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What Triggered Riots in London?; Markets Crisis; Battle for Libya; Trying to Get Aid to Somalis
Aired August 9, 2011 - 08:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNA COREN, HOST: Welcome to NEWS STREAM, where news and technology meet.
Hello. I'm Anna Coren, in Hong Kong.
Well, this is London. Parts of one of the world's great cities went up in flames after a third night of rioting.
World markets continue their slide, but U.S. futures are higher right now.
And we follow the worsening situation in Somalia, where many are fleeing their country in search of food.
Gangs of youth were across London again on Monday, looting scores of shops for the third day in a row. In their wake, they left smashed shop fronts, empty stores, and the burned out shells of cars and buildings. The violence and vandalism which began during daylight hours this time continued into the night. The situation is so dire, that Prime Minister David Cameron cut short a vacation in Italy and shared an emergency meeting on the topic.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: I am determined, the government is determined that justice will be done and these people will see the consequences of their actions. And I have this very clear message to those people who are responsible for this wrongdoing and criminality. You will feel the full force of the law. And if you are old enough to commit these crimes, you are old enough to face the punishments.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COREN: With police resources stretched, volunteer offices are being urged to report for duty. Mr. Cameron said an additional 10,000 officers will be on London's streets tonight. That will make a total of 16,000.
Well, last night CNN's Phil Black was in the thick of it on the streets of Hackney in northeast London, not far from where the riots kicked off on Sunday.
PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: This is a street in Hackney, east London. Several hundred people on the street here. And just meters away, just over here, if you're able to come over and have a look, there is a store being looted as we speak.
It looks like a local convenience store. People are taking out what they can, mostly local food and so forth.
For the moment, the crowd seems to be reasonably tolerant of our presence here, which is unusual. But as I say, a looting taking place right here on the street. No police to be seen.
On the street, as we've been walking around -- and we'll just move away from there, because some of the people are just getting a little bit tense -- this burned-out vehicle here, we've been seeing these all up and down this street.
We had to stop recording at that point. Some of the crowd turned, tried to take our camera, but we managed to hold on to it.
We've now returned to the same street five hours later, and this is the same store that was being looted at that time. And if you have a look inside, you can see it has really been cleared out -- literally. The shelves have been torn from the walls. All the produce and goods that were on sale here have been taken.
The locals here have told us that people have been in and out all night. And they tell us that this store belongs to a family with young children.
Why did they do it? This was one of three properties along this street that have been looted. We spoke to one resident, and this is what he said.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I am quite proud of what we've done tonight, because what we took was pretty tasty. So we had to live up to that.
BLACK: In the surrounding streets I counted at least six or seven vehicles like this that have been torched by the rioters. And all this damage that we've seen is representative of only one community in one of the areas across London that has been affected by violence tonight. What the residents of this city are wondering is whether or not this third night of rioting and violence will be the last.
Phil Black, CNN, in Hackney, east London.
COREN: Well, in just three days, violence has spread throughout the capital and across the nation. This all started on Saturday, in Tottenham, in north London, seemingly in protest against the death of 29-year-old Mark Duggan, who was shot dead by police last week.
Well, by Sunday, there was rioting in nearby Enfield, as well as Oxford Circus, right in the heart of London's tourist and shopping district, and in Brixton, in south London. Then last night there were reports of violence in Lewisham, Peckham, Clapham, Willich (ph), and Croydon, all in south London, as well as in west London, in Ealing, and to the north, in Camden. That was just in the capital though.
Well, gangs of youth rampaged through cities across England, with reports of violence and looting in Bristol, in the west, Birmingham and Nottingham in the midland, and Liverpool in the northeast.
The death of Mark Duggan is being highlighted as a catalyst for the violence by many, but as Dan Rivers reports, the man's death may have simply been the match that ignited smoldering discontent.
DAN RIVERS, CNN SR. INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Scenes that have shocked Britain. Parts of London engulfed in rioting and looting, with the police apparently caught off guard, bearing the brunt of the violence. Tottenham has been trying to restore its reputation after similar riots 26 years ago. Then, it was provoked by the death of a local woman during a police raid. A policeman was hacked to death in the ensuing violence.
This time, it was the shooting of a local man, Mark Duggan, by the police on Thursday that sparked the protests. The subsequent lack of information from the police angered some locals.
Sharon Grant is the widow of former local politician Bernie Grant, who represented the area in the 1980s. She blames the police for failing to spot the signs.
SHARON GRANT, COMMUNITY ACTIVIST: The past in Tottenham, all the ingredients were there. If you were running the Tottenham police, the alarm bells should have sounded and you should have triggered the community consultation of arrangements and you should also had some manpower hanging around in the background, waiting to nip any trouble in the bud.
RIVERS (on camera): Everyone is acutely aware of what happened here in Tottenham in 1985, but many people think these disturbances differed in one crucial way. They spread almost virally through London, and some people are attributing that to modern technology. In particular, BlackBerry instant messaging.
(voice-over): This is one example of an inflammatory message wrongly claiming there had been a second shooting of a black man. This one is even more sinister, calling on people to gather in another part of north London, apparently inciting looting.
Local people though think the troublemakers are from outside the area and have hijacked their concerns in order to stir up trouble.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's a mixture of things now. And I feel some people are using excuses as to why they can go out and do that, and then other people have a genuine frustration for the fact there's no answers.
RIVERS: Mark Duggan's death is still being investigated by the independent Police Complaints Commission, but some think the violence has more deep- seated causes, and the sharp budget cuts and high youth unemployment.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You can't get work. You can't get housing. You can't do nothing. Even now you can't go to school because you can't pay for it.
RIVERS: With so many politicians away on holiday, it was left to the deputy prime minister, Nick Clegg, to visit Tottenham. Some blame the violence on austerity cuts which have closed local youth centers.
REV NIMS, COMMUNITY LEADER: A lot of the young people and their families that are in this community need much more support than they've been given in the past.
RIVERS: By Monday evening, the trouble was still spreading, with those in authority struggling to contain it.
Dan Rivers, CNN, London.
COREN: So, although some are citing the death of Mark Duggan as the trigger for the violence, many are not, including his friends and family. Well, a tribute page on Facebook says, "Please. We ask for this violence to stop. This isn't about Mark. It never was. His family never wanted nor thought any of this would happen."
"You people are using this as an excuse. If you had any respect, you would stop this before they bring in the army. The whole world is looking. Do you have no shame?"
Well, it's a few minutes past 1:00 in the afternoon in London right now, and we can get the very latest on the streets from our Atika Shubert, who is in Ealing in west London.
Atika, there have been three nights of rioting. Surely, it must be a different situation as we head into a fourth evening.
ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, this is particularly shocking in this area, because it's a quiet, pretty residential area. And now there's fire engines here having to check because a grocery store next door was set alight.
And I'm actually right in front of a store called Baby E. (ph). It's a maternity clothing and kid shop (AUDIO GAP). So we can actually meet the owner.
I mean, look at this place. It's just completely trashed, and the looters have left things like champagne bottles, snacks. They've ripped out the cash register and left it just in complete shambles.
This is Liz Pilgrim. She's the owner here.
Can you tell us -- last night, you got a call. They told you people (AUDIO GAP). What happened?
LIZ PILGRIM, SHOP OWNER: I got in the car and came the back way through Ealing, was met by groups of youth that were quite intimidating. They surrounded by car, back and front.
I managed to get past there. I went on to South Ealing Road, and I was (AUDIO GAP) cars alight. So I didn't want to drive past (AUDIO GAP). And by that point, the police had cordoned off the area, and they said, "Look, just go home. You'll be safer at home."
So I had no idea --
SHUBERT: And what did you think when you came here this morning?
PILGRIM: (AUDIO GAP). It's just awful that independent businesses have been (AUDIO GAP).
COREN: We apologize for the communication problems that we are experiencing. Atika Shubert was interviewing a shop owner in Ealing, in west London. Her store, as you can see, had been destroyed by the riots overnight.
Well, as we heard a little earlier from Dan Rivers, some are saying that BlackBerry Messenger is helping the violence spread. So how does it work?
Well, on a very basic level, it's similar to SMS text messages, but differences could be fueling its use. But unlike SMS, BlackBerry messages are sent as data. Well, that means that you aren't charged per message. That also means sending a message to multiple people doesn't cost you anything extra, allowing people to easily broadcast messages to their entire contact list, spreading messages amongst a large group of people quickly.
Well, because it's a messaging system and not a social network like Twitter, there's no chase of your messages on the Web for police to monitor. BlackBerry messages can only be sent to other BlackBerrys. But according to a survey by Britain's communications regulator just released last week, more British teens prefer BlackBerrys to any other brand of phone.
Well, coming up on NEWS STREAM, uncertainty persists on the financial markets, and investors can't seem to sell their stocks fast enough.
An international embargo was meant to put pressure on Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, but ordinary citizens are finding themselves caught in the middle.
And fighting and famine force Somalis to leave their homes, but there's little relief to be found over the border.
COREN: Well, over to the markets now. And there's been no letup in the mayhem that slashed trillions of dollars off the valuations of stocks around the world.
In Europe, trading got off to a weak start with markets mostly lower. Then the picture began to brighten as bargain hunting lent the markets some support. But look what happened after that. All the major markets are back in the red and taking losses as the sell-off regains momentum.
In Asia, things aren't much better, with most markets on the ropes Tuesday. Hong Kong's Stock Exchange, Asia's third biggest exchange by market cap, the losses were especially heavy.
Well, all that followed a dire day on Wall Street. The Dow suffered the sixth biggest fall in its history, and there were losses of almost seven percent on both the Nasdaq and the S&P 500.
Well, U.S. President Barack Obama has called for swift action to deal with the turmoil that has engulfed the markets following S&P's downgrade of U.S. debt ion Friday. In a speech on Monday, he called the country's problems "eminently solvable" and said the downgrade should give its political leaders a renewed sense of urgency in addressing them.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I intend to present my own recommendations over the coming weeks on how we should proceed. And that committee will have this administration's full cooperation. And I assure you, we will stay on it until we get the job done.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COREN: Over the coming days and weeks, the markets will be watching closely to see what hope of a solution emerges from Washington. But one thing they'll have their eye on more immediately is a meeting of the Federal Reserve's Open Market Committee on Tuesday.
Well, a fortnight ago, that meeting looked as though it would have been business as usual, and possibly even a little dull. Now it's taken on a lot more significance.
Joining us in the studio right now is WORLD BUSINESS TODAY'S Andrew Stevens, with a look at that and where the crisis might go from here.
Andrew, we'll get to Ben Bernanke and the Federal Reserve shortly, but today, not a pretty scene.
ANDREW STEVENS, "WORLD BUSINESS TODAY": Yes. I mean, this is tied (ph) so closely together.
You've got the Federal Reserve now being seen as a major policymaking group that could actually make a difference, to provide a circuit breaker, if you like, to what's been happening today and the past few days, Anna. It's been extraordinary.
You were talking before about the volatility. The volatility has been intent.
When you have stock markets like South Korea going down nine percent at one stage today, finishing down by about three percent or so, you're seeing a lot of people in the market -- you know, they just don't know what to do. They're getting out if they can. They're saying, is this the bottom, is this not a bottom?
So they're really looking for some sort of -- I guess leadership would be the word, for someone to come along and say, OK, this is what we're going to do and this is how things should pan out. And that's where Ben Bernanke comes in.
COREN: Australia, I guess, is the only one to buck the trend, rallying. Is there something they know that we don't?
STEVENS: No. It was a timing thing. With volatility, it all depends when that bell goes.
I mean, the bell went -- the closing bell went in Australia just when Europe was in positive territory as well, and there had been a big swing from the lows of the day. Australia was part of that swing. It closed trading.
Look at Hong Kong. It closed three hours later. It was swinging up. Three hours later, it was down six percent.
So what can you do?
COREN: Happy day for investors down under.
STEVENS: Happy day for investors.
COREN: But regarding Ben Bernanke, the Federal Reserve meeting, I mean, this is normally a regular meeting. Pretty dull, pretty boring. Not today.
Can we expect Ben Bernanke to say anything that may shift the mood?
STEVENS: Well, he's going to have to say something. He cannot not say anything.
And what he may say is -- what he's likely to say is, first of all, the U.S. economy is not as strong as we first believed it was, to nobody's surprise. We've seen that in the data. Things have been steadily slowing down in the U.S. economy.
But what that may allow him to say also is to recommit, if you like, to lower -- longer-term lower interest rates, which the markets will want to hear, saying that the U.S. economy and central bank is prepared to keep interest rates very low. QE3, quantitative easing, which is where the Fed has been pumping a lot of money into buying bonds and things, to flood the market with money, if you like, that is being talked about a lot.
We've had QE1, QE2. We had a lot of money put in so far. Still, obviously, it hasn't produced a sustainable recovery. So there may be a little bit more thinking outside the box this time with the Federal Reserve, what can we do this time around?
But the short answer is, he's going to have to do something. He'll have this economic forecast, and from that may flow some more specific measures. But certainly look for him to say interest rates are going to stay low for a long time.
COREN: Everyone will be watching, including you. You'll be monitoring this, as well as Wall Street's open.
That's Andrew Stevens, WORLD BUSINESS TODAY'S anchor.
Thank you --
STEVENS: Thanks, Anna.
COREN: -- very much for your analysis. We appreciate it.
Well, coming up on NEWS STREAM, smoke and fire in the Libyan capital on a night of punishing NATO airstrikes.
COREN: Bombs rained down on the Libyan capital overnight. The sky over Tripoli lighting up from the massive explosions. Well, multiple airstrikes reverberated through the city for nearly an hour and may have caused a fire at a chemical plant in the east. Our correspondent says it was the heaviest night of bombing in Tripoli in a month.
Well, in addition to the airstrikes, the international blockade of airports and seaports controlled by the Gadhafi government is making life hard on ordinary Libyans. The embargo has contributed to widespread fuel shortages and electricity blackouts. Tripoli accuses NATO of targeting power stations and pipelines, charges the military alliance denies.
CNN's Ivan Watson reports.
IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): This is what downtown Tripoli looks like on Saturday night: pitch black on Al-Rashid Street, except for the likes of passing cars. Widespread power outages have plunged entire neighborhoods into darkness.
On a daytime visit to a market district, some people told us they hadn't had electricity in days. "Over the last two weeks it got really bad," says this shopkeeper named Ridah (ph). "People are used to having air- conditioning. We can't keep our food from spoiling. And some babies just can't take the heat."
ZIAD, TRIPOLI RESIDENT: The situation makes the Libyan people angry, bored, get tired from everything.
WATSON: Tripoli is also suffering from crippling fuel shortages, causing huge gas lines and even forcing some drivers to simply abandon their cars.
Hope for a reprieve died last week when Libyan rebels somehow captured this Libyan fuel tanker off the coast of Malta. Instead of docking in Tripoli, the Cartagena and its precious cargo of tens of thousands of tons of fuel sailed into the rebel capital of Benghazi on Thursday, flying the rebel flag.
Officials in Tripoli are accusing NATO and the rebels of carrying out an act of piracy, charges the alliance denies.
KHALID KAIM, LIBYAN DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER: With this fuel tanker ship arriving in Libya, that we would have managed to rationalize the consumption of fuel for at least three, fourth months. And that will lower the pressure on the protection.
WATSON: Bread lines -- there's no question the international blockade of the Gadhafi regime is making life harder for ordinary citizens, and many here blame NATO.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Go! Go! Go! What you do here? Go! Go!
ZIAD: Maybe if NATO stays away from us, and keeps it for the Libyans themselves, it will be much better.
WATSON: But in restive neighborhoods like Souk al-Jama, where residents say Gadhafi's security forces have rounded up and arrested hundreds of local men, some Libyans secretly told us they support the campaign to overthrow the man who has ruled the country since 1969.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We say, hey, we want freedom.
WATSON (on camera): Freedom from what?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Freedom for everything. We don't see freedom from 1969. We don't see the freedom, never here.
WATSON (voice-over): And so the siege of Tripoli continues, with some neighborhoods dark from blackouts, while near nightly airstrikes leave other parts of the city burning.
Ivan Watson, CNN, Tripoli.
COREN: Well, more fighting in Syria, even as international pressure grows on the regime to end a bloody crackdown. There was heavy gunfire in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor Tuesday morning which activist groups say claimed two lives. Five people were reportedly killed there Monday.
The situation will be discussed when Turkey's foreign minister meets Syrian officials in the capital. Well, his visit comes after several Arab nations recalled their ambassadors from Damascus and Saudi Arabia issued a rare rebuke of a fellow Arab leader.
Well, CNN is not allowed inside Syria at the moment, but our Arwa Damon is monitoring the situation from neighboring Lebanon and joins us now from Beirut.
Arwa, what are you hearing?
ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Anna, it most certainly seems as if the catalyst for this growing regional condemnation has been the military offensive. That began with the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, focusing on the city of Hama. That city, still under siege for well over a week now, despite the fact that Syrian state television is reporting that the military has withdrawn. Activists who are based there are telling us that the military offensive still continues, that gunfire can still be heard, and that arbitrary arrests, raids on people's homes, are still taking place.
To the east, in Deir Ezzor, that you just mentioned there, according to the London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 17 people died today, two of them from wounds sustained overnight. Another 15, according to an activist based in Deir Ezzor. He counted those bodies in the streets, saying that people were unable to reach them because of the ongoing military operation.
And then, to the north, along the border with Turkey, again another military offensive reported there. And so it most certainly seems as if the Syrian government is expanding its military crackdown.
This has prompted, as you mentioned, three Arab countries to recall their ambassadors -- Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain. And now we have this visit by the Turkish foreign minister, which, according to the Turkish government, is to deliver a firm message.
The Turkish prime minister, Recep Erdogan, saying in a statement posted on the prime ministry's Web site, that Turkey's patience was beginning to run out. And another statement coming from the Turkish government was questioning the logic of the Syrian regime's decision to launch this type of an operation during such a Muslim holy month that was meant to be a time to make peace.
And so it does seem as if there's growing pressure on Syria, especially now that Turkey appears to be chiming in, trying to deliver this final message, given that Turkey and Syria have been recently very close allies. They have strong economic ties, but also share an 850-kilometer border, as well as historic cultural ties as well.
And so what some analysts are saying is that with these growing moves of regional condemnation, this could possible be turning Syria into an arena for a broader regional conflict. Syria, of course, still has a very strong ally in another regional powerhouse, and that is Iran -- Anna.
COREN: Arwa, Prime Minister Erdogan has described Syria's crackdown as savagery. By sending in its foreign minister, can we expect any movement, any development?
DAMON: Well, it most certainly is going to be quite interesting to see what sort of a statement emerges from these meetings, especially given the verbal battle that we have been seeing taking place. Following the various statements by the Turkish government, we saw a response from the Syrian regime, where Buthaina Shaaban, a presidential adviser, told the state-run Syrian Arab news agency that if Turkey was going to be delivering a firm message, that the Syrian government's response would be even firmer. And she was criticizing Turkey for not condemning the acts of violence and terrorism carried out by these armed gangs that the Syrian government has been blaming for this crackdown.
Now, at this point, a number of analysts are saying that even though there is this growing condemnation by various regional countries and by Turkey, unless it translates into some sort of perhaps unilateral severance of economic ties, diplomatic ties, perhaps, which is not likely at this point, many do not expect it to have a direct or instantaneous impact on the Syrian government's current course of action. But at the very least, this does further isolate the regime, and the hope is that it will force it off this military track.
But all indications are, Anna, is that this is a government that appears to, at least for now, be turning its back on these pledges of reforms and fully intent on using brute force to silence these voices of dissent. But at the same time, we do have these growing calls for an end to the violence, and we do have this opposition inside Syria that, despite the military crackdown, appears to be remaining relentless at this stage.
COREN: Arwa Damon, in Beirut.
Thank you for that update.
Well, fighting for their lives, the odds are against the smallest victims of famine in the Horn of Africa. We'll have more on their desperate situation when NEWS STREAM returns.
COREN: Welcome back.
I'm Anna Coren in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream. And these are your world headlines.
Well, UK media outlets are reporting that the London riots have claimed their first life. Reports say 26 year old in Croydon in south London on Monday and has died. Well, that as the London riots entered their third day and spread across the country. The situation is so dire that Prime Minister David Cameron cut short his trip to Italy and called an emergency session in Parliament.
We've seen some truly shocking scenes on the streets of London, but take a look at this. Well, it's said to be filmed in London. This was posted online and has been widely shared since. Well, the (inaudible) on the floor appears to be injured after several people walk past and ignore him another man helps him to his feet. Well, as he stands and checks his front teeth you see a pool of blood left behind, but that is certainly not the worst of it. As you can see, having helped him up and steadied him, the same man and a group of others simply help themselves to items from the injured man's bag as he stands there in (inaudible). Just frightening isn't it?
Well, a new round of NATO air strikes pounded Tripoli on Monday. Much of the city is suffering from fuel shortages and electricity blackouts. The Gadhafi government has accused NATO of bombing power stations and pipelines while NATO denies the charge.
The bodies of 30 American troops killed in a weekend helicopter crash in Afghanistan are scheduled to arrive at Dover Air Force Base in Delaware on Tuesday. Family members are gathered at the base for a private ceremony. It's the worst single day loss of life for U.S. troops since the Afghan war began.
Well, aid is trickling into the horn of Africa where millions are suffering from drought and famine. Emergency supplies reached the capital of Somalia on Monday providing some relief to the 100,000 Somalis that have gone to Mogadishu in search of food and water. The United States has also pledged an additional $105 million in aid for the region.
But desperate conditions have forced hundreds of thousands of Somalis to flee across the border to Kenya. And as a result the border town of Dadaab has become home to the world's largest refugee camp.
Well, Anderson Cooper has made his way there.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: It is a place of hope and horror: children's ward at the International Rescue Committee Hospital extra beds have been brought in for all the kids whose lives now hang in the balance.
Hanaad (ph) is 6 months old and weighs just six pounds. He should be twice that.
DR. HUMPHREY MUSYOKA, INTERNATIONAL RESCUE COMMITTEE: This child came in with diarrhea and vomiting. Was unable to eat anything in the field (ph) and has been like this for around two weeks.
COOPER: Dr. Humphrey Musyoka has taught Hanaad's (ph) mother (inaudible) fortified with vitamins and protein, but so far it's not working.
When the child comes in with diarrhea and vomiting. You've got to stop that.
MUSYOKA: We have to stop that.
COOPER: Before you can really treat the malnutrition.
MUSYOKA: We do it concurrently, but we literally have to stop the diarrhea and vomiting.
COOPER: But that's not easy. Ladon (ph) is 4 years old, and she too is wasting away.
Once kids can retain fluids, however, many are able to quickly come back to life. Nasro (ph) has only been here five days.
The fact that she can sit up.
MUSYOKA: Child can sit up and drink on their own is already telling you we're seeing progress.
COOPER: But with severe malnutrition doctors can never be too sure.
Even if the child is drinking milk and...
MUSYOKA: Even with a normal looking child.
COOPER: They look good and then all of sudden...
MUSYOKA: And then all of a sudden they can tip over to the other side.
COOPER: And they go very fast.
MUSYOKA: They go very fast, very fast. In fact, what dehydration can do to a child in an hour. In an hour is drastic. It's horrible.
COOPER: Many of these kids have spent weeks on the road with their mothers fleeing Somalia. It took Faisal's (ph) mom two weeks to get here. He's dehydrated he needs a feeding tube.
MUSYOKA: If they can get to a place where the hospital literally (ph), whether managed by (inaudible) the chances of survival are -- I'd give it 80 percent.
COOPER: The key is getting...
MUSYOKA: The key is getting here in time.
MUSYOKA: The key is getting here in time.
COOPER: Malnutrition is an age old problem. These doctors now have a new weapon that has revolutionized how they treat it. It's a peanut paste packed with nutrients called Plumpy nut. Once a child can eat, it's the first thing doctors give them.
MUSYOKA: This here is literally a miracle.
COOPER: It's a miracle.
MUSYOKA: It's a miracle.
COOPER: It's nice to know that miracles can happen even here.
MUSYOKA: Even here. Even here.
COOPER: There are miracles and there is misery, but Dr. Musyoka doesn't have time to dwell on either.
MUSYOKA: Our biggest challenge is that they will keep on coming. So how are you going to respond to that? How are you going to rise to that occasion? So it's very challenging mentally I say, because you lose life, but what do you do about the next one who will come?
COOPER: You can't mourn for the people who passed, because more are still coming.
MUSYOKA: More are still coming. So we have to do something about that.
COOPER: Anderson Cooper, CNN, Dadaab, Kenya.
COREN: Well, David McKenzie is there in Dadaab, Kenya. He joins us now with more on the desperate situation.
David, we've just seen those heartbreaking images in Anderson's story. Tell us what have you been seeing?
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, what you've been seeing is people that we've met before some two weeks ago, Anna, that in some ways are worse off than when we came last time. The world's attention is on Dadaab, Kenya, this massive refugee camp near the border of Somalia, but really there are people, thousands of them who still are trying to get any kind of help.
One particularly disturbing thing that I've seen is that there are children who come here who are doing pretty well. When they arrive, they walk into Dadaab. They are not severely malnourished. And then they drop over the edge, because there are these delays in registering them. And also because it was just -- the level of respiratory illness and diarrheal diseases that you are seeing in Dadaab is very high.
And in some ways they come to find protection, they come to find some kind of hope, and sometimes it's just hopeless.
COREN: David, you speak of these delays. Are more aid workers needed where you are?
MCKENZIE: Well, there really needs to be focus on this crisis still, because this is going to last for some time. You know, there's a couple of things to think about here. One is, is that we had a few drops of rain today. Now that could be seen often as a good thing. But here for the refugees who are living in the flood planes because we don't access to proper camps, that could just be one emergency piled onto another as their houses could be flooded in the next few weeks or to a month.
So really the aid agencies here, particularly UNHCR are really you know pushing through trying to register people to get into new tented camps, at least get them into some kind of high ground, some safe area.
But it's a logistical nightmare. 30,000 people crammed into this camp last month alone from Somalia. And the numbers are increasing. And, you know, with the aid trickling now into Somalia, you could see it increase in the immediate crisis, but overall this situation will persist in the horn of Africa -- food prices, climate change, and also the livelihoods over time degrading will mean that real policies need to be put in place, not just food aid, not just money, but governmental assistance and, you know, really smart thinking rather than just hard work.
COREN: David, we are paying a lot of attention to Dadaab, but I can't think set up elsewhere.
MCKENZIE: There are camps in Ethiopia, certainly thousands have streamed over from the central, southern part of Somalia. I've been on the Somali side of that border. There are people continuing to go over.
You know, an interesting thing is, is that there are refugee camps sort of scattered around the borders of Somalia and the neighboring countries. And one thing to bear in mind is that the countries that are taking in these refugees like Ethiopia and Kenya is it, you know, putting it beyond humanitarian terms, it's a headache for them to get all these people as refugees in their country.
What people are doing now, certainly here in Dadaab, is they're kind of playing a waiting game. Many of them are telling me they want to head back to Somalia, but you know the word is out here that Shabbab, the Islamic Muslim group, has withdrawn from Mogadishu, but people are just careful. They've seen 20 years of this in Somalia. They're not ready to pick up what could be a safe and possibly a situation where they could get food here and move back to Somalia. They're taking a wait and see approach.
Ultimately, what's needed is the situation in Somalia, politically, and security wise to be sort of out, Anna, and then people feel that they could kind of mitigate this refugee crisis.
But even with a relative safety in Mogadishu, at least a day or two ago, you know, a long-term solution is very far off.
COREN: David McKenzie in Dadaab, Kenya. We appreciate that update. Thank you so much.
Well, there are 12 million people in the horn in Africa in desperate need of help. And here's how you can make a difference. Just go to CNN.com/impact. Well, there you'll find a list of relief organizations where you can make a donation. And helping can also be as easy as sending a text. Well, find out how at CNN.com/impact.
Well, let's now get more on the situation in Africa and the drought in the horn of Africa. Our Mari Ramos joins us from the world weather center -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: You know, Anna, this picture that I'm going to show you is pretty amazing. Let me prepare you first, because we've seen the situation on the ground. We've seen reports from our Sanjay Gupta, from Anderson Cooper. Right now also from the camp there in the Dadaab. And the situation is dire.
But when you see it from the air it really is spectacular. And we just ran across this image here from Digital Globe.
You're looking at that refugee camp in Dadaab in Kenya. And what do you think. Do you think -- this is a tent city. This is the area that they're talking about where so many people are fleeing for help. And you think there's probably, what, maybe several hundreds tents that are in this picture? Possibly home to thousands of people already just from this one image alone?
And I'm going to ahead and zoom out. And I think this is the part that's going to amaze you. Look how large this actually is. That little area that I showed you was just a miniscule part of this refugee camp. And this image truly amazing.
You see this right over here, a little bit of cloud cover coming along. But here you see 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, so that's like 10 squares there of refugee areas. Notice there's some stretching over to this side and then back over here also to the top of the image on the right-hand side right under where it says Digital Globe.
So I thought this was pretty amazing. And I wanted to make sure you guys saw this just to kind show you the -- how large this actually is in that one refugee camp alone.
But this is not the only area that, of course, is suffering from drought. The drought in Somalia is severe to moderate in some cases. And then to the north, it's considered a weak drought. As we head over into Ethiopia, the southern portions of Sudan, Uganda and back over into Congo, you can see that here the drought is considered extreme. So that's also areas that long-term could really run into some problems as well.
As far as the rainfall outlook that we can expect across this region. In this region right in there actually slightly above average rainfall is expected. So that would be a good thing, because this is one of the hardest hit areas as far as the drought is concerned.
But as we head through the most of Ethiopia and even into Somalia, rainfall outlook is either expected to be normal or slightly below normal as we head through the month of September. So no big drought relief in store, at least not for now. Scattered rain showers at best across this region. And as David mentioned, there were some rain showers even at that refugee camp in the last day or so.
Scattered rain showers only now across northeastern China and through the Korean peninsula. That storm that affected you yesterday, Muifa, has gone away, but there is still some heavy rain showers expected across East Asia.
Let's go ahead and head back to you.
COREN: All right, Mari. Great to see you. Thank you for that.
Well, a judge in London this week is due to consider the extradition of a man charged with having his wife murdered during their honeymoon in South Africa. Well, he's accused of arranging the killing of his bride in a carjacking in Cape Town. Well, he denies it. And his lawyer says he's not well enough to be extradited.
Nkepile Mbuse has more on the allegations and the issues involved.
NKEPILE MBUSE, CNN INTERNAITONAL CORRESPONDENT: A fairy tale wedding in India, a tragic death on African soil. It's now up to a London court to decide whether British businessman Shrien Dewani should be sent back to South Africa to face charges.
Dewani is accused of paying hitmen to kill his wife Anni during their honeymoon in Cape Town last year. He says Anni was the victim of a car hijacking.
A South African court has already sentenced the couple's Cape Town driver Zola Tongo to 18 years in prison after he confessed to taking part in the killing.
Tongo alleges he was paid by Dewani to arrange the murder. Tongo's relatives believe he's telling the truth.
NOKWANDA TONGO-SIGA, TONGO'S AUNT: We believe because he said in front of the public at his court, he confessed in front of the public.
MBUSE: Anni Dewani's distraught family was present in that court room as details of her brutal murder were read out. Shrien Dewani is, however, not the only one challenging Tongo's version of events, one of the alleged hitmen will also plead not guilty according to his lawyer.
THABO NOGEMANE, LAWYER: According to him, once again he does not know Zola Tongo. He will deny any allegations made by this one Zola Tongo.
MBUSE: Dewani's lawyers argue he will not get a fair trial in South Africa and that if convicted he will be condemned to inhumane living conditions in the country's over crowded prisons.
South Africa is a violent country where murder is a daily occurrence, but when a foreigner is attacked, the country's image as a good tourist destination is questioned and that's something the government and the people here can ill afford.
Tourism is literally more precious than gold here. These sun kissed beaches are a huge foreign currency earner and a source of (inaudible).
Getting to the bottom of what really happened to Anni Dewani has become a matter of national importance.
Nkepile Mbuse, CNN, Johannesburg.
COREN: Well, the rioting across London is having a major effect on the sporting calendar. Our Pedro Pinto will update us on that.
And can Aussie Adam Scott win the second week running? We'll preview the final gold major. That's next.
COREN: Well, the rioting and looting in London has forced the cancellation of a major sporting fixture. Our Pedro Pinto joins us with much more on that from the English capital. Hello, Pedro.
PEDRO PINTO, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Anna, the Football Association was forced to cancel Wednesday's friendly between England and the Netherlands. This decision by the English FA was taken following police advice as forces focus on dealing with the rioting and looting in London. The FA justified their decision saying they could not guarantee the safety of supporters.
The England versus Holland game was scheduled to take place tomorrow night at Wembley stadium. It was one of the higher profile internationals taking place this week. Now a number of English league cup fixtures in London and Bristol that were due to take place over the next two days have also been postponed. More cancellations could follow if the violence does not subside.
The Premier League is kicking off this weekend with three matches scheduled to take place in the English capital.
I can tell you, though, that the third cricket test between England and India scheduled to start on Wednesday is still on even though it is taking place at Edgbaston near Birmingham where there has been rioting. Players from both sides have been told to remain in their hotel rooms as more disturbances are expected today. The England and Wales Cricket Board is keeping a close eye on developments there.
The final golf major of the season is less than two days away. The PGA Championship tees off on Thursday at the Atlanta Athletic Club. Players have already started arriving there to prepare for the tournament. Our Patrick Snell is also there already. And he sets the scene for us now.
PATRICK SNELL, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Welcome to the Atlanta Athletic Club, the venue for the 93rd PGA Championship. All eyes, as ever, will be on former world number one Tiger Woods who made his high profile return to the sport last week at the Bridgestone Invitation in Ohio, but he would finish some 18 shots behind the winner Adam Scott the Australia, by the way, who now has Tiger's former caddy Stevie Williams on his bag. And Stevie Williams taking every opportunity in the aftermath of that victory to tell reporters just how (inaudible) he feels in the aftermath of Woods' firing of him.
What can we expect from the Europeans? Well, expect a pretty stern challenge, I would imagine. Rory McIlroy playing his first major on American soil since winning the U.S. Open so easily recently at Congressional in Maryland. And defending champion from Germany, Martin Kaymer looking to rekindle former glories of his exploits up at Whistling Straits in Wisconsin last year.
And what about the two English players who traded positions as world number ones? Luke Donald and Lee Westwood continuing their frustrating quest to try and win a first major title.
Here the last American player to win a major was Phil Mickelson at the 2010 Master's at Augusta. But the USA's hopes are boosted by the fact that the last time that this tournament was played at this venue back in 2001 the winner, David Toms, the man emerging victorious on that occasion.
Patrick Snell, CNN, Atlanta.
PINTO: And Patrick will be at the Atlanta Athletic Club throughout the weekend.
Now to a story that may sound more like fiction than fact, but I can guarantee it's true. Real Madrid have signed a 7 year old kid. The Spanish giants confirmed the move on Monday. Lionel Angel Coira is his name. He's from Argentina, but has lived in Spain for the last three years. He'll start training with the children's team on September 6. We're taking a look at his Facebook page here.
Now the child's father told the Spanish media that Lionel had signed a one-year contract that can be renewed, but no salary will be paid yet. He said his son decided on Real after receiving an offer from crosstown rivals Atletico Madrid. Interesting to see how he turns out.
Anna, they're never too young to recruit. Back to you.
COREN: Obviously not. A boy wonder perhaps.
All right, Pedro, good to see you.
PINTO: That's what they're hoping.
Well, ahead on News Stream, the unusual story of a stowaway bird, or is it a bat? Find out after the break.
COREN: Well, bats are airborne creatures, but the sight of one on a plane caused quite a stir. Jeanne Moos explains.
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Check out the wingspan -- no, not on the plane, on the bat. The bat aboard an Atlantic Southeast Airlines flight, not from Transylvania, but from Madison, Wisconsin to Atlanta the other day.
MIKE SCHMIDT, AIRLINE PASSENGER: I saw this flying critter going up and down the cabin.
MOOS: So naturally iReporter Mike Schmidt took out his camera phone.
SCHMIDT: They were trying to swat at it with newspapers and magazines, anything they had in their hand.
MOOS: The airline says it doesn't know whether it was a bat or a bird. But Mike Schmidt knows.
SCHMIDT: I know for a fact it was a bat. I've seen 100,000 bats in my life. It had, you know, cut outs on the wings.
MOOS: Now the passengers did not trap the bat using the time honored techniques demonstrated in movies like The Great Outdoors. No, the passengers of Flight 5121 employed the close the lavatory door on him technique. The passengers clapped and gave the the thumbs up.
So the bat is trapped in the lavatory, the plane is diverted back to Madison, Wisconsin so that ground personnel can search for the bat and remove it.
The thing is, they couldn't find it. The airline says although the animal was not located, we are confident in the maintenance search and that the animal was no longer on the aircraft at the time of the next departure.
It's funny, the last time we heard about a bat in a bathroom it was a French prankster hanging upside down.
Humorist Remy Gaillard posted video of his bat antics on his web site. But a guy dressed up as a bat can't top the real thing. Mike Schmidt thinks he knows where the trapped bat went by process of elimination.
You mean you think it actually went down the hole?
SCHMIDT: The toilet seat was up and that bat was flying around in there. And it found its way down that hole somehow.
MOOS: Yuck, that's not a bat out of hell, that's a bat into hell.
A hellish underworld, though we don't know how he managed to flush himself. This is one bat that really did got bat (EXPLETIVE DELETED)
Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
COREN: Poor thing. It's a misunderstood creature, isn't it?
Well, that is News Stream. But the news certainly continues here at CNN. World Business Today is coming up next.