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Tolls of Civil Warfare in Libya; Violence, Gunfire on Streets of Istanbul; New FAA Regulations

Aired April 19, 2011 - 08:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


ANNA COREN, HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.

Hello. I'm Anna Coren, in Hong Kong.

Desperate for help in Misrata as Gadhafi's forces pound the city.

Is Tokyo ready for the big one? How one of the world's most populous cities prepares for earthquakes.

And Facebook's controversial privacy settings take another hit. We'll talk to the company's chief privacy officer.

In Libya, thousands are trapped in war-torn Misrata as the battle to control the city continues. A witness tells CNN there has been heavy shelling today.

Well, Britain now plans to help 5,000 people escape the port city and offer medical assistance. Well, that's as U.N. officials in Tripoli say the Gadhafi government will allow the world body access to areas under government control. But the U.N. says that's not enough.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

VALERIE AMOS, U.N. UNDER-SECRETARY-GEN., HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS: What I would like us to be able to do is to get access to Misrata not just from the sea, but also from the roads, because you will know that different parts of the city are controlled by different people.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

COREN: Well, the U.N. says it has very little sense of what's going on inside Misrata.

Well, CNN's Ben Wedeman was in the ravaged town and his this report from the tolls of civil warfare.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

BEN WEDEMAN, CNN SR. INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): One after another after another after another, the wounded arrive in Misrata's port to be carried gingerly on a ship bound for safer ground in Benghazi. Some are fighters, others civilians. All in grave condition.

Twenty-seven-year-old Dr. Nabil Misrati is overwhelmed.

DR. NABIL MISRATI: This case was bombed at his home. The explosion happened to upper and lower limbs, and we taped (ph) both lower limbs, both below the knee. One of them -- both below the knee. I'll show it to you.

Amputation below the knee and amputation above the knee. OK?

Upper limbs are also crushed. Amputation of the ring and little finger, and left side of the patient's whole hand.

WEDEMAN: This case, wounded while cooking, doesn't want his face to appear on television because his mother doesn't know how badly he was hurt.

Misrata is surrounded by Gadhafi's forces on three sides. The only route of escape is the sea. Some of the wounded were so badly injured, they had to be turned back. Doctors feared they wouldn't survive the journey.

The city's been under attack for nearly two months. And increasingly, it's the civilian population that's paid the price.

(on camera): United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 talked about protecting civilians. Do you think civilians will be protected in Misrata?

MISRATI: Not protected at all. Every day, bombing. Today, more than 20 cases in one hospital. More than 20 death cases in one hospital.

WEDEMAN (voice-over): Hundreds of migrant workers from West Africa were trucked to the port to board the ship, organized by the International Organization for Migration. They've been sleeping in the open, exposed to the elements, incoming rockets and artillery.

OKRA AUSTIN, GHANAIAN MIGRANT WORKER: The condition is very, very bad, because we are being here the past two months. No medicine even for this very problem, and water. And where you see the place we are sleeping is very bad.

WEDEMAN: Their long wait is now almost over, but they leave behind thousands more, stranded in a city whose fate is precarious.

(on camera): These men from Ghana are just a tiny fraction of the tens of thousands of people who are desperate to get out of Misrata, a city that President Barack Obama himself has said is under a medieval siege.

(voice-over): Much of Misrata is without electricity. Checkpoints have been set up on almost every street. There's a pervasive fear of infiltration by pro-Gadhafi agents.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This was in the floor of the house. Snipers shot 10 bodies (ph). (INAUDIBLE).

WEDEMAN: At the Qasr Ahmed clinic near the port, all the wounded are civilians.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You see the crushed wound.

WEDEMAN: The doctors here struggle to get by with barely the basics, says Dr. Ali Ramadan (ph). "Unfortunately," he says, "we're suffering from a shortage of medicine and equipment and anesthetics, and we're short of medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure."

Nearby, a school has been converted into a shelter for families driven from their homes by the fighting. Malika (ph) from Morocco fled her apartment in a hurry. "We left," she says, "because there was shooting. Tanks and snipers were fighting around our house."

Sudanese accountant Al-Radi Abdallah abandoned his home after it was hit by a missile.

ALL-RADI ABDALLAH, SUDANESE ACCOUNTANT: No, no, no. I want to leave Libya by any means.

WEDEMAN (on camera): By any means?

ABDALLAH: Yes, any means. I want to go.

WEDEMAN (voice-over): Back on board the ship and on the way to Benghazi, hundreds of African workers sleep wherever they can find space. There may not be many more such rescue missions, warns Jeremy Haslam of the International Organization for Migration.

JEREMY HASLAM, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION: We are definitely doing one more. Beyond that, I'm not sure.

WEDEMAN (on camera): What's the constraint?

HASLAM: It's financial right now.

WEDEMAN (voice-over): At least for a lucky few, they can sleep soundly for the first time in weeks knowing they've escaped this war in one piece.

Ben Wedeman, CNN, Misrata, Libya.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

COREN: We've got breaking news coming into us here at CNN. There are reports of violence and gunfire on the streets of Istanbul in Turkey.

Let's go to our cameraman, Joe Duran, who is there.

Joe, what can you tell us?

JOE DURAN, CNN JOURNALIST: Well, this started as a demonstration in the center part of Istanbul. We are hearing what is firecrackers (INAUDIBLE) having trouble with the gas.

Police tried to move in. The crowds worked their way to several kilometers from the square, and right now what you're hearing is the police firing gas into the crowd. And it's a very, very large central square.

The crowds fire back with firecrackers, and the police basically tried -- I've got to move away. This whole square is absolutely covered with gas, and it's very difficult to get away from it because it's quite large and the wind is pushing the gas towards this area -- Zain (sic).

COREN: Joe, we could hear that gunfire a little bit earlier. Tell us exactly where you are.

DURAN: We are in Aksaray, an area away from the center. The police are now here, thousands of police, riot police, and they're moving towards the crowd and firing. They obviously have gas masks and are moving towards the crowd. The crowd continues to fight back the police.

And it's very difficult to breathe.

COREN: Joe, you're obviously affected by the tear gas. Give us a sense of how many people are there, how many protesters.

DURAN: Well, the protest was, I think, probably the largest one I've seen by Kurdish and socialist groups here in Turkey. They gathered with some of the Kurdish MP members that have been banned from the upcoming elections, and they made their way away from (INAUDIBLE), marched to this area, several kilometers from downtown called Aksaray.

They were supposed to gather in this very open area, but the police started walking towards the center, and the young Kurdish activists started firing firecrackers at the police. The police retaliated with gas, and now it's just running battles between both parties.

COREN: Joe, as you make your way to safety -- that's really important -- give us a bit of background as to why these protests have flared out, why these politicians -- or these group of Kurdish politicians -- are being banned from the election.

DURAN: Some of these politicians were already members of parliament. They basically got -- were voted in the last election. But now the high commission -- the election high commission -- has said that anyone who has -- and I understand this is the law. Anyone who has a criminal record is banned from running for office.

So several candidates from the Kurdish Party have been banned, and several members who are already members of parliament have been banned from running again. We spoke to one young member who said this was not a democratic state and these were not fair elections. They are trying to decide now, these groups, whether they will boycott the election. But this, I think, is a developing story here in Turkey, and we will certainly hear from the government later today.

COREN: As you say, Joe, this is a developing story, and we'll be closely following it. So you get to safety.

That was Joe Duran, a cameraman on the streets of Istanbul in Turkey, where violence has broken out.

We'll have much more after this very short break.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

COREN: Well, U.S. air traffic control rocked by scandal again. The Federal Aviation Administration says another controller and his manager have been suspended. Well, this time it wasn't for sleeping on the job. Instead, the air traffic controller was reportedly caught watching this --

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, "CLEANER")

SAMUEL L. JACKSON, ACTOR: I'm a retired police officer.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I know who you are, Tom.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm seeing you all the time these days. That's not good.

(END VIDEO CLIP, "CLEANER")

COREN: Well, the sound of Samuel L. Jackson's voice rang out over Cleveland, Ohio's air space for a total of three minutes after the controller on duty accidentally turned on his microphone while reportedly watching the 2007 film "Cleaner." And no communication could get in or out during that time, and there are reports that several planes were forced to land without any guidance from the airport's tower.

Well, seven air traffic controllers have been suspended so far, mostly for sleeping on the job. Well, now federal aviation officials have come out with new regulations aimed at stemming future sleeping cases.

Our Jeanne Meserve has the details.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

RANDY BABBITT, FAA ADMINISTRATOR: We are at a critical junction here at the FAA.

JEANNE MESERVE, CNN HOMELAND SECURITY CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Air traffic controllers in Atlanta heard it directly from the boss: no more sleeping on the job.

BABBITT: Just because 99.9 percent of us do it right, we've got to have us all doing it right. This is a business where one mistake is one too many.

MESERVE: The string of sleeping controller incidents grew longer over the weekend with a Miami controller nodding off on shift. All of these incidents controllers were told jeopardize safety, professionalism, and pride.

PAUL RINALDI, PRESIDENT, NATIONAL AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS ASSN.: We have a couple situations, and the ball has dropped, and all of a sudden we've become a butt end of the joke. We don't deserve it, we don't like it, and we will stand together and fix it.

MESERVE: Over the weekend, the FAA mandated that controllers must have a minimum of nine hours off between shifts including swaps, they cannot work unscheduled midnight shifts after a day off, and there will be more manager coverage during early morning and late night. These changes have a price tag.

BABBITT: It could be anywhere from $2 million annually to about $9 million depending on how you manage the system.

MESERVE: But one air traffic controller says while fatigue can be mitigated, it will never be eliminated.

DEREK BITTMAN, AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER: Yes, I have a young family. I have little kids at home. My wife works. Sometimes, you know, I don't get the rest that they want me to get, and it's just impossible. And when I come to work, you know, I just have to do my job and get through it.

MESERVE (on-camera): The FAA says more changes to scheduling rules could be in the offing. In addition, a code of professional responsibility is in the works. And controllers are going to get more education about fatigue and how to deal with it.

Of course, Babbitt and Rinaldi could get other ideas from controllers in their upcoming meetings in Kansas City, Chicago, New York, and Washington, D.C.

Jeanne Meserve, CNN, Atlanta.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

COREN: Well, riots across Nigeria have turned deadly. Thousands of people, mostly in the Muslim north, have been protesting Monday's presidential election result. Well, now the Red Cross says the unrest has spread to rural areas and led to killings.

Well, no word yet on the number of deaths.

Incumbent Goodluck Jonathan, a Christian from southern Nigeria, won the election, but the opposition insists there was rampant election fraud and voter intimidation. On Monday, the Nigeria Red Cross said 101 people were injured in the violence.

Well, if we map out where Monday's riots occurred, you'll see that Nigeria's presidential ballot divided the country. Well, on the streets of northern cities, rioters shouted the name of Muhammadu Buhari, Goodluck Jonathan's main challenger and the candidate of the Congress for Progressive Change. The Nigeria Red Cross tells us that protests happened across Kaduna City and Zaria, in Kaduna State, and further north in Kano.

Well, a spokesperson for the Civil Rights Congress also describes hearing gunshots in Salaja (ph), in the western state of Niger. Wishe Hussani (ph) says young people targeted officers and officials of Goodluck Jonathan's Peoples Democratic Party.

To give you a wider sense of the unrest, riots also happened in Bauchi and Adamawa states, over here. Well, President Jonathan's support is stronger in the Christian and (INAUDIBLE) south of the country.

Well, for the very latest, let's go to the Nigerian capital, where Christian Purefoy is live in Abuja.

Christian, what do we know about these protests in the north?

CHRISTIAN PUREFOY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, the thing that's got the government really rattled, Anna, is just the scale of the mess, so widespread across the north. Although they have been concentrated particularly, as you were just saying, in the main cities of Kano and Kaduna, the major flash points of any sectarian violence in Nigeria, it really did spring up really across the entire region. And that is extremely worrying.

And as you were just describing, you know, Nigeria's roughly split between a Muslim north and its Christian south. And the voting, as the results begin to come out -- we've now got all of the results -- it really does show a clear division. Muslims voted for their main challenger, General Muhammadu Buhari, and the Christians voted for now-President Goodluck Jonathan.

The violence now does seem to be under control across much of the north. The military is deployed and there are curfews in many of the places you just talked about, Anna. But the problem is, this is not going to go away.

We have governorship elections coming up next Tuesday, and these are extremely controversial. If anything, there's more at stake with those elections, Anna, than there is with the presidential. Some of Nigeria's 36 states, Anna, have budgets and populations the size of some small African countries. Nigeria is vast, so the concern is that if this violence and the troubles continue, even if the military manages to keep a lid on it, is that come these governorship elections, many more grievances are going to be aired -- Anna.

COREN: Christian, as you say, this election has really polarized the country, as we've seen with that violence. Can Goodluck Jonathan unify the country?

PUREFOY: Well, this is an enormous challenge for him, emerging even before he was announced the winner. This has been a very controversial election dating back since when he became acting president after the former president died a year ago.

All sorts of rhetoric by politicians and preachers, both Muslim and Christian, about who to vote for, who should be the country's next president. It is one of the great divisions in Nigeria.

He has called for calm. He has asked the opposition leaders to call on their own supporters to step down.

We have had no official word from the main opposition party, the CPC, Buhari's main party. No official word yet on his calling for his supporters to stand down and stop the violence. It is hoped that calmer heads will prevail and that people will call on this for this to stop the violence.

What Goodluck had hoped for originally is that this election -- and Nigerians hoped for, Anna -- was that this election would bring about peace. That if it was seen as more credible, more free and fair, the people were allowed to cast their votes, that that would be then enabling to make their voice heard rather than taking to the streets, because Nigeria, Anna, has just had a slew of rigged violent elections. And observers and Nigerians themselves are saying that this one was dramatically better.

But the CPC, the main official party, Anna, still has not accepted those results. They are saying it was rigged, inflated figures. And so there still remains a lot of controversy -- Anna.

COREN: All right.

Christian Purefoy, in Abuja, Nigeria.

Thank you for that update.

Well, ahead on NEWS STREAM, a hunt for pirates. With little money and few resources, Somaliland's coast guard takes on the fight to stop piracy, even turning to some unique sources for help.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

COREN: Well, tales of pirate attacks used to be the things of children's books, and now they're an increasing reality in international waters, costing the global shipping industry hundreds of millions of dollars each year. But a team in Somaliland is trying to change that.

Well, Jane Ferguson reports on the small breakaway region's effort to make a big impact in the fight against piracy.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JANE FERGUSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): There is a threat in these waters, one that has survived the centuries. Just a few hundred kilometers down this coast from Somaliland, a tiny breakaway state in northern Somalia, lie notorious pirate bases. The challenge for the small coast guard unit charged with hunting the pirates is that, today, it is much harder to tell friend from foe.

ISSA MAHAD ABDI, BERBERA COAST GUARD: A boat had come in from Issy (ph). Now, nobody knows whether it is pirates or local fishing. Therefore, we are target (ph), and we find that that boat was a fishing boat, a Somaliland fishing boat. So, always, we go patrolling of this area, and when (INAUDIBLE), we attack.

FERGUSON: The coast guard challenge any potential threat, doing their best to search for the telltale signs of weapons stowed in small fishing boats. But they are outnumbered and outgunned.

Nonetheless, they have caught dozens of pirates in the past year, they say. Their most effective weapon? Information fed to them by locals. Fishermen can spot a pirate better than anyone.

ABDI: Of course, (INAUDIBLE), we cannot cover all. But we try our best. We depend on fishing boats. They tell us where they saw anything they suspect. So we go --

FERGUSON (on camera): They tell you where the pirates are?

ABDI: Yes. Yes. The pirates. They tell us.

FERGUSON (voice-over): The coast guard has captured more than 100 pirates in this channel, he tells me. Good news for the locals, who say this historic port is a lifeline, providing jobs and important, much-needed food supplies. It's unlikely there will be any real survival of Berbera if ships didn't come here.

AHMED YUSSUF, BERBERA PORT MANAGER: The Somaliland people, if they are fishermen, they are true area people. If they are businessmen, they have - - you know (INAUDIBLE) to fight the piracy. So that's why the fishermen, if they have seen piracy, they always call the coast guard, and always they (INAUDIBLE) them. So we have seen all the other people can see a very, very big problem.

FERGUSON (on camera): It's well known that the shipping industry around the world is paying out hundreds of millions of dollars to pirates. However, here, in this self-declared state of Somaliland, the small coast guard is doing what it can to protect its own shores. It says, however, that without more resources, it won't be able to do this on a bigger scale.

(voice-over): Here, in Berbera Port, they have only three small boats. One of them doesn't even work. But instead of investing in local resources to stop piracy, many of the global shipping businesses that travel these waters have turned instead to private security companies. That, says Somaliland's minister of justice, won't stop the problem.

ISMAIL AAR, SOMALILAND MINISTER OF JUSTICE: The international community is definitely paying a lot of money to fight against pirates. But I think they are missing the point, and that is they've got to support the establishment of democratic societies, good governance, where the rule of law should be, really, should work. The money these governments are paying should go to the international -- to the coast guard.

They should be given (INAUDIBLE). They should be given communication. And we need a communication center to be established here so that you can communicate to Yemen, to Djibouti, and we can have exchange of information, some experience.

FERGUSON: As the world struggles to find an effective solution to the piracy plague, people here say the only effective solution lies among those who know the waters best.

Jane Ferguson, for CNN, Somaliland.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

COREN: In Syria, fresh reports of violence. We'll bring you the latest on those clashes as Syria's government warns protesters against further unrest.

And Facebook is getting slammed for its privacy policies, but the company says it has a new strategy for keeping people safe online. We'll talk to Facebook's chief privacy officer.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

COREN: I'm Anna Coren, in Hong Kong. And you're watching NEWS STREAM.

These are your world headlines.

The Red Cross says rioting in parts of northern Nigeria has turned deadly. While there's no word on the number of deaths, 101 people were reported injured on Monday.

Opponents of President Goodluck Jonathan, who won the weekend election, insist rampant fraud effected the results at the ballots.

Britain's foreign secretary says it will send military advisers to assist Libya's rebels. William Hague says they will not train or arm rebels, only help with communications. It comes as the European Union says it's not ruling out putting military forces into Libya to help humanitarian relief efforts, but it says that would only happen if the U.N. asked for such help.

Medical teams in Yemen say security forces have fired on anti-government protesters in Taiz. Well, they say at least seven people have been injured.

And Yemen has been added to the agenda for a U.N. Security Council meeting on Tuesday. It will be the first time the council has held formal talks on the crisis in the country.

Well, in Syria, more reports of violence. Witnesses say security forces have fired on crowds of protesters in the city of Homs.

Well, CNN's Arwa Damon has been following the mounting unrest and joins us now live from Beirut.

Arwa, it's just gone on 3:30 p.m. in the city of Homs. Do we know what the situation is?

ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, according to one activist who is with the Syrian Human Rights Information Link, Razan Zeitounah, the city right now, she compared it to a ghost town, saying that most of the shops were closed. People staying off the streets for the time being following the violence that she and many others have reported took place overnight.

What happened in the city of Homs, Homs being Syria's third largest, significant and that absent a major presence for the demonstration in places like Damascus or Aleppo it would be a big success should the opposition be able to maintain control over Homs.

The intent, she was telling us, was to stage a sit-in in that city's main square. She said overnight there were around 2,000 demonstrators. She said that the Syrian security forces did, in fact, approach them on a number of occasions, asked them to leave, warned that they would use violence. And around 2:00 in the morning, she was saying that the shooting began.

She said that she had the names of at least three people who had been killed, dozens more wounded. Their funerals expected to take place later on today.

Meanwhile, the state run Syrian Arab News Agency reporting that the Syrian Ministry of Interior is calling these demonstrations and the violence that is happening saying that it is an armed mutiny led by Salafi extremists, armed groups. And that they are now urging people to not go out and demonstrate, saying that they will use whatever legal means within their power to bring that about to an end.

Of course, concerns amongst a number of activists that the Syrian security forces are only going to resort to more violence to try to stamp down, and clamp down on these demonstrations once and for all, Anna.

COREN: Yeah, some of these protesters have said that the city really has reached a boiling point. Can you expect this showdown between security forces and protesters to continue?

DAMON: Well, Anna, one would assume so. The activists we've been speaking to very determined and that they are not going to back down. As (inaudible) herself put it she said we don't have a choice but to keep on going, because they have taken it this far. And this is the farthest, many analysts will tell you, that those opponents to Assad's regime have been able to comment since he took power following his father's death around 11 years ago.

The demonstrators, the activists saying that whatever concessions the president has said he is going to make, whatever reforms he plans on putting into place quite simply aren't going to cut it. They want complete and total change. And in Syria, they say, that would mean having free, fair, democratic elections, that would mean having more than one party not just the Baath Party. And more importantly, many people are telling us, that would mean dismantling, bringing down the feared secret police, this institution that analysts and many Syrians themselves say is what allows the regime to have such complete and total control over its people, Anna.

COREN: All right. Arwa Damon in Beirut. Thank you.

In Egypt, the revolution is over, but the economic realities that drew millions to the streets remain. And as CNN's Hala Gorani reports, many wonder when they'll reap the benefits of change.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

HALA GORANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Jawad Nabulsi is a revolutionary. In Tahrir Square, he fought for a new Egypt, but says now the hardest work is still ahead.

And Medsheikh Nasser (ph), a Cairo slum that he wants to revitalize, he says poverty is the biggest challenge.

JAWAD NABULSI, NEBNY FOUNDATION: A lot of people came with me to Tahrir. But now the mood is starting to change, because they're getting hurt financially.

GORANI: Nabulsi, a former business executive, isn't just giving his time to the cause, he also lost a part of himself. He is now blind in one eye, shot with a pellet gun by security forces during the uprising.

Where he goes here, people come to him. They know the Jawad who is promising to paint buildings and bring money to the neighborhood, though they may not know he also meets with the U.N., the government, runs a foundation to bring tourism back to Egypt.

Life is hard, they tell him, harder than it was before.

"I pay more for electricity, water, they don't pick up the trash anymore," this woman says.

So what now for the people here and others in poverty in Egypt? When will life finally get better?

Some of the handicrafts that they sell to the market in Cairo are not being bought anymore, because there aren't that many tourists in Egypt right now in the post-revolutionary period. So we're going to go into this store, see what they're making, what they're selling and what they're going to tell us.

"I used to sell 500, 600 pieces," this man tells me.

Per month, I ask?

"No, per week," he answers.

And today, he sells nothing.

But he, and everyone we speak to here, says they are happy they helped overthrow a dictator. The revolution still lives here.

Nabulsi who rents an apartment in the neighborhood because he spends almost every day working in the community knows time won't be on his side forever. He hasn't received any concrete donation pledges yet.

NEBULSI: TV is throwing them all these (inaudible) that have been stolen. And the thing that's like, you know, we want to go take our money back. And they're frustrated. So, you know what, if the security is not there and the rest continues to be like that, then we will lose the revolution. But I'm optimistic. And people here want to believe me.

GORANI: In the dusty, dirty streets of Mensheikh Nasser (ph), for decades impoverished, they say the revolution must serve them too.

Hala Gorani, CNN, Cairo.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

COREN: Ahead on NEWS STREAM, earthquake concerns. We'll tell you why Tokyo says it's bracing for the next big one.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

COREN: Well, more than 500 million people now actively use Facebook. So keeping your information secure on the social networking site has never been more important. In around three-and-a-half hours from now Facebook will live stream an announcement on its new strategy for keeping us safe online.

Well, that news comes just a day after security firm Sophos slammed Facebook's privacy policies in an open letter. Amongst other things, it says Facebook settings should promote privacy by default handing users the first decision over what they wish to share.

Well, let's hear from Facebook itself now on the security concerns and hear more about the new privacy plans for minors with Facebook's chief security officer Joe Sullivan joins us now from Palo Alto, California.

Joe, good to see you. Thank you for joining us.

Tell us how will this strategy protect children?

JOE SULLIVAN, FACEBOOK CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER: Thank you for having me here. We're very excited today because we're launching three new features that we think will be very helpful for families and for teens in particular as they use Facebook.

First, we're launching a new family safety center. We're bringing together some very rich content to help educate people about the specific concerns that they should have when they're online.

We're worked with some awesome experts from around the world who are members of our safety advisory board. So outside bodies of people who focus on these issues who have given us feedback of prepared content. And so we're going to make that material available on our site.

A really good example is a 20 page downloadable guide for educators talking through the key issues that teachers face with their students in the classroom using Facebook after school, between classes et cetera. How should teachers deal with those things? Well, this is a 20 pager put together by teachers talking about best practices.

So we're -- that's just one example....

COREN: So Joe, the responsibility is on teachers, is it?

SULLIVAN: Well, internet safety is a shared responsibility. And safety online is a dialogue that needs to start happening. It needs to start happening when children are young. And it needs to continue. And we need to be part of it, but the community needs to be part of it, parents need to be part of it, and students themselves need to be active and learning.

And so that's why we're trying to help bring together the community with some material that would be very helpful. And that's just one part of the announcement today.

Another part of the announcement is really focused on what we're calling social reporting. Social reporting is the idea that to take the power of Facebook, that positive Facebook experience, the joy you experience when you connect with someone on Facebook about a positive thing, well that person that you connected with over a positive thing is the same person you sometimes want to turn to when you need help.

So if I see something on Facebook that's attacking me or that hurts me, I can just -- I've always been able to report it to Facebook. And then Facebook would review it and take appropriate action, but what about now that's different is I can also report it to my family member.

As a dad, I am really excited...

COREN: ...to cyber bullying?

SULLIVAN: Cyber bullying, imposters, hate speech, other types of content that someone could put on that might be hurtful to you.

COREN: OK.

Joe, I'm just going to get to the criticism now from internet security firm Sophos about your lax security. It claims that you shouldn't assume that everyone wants new settings automatically that -- you know, share private information. What's your response to that?

SULLIVAN: At Facebook we work really hard to give people the ability to share the way they want to share. And I think the feedback has been very positive about the way you can and do share on Facebook. When I share something on Facebook I have the ability to decide which audience I want to publish that to. And I have settings that I can move around and people move their settings around all the time. People have -- we have prepared some educational material in line, interactive materials so people have grown very comfortable using Facebook and understand how privacy works on Facebook.

Facebook is a place you go to...

COREN: Joe, if I can just interrupt you ..

SULLIVAN: ...to share information.

COREN: Because this after the fact. This is really after the fact. Shouldn't privacy be by default?

SULLIVAN: Privacy should be built by design into the core of a product. And at Facebook, we built privacy in from day one and we'll continue to learn from feedback we get from the people who use Facebook. And we'll always continue to work to make it better. And we're very excited about where we are today.

COREN: Joe, Sophos at the end of an open letter that they published made quite a poignant question. They said to Facebook, your organization, why wait until regulators force your hand on privacy. Why don't you act now?

SULLIVAN: So to be clear, we're here today to announce some safety innovations. But we're constantly working on privacy as well. I know that there are security companies out there who like to sell their products and get their names in the media, but as I mentioned at the beginning we've been working with a large number of non-profit and industry safety experts to put together some key materials and constantly innovate to bring together an exciting and positive experience for people who use Facebook.

Believe me, it's never our intention for people to share in ways they don't want to share.

COREN: We certainly appreciate you coming on and explaining that to us. Joe Sullivan, Facebook's chief privacy officer joining us from California. Thank you.

Well it wasn't exactly a day at the spa, but this robot may have felt like it. Tokyo Electric Power said it picked up sauna like conditions inside the Fukushima Daiichi reactor number two reporting temperatures around 41 degrees Celsius and humidity up to 99 percent. It was so steamy that the robot's lenses fogged up, forcing it to be removed after a few minutes. A good piece of news came out of its radiation reading, though, levels there were much lower than those at reactors one and three.

Well, controlling the damage at Fukushima's nuclear power plant has been a constant struggle since it was rocked by Japan's record earthquake and tsunami. But in Tokyo, residents are concerned there could be even greater shocks ahead.

Well, Paula Hancocks reports on how some there are bracing for the big one.

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PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The ground starts shaking, you should get on the floor. If you can, fall under a table or desk to protect yourself from falling debris. All you can do then is wait until the shaking stops. This disaster prevention center in Tokyo is preparing residents for the worst. The worst in this city is assumed by many to be a massive earthquake.

This investment banker tells me Tokyo is so condensed there should be more preparation than there has been so far.

A government study predicts that there is a 70 percent chance of a 7 earthquake or greater in the Tokyo area within the next 30 years. A government case study finds that a 7.3 magnitude earthquake in Tokyo could result in the deaths of more than 6,000 people.

The massive 9.0 magnitude on March 11th rocked the capital and surrounding areas even though the epicenter was 370 kilometers, or 230 miles away. Transport ground to a standstill crippling a megacity of almost 30 million people. As fires blazed in different areas around the city, some residents saw it as a warning of what could happen if the next earthquake's epicenter is Tokyo itself.

This professor says "85,000 buildings would be destroyed in Tokyo and immediate areas also due to fire. That could mean up to 1,7 million households lose their home, far more than in the recent earthquake in northeast Japan."

The last big earthquake to hit the city in 1923 was devastating. More than 140,000 people were killed according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The USGS says it measured 7.9 on the Richter Scale. It happened just before midday as everyone was cooking on charcoal or wood burning stoves. Fires swept through the city. In some areas, all that remained were charred shells of buildings. However, building and fire regulations have improved significantly since that time.

Not everyone agrees with the government's prediction of where the likely areas for future earthquakes are. The yellow parts of this map are considered low risk by the Japanese government. But that is where many earthquakes have happened.

ROBERT GELLER, UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO: Where the earthquakes happened and where they government said they would happen are completely different. So it's obvious their methodology is simply flawed and their numbers should be ignored.

HANCOCKS: The professor considers the best policy to be expect the unexpected and prepare for the worst no matter where you are in Japan.

Paula Hancocks, CNN, Tokyo.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

COREN: We'll have a complete roundup of the sporting headlines after the break. There's a man set to be the NBA's youngest MVP leads the Bulls to another playoff win.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

COREN: CNN is now in more places and on more devices. We just launched our CNN app for Android worldwide. You'll find the latest news, plenty of video and the ability to upload your own iReports. And you can download it now on Android Market for free.

Well, Kobe Bryant, LeBron James, Kevin Garnett, everyone has their favorite NBA player, but one youngster is making a compelling case to be considered the best of the lot. And Alex Thomas is here to explain all. Hello, Alex.

ALEX THOMAS, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Anna.

Yeah, we're just a few days into the NBA playoffs and Derrick Rose is again showing us why he's almost a shoe-in to become the sports youngest ever MVP after leading the Chicago Bulls to victory in game 2 against the Pacers.

Let's pick up the action at the end of the third quarter. Indiana's TJ Ford with a huge buzzer-beating mid-court 3-pointer tying the game at 67- all.

But with Rose blooming, Chicago always have a chance. Here he is passing to Ronnie Brewer for the slam.

The Pacers were up by 2 in the fourth when Rose sized up his options before surging forward. And he's fouled as he hits the tough one-handed jumper. He finished with 36 points in the game. And he certainly turned it around for the Bulls in the fourth quarter.

Here's Kyle Korver now draining a late 3 just as he did in game one.

Chicago winning by 96-90 to take a 2-0 lead in the best of seven series.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DERRICK ROSE, CHICAGO BULLS: We're very happy to be here. Of course, I'm willing to take anything back, but our play has to get better. We've got to be more smooth, more efficient, especially on the defensive end where we've got to try a lot harder. But I feel like we're going to get things together pretty quickly.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

THOMAS: That man has been nothing less than sensational this season. If you're not a regular NBA follower just call him the Lionel Messi of basketball, shall we? He scores and assists. And at 22, Chicago's point guard could become the sports youngest ever MVP, that's most valuable player.

Rose has accounted for an NBA high 33 percent of his team's offense this season, that's points and assists. He averages 37.5 points per game in the playoffs. OK, we've only had two games, but it's still impressive. And the statistic of 31 out of 34 free throws that he's made. What a standard for others to follow.

Of course, plenty of other NBA fans will pick out LeBron James as their favorite, maybe. Although he probably didn't feel that popular when he left his hometown of Cleveland to join the Miami Heat.

LeBron moving to win the championship. And he and teammate Dwayne Wade took a 1-0 lead into game two of their eastern playoff series against the Philadelphia 76ers.

Wade passed fit after a migraine at the weekend, a huge boost for the Heat. He put on 14 points on this one to give the 76ers a headache of their own.

The game was over as a contest by the third quarter. Miami having fun. James showing that here by hitting the 3 at the shot clock buzzer. He had 29 points overall.

In the fourth, Chris Bosh gets the ball on the baseline and hits the jumper. He chipped in with a double-double of 21 points and 11 rebounds.

All of Miami's big three recording double digits as the Heat win game two 94-73. Game three is on Thursday in Philadelphia.

Now the prowess of Kenya's distance runners is nothing new, but their marathon athletes are looking particularly strong. What just 15 months against the 2012 Olympic games. First Emmanuel Mutai smashed the marathon course record here in London. Now his countryman Geoffrey Mutai, no relations, run the fastest ever marathon. That came in Boston.

Geoffrey Mutai covering the 26.2 miles, or 46 kilometers, in two hours, three minutes and two seconds. Compare that to Haile GebreSelassie's mark of two hours, three minutes, and 59 seconds. Although the Ethiopian will stay on the record books, because the Boston Marathon goes downhill too much. It doesn't count. Although Mutai has the consolation of $150,000 in prize money plus a bonus for breaking the course record in Boston.

And finally, Anna, Jose Mourihno may have restored some pride for Real Madrid when they drew with their Spanish rivals Barcelona in La Liga at the weekend, but the team style of play has come under fire from a Los Blancos legend, Alfredo Di Stefano, part of the great Real Madrid team that won five successive European Cups in the 1950s.

He told a Spanish paper that Barcelona were clearly the better team at the weekend and treated, quote, the ball with adoration and respect. Di Stefano said Madrid played like a mouse against the lion of Barcelona. And said Mourihno's approach was clearly not the right one.

He's not happy is he, Anna? Back to you.

COREN: I don't think so. Alex Thomas, thank you for that.

Well, let's now turn to the world weather. And despite those strong storms in southern China, much of the country is in drought. And Karen Maginnis has much more from the world weather. Hello Karen.

KAREN MAGINNIS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Yes. We are looking at drought conditions, especially across northeastern China. There you see this long stretch of moisture all the way from southeast Asia, across the Philippines and then stretching out across the northern Pacific. But in between weather systems, yes, very dry weather conditions and temperatures that have been warming up substantially above normal for this time of year.

I want to show you that between Beijing and Shanghai, there's this Zhongdong region where a -- one of the five sacred mountains exist. You look on this Google Earth you can see where some of those fires are located.

We have some images out of that region. Here the fires are burning across mountaintops, but they're being driven by some fairly gusty and erratic winds. And the fire has forced the evacuation of more than 1,000 villagers. And those fires began early on Monday morning.

All right. I want to show you those drought areas as I mentioned from Beijing towards Shanghai, especially right around the Beijing area where temperatures had been running well above normal for this time of year. In some instances, as much as 10 degrees above normal.

Take a look at the forecast coming up for Wednesday. Beijing a forecast high around 28 degrees. You go towards Hong Kong 23. And Mumbai and New Delhi and Delhi all heating up very substantially with temperatures hovering around 40 degrees or so just before the monsoon kicks in. And they'll be issuing their monsoon forecast for today.

For Beijing, we're looking at temperatures around 28 degrees. Look at that, the average is around 19 typically. Thursday, though, we start dropping back to more normal temperatures.

Could see a chance of snow right around the Fukushima town, also Sendai. An area of low pressure moves through and ushers in some much cooler air behind it.

Well, in the forecast across the United States, could see some big storms in Maryland. Take a look at this, some Boy Scouts had to be rescued when they were shut off by rising water. Now they're saying no one was really in danger, but they were quickly escorted and removed from this area. Those Boy Scouts and their adults were safe after the rising waters on the Potomac.

Anna, back to you.

COREN: Certainly good to hear. Karen Maginnis, thank you.

Well, now it's time to take you over and out there. South Africa's Nelson Mandela has joined the Twitter nation, but not without a bit of international diplomacy. You see, the Nelson Mandela Twitter handle was already taken. No, not by a Nelson namesake, but by British online consultant Richard Millington. Millington says he forgot he had the Twitter handle.

Well, reports say Mandela's foundation convinced him to hand it over. And it went live last week.

So, what's stopping Mandela's new Twitter feed? A Twitter identify headache, what else.

Well, that is NEWS STREAM. But the news certainly continues here at CNN. "WORLD BUSINESS TODAY" is next.

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