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Mubaraks Detained in Egypt; Diplomacy in Doha; Ivory Coast Seeks Stability
Aired April 13, 2011 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.
I'm Kristie Lu Stout, in Hong Kong.
Fall from grace. Officials order the detention of Egypt's former president, and Hosni Mubaraks's sons are also being questioned.
Preventing another disaster. Amid the destruction in Japan, scientists hope to stop history from repeating itself.
And we look at the tools of a modern-day abolitionist.
As Egypt debates its future, the family that defined its recent past is being taken to task. A justice official says prosecutors have ordered the 15-day detention of former president Hosni Mubarak and two of his sons. Now, the sons are reportedly being held in connection with the killings in Tahrir Square, the focal point of Egypt's recent uprising.
And while the military says Mubarak Sr., seen here while still in office, is also being questioned on corruption charges, but the developments, they appear to have coincided with the decline in the ouster leader's health. State media report that he was admitted to the hospital in Sharm el-Sheikh after he suffered a heart attack. Now, Egypt's health minister says the elder Mubarak is well enough to answer questions in hospital while his sons Gamal and Alaa have been trasferred to prison in Cairo.
Ivan Watson has the latest from the Egyptian capital.
IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: A remarkable turn of events. Five days after tens of thousands of Egyptians gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square demanding that their former president face a criminal court, an official with the Justice Ministry here confirms to CNN that Hosni Mubarak has been detained for 15 days in connection with the deaths of the hudreds of protesters during the revolution of January and February which led to his overthrow. In addition to this, Justice Ministry officials telling CNN that the two sons of Hosni Mubarak, Gamal and Alaa, have also been detained for 15 days and transferred to Cairo's Tora prison, where they will join a number of other former senior-ranking officials in Hosni Mubarak's former government.
This is a dramatic change for many Egyptians. I spoke to one Egyptian woman who just said the word "nice" in English when I asked her what she thought about this. She said, "I can't believe that the Mubarak family is now being brought to justice."
This is a man who ruled this country for nearly 30 years. Many Egyptians knew no other president. And there are widespread accusations that he and his family amassed great wealth during his time in office, accusations of corruption, of Mafia-styole tactics to take over profitable businesses, to win partnerships and high-ranking positions in profitable companies here in Egypt.
And this development is likely to win new breathing room for the ruling Military Council, which took over after Hosni Mubarak stepped down February 11th. The military has come under increasing pressure from human rights groups, from activists as well, amid wide-scale allegations of torture being carried out by military personnel of activists, amid reports of military tribunals and a violent crackdown on protesters in Tahrir Square, where the demonstrations took place that led to Hosni Mubarak being toppled from power in the first place. This move, likely to get a lot of support from Egyptian people and to win accolades for the Military Council here, which is supposed to rule the country for several months now until parliamentary and presidential elections, scheduled to take place in the future.
Ivan Watson, CNN, Cairo.
STOUT: And as violence continues in Libya, diplomats, foreign leaders and the head of the U.N. are in Qatar to talk about Libya's future. They are meeting with members of Libya's rebel movement in the capital city of Doha.
Now, the former Libyan foreign minister Moussa Koussa is also there in Doha. Now, he is expected to meet with government officials from Qatar to offer insight ahead of the main talks. Now, Koussa was a long-time confidante of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi. He fled to London last month.
And CNN's Mohammed Jamjoom is there in Doha. He joins us now live.
Mohammed, there is still brutal fighting in Misrata and elsewhere. How will this meeting in Qatar change the situation inside Libya?
MOHAMMED JAMJOOM, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kristie, that's really the question of the day. These diplomats have gathered here. In fact, the first meeting of the Libya Contact Group is currently ongoing in the meeting hall that we're standing just outside of.
You've got Qatari officials in there, William Hague, also Ban Ki-moon, co- chairing that meeting, trying to come up with some sort of political solution for the Libyan people. Now, there are also members of the Transitional National Council in Libya that are here today, and there's been a lot of speculation as to whether they will meet with Moussa Koussa, if Moussa Koussa will participate officially in these meetings, or only on the sidelines, how much of a role he will play.
Earlier today, we spoke with Mahmoud Shammam. He's a spokesman for the Libyan Transitional National Council. He said they did not plan to meet with Moussa Koussa, but he said the real reason that they were here was because they're concerned that the NATO effort isn't doing enough right now. Here's more of what he had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MAHMOUD SHAMMAM, LIBYAN INTERIM NATIONAL COUNCIL: So we're not seeing really a great effort to protect the civlians since NATO took over the operation. So we'd like to put great emphasis on this. This is the great emphasis of this conference. This is the number one request we have.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JAMJOOM: A lot of ideas on the table right now, and a lot of confusion, Kristie, as to what exactly will be agreed upon. We're waiting to hear once that meeting finishes, and we'll have more for you at that time -- Kristie.
STOUT: So, concern being expressed there about NATO not doing enough to save civilian lives. What are diplomats there saying about how best to support Libyans?
JAMJOOM: Well, Kristie, earlier today, we heard conflicting reports from different diplomats here as to how to best serve the Libyans. There were suggestions that some diplomats here were saying that it might be best to arm the Libyan rebels. Then there were suggestions that others were against that and that they wanted to set up some sort of a trust fund.
Now, I asked the German foreign minister a short while ago what the German government stance was, and here's what he had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GUIDO WESTERWELLE, GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER: From my expectation, it will be the message here of the meeting in Doha. We will not see a military solution, but we will see a political solution. And this political solution means political progress, means Libyan ownership, but means also Libya will only have a successful and prosperous future, a free and fair future, without the dictator, without Colonel Gadhafi.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JAMJOOM: More and more from officials that we're hearing from here today are expressing this sentiment that there are a lot of things being discussed, everything on the table. What they want more than anything else is a political solution for the Libyan people. They want to find a way for Moammar Gadhafi to not be in power in Libya.
We heard some of the opening remarks of William Hague a short while ago. He echoed some of the same sentiments as well. But there still is a lot of concern here about how these different countries and diplomats and officials will go about reaching this solution -- Kristie.
STOUT: And can you tell us about Qatar's role in the Libyan crisis? I mean, the country is not only hosting these talks, but has also started marketing Libyan oil. Can you give us some details on that?
JAMJOOM: That was something that was suspected for the past few days. It was confirmed by the Qataris earlier today that, in fact, they were behind the sale of more than $100 million of crude oil from areas that were held by Libya's rebels in the past week.
Qatar is saying now that they've been shipping gas and other fuel to Benghazi. They're trying to provide humanitarian aid, a lifeline to the areas in Libya that are held by the opposition.
Now, Qatar has really stepped up to try to show their support for the Libyans in a major way, more so than other Arab League or GCC countries. You know, Qatar was one of the first countries to announce that they would be sending aid and planes to help enforce the no-fly zone. And they were expected to just play more of a minor role but, in fact, they've really been taking the lead as far as an Arab country in saying they are supporting the Qataris and supporting the rebels there -- Kristie.
STOUT: All right.
Mohammed Jamjoom, joining us live from Doha.
Thank you for that.
Now, the diplomatic meetings, they come on the heels of fresh violence in Libya. A doctor on the ground tells CNN that at least 10 people were killed in the city of Misrata on Tuesday. That doctor says another 30 were wounded in heavy shelling.
Now, this is video of a Libyan regime tank being destroyed by NATO aircraft on Tuesday. Now, the NATO footage was taken near Misrata.
Meanwhile, British and French leaders are pushing NATO to take a more aggressive role in Libya. They say that NATO is not doing enough to protect the Libyan people from pro-regime forces.
Now, meanwhile, in Yemen, thousands are protesting as more deadly clashes break out across the country. Agence France-Presse reports north of Sanaa, in Amran province, police attacked a dissident army checkpoint late on Tuesday. Now, sources tell the news agency that military forces backing protesters answered police fire with rocket-propelled grenades. Five people tdied in that attack.
And in southern Yemen, medics and witnesses say pro-regime soldiers killed two protesters in the city of Adan. Now, they say that the army opened fire as protesters set up roadblocks for a strike on Wednesday. Now, the demonstrators say that they will strike twice a week until Yemen's president falls.
And in Ivory Coast, security personnel have been ordered to help the country return to normal. Now, top military brass pledged their support to President Alassane Ouattara on Tuesday. Now, he's trying to reuinte the country after a long power struggle.
The worst of the fighting appears to be over, but evidence of the violence is still visible in the main city of Abidjan. And I want to warn you, this report by Dan Rivers, it contains some very disturbing images.
DAN RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Remains of the old guard lie charred on the streets of Abidjan. Burnt bodies and uniforms, testament to the brutal urban warfare here.
This is a shattered city. Evidence of looting, arson and pillaging are all around. The skeletal remains of businesses, livelihoods and people.
(on camera): Locals are telling us these bodies were lying in the street before they were set alight to stop the spread of disease, but you can still get a very powerful smell of deocmposition.
(voice-over): The Paris of West Africa has been brutalized. Once bustling streets are still quiet, but more people are now venturing out.
In some areas, there are even reassuring signs of normality. We find Abbas (ph), a pizza delivery man, out on his rounds. He tells me, "The last few days have been difficult," but now he's able to move around the city again. And that's in part thanks to these men, former rebels now running the country. Lightly armed with assault rifles, these men are from the north, but they're now patrolling the streets in unmarked pickup trucks.
(on camera): It is the forces of Alassane Ouattara who are in charge of this area of Abidjan. But elsewhere, we're getting reports that there is still fighting going on.
(voice-over): Everywhere security is fragile. For this Lebanese community, the presence of Ouattara's republican troops is welcome, although Yasser (ph) tells me not all can be trusted. He says, "For the moment, there are some that are good and some that are bad. It's difficult to tell who is who," he says.
But one thing is now clear. President Ouattara has overwhelming support. The U.N., the U.S. and the French are all behind him. And now Ivory Coast's army, air force and navy chiefs have also pledged allegiance. The question is, can he also galvonize his divided people behind him after so much destruction and bloodletting by both sides?
Dan Rivers, CNN, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
STOUT: And just ahead here on NEWS STREAM, we'll take you next to Kenya, where a court case is threatening to reawaken ghosts from Britain's colonial past.
And using technology to track human trafficking. We'll show you how the group Not for Sale is tracking slavery and giving children a place to be free.
STOUT: Another day, another apology from the company at the heart of Japan's nuclear crisis. The president of TEPCO restated his regrets after the situation at Fukushima Daiichi was declared a top-level nuclear accident on Tuesday.
Masataka Shimizu says he is working on a short-term compensation plan for those affected. Now, no figure has been put either on that compensation or the number of people entitled, but evacuation orders have so far covered 85,000 people within the 20-kilometer zone surrounding the plant, and 62,000 more within 30 kilometers have been told to stay indoors. Now, whatever the compensation, it won't come cheap to the Tokyo Electric Power Company.
Now, there may be no major breakthrough at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, but there was cause for optimism further north, in the city of Sendai, on Wednesday. Now, more than one month after the earthquake and tsunami hit, the local airport reopened to commercial flights. A Japan Airlines plane touched down on the tarmac thihs morning, signaling the progress that's been made since the whole area was engulfed by the March 11th wave.
Now, let's illustrate exactly how much a difference a month makes. Now, this picture, it was taken on March the 12th. And the runway at the center here, you can see it's blocked, it's flooded. And floodwaters still surround the terminal building here on the right of the frame, and the fields all around are saturated.
Now, they are still drying out now, but just look at the runway now. It is completely free of water and debris. And the terminal building is clearly back in action. Japan's recovery may be a slow one, but these images are proof of what is achievable.
Now, in the wake of the tsunami, a group of scientists is trawling through the wreckage. And the team is looking for clues that could better prepare vulnerable areas for a future disaster on this scale.
Martin Savidge has more.
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Standing on a break wall, aiming at a hillside on the outskirts of Yamato, Herman Fritz (ph) might look like a surveyor. Actually, he's more like a detective. He's part of a team of 200 experts hot on the trail of a killer.
SAVIDGE: Those screams belong to 17-year-old Rumiendo (ph). Using her cell phone, she caught the killer in the act as it wiped out her village. A tsunami.
A month later, in an evacuation center still without electricity, she uses a hand-carved (ph) generator and plays with video. "I've never imagined anything like it," she told me. "I was scared to death."
Fritz, a researcher from Georgia Tech University in the states, works alongside a team from the Tokyo University of Marine Science.
HERMAN FRITZ (ph), RESEARCHER: 6.5 meter above sea level.
SAVIDGE: Using sophisticated measuring and recording devices, they've already learned a lot about the killer tsunami. For instance, there was more than one.
FRITZ: 5.5 meters.
SAVIDGE: The waves acted differently in different places. The highest, 38 meters, or 125 feet. The furthest inland, six kilometers, nearly four miles.
(on camera): If you were to follow the path of the tsunami in this area as it roared in from the sea, then this is pretty much where it ran out of steam, came to an end, in the mountains.
(voice-over): Fritz is still amazed at their power, even if this is his 12th tsunami. He says this was a one in 300, possibly 500, maybe even 1,000-year event.
(on camera): You're a scientist, and yet you see all of this around you. I mean, you can't help but be amazed.
FRITZ: Well, absolutely. I mean, I've seen many tsunamis, but the amount of debris here is just unbelievable.
SAVIDGE (voice-over): Japan more than any other country in the world, plans and prepares for tsunamis.
(on camera): This massive seawall in Yamato was completed just a short time ago. Actually, in February of this year. It has these huge steel doors that can be closed when a tsunami approaches to save the city. The problem is the system obviously failed.
(voice-over): The new wall held, but the old walls next to it didn't.
So, what will the data eventually tell Japan about where and how to rebuild?
AKIO OKAYASU, TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: The height of this wall is maybe 6.5 meters.
SAVIDGE: Professor Akio Okayusu likes to talk about hardware and software. Walls are hardware. You can build them higher, at great costs, but what's high enough? He thinks software could be key.
OKAYASU: Software is a way to evacuate. And how can we guide the people to evacuate?
SAVIDGE: Focusing on getting people to higher ground quickly via wider, numerous and better-planned exit routes would save many lives. Oh, you'd still have ruin, but not the high loss of life.
For Japan, the tsunami is a tragedy. For scientists, an opportunity to collect data and crunch the numbers. Another reason these researchers are like detectives. They want to stop a killer.
Martin Savidge, CNN, Yamato, Japan.
STOUT: Now, we have heard a lot about the human victims of this disaster, but we want to bring you up to date with news on a story that we reported earlier in the week.
Now, you might remember we heard from Kyung Lah about a dog discovered by a journalist in the nuclear exclusion zone. It was chained, it was hungry. And many viewers wanted to know what happened to it.
Earlier, Kyung spoke to Anderson Cooper, who asked her whether the journalist released the animal.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
KYUNG LAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: He did not. And he says that -- and we just spoke with him a short time ago. The journalist says that he wanted to. It was a very tough decision. But he felt in his gut that somehow that owner was going to violate the government order and sneak back in and get that dog, that the dog, he made sure had enough water, and he did give him his lunch. And he did not want to remove the dog from the premises just in case the owner came back.
There is something culturally at play here, Anderson. Japanese don't typically like to infringe on other people's property.
ANDERSON COOPER, HOST, "ANDERSON COOPER 360": So, are there any groups that are going in to try to help them?
LAH: Well, we've heard -- let's break this up into parts. Outside the evacuation zone, outside the zone right around the nuclear plant, there is a lot of activity as far as trying to connect dogs and cats with their owners. There's an entire tsunami area.
We've spoken to the Japan Earthquake Animal Rescue and Support Group. They're a no-kill group, and they're trying to reconnect animals and owners outside the zone. Those are dogs that are outside the zone.
Inside the zone, there are independent animal lovers that CNN has spoken with. These are people who are not working officially with any organization. They're sneaking in. They're violating the order, and they're going in and rescuing the dogs.
The people I spoke with say they want to make this absolutely clear. They're making sure these are owners who have specifically asked for their dogs to be removed from the premises, that they're not touching any of their animals, but they are leaving water and food for any animals they see.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
STOUT: So, some hope there for the often forgotten victims of the ongoing crisis.
Remember to check out CNN's Impact Your World Web site, where you'll find information about how you can make a difference to those at risk. That's CNN.com/impact.
And ahead on NEWS STREAM, a landmark legal case in London. Now, four Kenyans on a long search for justice bring Britain's colonial past into the spotlight.
STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you are back watching NEWS STREAM.
A court case threatens to reawaken ghosts from Britian's colonial past. Now, four elderly Kenyans are demanding compensation for abuse they say they suffered at the hands of colonial authorities. Now, not only would a payout force Britain to reassess its colonial legacy, it could pave the way for lawsuits from other former colonies, as Nima Elbagir explains.
NIMA ELBAGIR, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It took more than 50 years, but at last, just a few of the survivors of Britain's colonial crackdown in Kenya got to have their say in court. The Mau Mau insurgency lasted eight years, ending in 1960, soon before Kenya became independent. An estimated 80,000 Kenyans were imprisoned in detention camps where thousands died, many after suffering abuse and torture.
The four claimants say they suffered horrific abuses and exploitation.
WAMBUGU WA NYINGI, KENYAN CLAIMANT (through translator): Every morning while we were in that camp they brought people from the reserve villages who they tortured while we watched. Some were killed why we watched. Others were brought when all (ph) were dead so they can scare us.
JANE MUTHONI MARA, KENYAN CLAIMANT (through translator): Most of the women died from the physical injuries they had suffered after being overworked for so many years, carrying bricks and roofing tiles on the head, and the sexual violence they had suffered.
ELBAGIR: They say that when they left the camps, they found their homes had been destroyed and their families victimized.
NYINGI (through translator): When I went back home, I did not find anything I owned. Even the land I was asking for, I did not get it. I still -- I lived like that, although is there any form of compensation they can give us to make our lives bearable?
ELBAGIR: The issue at stake for the British government is huge. This case could set a precedent for claims from other former colonies.
(on camera): Because of the action brought at the high court of the Mau Mau survivors, 1,500 files have now been released from here, at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office archives. That's at least 17,000 pages of documents, and one leading historian believes there could be many, many more. The documents show that emergency powers regulatiosn were changed retrospectively to cover interrogation techniques and the use of force at the detention camps.
(voice-over): In a statement to CNN, the foreign office said they "understand the strong feeling that the Mau Mau issue still creates in Kenya and elsewhere. The Emergency period caused a great deal of pain for many on all sides." However, they went ton to say the British government "cannot be held liable in this case."
(on camera): The British foreign secretary has now given instructions that all files found in these archives are to be made public, a move he called overdue transparency, but that will take time. The claimants say they believe British justice will find in their favor in spite of their suffereing half a century ago.
Nima Elbagir, for CNN, in London.
STOUT: And for its part, the British government says it cannot be held liable for events in the colonial period because at independence, the new Kenyan state agreed that Britian could not be held legally responsible for events that occurred while Kenya was a colony.
Even half a century ago, it is a wound that for many Kenyans, time alone has been unable to heal. And we asked Kenya's prime minister, Raila Odinga, who is visiting the U.S., about it.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
RAILA ODINGA, KENYAN PRIME MINISTER: This case is tough (ph), because this issue has been outstanding for a long time. And Kenyans want to put this behind us, as dealing with historical injustices, actions which were committed by the colonial government at that time. And Kenyans really want to put this behind them so that we can say goodbye to that chapter, but a dark chapter in our country's history.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
STOUT: Now, court observers say the landmark hearing is expected to last several weeks. It will highlight many alleged atrocities against Kenyan nationals.
Now, coming up here on NEWS STREAM, we'll be meeting a modern-day abolitionist and find out how the nonprofit group Not for Sale tracks human traffickers to protect children like these from a life of slavery.
STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.
Egyptian prosecutors have ordered the former president Hosni Mubarak and his sons Gamal and Alaa to be detained. Hosni Mubarak was placed under detention at a hospital where he sought treatment on Tuesday. His sons have been transferred to a prison in Cairo. Now a justice ministry official told CNN they will be held for 15 days and they will be questioned over the killing of protesters in Tahrir Square during the popular uprising.
Now an international conference is being held in Qatar to talk about Libya's future. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon says that in a worst case scenario 3.6 million people could need humanitarian aid in the conflict.
The president of the company at the center of Japan's nuclear crisis has apologized once again to those affected by the disaster. Now TEPCO's Masataka Shimizu said he regrets the ongoing inconvenience and announced that he plans to compensate those in the evacuation zone. Now yesterday the situation at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant was designated a top level nuclear accident.
In Belarus, two people suspected in the deadly bombing of a Minsk subway have been detained. Now both men are citizens of Belarus, that's according to the prosecutor in the case. Now the prosecutor says video from inside the subway shows one of the two suspects arriving at the station and leaving a bag behind. Twelve people died from the blast.
We live in a world where slavery is still an all too common practice. It thrives in the shadows and claims millions of victims. Now the Not for Sale campaign is working to end slavery in our lifetime. The groups modern day abolitionists, they use technology to track cases of human trafficking and raise awareness about this hidden horror.
Now Not for Sale also helps survivors. For example, in northern Thailand, it is providing medical supplies and helping build a dormitory and classroom for former child slaves. In Uganda, the group is funding a high school expansion project and the construction of a recreation center. Not for Sale says that education is a critical step on the path to freedom for young people.
And in Peru Not for Sale helped launch a surfing program for street kids. And that is part of the group's larger initiative to provide victims rehabilitation through lay.
Let's find out more about the tools used by modern day abolitionists. We're joined now by Not for Sale president and co-founder Dave Batstone.
And thank you for joining us here on News Stream. What tools do you use to raise awareness and to crack down on human trafficking?
DAVE BATSTONE, NOT FOR SALE PRESIDENT: Well you know Kristie, when I discovered the extent to which human trafficking exists in the world today one thing that really struck me was how invisible it was to so many common citizens. So we began working with technology tools at Not for Sale. And one of the first tools we created was in partnership with Yahoo. It's a tool called slaverymap.org where we document cases of human trafficking in backyard communities all over the globe.
When you got to Slavery Map you're able to see who the trafficker is, who their victims might be, whether law enforcement got involved in getting them freed and what happened to the victim.
So slaverymap.org is a way for people all over the world to find out what's happening in their community.
STOUT: In addition to slavery map you've also created another modern day tool for consumers to use. We showcased it yesterday on the show, it's the Free to Work app for the iPhone and Android. It rates companies based on their support of slavery. What is the reaction to that app been like?
BATSTONE: You know, it's been phenomenal. What we do is we look at the factors that go into making any product. We want to make sure that consumers feel that they're enhancing the lives of the people who touch that product, that made that product not limit or destroy their lives. So we come up with a grade that's familiar to most anyone who has gone to school, it's an A, B, C, D, F. And we'll send the report card to the company and say they have 30 days to get back to us with information we might have missed. We don't want them to look bad.
And what I'm finding when we first started, most companies ignored us, but now because of the rising use of the tool on iPhones and in Androids, we're finding that companies in two out of three cases are getting back to us with feedback and how they can improve their supply chain.
STOUT: How did you get involved? Was there a single experience that spurred you to fight modern day slavery and start the Not for Sale campaign?
BATSTONE: You know, I'd like to think I was smart enough or aware enough to find modern slavery, but it had to find me. In a local restaurant that I went to every couple of weeks in the San Francisco Bay area. It was an Indian restaurant where hundreds of teenagers had been trafficked from the country of India into the United States to work first in the restaurant washing dishes, serving tables, and then out to fruit and vegetable fields, to brothels, construction crews. I mean, it was a real wake-up call for me.
So, I began going around the United States first trying to figure out where else this might be happening. And that's where I discovered the invisibility, but only one inch below the surface. And so I've been dedicating myself to finding tools and information and research. And Not for Sale wants to use technology to bring knowledge, to bring action.
STOUT: Incredible, a case of modern day slavery discovered in San Francisco.
Now with an estimated 10 to 30 million slaves in the world today, the world needs more abolitionists like you. So how can our viewers join the movement?
BATSTONE: Well you know we really believe that there's a role for citizens to work in partnership with law enforcement, for citizens to work in partnership with corporations. So we have an academy in San Francisco. And we also are taking that mobile issue.
In June, we'll be in Korea. In July, we'll be in Australia. We'll be in Brazil in October. It's training and equipping a generation of abolitionists to be smart activists.
You know, frankly there's a lot of dumb activism out there. And we try and look at why don't be to be smart about creating tools and actions that bring about change.
STOUT: Your organization also raises money for post-slavery recovery. Can you tell us more about that process and what is required for healing and for ending the trauma?
BATSTONE: There's two aspects to that. One is Free to Play. And that is using sports, music and art for kids to create new identities. Almost half of those who are living in slavery today are children. So when they come out, we don't want them to think of themselves as I'm an ex-slave or I'm a survivor, but I'm a surfer, I'm a musician, I'm an artist. Then as we look at the adult population as they get older, we use social enterprise.
I'll give you an example, Kristie, we bought a garment factory in Phnom Penh. And now employe over 100 women who now are making their lives through the work that they do at the garment. So we say creating new futures. For us that's more than just simply giving shelter, but it's actually equipping them to have equity in their own destiny.
STOUT: Well, thank you for joining us, sharing your story and doing such incredible work. Dave Batstone of Not for Sale joining us live from Washington, D.C.
Now earlier this week we told you about a new campaign raising awareness about child sex slavery. It involved the celebrity couple Demi Moore and Ashton Kutcher there behind the DNA foundation. Now it launched with several online videos including this one.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANNOUNCER: Real men prefer a close shave.
ANNOUNCER: Real men don't buy girls.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
STOUT: Now nearly 500 people have commented about that video on our web site. And here are a few of those comments.
Now our age offers this suggestion, "they should change the slogan to real men don't buy children. There is a significant amount of boy slaves as well."
And GSC writes this, "every step, any step in the right direction makes a difference. I commend DNA and all those public figures who have chosen to support this issue and I wish them every success."
Now Albert raises a common criticism, quote, "this is a very noble cause, but that has got to be," in his words, the quote, "lamest, most ridiculous PSA I've ever seen in my life."
Now several media blogs have called the videos confusing, bizarre and odd.
Now here's how Ashton Kutcher explained the thinking behind DNA's approach. He says, "we filmed short, funny videos about things real men do starring high profile, influential men and women. The concept of the campaign is that real men do a lot of silly, even foolish things, but one thing they do not do is buy children for sex. That is not funny. And real men don't do it."
Now we want you to join the conversation. Use the hashtag #endslavery on Twitter. Or you can leave comments on CNN.com/freedom. You could also find the link to our special ireport section, show us how you are taking a stand against slavery. And we'll feature them in the show on Friday.
Now let's get an update on the fires that are raging in northern Mexico. Mari Ramos joins us now from the world weather center with that -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Kristie, thank you very much.
You know what, there are -- these fires have been burning in Mexico for quite awhile now. There are several public service campaigns that are going on there to try to get people not to light fires outside and to report any fires that they actually see. And it's a huge problem. 2010 was actually a good year when it came to wildfires across northern Mexico. They had the fewest wildfires in almost in their entire history when it comes to this area of the north.
But notice this area, right now more than 98,000 hectares have already burned. And in 2010 there were only about 114, 115,000 hectares for the entire year. So here we are only in April and it doesn't look good.
Let's go ahead and roll the video that we have for you in northern Mexico. This area, as you can see, covered in smoke. And these images from Monday, not much has changed as we head through today. Today is already Wednesday. Except that the winds are actually stronger. They were pretty strong on Tuesday, gusting to nearly 50 kilometers per hour, but they have been significantly worse overnight and into the early morning hours. And the dry conditions are actually making the situation worse.
I want to show you a different satellite view over here. Again, this is the border between Texas and Mexico. Texas to the north, Mexico to the south. And you can see right over here that smoke that billows to areas to the north. Now the areas that you see highlighted are the areas where there are active fires that are burning. When you think about how much has already burned, those 98,000 hectares, you can see it clearly in this area for example how the landscape completely scared by these huge wildfires in this generally very pristine area, not a high density of population across this region, but definitely a big concern.
And the drought conditions are making the situation worse. There's a severe drought across this entire border region between Mexico and Texas. And some significant fires as well burning in Texas. And no chance for rain, at least not for now, which would really what would help.
And even farther to the south in Mexico City, there the concern is the high temperatures, near record highs. The record high would be 33.8 in Mexico City. And they've been out closer to 32.5 in the last few days and really staying dry and hot for the next few days.
Let's go ahead and take a look at your city by city forecast and I'll come back with more weather in just a moment.
Unusually strong spring storms are moving across portions of the Middle East. And these two weather systems combined have brought huge sand storms across the area extending not just from Iraq through Iran and all the way down through the Persian Gulf. Look at Kuwait, you can barely tell here on the map. Visibility reduced significantly. They actually stopped oil shipments as a precaution because of the visibility problems.
Here's what it looked like on the roadways in Kuwait City. And that was yesterday. Today it looks the same way again. It's a huge, huge concern. Many areas across the region still reporting blowing sand and dust and visibility in Kuwait, that zero that you see right there, that's the visibility report. A kilometer visibility as we head into central parts of Iraq.
And notice back over here as we head to the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, a little bit of an improvement compared to yesterday when you had that big weather system that moved through. It brought rain, it brought very strong wind. Amman had winds close to 70 kilometers per hour.
This area of unsettled weather will continue lifting to the north as we head through the day today and those winds will begin to ease up as we head through the day tomorrow. So finally an improvement in the air quality conditions and the visibility across this region.
Kristie, back to you.
STOUT: OK. Good news there. Mari Ramos, thank you very much indeed.
Up next, two teams face an impossible task in the Champion's League -- Tottenham and Inter, they need to score at least four times to stand a chance of reaching the semifinals. And Pedro Pinto will be here with the preview.
STOUT: Now we are back with sport. And the Champion's League, they're taking center stage this week. In a few hours, we will have the semifinal match-ups finalized.
Pedro Pinto joins us from London to give us all the details -- Pedro.
PEDRO PINTO, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Kristie. Real Madrid and Schalke are the teams that are expected to go through on Wednesday night in Europe considering their results in the first leg of the Champion's League quarterfinals.
Let's break it down for you. Real won the first game against Tottenham in Madrid 4-nil, so they're heavily favored to go through. If they do advance, then they will face eternal rivals Barcelona. More on them in a moment. But the two Spanish rivals could actually face each other four times in just three weeks.
For now, Real manage Jose Mourihno is just focusing on the task ahead and that's knocking out Spurs. He's taking nothing for granted.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
.JOSE MOURIHNO, REAL MADRID MANAGER: We know the mentality of English stadiums, English supporters, English teams. They will try everything. And I put myself in Harry's position, imagine we lose 4-nil here and we go to Madrid for the second leg. I wouldn't throw the towel, I will do everything in my place to try the miracle.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
PINTO: A miracle is what Inter also need as they take on Schalke in Germany. The defending champions lost the first leg at home in Milan 5-2 last week. The German side are looking to qualify for the semifinals for the Champion's League for the first time ever.
Now whoever goes through from that tie will face Manchester United. Sir Alex Ferguson's side booked their place in the final four by beating Chelsea 2-1 in the second leg of their quarterfinal tie.
Fergie's side had won the first leg 1-nil and were in control throughout their return match at Old Trafford. Javier Hernandez put the home side on the lead on the stroke of half-time, even though substitute Didier Drogba got a goal back for Chelsea, Park Ji-Sung scored shortly thereafter to seal the deal.
After the match Fergie held a performance of veteran Ryan Giggs who set up all of United's 3 goals in this tie.
In the other quaterfinal on Tuesday night, Barcelona finished off Shaktar Donetsk after winning the first leg 5-1 in Spain, Barca beat the Ukrainians on their home turf 1-nil. The inevitable Lionel Messi scoring the game's only goal. It was his 48th goal in 46 games this season.
So the Champion's League definitely on everyone's minds as we focus on that throughout the day on Wednesday, Kristie.
STOUT: All right Pedro, thank you very much for that.
And coming up next here on News Stream, China's TV centers are targeting flux capacitors? We'll bring you the latest on the new guidelines and why there is no going back.
STOUT: Welcome back.
Now when you watch television in China you may miss a few things -- censors edit out content deemed unhealthy. There's a new addition to that list of undesirable actions. And as Eunice Yoon reports, there is no going back.
EUNICE YOON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Just when thought that the Chinese censors couldn't get any more sensitive, the authorities here have decided to ban time travel from all television programs. The government has issued a whole new set of guidelines and says that TV dramas shouldn't have characters that travel back in time and rewrite history. They say that this goes against China's cultural heritage. They also say that myths, superstitions and reincarnation are all questionable.
Now, nobody really knows why the government has issued these set of rules now, but the government does strictly control the media. And also a lot of these programs have become more and more popular over the past couple of months.
Now the government does heavily censor programs that it deems unhealthy or it believes are threatening to the government. And in fact, the authorities here now have some suggestions for television producers here saying that they might want to create some programs that showcase the progress of the Chinese leadership, which also happens to coincide with the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party.
Eunice Yoon, CNN, China.
STOUT: Now at least 28 people in New York wish they could go back in time to the moment before they got on an elevator. Now they spent more than an hour trapped inside. And did I mention, it had no air con.
Jeanne Moos shows us how a group of New Yorkers got to know each other really well.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: When those doors close, do you sometimes wonder what you would do if they didn't reopen? Would you kick and slap them? Would you beat on them and bang against them? Scream for help into the intercom and push some more?
Now imagine there were 28 of you -- coughing uncomfortably, trying to kill time.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Hey, what's your favorite song?
MOOS: No, this wasn't some Manhattan skyscraper, it was underground at the 181st street subway station, a station so deep they need elevators.
Elevators with a reputation for breaking down.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We tried to talk, but we were very scared.
MOOS: And very hot.
The video was shot by Isabel Demarco (ph), an Italian who came to New York two weeks ago to study English. It was the English of a fireman she heard about an hour after getting stuck.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Now listen, I'm going to come in with you guys.
MOOS: Dangling legs more welcome than a shapely Rockette's, a voice comforting a little girl whose face we've obscured. She'd had a panic attack.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sweety, it's all right. OK. We're here. You'll be OK.
Five more minutes, you and your mom will be the first two to leave. Anybody else, I need the young and the old.
MOOS: An hour-and-a-half is bad, but that's nothing compared to a guy who spent almost two days stuck in an elevator with nothing to eat but a pack of Rolaids and no water.
34-year-old Nicholas White (ph) was working late at his Manhattan office when he took the elevator up from a smoking break and got stuck. It was 11:00 on a Friday night. He wasn't rescued until 4:00 pm Sunday.
He reportedly got a six figure settlement from the building. And David Letterman parodied his video.
But at least elevators don't discriminate. Even pop stars like the Jonas Brothers get stuck in them.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is like my worst nightmare.
MOOS: They got trapped after a concert. It took more than half an hour to get them out.
But sometimes the call of nature comes before the rescuers. Nicholas White pried open the doors and relieved himself down the elevator shaft. As for that little girl.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I've got to pee!
MOOS: Despite her dance of desperation. Oh yes she could and did.
But whatever you do, learn from Letterman.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It helps if you press the button idiot.
MOOS: Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
STOUT: Now, they're not even married yet, but already the cracks are showing between Kate and William. But fear not, I refer only to the young couple's depiction on a new set of postage stamps. Now at first glance all seems blissful between the pair on this commemorative stamp from New Zealand Post intended for the island nation of New (inaudible). But look closer, and a rift appears. In fact, their bond has been punctured ensuring that the two will at some point go their separate ways.
And there's more evidence that Kate and William are a disparate duo -- while he flaunts the princely sum of $3.40, her value as a commoner is all too clear. As you could see, a full dollar less.
Now the mail service should really learn that you can't put a price or perforation on true love.
And that is News Stream. But the news continues at CNN. World Business today is next.