in some places, there are traffic jams.

A lot of the stores remain shuttered, closed. You see some policemen and some soldiers at occasional checkpoints in the city. At light (ph) checkpoints, they're armed. But the traffic just passes through.

You're seeing people come out into cafes a little more, enjoying some sunshine. But it's still far, far from normal.

In the center of the city, in Green Square, where Moammar Gadhafi gave his last public speech, you find a lot of supporters for Gadhafi himself. But if you drive a little further away, and when we put our camera down, you find that people come out and talk. But they say they're too afraid to tell us these things on camera, but they say that they're afraid to go out and protest at night because the government has such a strong security grip now. They feel like their protest movement in Tripoli is losing momentum, but they still want change.

We also find other people here who say that they want change, but they're concerned about the violence. They'd like to see change, they'd like to see some of the democratic steps that Saif Gadhafi has talked about, but they don't want the violence. They're very concerned about the violence that might happen.

And indeed, we're hearing from government officials, portraying a situation today where there could be hundreds of thousands of people killed if this situation continues. The government stands firm in its belief, Kristie, that they can actually win around this situation. They say they control three-quarters of the country, that the opposition, outside of the east, the opposition just has pockets rather than the reverse -- Kristie.

STOUT: But, Nic, since Friday, no new cities have fallen under opposition control. So have we reached a stalemate? What happens next?

ROBERTSON: It appears that this is a stalemate. When you look at the opposition -- and we saw at least 2,000 of them gathered in the center of Zawiya, the town just to the west of Tripoli, less than an hour's ride away -- they didn't have control over the whole of the city. They had control over the center of it.

They were quite well on, but they seem to lack the ability to sort of break out of the containment that's placed around that city by government forces. And the opposition doesn't seem strong enough to be able to come out of the suburbs of Tripoli, for example, and overthrow the government here, because the government has used weapons on the population. Indeed, some of the soldiers we met yesterday in the opposition rally told us they've changed sides and gone to the anti-government side because they've been told to shoot on the protesters.

So there is a stalemate developing, because the opposition, in a lot of cases, either isn't organized or is too afraid because they're unarmed to stand up against the government. So it appears it's sort of entering a protracted situation here -- Kristie.

STOUT: France is sending an aid to Benghazi, which is held by the opposition. What is the real need on the ground throughout Libya? And can the West really help?

ROBERTSON: There are several thoughts here. The man I spoke to who told me he is part of the opposition movement here in Tripoli, who didn't want to speak on camera, told me that they wanted more international intervention. Indeed, he thought they had lost their momentum in the opposition, in part because they thought they were getting more international support, and then that hasn't come.

There are other people here who tell us, look -- and this has been part of what the government says, that people are beginning to repeat, in part of what the government says. But we're also talking to middle class people who have something to lose, and they're concerned about their children not being in school, and they're concerned about violence. People here still very worried, people who ran in the demonstrations in the past few days, now feel worried that because the opposition has weapons, because the government is prepared to use such violence force, they're afraid that there can be much greater violence in the future along tribal lines here.

The people who want to see change here are afraid of international intervention here because they think that that could make the situation worse. They look at Iraq and look at Afghanistan and say, look, many people died there.

So you have mixed concerns, some who want more intervention and others who say we're worried about intervention because we're worried about an escalation in violence. So although the situation in Tripoli, on the surface, may seem getting back to normal, below the surface it's tense, people are very worried, they're not sure about the future, and very concerned -- Kristie.

STOUT: All right, Nic. Thank you for that.

Nic Robertson, with the view from inside Libya, joining us live from the Libyan capital.

Now, the International Criminal Court is planning an investigation into crimes against humanity. The U.N. Security Council referred the situation to the ICC when it voted for broad sanctions against Libya. Now, several world leaders have taken a tough stance against Gadhafi and his regime.

Now, the British prime minister, David Cameron, he says this: "It is time for Colonel Gadhafi to go, and to go now. There is no future for Libya that includes him." Now, the U.K. has revoked diplomatic immunity for Colonel Gadhafi and his family.

Now, the United States has also taken unilateral action against Gadhafi. The U.S. president, Barack Obama, says, "Gadhafi has lost the legitimacy to rule and needs to do what his right for his country by leaving now." Now, he made that comment to the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, who says, "It is high time for Gadhafi to go."

The European Union is also exploring additional sanctions. "The Financial Times" reports that Italy is expected to give its backing on Monday.

Now, Rome has very close business ties to Tripoli and is seen as reluctant to criticize the regime. But in an interview, the Italian foreign minister said the end of Gadhafi's rule is "inevitable."

Now, France has not held back. Paris is sending two planes with humanitarian aid to opposition in Benghazi. And President Nicolas Sarkozy, he was among the first world leaders to call for Gadhafi to step down.

Now, tens of thousands of people have flooded across the border from Libya into Tunisia, seeking safety. As Ivan Watson reports, the Libyan exodus is causing new problems for its North African neighbor.


IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): This is part of the exodus from Libya, foreign workers, most of them Egyptians, who have been flooding across the border into Tunisia and are now left sleeping in the dirt while they wait to find some way to get back home.

They just completed the most dangerous leg of a long and difficult journey. One Egyptian engineer says Gadhafi soldiers robbed him on his way to the Tunisian border.

(on camera): Now, why did the soldiers take your laptops and cell phones?

SADDIK AL MASRI, EGYPTIAN ENGINEER: They don't give you a chance to ask him because he (INAUDIBLE).

WATSON: A gun? He's pointing a gun at you?

AL MASRI: Yes, yes. A gun. A gun like this, and (INAUDIBLE) like this.

WATSON: The green flag designates the start of Libyan territory. There are hundreds, if not thousands, of people gathered in the no man's land in between waiting for permission to cross the border, and they've been streaming in periods through. You can see people waiting to be registered over here.

This is just the beginning of a flood of humanity, tens of thousands that have crossed across the Tunisian border in just the last week. And the fears are that it will get much, much worse.

(voice-over): The new arrivals sit in rows on the asphalt waiting to be processed.

(on camera): How many people have crossed the border?

LT. COL. BALTAGI KHALED, TUNISIAN ARMY: Thousands and thousands of people. Each day the number is greater.

WATSON (voice-over): The Tunisian military is on the scene, providing tents for shelter, treating the sick, and feeding the growing numbers of refugees. Tunisian volunteers are also coming to the rescue. Convoys of Tunisians coming to help their neighbors in this time of need, and staging a rowdy show of support for Libya's bloody revolution.


WATSON: In the past six weeks, Libya's neighbors, Tunisia and Egypt, experienced their own historic revolutions, but both countries are now politically unstable. Their shaky governments will need all the help they can get to deal with the growing flood of refugees on their border.

Ivan Watson, CNN, on the Tunisian/Libyan border.


STOUT: Tunisia has a new prime minister. Mohamed Ghannouchi resigned on Sunday, a day after three people were killed in anti-government protests. Now, Beji Caid Essebsi is the country's new prime minister.

Now, protesters had gathered in Tunis over the weekend to call for the interim government to step aside, for parliament to be disbanded, and for a new constitution to be written. Ghannouchi said he stepped down because he was unwilling to make decisions that, in his words, would end up causing casualties. He had been a target for protesters who criticized his ties to the former regime.

Now, still to come on NEWS STREAM, it is almost one week since Christchurch was rocked by a deadly earthquake and more than five days since survivors were found in the rubble. We take a look at the rescue operation.

And the Cricket World Cup sparked into life as India and England surprised the bookies with a tied match. Now, we look at India's booming yet illegal betting industry.

And it's aware season, and we were on the red carpet as the great and the good descended on Hollywood for the 83rd Oscars.


STOUT: Welcome back.

Christchurch is burying its dead. The first funeral has been held in New Zealand for the youngest victim of last week's earthquake. The 5-month-old boy was laid to rest as the hunt for survivors continues.

And rescuers say the chance of finding anyone alive is slim. They haven't found any signs of life for more than five days now. The death toll currently stands at 148, but it's set to exceed 200.

Now, it's come down to rescuers hoping for a miracle. Kim Vinno (ph) of TV New Zealand reports.


KIM VINNO (ph), REPORTER, TV NEW ZEALAND (voice-over): How does a city come back from this? From the air, Christchurch is ripped apart. But on the ground, these men aren't giving up.

MITCHELL BROWN, NATIONAL MANAGER, URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE: We've always got hope that we're going to come across someone who's trapped in a void that we get to.

VINNO: It's been around-the-clock operations. These images, filmed by rescuers, show the dangers they face. Heavy diggers now doing most of the work at the Pyne Gould building, but rescuers say it's still a delicate job.

BROWN: It does make it a bit more slow and methodical, but it does it mean that we're giving it the care and respect that we would expect.

VINNO: Every day there are more bodies. Authorities admitting some may never be identified.

DAVE CLIFF, NEW ZEALAND POLICE SUPERINTENDENT: With this intense fire, which there was at the CTV site, that presents real difficulty. I don't want to preempt what will happen in respect to that, but we need to brace ourselves for the fact that that possibility does exist.

VINNO: The loss now, even closer to home.

CLIFF: On my shirt, I'm wearing the feather of the huia bird. This symbolizes the loss of a member of police.

VINNO: Organizing the growing search team has become a task in itself. Those with loved ones still missing told, be patient.

CLIFF: We do understand the trauma the families are going through, the fact that not knowing is agonizing. And again, I give my utmost assurance that a very large team is being very well led and is working as hard as they possible can.

VINNO: Civil Defense headquarters is home to hundreds. The governor general among those flying in to inspect.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They have not (INAUDIBLE) for volunteers coming forward.

VINNO: The people in these rooms, working tirelessly to put Christchurch back together, while outside, on this day of prayer, these men still have faith in a miracle.


STOUT: More than 50 people are still listed as missing, believed to be trapped beneath the rubble.

Now, on the other side of the Pacific, a magnitude 6 earthquake struck southern Chile on Sunday evening. The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was centered 40 kilometers south of Concepcion. Now, the quake struck exactly one year after a massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake killed 521 people and left thousands more Chileans homeless.

Now, ahead here on NEWS STREAM, we go inside the Libyan city of Zawiya. Now, the government organized the trip, but may not be happy about what journalists saw.

And we'll also have a complete wrap of this year's Oscars, the winners, losers, and the reaction. That's next.



STEVEN SPIELBERG, DIRECTOR/PRODUCER: And the Oscar goes to "The King's Speech."


STOUT: And that was Steven Spielberg calling out the top honor at this year's Academy Awards. "The King's Speech" not only won best picture, it also racked up awards in several other major categories, including best original screenplay, best director, and best actor in a leading role.

Now, "The King's Speech" did not take home all the gold and glory though. Now, here's a look at the other top winners.

"Inception" also snagged four statues, mainly in the areas of sound of cinematography. And as you can see, this year the Academy seemed to spread out the Oscar love. Often, there has usually been one film that dominates. Take "The Hurt Locker" last year with its six wins, and "Slumdog Millionaire" the year before that," with a total of seven.

But beyond the winners and losers, people tune into the Oscars for the ceremony itself -- the fashions, the foibles, the funny, memorable moments. But for a look at it all, Kareen Wynter joins us now from CNN in Los Angeles.

And Kareen, it was a big night for "The King's Speech," but tell us about all the other big winners.

KAREEN WYNTER, CNN ENTERTAINMENT CORRESPONDENT: Absolutely. And I wish, Kristie, I could say that there were so many huge surprises, but, you know, a lot of the critics called it. And as you just mentioned, "The King's Speech," a big night for them.

Let's run down the four more major categories.

"The King's Speech" taking home best picture. Colin Firth, just one of those really top-rated actors out there -- I'm definitely a fan of his -- he took home best actor. And it was so cute during his acceptance speech, Kristie, where he said, "I have a feeling my career has just peaked." I just love that actor.

As for best actress, Natalie Portman. Again, no surprise there, "Black Swan."

In the supporting categories, Christian Bale took home best actor for "The Fighter," as well as his co-star, Melissa Leo, best supporting actress. And speaking of Melissa Leo, she probably made the big headline of the night with her acceptance speech. If you haven't heard, check out what she said on stage.


MELISSA LEO, ACTRESS: When I watched Kate two years ago, it looked so (EXPLETIVE DELETED).


WYNTER: Kristie, you know, I'm trying to figure this out. This isn't the first time that we've heard the F-bomb dropped, an expletive, during an acceptance speech. But it makes you wonder what goes through these performers' minds.

They're performers. They do this for a living. This is your big moment. And instead of people talking about something that she said that was sentimental, or really, really touching, they're talking about the F-bomb.

And, so, don't quite get it, but maybe this is a little controversy that the show needed because the review are in, they don't look good. And many people say the overall show just fell flat. This is what we're talking about thought.

STOUT: Yes. You know, all I can say is thank goodness for tape delay.

And about what you said just now, the general feeling about the show falling flat, let's talk more about that, because I went through my Twitter feed after the show and, yes, the reaction was rather critical. Let's bring up this tweet from Roger Ebert, the film critic and legend..

He said this: "The worst Oscarcast I've seen, and I go back awhile. Some great winners, a nice distribution of awards, but the show? Dead. In. The. Water."

Ouch. Now, Kareen, was the General reaction that bad?

WYNTER: Yes. And Roger may have nailed it based on a lot of the reviews that have come in. And I wish I could say they're mixed, but overwhelmingly, by and large, Kristie, people are bashing the show.

There was so much hype surrounding these two young hosts. You know, they're such talents in what they do.

James Franco, he was also nominated last night. Not only was his film, "127 Hours," nominated in the best picture category, but he was also nominated in the lead category. So this is a guy who obviously knows his craft, Hollywood loves him.

But in terms of his hosting duties, it looked as if he didn't want to be there. The chemistry with Anne, talk about that. I mean, it was just nonexistent.

And it was weird seeing that because we saw them rehearsing last week, we interviewed both co-hosts, and they just seemed really, really jazzed about this. Anne, you could tell she was trying, but again, they were just so mismatched here, that it just feel absolutely flat. She seemed nervous, didn't know where the show was going the entire night.

In terms of some of the reviews, "The New York Post" also had harsh words, saying that, "The youngest, hippest broadcast ever turned into one of the most stayed (ph) broadcast." "The New York Daily Post" slamming it as well, saying that it was disastrous.

I can go on and on here, which is really bad, because, again, the Academy has been so desperate the last several years. They're looking for a ratings spike here, and it just doesn't seem like they're going to see that this year, Kristie. But the numbers aren't in yet. We'll have to wait and see.

STOUT: Yes. You know, and all that being said, I still want to watch the recap tonight. It's available on Asian TV.

You know, it's the Oscars, after all.

Kareen Wynter, joining us live from L.A.

WYNTER: You have to watch it. Yes, I agree.

STOUT: Thank you so much, Kareen. You have to watch it. Thank you, Kareen. Take care.

Now, among the awards that were handed out during the ceremony, best documentary feature. And that went to "Inside Job," which investigated the reasons for the financial crisis. And two other Oscar-nominated films, they sent a powerful message about dirty business of a very different sort -- pollution and climate change.

Anna Coren has more.



UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I feel scared. I really don't want to be a hero.


ANNA COREN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's a story of quite heroism with Oscar potential. The film "Warriors of Qiugang" chronicles the efforts of one village in eastern China to close down a polluting chemical plant.

RUBY YANG, FILMMAKER, "THE WARRIORS OF QIUGANG": We heard about a lot of stories about pollution in China, but we never have seen a group of villages working as a group and campaigning against a polluting enterprise.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are sorry to be born in this place.


COREN: The story of Qiugang is not unlike others in China's industrial heartland. Public health experts say lack of regulation and rampant pollution have claimed countless victims across the country.

THOMAS LENNON, FILMMAKER, "THE WARRIORS OF QIUGANG": In China, there's a real tug between different forces in the government, between people who genuinely -- who have real positions of power and who genuinely want to see environmental controls strengthen, and others who absolutely do not. So I think the film hopefully will give a little extra sustenance to the people within the government who really want to see environmental controls happen.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We are an island community.


COREN: "Sun Come Up" is another Oscar contender about the environment. The film looks at how climate change is impacting the people of the Carteret Islands in the South Pacific. Rising sea levels are a direct threat to the survival of this vibrant community.

JENNIFER REDFEARN, DIRECTOR, "SUN COME UP": "Sun Come Up" is a film about climate change, and it's a film about relocation. But it's also a film about home and what home means to people.

COREN: These two films are in direct competition at this year's Oscars. But what's more important for these filmmakers is that environmental issues are taking center stage.

LENNON: In a way, we worried that a film about China and a local battle is too obscure, but everybody who cares about the environment knows that you don't solve the world's global problems without solving China's. So there's a lot of interest in it.

REDFEARN: Great documentary films are about people, and we care about what's happening to people in the world. And I think in the past, maybe the environment was something we didn't think about. It is something that was happening to people. And so, I think more and more, people are starting to tell these stories of the environment through the experience of the people who are being impacted.

COREN: Anna Coren, CNN, Hong Kong.


STOUT: Now, coming up next on NEWS STREAM, from empty streets to machineguns and protests forward (ph) against the Libyan leader, it is a nation of contracts. Now, we have a government-organized tour of a town west of Tripoli, where we saw more than the government would have liked.

And running a marathon is tough enough, but we'll talk to a man who wanted to make it a little tougher and ran the course carrying enough gadgets to open a small store.


STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.

Now state media in Oman reports that the Sultan has made concessions to job seekers after a weekend of unrest. He has ordered the hiring of 50,000 people. He also wants the unemployed paid nearly $400 each month until they find work. At least one protester was killed in clashes between demonstrators and police in the industrial town of Sohar.

The U.S. ambassador to China says Beijing has illegally harassed journalists trying to cover pro-democracy protests. Our own crew was shoved by security, as you can see right here. Other reporters were also detained and one was severely beaten. China's foreign ministry has not responded to our request for comment.

Egyptian authorities have frozen the assets of former President Hosni Mubarak and banned him from leaving the country he led until February 11. Now the freeze and ban also applies to his immediate family. Egypt's prosecutor general calling for a freeze of some of Mubarak's overseas assets last week.

Now as tens of thousands of refugees continue to flock from Libya into neighboring Tunisia, the EU has just decided to impose a rack of sanctions against Moammar Gaddafi. The sanctions are likely to be imposed in the coming days.

Now reporting in Libya is far from easy in the best of times. Our senior international correspondent Nic Robertson is one of a number of international reporters the regime has allowed into the capital over the weekend purportedly to show how normal things are.


NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: These are the people Moammar Gaddafi's government labels drug addicts and al Qaeda supporters, but here's what we saw: anti-government protesters. And this crowd of 2,000 is just 40 minutes drive from the capital Tripoli in the oil refining down of Zawia.

The signs we're seeing in the crowd here, we're seeing things like "Gaddafi you blood sucker," "Gaddafi you and your family has to go." They're also calling "we want guns. We want guns."

Hard to imagine barely a few miles away just a few minutes earlier government officials were showing us how Gaddafi's troops control the roads. As the officials drove us toward Zawia, that control evaporates.

You can still smell the burning here this police station only just burned, smoke rising up from the back here. All the trash from inside the police station brought out here. A burnt-out wrecked police vehicle here. Here the tables and chairs from inside. And if you look up here, that's been shuttered up -- barricaded up, but when you look inside, the whole building is scorched inside.

A passing driver tells us more.

So who are the 16 people who died -- they were killed -- from the people.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes -- from the police. And the police have people -- not just the people.

ROBERTSON: So this was a gun fight between the people and the police here.


ROBERTSON: All the signs here are some sort of violent confrontation that burnt out tires in the middle of the road, the improvised checkpoints over there, nails in a piece of wood -- and there's heavy machine gun fire echoing over the sky. Not clear what that was. There's a demonstration going on down the road here.

It's a front line of sorts. Now the government officials who were escorting us are nowhere to be seen.

As I'm walking down the street here, you can see the debris from all the rioting that's been going on here. And up on the roofs around us there are gunmen with weapons, heavy machine guns, overlooking this demonstration, overlooking us on this street.

A handful in the anti-government crowd tote new-looking weapons. Government officials claim weapons like these are being looted from the police and army, justifying they say shooting at protesters.

These former soldiers who brought their weapons with them tell us why they changed sides.

"The military chiefs, they are the ones who forced the soldiers to fire at the demonstrators," he says. "The area we see is small, just a few blocks."

I want to know who controls this city now.

"The city is controlled by demonstrators," he says. "These are the ones who are sacrificing."

An hour later, on the outskirts of Zawia, government officials show us not all the city is against Gaddafi, taking us to several pro-government rallies.

This is the second pro-government rally that we've been brought to. A few people are hooting their horns here in the line of traffic. But if you actually step back and look at the number of people who are protesting over there, the numbers are perhaps 50, 60, 70 at the most. It's quite a small crowd.

While our cameras are there, it quickly grows to several hundred. The crowd turning angry as we pull away.

As we left the anti-government demonstration a little earlier, no anger directed at us, only concern. This former soldier tells me he expects the army to attack them and soon.

Nic Robertson, CNN, Zawia, Libya.


STOUT: And while thousands of Libyans try to continue protests inside their country, some expats are just glad to be getting out. Now these are live pictures of people arriving in Malta right now. Now the British warship has brought dozens of evacuees who are fleeing the crisis. Countries around the world have sent in planes, ships and even chartered ferries to get their citizens out of harms way.

And you can follow the situation in the Middle East on Twitter through out network of correspondents. Just follow cnni's Twitter list to read the latest from Nic Robertson, Ben Wedeman and Ivan Watson among many others. To find that at

Now a massive landslide has hit the Bolivian capital. For more, let's go straight to Mari Ramos. She joins us from the world weather center -- Mari.

MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Kristie. There's conflicting reports as to what may have caused this huge landslide that affected parts of the Bolivian capital in an area known as the Barrio de la Flores. This happened on Sunday. And some authorities are saying that it may have been caused by a fault line that goes through the region, others are saying it's because of all the heavy rain. For the last 14 days they've had some very heavy rain across portions of northern Bolivia in the heels of a serious drought. Let's go ahead and stay -- get you straight to the pictures and show you what we're talking about here.

This is one of the first images, and you can see it's just a snapshot of some of the damage of more than a 1,000 -- more than 800 homes I should say that have been damaged because of this landslide. You can see the roadway right over here completely demolished as well. And when you zoom in, these are people that are walking on the roadway here just trying -- you can see the rescue work that was continuing while it was still daylight yesterday afternoon. They're expecting to go back to work on some of this a little bit more as we head through the rest of the day today.

And of course it's about people -- no reports of deaths amazingly with this massive landslide that we've been talking about that left more than 800 families are homeless. But here they are carrying out one of those injured people, a woman, carrying her to safety. You can see the rescue personnel there hard at work.

Bolivia has been under a drought as I was telling you. The area over the last few months all the way up into the beginning of February considered in a serious drought across the northern portions of the country. But they did get some rain, some measureable rainfall over the last 14 days in a row, nothing too significant, but they have had a bit more significant rainfall. Right now we're returning to dry conditions throughout the rest of the day today. So at least a little bit of good news there. Hopefully they will be able assess the situation a little bit more.

I want to take you to the other side of the world in the southern Philippines. We continue to see some very heavy rain. On Sunday some areas getting over 200 millimeters of rainfall. Across the south we'll continue to see that heavy rain, unfortunately, over the next couple of days as that area of low pressure continues to make its way throughout the region here. This will be an area to watch.

You know this time of year when the rain clouds, it can be very heavy, and sometimes can trigger not only flooding but also the threat for mudslides.

Now Beijing, over the weekend, you had what your fourth snowfall so far this season? That's a little bit of good news, help clean out the air a little bit. That weather system will continue making its way across northeastern China and into the Korean peninsula. The snow coming to an end, of course, brings just a light dusting. But it was a welcome change again in the weather there in Beijing.

Let's go ahead and check out the rest of the forecast.

I love this new weather look.

Anyway let's take these images from NASA. Discovery of course docking with the International Space Station. They've actually been in space already about 3 hours and 15 days today. And I should say overnight. Two of the astronauts spent the night camped out in an airlock area preparing for their next space walk. They will last about 6 hours and 30 minutes. It's expected to start within the next 3 hours. Astronauts Steven Bourne (ph) becomes the second astronaut to -- the first astronaut to ever fly back to back missions. He got that honor, Kristie, after that astronaut broke his leg in a bicycle accident so he was a last minute replacement on this mission.

Some of the cool stuff that we're doing will be installing external platforms and working on new things there for the International Space Station. And another really cool thing, you can follow this on JAXA -- on the JAXA web site there for the Japanese space agency, Kristie.

They're going to do this message in a bottle sort of experiment where they're going to capture the vastness of space, put it in a bottle and bring it back to Earth. But if there's nothing there what are they going to bring back? But anyway, we'll see.

STOUT: Space.

RAMOS: There you go.

STOUT: The most expensive vacuum in the world.

RAMOS: There you go.

STOUT: It's incredible.

RAMOS: And you can follow what's happening in that experiment. It's pretty cool.

STOUT: We're going to have to bring it up again on this show just to show you the last week when you were away we unveiled a Lego model of a space shuttle that our producer put together piece by piece. It took him about six hours. So we're going to bring it -- and I think broke apparently.

RAMOS: Oh no.

STOUT: I don't think he's happy that I mentioned that. He's going to rebuild it. But we will show it to you again here on News Stream for the next shuttle launch, because I know you're a fan.

RAMOS: I am a fan. I am a fan. And I want to see that.

And what do you mean it broke? We've got to fix that.

STOUT: We will. We will. Mari, thank you. Take care. Mari Ramos there.

Now still to come here on News Stream, the Cricket World Cup is big business no more moreso than in India. So, too, though is the illegal yet lucrative betting industry. And we'll take a look.


STOUT: Welcome back. Now there is a new number one in golf. And nope, it's not Tiger Woods again. Kate Giles is here to tell us more -- Kate.

KATE GILES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: No, Kristie. It's definitely not Tiger Woods. He's moving in very much the wrong direction. The gold world rankings making some very, very happy meeting for Europe actually this morning. No Tiger Woods, no Phil Mickelson at the helm of that list. In fact, for very first time since 1992 Europeans occupy the top 4 spots in the world rankings.

As of today Germany's Martin Kaymer, he is the man at the top of the rankings. New world number one. Now he takes over from Lee Westwood, of course, who held since the end of October. Another Englishman, Luke Donald, he jumps to number 3. That's after a big win for him at the weekend. The Northern Irishman Graeme McDowell slips in at number 4. Tiger Woods, well he has fallen to fifth, which is his lowest ranking in 14 years.

Now at the age of 26, Martin Kaymer is now the second youngest player ever, behind Tiger Woods of course, to become world number one. Tiger was 21, by the way, when he took over that ranking. You're seeing him there walking along with Justin -- the former for Justin CNN -- of CNN. He spoke to him when he was just 23. Martin Kaymer is just the second German, after Bernard Langer (ph) in the 80's and the sixth European to reach that number one spot. He turned pro in 2005. He won on his debut on the European Challenge Tour in 2006. And he has now won a total of nine times on the European tour.

His rise to the top really has been very impressive indeed. In 2006, he climbed from 1249th to 164th in the last. 2007, he was up to 76th. By 2008, he made it to 25th. And in 2009, he made it to 13th. 2010, though, really was the year he cemented his place amongst the elite of golf. He won the 2010 Ryder Cup, the 2010 Race to Dubai and his first major as well, the PGA Championship. That's enough golf for you.

What about the NBA? There was a couple of great games on this weekend. One we've got time to show you now. The Heat hosting the Knicks. The Heat, of course, made their move in the summer getting the three together, but the Knicks have rebuilt their roster at the trade deadline adding Carmelo Anthony to the mix. And this was the first big, big game that Carmelo Anthony has faced since joining them.

Miami, although really looking the stronger early on of the two -- some flashy moves from LeBron James and Dwayne Wade. Look at this, James starting the break and giving it to Dwayne Wade who returns the alley-oop for the slam.

You know the Knicks were down 15, but they finished the half on a 16-0 run on this buzzer beating 3. Carmelo Anthony finding Bill Walker and they're that close at 62-61 at the half.

In the fourth now, Chauncey Billups looks like he has nowhere to go. He attempts a 3 and he drains it. The Knicks leading now 85-84. Spike Lee, you can see him there in the crowd celebrating that one.

Just over 6 seconds left on the clock now. James has a chance to tie with a 3. He misses, though. And the Knicks really showing what they can do with that new line-up. They win 91-86. A big win for the Knicks.

STOUT: All right. Kate Giles. I heard you using alley-oop as a verb. That was pretty cool. Kate Giles there. Thank you.

Now many Indians, meanwhile -- and we stick around with sports -- they're betting on a world cup victory for their cricket team, both figuratively and literally. Now betting is business in India even though it's illegal. Mallika Kapur takes a look at the secretive industry and why law enforcement officials can't seem to stop it.


MALLIKA KAPUR, CNN INTERNTIONAL CORRESPONDENT: He watches for the love of cricket and the love of money. This man has just bet $300 in one of the early matches of the Cricket World Cup. Betting on cricket is illegal in India, but widespread.

Is it very common in India for people to bet on cricket?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Very widespread. And because of technology, it's becoming more common.

KAPUR: The bet can be placed on the outcome of a match, the score, even how a single ball is played. Typically bets are placed via a quick phone call to a bookie. He answers if he recognizes a number. They speak in code. All conversations are recorded.

This bookie says clients call him from all over the world and from all walks of life.

Who are your typical customers?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Everybody. Whole (inaudible) to the business man to the politicians to the police man, everybody.

KAPUR: Indian police officials say they are cracking down on sport betting, but admit it's difficult to catch the perpetrators.

NISAR TAMBOLI, MUMBAI POLICE: It's (inaudible) it's because of technology and because they are sitting across the continents. That's what I told.

KAPUR: But doesn't that mean that they are outwitting the police force?

TAMBOLI: No, they are just merely taking advantage of the conditions that have developed.

KAPUR: But they're still getting away with it.

TAMBOLI: They're not getting away with it. Not everybody can get away with it.

KAPUR: Horse racing is the only sport people can legally bet on in India. Now there's a growing demand for betting on cricket to be legalized as well. Officials of the Cricket World Cup say it will go a long way in keeping the sport clean.

That's because over the years the all powerful bookies have been accused of fixing matches by bribing players. Legalization could also make India richer.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The (inaudible) money into (inaudible) is so normal. If today or tomorrow I think (inaudible) revenues they can churn from this.

KAPUR: All the money that's circulating within the betting industry.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: ...legalized. And if they come up with a very good reason (inaudible) taxes, then I think this is going to work for India a lot. Maybe one of the best revenues for the GDP.

KAPUR: Is there that much money in betting?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It is that much money.

KAPUR: It's hard to get an accurate figure. Indian government officials recently told the Mint Newspaper (ph) that the size of the illegal betting industry could be anywhere from $4 billion to $10 billion. Even this bookie agrees, legalizing the business will be good for the country and good for him.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: At least I will be (inaudible) and do all those things. And then tomorrow I will come openly and say, yes, I will do business. There's nothing wrong (inaudible).

KAPUR: And he bets that day will come soon.

Mallika Kapur, CNN, Mumbai.


STOUT: Now running a marathon is no easy feat, so why on earth would you wear this get-up during a race? Find out next.


STOUT: Now the Tokyo marathon had all the excitement of any major road race, but this one was a bit different because of who was in the race. Now we've pointed our cameras at two of the runners. Now the first is one of the 33 Chilean miners rescued in October after spending 69 days trapped underground -- Edison Pena finished the course in 5 hours and 8 minutes. That's about half an hour faster than his New York City marathon three months ago.

The other runner took social media technology to a whole new level. And Kyung Lah catches up with him.


KYUNG LAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: 36,000 runners start the Tokyo marathon, but none looks quite like Joseph Tame whose goal in the race you might call more bizarre than his outfit.

JOSEPH TAME, RUNNER: This is amazing.

LAH: Tame is livestreaming his entire 42 kilometer -- or 26 mile run -- via four iPhones intimately tracking his every step, his every struggle, to netizens (ph) tweeting around the world and tracking on his GPS. Friends in this mini control room are live uploading his iPhone videos to USTREAM.

TAME: This is like one of those crazy challenges that you see people break down and cry.

LAH: So why go through this?

TAME: I built all this, yeah.

LAH: We met up before the race with the 33-year-old social media producer explained he's a self-proclaimed tech geek who wants to bring the average man's road race to the everyman.

TAME: Citizen broadcast. Can we take sports -- allow sports event coverage to the next level. This is the new era with social media and things like that. So basically I want to just push it to the limit.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: No, you're sound is not online.

LAH: But on race day the broadcast quickly hits those limits.

So you're learning that broadcasting isn't very simple.

TAME: Broadcasting is a complete nightmare.

LAH: But he keeps going with his 4 kilo, or 10 pound outrageous outfit, tough to miss even amid a crowd as dressed as cross-dressers, cuddly creatures, even religious figures -- talk about bearing a cross -- not too unlike our own martyr of social media.

He may be a one man broadcasting machine, but he's not doing it completely alone. As we wait for him to pass at the 35K mark you'll see he's actually got a roving pit crew.

This iPhone is studio 3.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Correct. I'm studio 3 on the road.

LAH: You're going to do it again next year?

TAME: No. Once is enough for this crazy stuff.

LAH: Snafus and all, the citizen broadcast never stopped until the race for Tame and his 3000 viewers was over.

TAME: Ah, yes! We did it!

Kyung Lah, CNN, Tokyo.


STOUT: We want to tell you about another marathon that took place in Japan this weekend, a robo race if you will. Osaka hosted the world's first full length marathon for two legged machines. IT came to the wire, but you can't say it was speedy: the winning time a whopping 54 hours 57 minutes and 50 seconds. The runner up finished just 1 second behind. While these robots and the creators celebrated, two more competitors were still doing laps into Sunday, that's three days after the race started.

And that is News Stream. But the news continues at CNN. World Business Today with Emily Reuben, Maggie Lake and Misha Tang is next.